Switch to: References

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. The Feasibility of Folk Science.Frank C. Keil - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (5):826-862.
    If folk science means individuals having well worked out mechanistic theories of the workings of the world, then it is not feasible. Laypeople’s explanatory understandings are remarkably coarse, full of gaps, and often full of inconsistencies. Even worse, most people overestimate their own understandings. Yet recent views suggest that formal scientists may not be so different. In spite of these limitations, science somehow works and its success offers hope for the feasibility of folk science as well. The success of science (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • The Invisible Hand: Toddlers Connect Probabilistic Events With Agentive Causes.Yang Wu, Paul Muentener & Laura E. Schulz - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (8):1854-1876.
    Children posit unobserved causes when events appear to occur spontaneously. What about when events appear to occur probabilistically? Here toddlers saw arbitrary causal relationships in a fixed, alternating order. The relationships were then changed in one of two ways. In the Deterministic condition, the event order changed ; in the Probabilistic condition, the causal relationships changed. As intended, toddlers looked equally long at both changes. We then introduced a previously unseen candidate cause. Toddlers looked longer at the appearance of a (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Role of Within-Category Variability in Category-Based Induction: A Developmental Study.Marjorie Rhodes & Daniel Brickman - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (8):1561-1573.
    The present studies tested the hypothesis that strong assumptions about within-category homogeneity impede children’s recognition of the inductive value of diverse samples of evidence. In Study 1a, children (7-year-olds) and adults were randomly assigned to receive a prime emphasizing within-category variability, a prime emphasizing within-category similarities, or to not receive a prime. Only following the variability prime, children demonstrated a reliable preference for evaluating diverse over nondiverse samples to determine whether there is support for a category-wide generalization. Adults demonstrated a (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Origins of Inquiry: Inductive Inference and Exploration in Early Childhood.Laura Schulz - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (7):382-389.
  • Integrating Physical Constraints in Statistical Inference by 11-Month-Old Infants.Stephanie Denison & Fei Xu - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (5):885-908.
    Much research on cognitive development focuses either on early-emerging domain-specific knowledge or domain-general learning mechanisms. However, little research examines how these sources of knowledge interact. Previous research suggests that young infants can make inferences from samples to populations (Xu & Garcia, 2008) and 11- to 12.5-month-old infants can integrate psychological and physical knowledge in probabilistic reasoning (Teglas, Girotto, Gonzalez, & Bonatti, 2007; Xu & Denison, 2009). Here, we ask whether infants can integrate a physical constraint of immobility into a statistical (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  • Time Course of Visual Attention in Statistical Learning of Words and Categories.Chi-Hsin Chen, Chen Yu, Damian Fricker, Thomas G. Smith & Lisa Gershkoff-Stowe - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
  • Verbal Framing of Statistical Evidence Drives Children’s Preference Inferences.Laura E. Garvin & Amanda L. Woodward - 2015 - Cognition 138:35-48.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • The Developmental and Cultural Psychology of Free Will.Tamar Kushnir - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (11):e12529.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Expectancy Violations Promote Learning in Young Children.Aimee E. Stahl & Lisa Feigenson - 2017 - Cognition 163:1-14.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Tychomancy: Inferring Probability From Causal Structure, by Michael Strevens: Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013, Pp. Xiv + 265, US$39.95. [REVIEW]Michael Bishop - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (4):808-811.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Tracking Multiple Statistics: Simultaneous Learning of Object Names and Categories in English and Mandarin Speakers.Chi-Hsin Chen, Lisa Gershkoff-Stowe, Chih-Yi Wu, Hintat Cheung & Chen Yu - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1485-1509.
    Two experiments were conducted to examine adult learners' ability to extract multiple statistics in simultaneously presented visual and auditory input. Experiment 1 used a cross-situational learning paradigm to test whether English speakers were able to use co-occurrences to learn word-to-object mappings and concurrently form object categories based on the commonalities across training stimuli. Experiment 2 replicated the first experiment and further examined whether speakers of Mandarin, a language in which final syllables of object names are more predictive of category membership (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • How Children Use Examples to Make Conditional Predictions.Charles W. Kalish - 2010 - Cognition 116 (1):1-14.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • The Naïve Utility Calculus: Computational Principles Underlying Commonsense Psychology.Julian Jara-Ettinger, Hyowon Gweon, Laura E. Schulz & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):589-604.
  • Young Children’s Use of Statistical Sampling Evidence to Infer the Subjectivity of Preferences.Lili Ma & Fei Xu - 2011 - Cognition 120 (3):403-411.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Violations of Core Knowledge Shape Early Learning.Aimee E. Stahl & Lisa Feigenson - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):136-153.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Origins of Probabilistic Inference in Human Infants.Stephanie Denison & Fei Xu - 2014 - Cognition 130 (3):335-347.
  • Young Children Do Not Succeed in Choice Tasks That Imply Evaluating Chances.Vittorio Girotto, Laura Fontanari, Michel Gonzalez, Giorgio Vallortigara & Agnès Blaye - 2016 - Cognition 152:32-39.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • How Young Children Learn From Examples: Descriptive and Inferential Problems.Charles W. Kalish, Sunae Kim & Andrew G. Young - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (8):1427-1448.
    Three experiments with preschool- and young school-aged children (N = 75 and 53) explored the kinds of relations children detect in samples of instances (descriptive problem) and how they generalize those relations to new instances (inferential problem). Each experiment initially presented a perfect biconditional relation between two features (e.g., all and only frogs are blue). Additional examples undermined one of the component conditional relations (not all frogs are blue) but supported another (only frogs are blue). Preschool-aged children did not distinguish (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Equidynamics and Reliable Reasoning About Frequencies.Marshall Abrams, Frederick Eberhardt & Michael Strevens - 2015 - Metascience 24 (2):173-188.
    A symposium on Michael Strevens' book "Tychomancy", concerning the psychological roots and historical significance of physical intuition about probability in physics, biology, and elsewhere.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Statistics is Founded on Entropy, Not Evolutionary Psychology.Fred L. Bookstein - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (1):108-112.