Switch to: References

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. Agency in Social Context.John Lawless - 2017 - Res Philosophica 94 (4):471-498.
    Many political philosophers argue that interference threatens a person’s agency. And they cast political freedom in opposition to interpersonal threats to agency, as non-interference. I argue that this approach relies on an inapt model of agency, crucial aspects of which emerge from our relationships with other people. Such relationships involve complex patterns of vulnerability and subjection, essential to our constitution as particular kinds of agents: as owners of property, as members of families, and as participants in a market for labor. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Second-Order Desire Accounts of Autonomy.Dennis Loughrey - 1998 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 6 (2):211 – 229.
    The autonomous person is one who has, in some sense, mastery over their desires. The prevailing way to understand such personal autonomy is in terms of a hierarchy of desires. For Harry Frankfurt, persons not only have first-order desires, but possess the additional capacity to form second-order desires. Second-order desires are formed through reflection on first-order desires and are thus expressive of the rational capacity which is characteristic of persons. Frankfurt's account of freedom of the will is founded on his (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Nozick’s Experience Machine and Palliative Care: Revisiting Hedonism. [REVIEW]Y. Michael Barilan - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):399-407.
    In refutation of hedonism, Nozick offered a hypothetical thought experiment, known as the Experience Machine. This paper maintains that end-of-life-suffering of the kind that is resistant to state-of-the-art palliation provides a conceptually equal experiment which validates Nozick’s observations and conclusions. The observation that very many terminal patients who suffer terribly do no wish for euthanasia or terminal sedation is incompatible with motivational hedonism. Although irreversible vegetative state and death are equivalently pain-free, very many people loath the former even at the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Conditional Preferences and Refusal of Treatment.William Glod - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (4):299-309.
    In this essay, I will use a minimalist standard of decision-making capacity (DMC) to ascertain two cases in the medical ethics literature: the 1978 case of Mary C. Northern and a more recent case involving a paranoid war veteran (call him Jack). In both cases the patients refuse medical treatment out of denial that they are genuinely ill. I believe these cases illustrate two matters: (1) the need of holding oneself to a minimal DMC standard so as to make as (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Personal Autonomy in the Travel Panopticon.Eamon Daly - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (2):97-108.
    I argue in this paper that the development and convergence of information and communication technologies (ICT) is creating a global network of surveillance capabilities which affect the traveler. These surveillance capabilities are reminiscent of 18th century philosopher Jeremy Bentham’s panopticon, and as such the emerging global surveillance network has been referred to as the travel panopticon. I argue that the travel panopticon is corrosive of personal autonomy, and in doing so I describe and analyse various philosophical approaches to personal autonomy.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Consent and the Problem of Framing Effects.Jason Hanna - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (5):517-531.
    Our decision-making is often subject to framing effects: alternative but equally informative descriptions of the same options elicit different choices. When a decision-maker is vulnerable to framing, she may consent under one description of the act, which suggests that she has waived her right, yet be disposed to dissent under an equally informative description of the act, which suggests that she has not waived her right. I argue that in such a case the decision-maker’s consent is simply irrelevant to the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • The Relationship Between Psychological Well-Being and Autonomy in Young People According to Age.Ángel De-Juanas, Teresita Bernal Romero & Rosa Goig - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Psychological well-being manifests itself in all aspects of human activity and is essential to understanding whether young people experience life satisfaction and whether, as they mature, well-being can be associated with different levels of personal autonomy. This quantitative study was developed within the framework of international research on young people’s autonomy in the transition to adulthood. Its main objectives were to analyze the relationship between psychological well-being and autonomy and examine potential variations between the two variables according to age. To (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Autonomía Relacional, Autonomía Normativa y Perfeccionismo.Catriona Mackenzie - 2019 - Humanitas Hodie 2 (1):h215.
    En los sectores políticos democráticos liberales, el principio del respeto a la autonomía es ampliamente aceptado —en teoría, si no siempre en la práctica— como un valor moral cardinal que debería guiar tanto la deliberación política, la política pública y las prácticas, como nuestras actitudes respecto a nuestros conciudadanos. En términos simples, respetar la autonomía es respetar los intereses de cada persona de vivir su vida según su propia concepción del bien. En la base del requisito normativo de respetar la (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Impact of Gender and Relationship Status on Young People’s Autonomy and Psychological Wellbeing.Francisco Javier García-Castilla, Isabel Martínez Sánchez, Gema Campos & Delia Arroyo Resino - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Making a Difference: Incorporating Theories of Autonomy Into Models of Informed Consent.C. Delany - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e3-e3.
    Background: Obtaining patients’ informed consent is an ethical and legal obligation in healthcare practice. Whilst the law provides prescriptive rules and guidelines, ethical theories of autonomy provide moral foundations. Models of practice of consent, have been developed in the bioethical literature to assist in understanding and integrating the ethical theory of autonomy and legal obligations into the clinical process of obtaining a patient’s informed consent to treatment.Aims: To review four models of consent and analyse the way each model incorporates the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Autonomy in the Face of a Devastating Diagnosis.M. Spriggs - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (2):123-126.
    Literary accounts of traumatic events can be more informative and insightful than personal testimonials. In particular, reference to works of literature can give us a more vivid sense of what it is like to receive a devastating diagnosis. In turn this can lead us to question some common assumptions about the nature of autonomy, particularly for patients in these circumstances. The literature of concentration camp and labour camp experiences can help us understand what it is like to have one's life-plans (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Disputing Autonomy: Second-Order Desires and the Dynamics of Ascribing Autonomy.Joel Anderson - 2008 - SATS 9 (1):7-26.
    In this paper, I examine two versions of the so-called “hierarchical” approach to personal autonomy, based on the notion of “second-order desires”. My primary concern will be with the question of whether these approaches provide an adequate basis for understanding the dynamics of autonomy-ascription. I begin by distinguishing two versions of the hierarchical approach, each representing a different response to the oft-discussed “regress” objection. I then argue that both “structural hierarchicalism” (e.g., Frankfurt, Bratman) and “procedural hierarchicalism” (e.g., Dworkin, Christman, Mele) (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  • Ban the Sunset? Nonpropositional Content and Regulation of Pharmaceutical Advertising.Paul Biegler & Patrick Vargas - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):3-13.
    The risk that direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription pharmaceuticals (DTCA) may increase inappropriate medicine use is well recognized. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration addresses this concern by subjecting DTCA content to strict scrutiny. Its strictures are, however, heavily focused on the explicit claims made in commercials, what we term their ?propositional content.? Yet research in social psychology suggests advertising employs techniques to influence viewers via nonpropositional content, for example, images and music. We argue that one such technique, evaluative conditioning, is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  • Doctors Have No Right to Refuse Medical Assistance in Dying, Abortion or Contraception.Julian Savulescu & Udo Schuklenk - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9).
    In an article in this journal, Christopher Cowley argues that we have ‘misunderstood the special nature of medicine, and have misunderstood the motivations of the conscientious objectors’. We have not. It is Cowley who has misunderstood the role of personal values in the profession of medicine. We argue that there should be better protections for patients from doctors' personal values and there should be more severe restrictions on the right to conscientious objection, particularly in relation to assisted dying. We argue (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  • Personal Autonomy.Sarah Buss - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    To be autonomous is to be a law to oneself; autonomous agents are self-governing agents. Most of us want to be autonomous because we want to be accountable for what we do, and because it seems that if we are not the ones calling the shots, then we cannot be accountable. More importantly, perhaps, the value of autonomy is tied to the value of self-integration. We don't want to be alien to, or at war with, ourselves; and it seems that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations