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  1. Many approaches, but few arrivals: Merton and the columbia model of theory construction.Stephen Turner - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (2):174-211.
    Robert Merton's essays on theories of the middle range and his essays on functional explanation and the structural approach are among the most influential in the history of sociology. But their import is a puzzle. He explicitly allied himself with some of the most extreme scientistic formalists and contributed to and endorsed the Columbia model of theory construction. But Merton never responded to criticisms by Ernest Nagel of his arguments or acknowledged the rivalry between Lazarsfeld and Herbert Simon, rarely cited (...)
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  • Substantival self: A primitive term for a sociological psychology.Andrew J. Weigert - 1975 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 5 (1):43-62.
  • Shrinking Merton.Stephen P. Turner - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):481-489.
    Agassi, Sztompka, Kincaid, and Crothers argue, in various ways, that Merton should not be held responsible for his published views on theory construction, and they provide psychological or strategic explanations for his failure to resolve issues with these views. I argue that this line of defense is unnecessary. A better case for Merton would be that theories in his middle-range sense were a nontechnical alternative solution to the problem of spurious correlation. Middle-range theory was not, however, a solution to the (...)
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  • Theorizing in sociology and social science: turning to the context of discovery.Richard Swedberg - 2012 - Theory and Society 41 (1):1-40.
  • A probabilistic theory of causal necessity.Deborah A. Rosen - 1980 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):71-86.
    This paper attempts to set up a probabilistic framework for understanding the notion of causal necessity. What results is a relaxed and relativized probabilistic theory of epsilon-Causal necessity and an explicit attempt to avoid deterministic assumptions. The theory developed emphasizes the notions of partial cause, Causal contribution, And the degree of contribution. Implications for causal overdetermination, Causal preemption, And causal discourse are discussed.
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  • Sociology as a science.David V. McQueen - 1981 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 12 (2):263-284.
    Presented here is an overview from the standpoints of sociology, history of science, philosophy of science and “pure science” of the lingering question of whether sociology is a form of scientific pursuit. The conclusion is drawn that sociology barely meets any of the rigid criteria traditionally associated with the natural sciences. Sociology is viewed as having a position of theory and argument which is labeled “inconoclastic scepticism.”.
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  • Sociology of Education and the Education of Teachers.D. R. McNamara - 1972 - British Journal of Educational Studies 20 (2):137 - 147.
  • Sociology of education and the education of teachers.D. R. McNamara - 1972 - British Journal of Educational Studies 20 (2):137-147.
  • Theories of Sexual Stratification: Toward an Analytics of the Sexual Field and a Theory of Sexual Capital.John Levi Martin & Matt George - 2006 - Sociological Theory 24 (2):107-132.
    The American tradition of action theory failed to produce a useful theory of the possible existence of trans-individual consistencies in sexual desirability. Instead, most sociological theorists have relied on market metaphors to account for the logic of sexual action. Through a critical survey of sociological attempts to explain the social organization of sexual desiring, this article demonstrates that the market approach is inadequate, and that its inadequacies can be remedied by studying sexual action as occurring within a specifically sexual field (...)
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  • Multiple Levels of Analysis and the Limitations of Methodological Individualisms.Ronald Jepperson & John W. Meyer - 2011 - Sociological Theory 29 (1):54 - 73.
    This article discusses relations among the multiple levels of analysis present in macro-sociological explanation—i.e., relations of individual, structural, and institutional processes. It also criticizes the doctrinal insistence upon single-level individualistic explanation found in some prominent contemporary sociological theory. For illustrative material the article returns to intellectual uses of Weber's "Protestant Ethic thesis," showing how an artificial version has been employed as a kind of proof text for the alleged scientific necessity of individualist explanation. Our alternative exposition renders the discussion of (...)
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  • An inquiry into the concepts of 'reliability', 'intersubjectivity' and 'constancy'.Johan Galtung - 1959 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 2 (1-4):107 – 125.