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  1. Elective Affinities of the Protestant Ethic: Weber and the Chemistry of Capitalism.Andrew M. McKinnon - 2010 - Sociological Theory 28 (1):108-126.
    Although scholars have long recognized the importance of "elective affinity" as a key word in Weber's sociology, surprisingly little systematic research has gone into understanding this metaphor in Weber's writing, or the source from which he drew the term. For Weber, this was an implicit reference to Goethe's novel, well known to Weber's educated German audience, entitled Elective Affinities. In this article, I provide a systematic account of Goethe's conception of elective affinity as a chemical metaphor, and of the way (...)
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  • Lived Religion in a Plural Society: A Resource or Liability.Ashok Kaul & Chitaranjan Adhikary - 2014 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 4 (1):89-102.
    Recently there is a renewed academic interest in religion bringing it back on the global political agenda. Religion in the post modern global order is fast emerging as a new organizing principle in the face of multi-polarity, trans-nationality and sweeping pluralisation of peoples. Contrary to the secularist self believe, the modern has failed to take over the tradition including religion. Rather a logical opposite seems to be happening, questioning the very presumptions of the modernity project. The present paper is a (...)
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  • The Invention of Theory: A Transnational Case Study of the Changing Status of Max Weber’s Protestant Ethic Thesis.Stefan Bargheer - 2017 - Theory and Society 46 (6):497-541.
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  • Emotional Roots of Right-Wing Political Populism.Mikko Salmela & Christian von Scheve - 2017 - Social Science Information 56 (4):567-595.
    The rise of the radical populist right has been linked to fundamental socioeconomic changes fueled by globalization and economic deregulation. Yet, socioeconomic factors can hardly fully explain the rise of the new right. We suggest that emotional processes that affect people’s identities provide an additional explanation for the current popularity of the new radical right, not only among low- and medium-skilled workers, but also among the middle classes whose insecurities manifest as fears of not being able to live up to (...)
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  • Debt, Consumption and Freedom: Social Scientific Representations of Consumer Credit in Anglo-America.Donncha Marron - 2015 - History of the Human Sciences 28 (4):25-43.
    The article explores a range of social scientific representations of credit and debt in the United States and Britain and how these have been organized around the problem of freedom. On the one hand, credit is projected as productive, embodying and securing liberal values of individual autonomy and self-determination. On the other, debt is portrayed as consumptive, ensnaring the individual, subverting her or his will and undermining the capacity for self-determination. The classic cultural injunction against consumer borrowing is captured under (...)
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  • Business, Organization Theory, and the Current Challenge of Neocharisma.Michela Betta - 2019 - Business and Society Review 124 (2):261-281.
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  • On the Extent of Cognitivism: A Response to Michael Tissaw.V. P. J. Arponen - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (5):27-30.
    In this article, cognitivism is understood as the view that the engine of human action is the intentional, dispositional, or other mental capacities of the brain or the mind. Cognitivism has been criticized for considering the essence of human action to reside in its alleged source in mental processes at the expense of the social surroundings of the action, criticism that has often been inspired by Ludwig Wittgenstein's later philosophy. This article explores the logical extent of the critique of cognitivism, (...)
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  • The Extent of Cognitivism.V. P. J. Arponen - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (5):3-21.
    In this article, cognitivism is understood as the view that the engine of human (individual and collective) action is the intentional, dispositional, or other mental capacities of the brain or the mind. Cognitivism has been criticized for considering the essence of human action to reside in its alleged source in mental processes at the expense of the social surroundings of the action, criticism that has often been inspired by Ludwig Wittgenstein's later philosophy. This article explores the logical extent of the (...)
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  • Reconsidering Virtuosity.Marion Goldman & Steven Pfaff - 2014 - Sociological Theory 32 (2):128-146.
    Spiritual virtuosity is an important but neglected concept for theoretical and empirical scholarship about movements for religious and social change. Weber focused primarily on ascetic spiritual virtuosi who sought to transcend the world. We suggest that when virtuosi enter the larger society and become leaders in movements to democratize access to sanctification, their influence can be dramatic. By approaching virtuosity as a social form and focusing on activist virtuosi, we are able to consider virtuosi’s individual attributes, their collective relationships, and (...)
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  • The New Aesthetic-Political Avant-Garde: Linda Zerilli's Feminism and the Abyss of Freedom.George Steinmetz - 2009 - Sociological Theory 27 (1):85-89.
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  • Spiritual Capital: Theorizing Religion with Bourdieu Against Bourdieu.Bradford Verter - 2003 - Sociological Theory 21 (2):150-174.
    Bourdieu's theory of culture offers a rich conceptual resource for the social-scientific study of religion. In particular, his analysis of cultural capital as a medium of social relations suggests an economic model of religion alternative to that championed by rational choice theorists. After evaluating Bourdieu's limited writings on religion, this paper draws upon his wider work to craft a new model of "spiritual capital." Distinct from Iannaccone's and Stark and Finke's visions of "religious capital," this Bourdieuian model treats religious knowledge, (...)
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  • American Sociology Rewrites Its History.Richard F. Hamilton - 2003 - Sociological Theory 21 (3):281-297.
    Sociology textbooks written over the course of the twentieth century provide surprisingly different portraits of the field's origins. Spencer once held a stellar position but is now treated negatively. Marx was once treated negatively but now holds a stellar position. In the 1990s, Harriet Martineau, a prominent nineteenth-century publicist, was announced as a founder. Alexis de Tocqueville received little attention at any time. Some important contemporary sociologists receive very little attention. Questions are raised about the adequacy of this performance.
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  • Behavior, Belonging, and Belief: A Theory of Ritual Practice.Douglas A. Marshall - 2002 - Sociological Theory 20 (3):360-380.
    A new model of ritual based on Durkheim's ([1912] 1995) theory is developed. It is argued that ritual practices generate belief and belonging in participants by activating multiple social-psychological mechanisms that interactively create the characteristic outcomes of ritual. Specifically, the distinctive elements of ritual practice are shown to induce altered subjective states and effortful and/or anomalous behaviors, which are subsequently misattributed in such a way that belief and belonging are created or maintained around the focus of ritual attention. These processes (...)
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  • Parsons's Emergent Durkheims.Edward A. Tiryakian - 2000 - Sociological Theory 18 (1):60-83.
    Parsons's training as an economist, his graduate stay at Heidelberg, and his participation in the Henderson seminar at Harvard provide major clues to his familiarity with Marshall, Pareto, and Weber-three of the four figures whose convergence forms the major theoretical achievement in The Structure of Social Action. But what led him to Durkheim, since Parsons did not study or reside in France, yet read Durkheim in the original, remains an enigma. Without resolving the enigma, this paper argues that Parsons had (...)
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  • What Economists Forgot.Stephen Mennell - 2014 - History of the Human Sciences 27 (3):20-37.
    The article presents a figurational sociological perspective on the recent history of the discipline of economics in the wake of the global financial crisis or ‘Great Recession’ that began in 2007–8. It is argued that the orthodox mainstream of economics has provided ideological cover for abstract individualism, for short-term greed, and for the denial of the wider social responsibilities of business and finance. The faith in ‘free markets’ has been associated with a blindness to power relationships and an indifference to (...)
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  • Social Psychology, Consumer Culture and Neoliberalism: A Response to Phelps and White.Matthew McDonald, Brendan Gough & Stephen Wearing - 2019 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 49 (3):394-400.
    Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, EarlyView.
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  • Predictive Success and Non-Individualist Models in Social Science.Richard Lauer - 2017 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 47 (2):145-161.
    The predictive inadequacy of the social sciences is well documented, and philosophers have sought to diagnose it. This paper examines Brian Epstein’s recent diagnosis. He argues that the social sciences treat the social world as entirely composed of individual people. Instead, social scientists should recognize that material, non-individualistic entities determine the social world, as well. First, I argue that Epstein’s argument both begs the question against his opponents and is not sufficiently charitable. Second, I present doubts that his proposal will (...)
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  • Individual and Regional Christian Religion and the Consideration of Sustainable Criteria in Consumption and Investment Decisions: An Exploratory Econometric Analysis.Gunnar Gutsche - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (4):1155-1182.
    This study aims to shed light on the relationship between individual and regional Christian religion and individual sustainable behaviors in an exploratory manner, with a special focus on sustainable consumption and investment decisions. To this end, we econometrically analyze online representative survey data that contains information on the self-reported importance of the consideration of ecological and social/ethical criteria in the context of a large variety of individual behaviors. The target group are financial decisions makers in German households, i.e., important actors (...)
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  • Weimar Social Theory and the Fragmentation of European World Pictures.Austin Harrington - 2012 - Thesis Eleven 111 (1):66-80.
    Criticism of ‘the West’ and of ‘Western civilization’ in Germany in the early 20th century is generally most familiar today as a conservative force of the age. It is well-known that at the outbreak of war in August 1914 a longstanding German complex of resentment of the Western European powers exploded in a call to arms. Yet it needs to be stressed that not all prominent German bourgeois writers endorsed a wholly militant reading of the motif of German national-cultural ‘protest (...)
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  • The Protestant Ethic Thesis: Weber’s Missing Psychology.Ronald Mather - 2005 - History of the Human Sciences 18 (3):1-16.
    Commentators on Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism have tended to view that work within the context of world-historical social processes and change. Recently, more literary forms of analyses have come to the fore emphasizing Weber’s indebtedness to the philosophical/literary efforts of Nietzsche and Goethe, among others. The following offers the preliminary observation that the concept of ‘drive’ understood as a mode of psychological operation and process considerably complicates any possible interpretation of the essay itself. Weber’s refusal (...)
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  • Anatomy of the Entrepreneurial University.Henry Etzkowitz - 2013 - Social Science Information 52 (3):486-511.
    This article analyzes the evolution of the entrepreneurial university from a narrow focus on capturing the commercializable results of the ‘meandering stream of basic research’ to a broader interest in firm formation and regional economic development. No longer limited to schools like MIT, specialized for that purpose, entrepreneurial aspirations have spread to the academic mainstream. Academic involvement in technology transfer, firm formation and regional development signifies the transition from a research to an entrepreneurial university as the academic ideal. As universities (...)
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  • The Economic Approach to Human Behaviour Under Scrutiny: An Overview of Arguments for the Autonomy of Social Action.Milan Z. Zafirovski - 2001 - Social Science Information 40 (2):195-240.
    The article reviews and re-examines some arguments against the treatment of social action within the economic approach as an extension of economic behaviour/rationality and thus against its denial of the specific, irreducible nature of the extra-economic. A major argument is that social action is a sui generis phenomenon that cannot be reduced with theoretical impunity to its economic modalities. Social action is characterized by substantial autonomy relative to economic behaviour/rationality. Arguments about the autonomous character of social action seek to remedy (...)
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  • Within and Beyond the Time Economy of Employment Relations: Conceptual Issues Pertinent to Research on Time and Work.Barbara Adam - 1993 - Social Science Information 32 (2):163-184.
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  • Beyond Boundaries: Reconceptualizing Time in the Face of Global Challenges.Barbara Adam - 1994 - Social Science Information 33 (4):597-620.
  • Lawlessness, Modernity and Social Change: A Historical Appraisal.Geoffrey Pearson - 1985 - Theory, Culture and Society 2 (3):15-35.
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  • Rationalization as Sublimation: On the Cultural Analyses of Weber and Freud.Howard L. Kaye - 1992 - Theory, Culture and Society 9 (4):45-74.
  • The Brewing of Islamist Modernity.Christopher Houston - 2001 - Theory, Culture and Society 18 (6):77-97.
    This article argues that the polemics accompanying the valuation of Islamist social movements occur because studies of political Islam are often oriented towards the debate over the relative worth of Western and Islamist routes to modernity and the civilizing process. The method pursued by Weber to delineate the Christian activism of The Protestant Ethic - minus its debilitating Eurocentrism - is suggested as a helpful model for analyzing the complexity of Islamist interventions. These theoretical remarks are grounded in a study (...)
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  • Parsons on Christianity.Raf Vanderstraeten - 2016 - Thesis Eleven 132 (1):50-61.
    In his late work on Christianity, Talcott Parsons obviously built upon the writings of both Durkheim and Weber. While he departed from the idea that increasing differentiation of the system of action did not have to threaten the unity of the system as a whole, his emphasis on structural differentiation was also complemented by one on value integration. He believed that, especially in the New World, religion has gradually become able to impose its definition of the situation in highly different, (...)
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  • Nursing as Vocation.Karolyn White - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (3):279-290.
    In this article the author argues that nursing is best understood as a vocational occupation. Using Blum’s model of vocations it is argued that such occupations are socially expressed within practices embodying traditions, norms and a range of meanings: industrial, social, personal and moral. Vocational workers are those who identify in certain ways with these traditions, norms and meanings. One problem with the vocational model, as it has historically applied to nursing, is that it has been articulated through concepts of (...)
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  • Society of Individuals, Society of Organizations: A Comparison of Norbert Elias and Max Weber.Stefan Breuer - 1994 - History of the Human Sciences 7 (4):41-60.
  • Culture Versus Religion: A Theoretical Analysis of the Role of Indigenous African Culture of Ubuntu in Social Change and Economic Development in the Postapartheid South African Society.Mokong Simon Mapadimeng - 2009 - The Politics and Religion Journal 3 (1):75-98.
    The question of the relationship between social values and beliefs and the economy has always been a subject of intense scholarly inquiry and debate. To this day; it continues to receive greater attention; especially in the contemporary era where intensifying globalisation processes have brought to light questions such as religious and cultural diversity and the challenges as well as opportunities that they present. As Ray and Sayer pointed out; there has since the dawn of the twenty first century; been a (...)
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  • Talcott Parsons and Modern Social Theory — An Appreciation.Roland Robertson & Bryan S. Turner - 1989 - Theory, Culture and Society 6 (4):539-558.
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  • Sport: Structuration, Subjugation and Hegemony.Alan Ingham & Stephen Hardy - 1984 - Theory, Culture and Society 2 (2):85-103.
  • The Rationalisation of Death: The Medico-Legal System and the Elimination of Human Agency.Lindsay Prior - 1984 - Theory, Culture and Society 2 (2):55-70.
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  • The Ordeal of Solitude.Alan Blum - 2014 - History of the Human Sciences 27 (2):118-132.
    I try to understand the ordeal of solitude by beginning with Marc Augé’s usage on transitional sites as a provocation, which leads us to rethink solitude as a condition of subjectivity and its various inflections, most conventionally as loneliness and, in sociology, as fragmentation, anonymity, alienation, privatization and the various opinions that link it to the deprivation of separation that longs for connection, or, more fundamentally in Simmel, as the ontological view of the tragedy of human limitation. Instead of restricting (...)
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  • A Sociological Analysis of the Satanic Verses Affair.Bridget Fowler - 2000 - Theory, Culture and Society 17 (1):39-61.
    Bourdieu's work on modern cultural production has certain omissions. It fails to raise the possibility that authors such as Salman Rushdie, either writing from peripheral nations or from powerless minorities within a powerful nation, might be called `heroic modernists'. This would differentiate them from the routinized form of late 20th-century modernist avantgardism, which operates within the logic of the laws of the `restricted literary field' and contributes inadvertently to social reproduction rather than transformation. The argument of the article provides grounds (...)
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  • An Economic Approach to Business Ethics: Moral Agency of the Firm and the Enabling and Constraining Effects of Economic Institutions and Interactions in a Market Economy.Sigmund Wagner-Tsukamoto - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (1):75-89.
    The paper maps out an alternative to a behavioural (economic) approach to business ethics. Special attention is paid to the fundamental philosophical principle that any moral ‘ought’ implies a practical ‘can’, which the paper interprets with regard to the economic viability of moral agency of the firm under the conditions of the market economy, in particular competition. The paper details an economic understanding of business ethics with regard to classical and neo-classical views, on the one hand, and institutional, libertarian thought, (...)
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  • The Rich Detail of Cultural Symbol Systems.Dwight W. Read - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):434-435.
    The goal of forming a science of intentional behavior requires a more richly detailed account of symbolic systems than is assumed by the authors. Cultural systems are not simply the equivalent in the ideational domain of culture of the purported Baldwin Effect in the genetic domain. © 2014 Cambridge University Press.
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  • The Ambiguous Modernism of Seyla Benhabib.Nicholas Onuf - 2009 - Journal of International Political Theory 5 (2):125-137.
    Seyla Benhabib has displayed a deeply normative concern for the origin, properties, condition and destiny of the modern world in work running from Critique, Norm, and Utopia , to Situating the Self , The Reluctant Modernism of Hannah Arendt , and Another Cosmopolitanism . I hope to show that Benhabib's view of modernity is ambiguous, and that inconsistencies in her position reach back, through Habermas and Weber, to Kant. I begin with a sketch of Benhabib's sense of what modernity is (...)
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  • Primitive Classification and Postmodernity: Towards a Sociological Notion of Fiction.Karin Knorr Cetina - 1994 - Theory, Culture and Society 11 (3):1-22.
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  • Mind the Gap: The Philosophy of Gillian Rose.Nigel Tubbs - 2000 - Thesis Eleven 60 (1):42-60.
    This article explores the implications of Gillian Rose's social and political theory of modernity. For Rose, modernity not only construes `the autonomous moral subject as free within the order of representations and unfree within its preconditions and outcomes' (1996: 57), it is also `the working out of that combination' (ibid.). The implications of this view are explored below, concentrating in particular on the way Rose tackled the aporias and contradictions of modern sociology and social theory. Its conclusion is twofold. First, (...)
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  • Reformed Protestantism and the Origins of Modern Environmentalism.Michael S. Northcott - 2018 - Philosophia Reformata 83 (1):19-33.
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  • A Neglected Gap in the Weber Thesis? The Long Economic Lag of Capitalism From Protestantism.Milan Zafirovski - 2019 - Social Science Information 58 (1):3-56.
    This article identifies and explains a certain previously undetected or downplayed analytical problem in Max Weber’s thesis arising from a causal link between Protestantism, above all Calvinism, and the emergence and expansion of modern capitalism as an economic ‘spirit’ and system. There is a manifest time gap or historical distance between original Calvinism and modern capitalism spanning several centuries. More specifically, there is an ‘economic lag’ of modern capitalism, defined by the Weber thesis as emerging and expanding mostly during the (...)
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  • Chester Barnard and the Systems Approach to Nurturing Organizations.Andrea Gabor & Joseph T. Mahoney - 2013 - In Morgen Witzel & Malcolm Warner (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Management Theorists. Oxford University Press. pp. 134.
    This article describes Chester Barnard, the author of The Functions of the Executive, one of the twentieth century’s most influential books on management and leadership. The book emphasizes competence, moral integrity, rational stewardship, professionalism, and a systems approach, and was written for posterity. Barnard emphasized the role of the manager as both a professional and as a steward of the corporation. His teachings drew on personal insights as a senior executive of AT&T, which saw good governance as the primary means (...)
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  • Turning World-System Theory on its Head.Albert Bergesen - 1990 - Theory, Culture and Society 7 (2-3):67-81.
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  • The Evolution of Free Enterprise Values.Peter J. Richerson & Robert Boyd - unknown
    Free enterprise economic systems evolved in the modern period as culturally transmitted values related to honesty, hard work, and education achievement emerged. One evolutionary puzzle is why most economies for the past 5,000 years have had a limited role for free enterprise given the spectacular success of modern free economies. Another is why if humans became biologically modern 50,000 years ago did it take until 11,000 years ago for agriculture, the economic foundation of states, to begin. Why didn’t free enterprise (...)
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  • Religion and Film in American Culture: The Birth of a Nation.Krzysztof Jozajtis - unknown
    This research addresses an emerging scholarship examining relations between media, religion, and culture in contemporary society. Whilst it acknowledges the value of this growing body of work, the study is based on a recognition that an overwhelming concern with the contemporary scene has resulted in a neglect of the history responsible for the conditions of the present. Given the prominence of America as both a source and an object of this scholarship, moreover, the particular national context in which the institutions (...)
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  • On Truthful Narrative-Identity and a Development Model for Nigeria.Anthony C. Ajah - 2014 - Open Journal of Philosophy 4 (4):531-540.
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  • Is Attention Really Effort? Revisiting Daniel Kahneman’s Influential 1973 Book Attention and Effort.Brian Bruya & Yi-Yuan Tang - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Daniel Kahneman was not the first to suggest that attention and effort are closely associated, but his 1973 book Attention and Effort, which claimed that attention can be identified with effort, cemented the association as a research paradigm in the cognitive sciences. Since then, the paradigm has rarely been questioned and appears to have set the research agenda so that it is self-reinforcing. In this article, we retrace Kahneman's argument to understand its strengths and weaknesses. The central notion of effort (...)
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  • The Epistemology of Geometry I: The Problem of Exactness.Anne Newstead & Franklin James - 2010 - Proceedings of the Australasian Society for Cognitive Science 2009.
    We show how an epistemology informed by cognitive science promises to shed light on an ancient problem in the philosophy of mathematics: the problem of exactness. The problem of exactness arises because geometrical knowledge is thought to concern perfect geometrical forms, whereas the embodiment of such forms in the natural world may be imperfect. There thus arises an apparent mismatch between mathematical concepts and physical reality. We propose that the problem can be solved by emphasizing the ways in which the (...)
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