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  1. Emotion-based learning systems and the development of morality.R. J. R. Blair - 2017 - Cognition 167 (C):38-45.
    In this paper it is proposed that important components of moral development and moral judgment rely on two forms of emotional learning: stimulus-reinforcement and response-outcome learning. Data in support of this position will be primarily drawn from work with individuals with the developmental condition of psychopathy as well as fMRI studies with healthy individuals. Individuals with psychopathy show impairment on moral judgment tasks and a pronounced increased risk for instrumental antisocial behavior. It will be argued that these impairments are developmental (...)
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  • Emotional attentional capture in children with conduct problems: the role of callous-unemotional traits.Sara Hodsoll, Nilli Lavie & Essi Viding - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
    Objective: Appropriate reactivity to emotional facial expressions, even if these are seen whilst we are engaged in another activity, is critical for successful social interaction. Children with conduct problems (CP) and high levels of callous-unemotional (CU) traits are characterized by blunted reactivity to other people's emotions, while children with CP and low levels of CU traits can over-react to perceived emotional threat. No study to date has compared children with CP and high vs. low levels of CU traits to typically (...)
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  • The interplay of attention and emotion: top-down attention modulates amygdala activation in psychopathy.Christine L. Larson, Arielle R. Baskin-Sommers, Daniel M. Stout, Nicholas L. Balderston, John J. Curtin, Douglas H. Schultz, Kent A. Kiehl & Joseph P. Newman - 2013 - Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience 13:757-770.
    Psychopathic behavior has long been attributed to a fundamental deficit in fear that arises from impaired amygdala function. Growing evidence has demonstrated that fear-potentiated startle (FPS) and other psychopathy-related deficits are moderated by focus of attention, but to date, no work on adult psychopathy has examined attentional modulation of the amygdala or concomitant recruitment of relevant attention- related circuitry. Consistent with previous FPS findings, here we report that psychopathy-related differences in amygdala activation appear and disappear as a function of goal-directed (...)
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