Switch to: References

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. Managerialism and the Post‐Enlightenment Crisis of the British University.David S. Preston - 2001 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 33 (3-4):343-363.
  • In Defence of the Indefensible: An Alternative to John Paley's Reductionist, Atheistic, Psychological Alternative to Spirituality: Original Article.Steve Nolan - 2009 - Nursing Philosophy 10 (3):203-213.
    John Paley has rightly observed that, while spirituality is widely discussed in the nursing literature, the discussions are uncritical and unproblematic. In an effort 'to reconfigure the spirituality-in-nursing debate, and to position it where it belongs: in the literature on health psychology and social psychology, and not in a disciplinary cul-de-sac labelled "unfathomable mystery" ', Paley has proposed an alternative, reductionist approach to spirituality. In this paper, I identify two critiques developed by Paley: one political, the other 'logical'. Paley's political (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Values and Further Education.John Halliday - 1996 - British Journal of Educational Studies 44 (1):66-81.
    This paper is a philosophically informed contribution to debate about the values that might inform and be communicated by a further education. It includes a historical review of the concern of colleges of further education with economic and personal development that was reflected in the distinction between vocational and liberal studies. This distinction is seen to arise out of a mistaken epistemology which attempts to distinguish once and for all as it were, objective facts from subjective values. As instrumentalism came (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Awareness of Mind: A Discussion of the Krishnamurti Schools in India.David Dewhurst - 1994 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 26 (2):16-32.
  • The Serpent's Trail: William James, Object‐Oriented Programming, and Critical Realism.Larry J. Crockett - 2012 - Zygon 47 (2):388-414.
    Pragmatism has played only a small role in the half century and more of the science‐and‐religion dialogue, in part because pragmatism was at a low ebb in the 1950s. Even though Jamesean pragmatism in particular is experiencing a resurgence, owing partly to the work of Rorty and Putnam, it remains inconspicuous in the dialogue. Excepting artificial intelligence and artificial life, computer science also has not played a large role in the dialogue. Recent research into the foundations of object‐oriented programming, however, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Possibility and Logical Space in the Tractatus.María Cerezo - 2012 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (5):645-659.
    Abstract This paper discusses some recent work on the notion of possibility in Wittgenstein's Tractatus assessed by means of an interpretation of the notion put forward in Cerezo 2005. It argues that the proper way to understand the notion of possibility in the Tractatus must pay equal attention both to the picture theory and the truth-functions theory. From this perspective, through an examination of Peach's proposal (2007) it shows that the role played by the notion of logical space in the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Unsinnig: A Reply to Hutto.Phil Hutchinson - 2006 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 14 (4):569 – 577.
  • Intralevel Mental Causation.Andrei A. Buckareff - 2011 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (3):402-425.
    This paper identifies and critiques a theory of mental causation defended by some proponents of nonredutive physicalism that I call “intralevelism.” Intralevelist theories differ in their details. On all versions, the causal outcome of the manifestation of physical properties is physical and the causal outcome of the manifestation of mental properties is mental. Thus, mental causation on this view is intralevel mental to mental causation. This characterization of mental causation as intralevel is taken to insulate nonreductive physicalism from some objections (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Logical Information and Epistemic Space.Mark Jago - 2009 - Synthese 167 (2):327 - 341.
    Gaining information can be modelled as a narrowing of epistemic space . Intuitively, becoming informed that such-and-such is the case rules out certain scenarios or would-be possibilities. Chalmers’s account of epistemic space treats it as a space of a priori possibility and so has trouble in dealing with the information which we intuitively feel can be gained from logical inference. I propose a more inclusive notion of epistemic space, based on Priest’s notion of open worlds yet which contains only those (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  • Three Moments in the Theory of Definition or Analysis: Its Possibility, its Aim or Aims, and its Limit or Terminus.David Wiggins - 2007 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 107 (1pt1):73-109.
    The reflections recorded in this paper arise from three moments in the theory of definition and of conceptual analysis. The moments are: Frege’s review of Husserl’s Philosophy of Arithmetic, the discussion there of the paradox of analysis, and the division that Frege marks, ensuing upon his distinction of Sinn/sense from Bedeutung/reference, between two different conceptions of definition; Leibniz’s still serviceable account of a distinction between the clarity and the distinctness of ideas---a distinction that prompts the suggestion that the guiding purpose (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • The Role of Diagrams in Mathematical Arguments.David Sherry - 2008 - Foundations of Science 14 (1-2):59-74.
    Recent accounts of the role of diagrams in mathematical reasoning take a Platonic line, according to which the proof depends on the similarity between the perceived shape of the diagram and the shape of the abstract object. This approach is unable to explain proofs which share the same diagram in spite of drawing conclusions about different figures. Saccheri’s use of the bi-rectangular isosceles quadrilateral in Euclides Vindicatus provides three such proofs. By forsaking abstract objects it is possible to give a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • Wittgenstein’s Critique of Set Theory.Victor Rodych - 2000 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):281-319.
  • The Philosophical Psychologism of the Tractatus.Richard McDonough - 1993 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (4):425-447.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • From What Can’T Be Said To What Isn’T Known.Christine McKinnon - 1991 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):87-107.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Phenomenology and the Development of Analytic Philosophy.Amie L. Thomasson - 2002 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 40 (S1):115-142.
  • Decompositions and Transformations: Conceptions of Analysis in the Early Analytic and Phenomenological Traditions.Michael Beaney - 2002 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 40 (S1):53-99.
  • Intentionality and Picturing: Early Husserl Vis-À-Vis Early Wittgenstein.David Woodruff Smith - 2002 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 40 (Supplement):153-180.
  • Why P Rather Than Q? The Curiosities of Fact and Foil.Eric Barnes - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 73 (1):35 - 53.
    In this paper I develop a theory of contrastive why questions that establishes under what conditions it is sensible to ask "why p rather than q?". p and q must be outcomes of a single type of causal process.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  • The Genesis of Possible Worlds Semantics.B. Jack Copeland - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (2):99-137.
    This article traces the development of possible worlds semantics through the work of: Wittgenstein, 1913-1921; Feys, 1924; McKinsey, 1945; Carnap, 1945-1947; McKinsey, Tarski and Jónsson, 1947-1952; von Wright, 1951; Becker, 1952; Prior, 1953-1954; Montague, 1955; Meredith and Prior, 1956; Geach, 1960; Smiley, 1955-1957; Kanger, 1957; Hintikka, 1957; Guillaume, 1958; Binkley, 1958; Bayart, 1958-1959; Drake, 1959-1961; Kripke, 1958-1965.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   41 citations  
  • Simulation Methods for an Abductive System in Science.T. R. Addis & D. C. Gooding - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):37-52.
    We argue that abduction does not work in isolation from other inference mechanisms and illustrate this through an inference scheme designed to evaluate multiple hypotheses. We use game theory to relate the abductive system to actions that produce new information. To enable evaluation of the implications of this approach we have implemented the procedures used to calculate the impact of new information in a computer model. Experiments with this model display a number of features of collective belief-revision leading to consensus-formation, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Ontology, Semantics and Philosophy of Mind in Wittgenstein's Tractatus: A Formal Reconstruction. [REVIEW]Gert Jan Lokhorst - 1988 - Erkenntnis 29 (1):35 - 75.
    The paper presents a formal explication of the early Wittgenstein's views on ontology, the syntax and semantics of an ideal logical language, and the propositional attitudes. It will be shown that Wittgenstein gave a language of thought analysis of propositional attitude ascriptions, and that his ontological views imply that such ascriptions are truth-functions of (and supervenient upon) elementary sentences. Finally, an axiomatization of a quantified doxastic modal logic corresponding to Tractarian semantics will be given.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Pictures in Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy.David Egan - 2011 - Philosophical Investigations 34 (1):55-76.
    The word “picture” occurs pervasively in Wittgenstein's later philosophy. Not only does Wittgenstein often use literal pictures or the notion of mental pictures in his investigations, but he also frequently uses “picture” to speak about a way of conceiving of a matter (e.g. “A picture held us captive” at Philosophical Investigations§115). I argue that “picture” used in this conceptual sense is not a shorthand for an assumption or a set of propositions but is rather an expression of conceptual bedrock on (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • Conceptual Connection and Causal Relation.Max Deutscher - 1976 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):3 – 13.
  • Metasemantics and Singular Reference.Ori Simchen - 2017 - Noûs 51 (2):175-195.
    I consider two competing approaches to metasemantics: productivism, whereby endowment with semantic significance emerges directly from conditions surrounding the production or employment of the items semantically endowed; and interpretationism, whereby endowment with semantic significance emerges directly from conditions surrounding the interpretive consumption of such items. Focusing on the version of interpretationism developed by Lewis and his followers, I present a novel argument to the conclusion that such an approach cannot secure determinacy for singular reference. I then draw a larger moral (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Beyond the Liberal Self.Jamie Morgan - 2011 - Journal of Critical Realism 10 (3):392-409.
    In the following short essay I set out the key insights and main arguments by chapter of Alison Assiter’s Kierkegaard. This text is an important contribution to the general subject matter of realizable well-being. In a final section I discuss possible elaborations and limitations and challenges to the problem of morals and ethics that can and are developed from a metaphysic of the person.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Belief Change as Propositional Update.Renée Elio & Francis Jeffry Pelletier - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (4):419-460.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Towards Structural Systematicity in Distributed, Statically Bound Visual Representations.Shimon Edelman & Nathan Intrator - 2003 - Cognitive Science 23 (1):73-110.
    The problem of representing the spatial structure of images, which arises in visual object processing, is commonly described using terminology borrowed from propositional theories of cognition, notably, the concept of compositionality. The classical propositional stance mandates representations composed of symbols, which stand for atomic or composite entities and enter into arbitrarily nested relationships. We argue that the main desiderata of a representational system — productivity and systematicity — can (indeed, for a number of reasons, should) be achieved without recourse to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  • Behavior is What Can Be Reinforced.George Ainslie - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):53-54.
  • Specifically Human: Going Beyond Perceptual Syntax. [REVIEW]Piera Filippi - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (1):111-123.
    The aim of this paper is to help refine the definition of humans as “linguistic animals” in light of a comparative approach on nonhuman animals’ cognitive systems. As Uexküll & Kriszat (1934/1992) have theorized, the epistemic access to each species-specific environment (Umwelt) is driven by different biocognitive processes. Within this conceptual framework, I identify the salient cognitive process that distinguishes each species typical perception of the world as the faculty of language meant in the following operational definition: the ability to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Must Scientific Diagrams Be Eliminable? The Case of Path Analysis.James R. Griesemer - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):155-180.
    Scientists use a variety of modes of representation in their work, but philosophers have studied mainly sentences expressing propositions. I ask whether diagrams are mere conveniences in expressing propositions or whether they are a distinct, ineliminable mode of representation in scientific texts. The case of path analysis, a statistical method for quantitatively assessing the relative degree of causal determination of variation as expressed in a causal path diagram, is discussed. Path analysis presents a worst case for arguments against eliminability since (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  • Analysing Analytic Philosophy: The Rise of Analytic Philosophy: Edited by Hans-Johann Glock, Oxford: Blackwell, 1997, 95p. 10£. [REVIEW]Karen Green - 2001 - Philosophia 28 (1-4):511-529.
  • Zone Morality.David Weissman - 2013 - Metaphilosophy 44 (5):589-603.
    Traditional moral theory usually has either of two emphases: virtuous moral character or principles for distributing duties or goods. “Zone morality” introduces a third: families and businesses are systems created by the causal reciprocities of their members. These relations embody the duties and permissions of a system's moral code. Core systems satisfy basic interests and needs; we move easily among them, hardly noticing that moral demands vary from system to system. Moral conflicts arise because of discord within or among systems (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Choosing Death in Depression: A Commentary on ‘Treatment-Resistant Major Depressive Disorder and Assisted Dying’.Matthew R. Broome & Angharad de Cates - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):586-587.
  • Mctaggart and the Unreality of Time.Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson - 1998 - Axiomathes 9 (3):287-306.
    McTaggart's argument for the unreality of time is generally believed to be a self-contained argument independent of McTaggart's idealist ontology. I argue that this is mistaken. It is really a demonstration of a contradiction in the appearance of time, on the basis of certain a priori ontological axioms, in particular the thesis that all times exist in parity. When understood in this way, the argument is neither obscure or unfounded, but arguably does not address those versions of the A-theory that (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • An Effect of Mood on the Perception of Geographical Slant.Cedar R. Riener, Jeanine K. Stefanucci, Dennis R. Proffitt & Gerald Clore - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):174-182.
  • Wittgenstein on Simile as the “Best Thing” in Philosophy1.Yasemin J. Erden - 2012 - Philosophical Investigations 35 (2):127-137.
    In a remark written sometime between 1933 and 1943, Wittgenstein suggests that philosophy ought really to be written as one “writes a poem.” Around this time he also talks of simile as the “best thing” in philosophy. In this paper I consider what it would mean to take such claims seriously. Through examining newly discovered material from the Skinner manuscripts, I offer an analysis of Wittgenstein's approach to literary techniques and see how this impacts on his conception of philosophy.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • ‘Hopelessly Strange’: Bernard Williams' Portrait of Wittgenstein as a Transcendental Idealist.Stephen Mulhall - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):386-404.
  • Conversion in Philosophy: Wittgenstein's "Saving Word".Antonia Soulez & Melissa McMahon - 2000 - Hypatia 15 (4):127-150.
    : Wittgenstein raises the notion of "conversion" in philosophy through his claims that philosophical understanding is a matter of the will rather than the intellect. Soulez examines this notion in Wittgenstein's philosophy through a series of reflections on the aims and methodology of his philosophical "grammar," in relation to comparable models among Wittgenstein's contemporaries (Freud, James) and from the history of philosophy (Saint Augustine, Descartes).
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Conversion in Philosophy: Wittgenstein's “Saving Word”.Antonia Soulez - 2000 - Hypatia 15 (4):127-150.
    Wittgenstein raises the notion of “conversion” in philosophy through his claims that philosophical understanding is a matter of the will rather than the intellect. Soulez examines this notion in Wittgenstein's philosophy through a series of reflections on the aims and methodology of his philosophical “grammar,” in relation to comparable models among Wittgenstein's contemporaries and from the history of philosophy.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Conversion in Philosophy: Wittgenstein's “Saving Word”.Antonia Soulez - 2000 - Hypatia 15 (4):127-150.
    Wittgenstein raises the notion of “conversion” in philosophy through his claims that philosophical understanding is a matter of the will rather than the intellect. Soulez examines this notion in Wittgenstein's philosophy through a series of reflections on the aims and methodology of his philosophical “grammar,” in relation to comparable models among Wittgenstein's contemporaries and from the history of philosophy.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Unbounded Vistas of Science: Evolutionary Limitations.E. Atlee Jackson - 2000 - Complexity 5 (5):35-44.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Book Review: Alessandra Tanesini. Wittgenstein: A Feminist Interpretation. London: Polity Press, 2004. [REVIEW]Peg O'Connor - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (3):207-210.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Truth, Paradox, and Ineffable Propositions.James R. Shaw - 2013 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (1):64-104.
    I argue that on very weak assumptions about truth (in particular, that there are coherent norms governing the use of "true"), there is a proposition absolutely inexpressible with conventional language, or something very close. I argue for this claim "constructively": I use a variant of the Berry Paradox to reveal a particular thought for my readership to entertain that very strongly resists conventional expression. I gauge the severity of this expressive limitation within a taxonomy of expressive failures, and argue that (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Introducing Islamic Critical Realism: A Philosophy for Underlabouring Contemporary Islam.Matthew L. N. Wilkinson - 2013 - Journal of Critical Realism 12 (4):419-442.
    This article makes the case for a contemporary philosophy of Islam to help Muslims surmount the challenges of postmodernity and to transcend the hiatuses and obstacles that Muslims face in their interaction and relationships with non-Muslims. It argues that the philosophy of critical realism so fittingly underlabours for the contemporary interpretation, clarification and conceptual deepening of Islamic doctrine and practice as to suggest and necessitate the development of a distinctive Islamic critical realist philosophy, social and educational theory and world-view, specifically (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Antonia Soulez: Introduction.Melissa Mcmahon - 2000 - Hypatia 15 (4):121-126.
    : Soulez's work focuses on the ethical dimension of philosophy manifested in the way in which thought engages and transforms an acting subject on a formal level, beyond what is "said" as such, including any explicitly ethical statements. Wittgenstein's injunction to "silence" on certain ethical matters does not, for Soulez, prevent his being a thinker of the ethical stakes of philosophy, contrary to more orthodox readings of the analytical tradition.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Frege's Judgement Stroke and the Conception of Logic as the Study of Inference Not Consequence.Nicholas J. J. Smith - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (4):639-665.
    One of the most striking differences between Frege's Begriffsschrift (logical system) and standard contemporary systems of logic is the inclusion in the former of the judgement stroke: a symbol which marks those propositions which are being asserted , that is, which are being used to express judgements . There has been considerable controversy regarding both the exact purpose of the judgement stroke, and whether a system of logic should include such a symbol. This paper explains the intended role of the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  • Sophist or Antiphilosopher? [REVIEW]Christopher Norris - 2012 - Journal of Critical Realism 11 (4):487-498.
    This essay takes Badiou’s recently published book as an opportunity to discuss not only his complex approach to Wittgenstein but also his evolving critical stance in relation to various other movements in present-day philosophical thought. In particular it examines his distinction between ‘sophistics’ and ‘anti-philosophy’, as developed very largely through his series of encounters with Wittgenstein. Beyond that, I offer some brief remarks about the role of set-theoretical concepts in Badiou’s thinking and the vexed question of their bearing on his (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Signs, Toy Models, and the A Priori.Lydia Patton - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (3):281-289.
    The Marburg neo-Kantians argue that Hermann von Helmholtz's empiricist account of the a priori does not account for certain knowledge, since it is based on a psychological phenomenon, trust in the regularities of nature. They argue that Helmholtz's account raises the 'problem of validity' (Gueltigkeitsproblem): how to establish a warranted claim that observed regularities are based on actual relations. I reconstruct Heinrich Hertz's and Ludwig Wittgenstein's Bild theoretic answer to the problem of validity: that scientists and philosophers can depict the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  • Wittgenstein and Irigaray: Gender and Philosophy in a Language (Game) of Difference.Joyce Davidson & Mick Smith - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (2):72 - 96.
    Drawing Wittgenstein's and Irigaray's philosophies into conversation might help resolve certain misunderstandings that have so far hampered both the reception of Irigaray's work and the development of feminist praxis in general. A Wittgensteinian reading of Irigaray can furnish an anti-essentialist conception of "woman" that retains the theoretical and political specificity feminism requires while dispelling charges that Irigaray's attempt to delineate a "feminine" language is either groundlessly utopian or entails a biological essentialism.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • How a Modest Fideism May Constrain Theistic Commitments: Exploring an Alternative to Classical Theism.John Bishop - 2007 - Philosophia 35 (3-4):387-402.
    On the assumption that theistic religious commitment takes place in the face of evidential ambiguity, the question arises under what conditions it is permissible to make a doxastic venture beyond one’s evidence in favour of a religious proposition. In this paper I explore the implications for orthodox theistic commitment of adopting, in answer to that question, a modest, moral coherentist, fideism. This extended Jamesian fideism crucially requires positive ethical evaluation of both the motivation and content of religious doxastic ventures. I (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations