John Bishop University of Auckland
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  • Faculty, University of Auckland
  • PhD, Cambridge University, 1978.

Areas of specialization

Areas of interest

My philosophical views


My philosophical views

The answers shown here are not necessarily the same provided as part of the 2009 PhilPapers Survey. These answers can be updated at any time.

See also:

A priori knowledge: yes or no?Accept: yes
Abstract objects: Platonism or nominalism?Lean toward: Platonism
Aesthetic value: objective or subjective?Lean toward: objective
Analytic-synthetic distinction: yes or no?Lean toward: yes
Epistemic justification: internalism or externalism?Accept bothInternalism applies to the justifiability of commitment to truth-claims (entitlement to take it to be true that p); but *states* of belief can have epistemic value of an externalist kind.
External world: idealism, skepticism, or non-skeptical realism?Accept: non-skeptical realism
Free will: compatibilism, libertarianism, or no free will?Accept: compatibilism
God: theism or atheism?Accept: theismI believe in God, but reject the existence of the supernatural personal omni-God (I'm 'an omni-God atheist'), and am thus committed to understanding God according to some alternative conception (which I draw from a certain interpretation of the object of worship in the Judaeo-Christian tradition).
Knowledge: empiricism or rationalism?The question is too unclear to answer
Knowledge claims: contextualism, relativism, or invariantism?Lean toward: contextualism
Laws of nature: Humean or non-Humean?Lean toward: non-Humean
Logic: classical or non-classical?Agnostic/undecided
Mental content: internalism or externalism?Agnostic/undecided
Meta-ethics: moral realism or moral anti-realism?Accept: moral realismI'm inclined to think that the most sophisticated forms of moral anti-realism come remarkably close to (the best version of) moral realism.
Metaphilosophy: naturalism or non-naturalism?The question is too unclear to answerNot sure that I understand the question: but if being a naturalist is taking it that our metaphysics has to be consistent with the view of the world that is presupposed by our best scientific theories, then I am certainly a naturalist. This is consistent with holding (as I do) that there is more to the world than can be known through natural science.
Mind: physicalism or non-physicalism?Accept: physicalism
Moral judgment: cognitivism or non-cognitivism?Accept: cognitivism
Moral motivation: internalism or externalism?Lean toward: externalism
Newcomb's problem: one box or two boxes?Lean toward: two boxes
Normative ethics: deontology, consequentialism, or virtue ethics?Accept another alternativeI'm inclined to think that what is ethically fundamental is the notion of right relationship.
Perceptual experience: disjunctivism, qualia theory, representationalism, or sense-datum theory?Lean toward: disjunctivism
Personal identity: biological view, psychological view, or further-fact view?Lean toward: psychological view
Politics: communitarianism, egalitarianism, or libertarianism?Lean toward: communitarianism
Proper names: Fregean or Millian?Agnostic/undecided
Science: scientific realism or scientific anti-realism?Accept: scientific realism
Teletransporter (new matter): survival or death?Lean toward: survival
Time: A-theory or B-theory?Lean toward: A-theory
Trolley problem (five straight ahead, one on side track, turn requires switching, what ought one do?): switch or don't switch?Lean toward: switch
Truth: correspondence, deflationary, or epistemic?Reject one, undecided between othersI reject epistemic accounts, but am not sure about how to choose between correspondence and deflationary accounts.
Zombies: inconceivable, conceivable but not metaphysically possible, or metaphysically possible?Lean toward: conceivable but not metaphysically possible