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  1. The Multifaceted Nature of Bilingualism and Attention.Ashley Chung-Fat-Yim, Noelia Calvo & John G. Grundy - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Attention has recently been proposed as the mechanism underlying the cognitive effects associated with bilingualism. However, similar to bilingualism, the term attention is complex, dynamic, and can vary from one activity to another. Throughout our daily lives, we use different types of attention that differ in complexity: sustained attention, selective attention, alternating attention, divided attention, and disengagement of attention. The present paper is a focused review summarizing the results from studies that explore the link between bilingualism and attention. For each (...)
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  • What Is a Language? Who Is Bilingual? Perceptions Underlying Self-Assessment in Studies of Bilingualism.Danika Wagner, Ellen Bialystok & John G. Grundy - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Research on the cognitive consequences of bilingualism typically proceeds by labeling participants as “monolingual” or “bilingual” and comparing performance on some measures across these groups. It is well-known that this approach has led to inconsistent results. However, the approach assumes that there are clear criteria to designate individuals as monolingual or bilingual, and more fundamentally, to determine whether a communication system counts as a unique language. Both of these assumptions may not be correct. The problem is particularly acute when participants (...)
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  • Bilingualism: Pathway to Cognitive Reserve.Ellen Bialystok - 2021 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 25 (5):355-364.
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  • Exploration of Attentional and Executive Abilities in French-Speaking Children Immersed in Dutch Since 1, 2, 3, and 6 Years. [REVIEW]Sophie Gillet, Cristina Anca Barbu & Martine Poncelet - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Advantages in diverse aspects of cognitive functioning have been reported in early bilinguals as well as in children frequenting an early bilingual immersion school program. However, during the last decade, some studies failed to replicate these advantages. Currently, the presence of cognitive benefits in children frequenting an immersion program remains debated. The lack of consistency between the studies could come from the fact that time spent by children within the immersion program is variable from one study to the other and (...)
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