Stephen Petersen Niagara University

My philosophical views

The answers shown here are not necessarily the same provided as part of the 2009 PhilPapers Survey. These answers can be updated at any time.

See also:

A priori knowledge: yes or no?Lean toward: noWe might be wired with good true beliefs pre-experience, but it seems to me even such beliefs need to get some justification from the whole body of experience to be knowledge.
Abstract objects: Platonism or nominalism?Lean toward: PlatonismMy hunch is that abstract objects are real patterns of concreta. I guess that makes me Platonist?
Aesthetic value: objective or subjective?Lean toward: objective
Analytic-synthetic distinction: yes or no?Accept: no
Epistemic justification: internalism or externalism?Accept: externalismAgain I think something two-factory is right but since I think /some/ important notion of justification depends on the extra-mental, I count myself as externalist.
External world: idealism, skepticism, or non-skeptical realism?Lean toward: non-skeptical realismI'm inclined toward explanationism.
Free will: compatibilism, libertarianism, or no free will?Accept: no free willBut I construe responsibility like a typical compatiblist, of course - consequentially.
God: theism or atheism?Accept: atheism
Knowledge: empiricism or rationalism?Lean toward: empiricismBut I'm a scientific realist, etc.
Knowledge claims: contextualism, relativism, or invariantism?Lean toward: contextualism
Laws of nature: Humean or non-Humean?Lean toward: Humean
Logic: classical or non-classical?Lean toward: classical
Mental content: internalism or externalism?Lean toward: externalismI'm inclined to accept a two-factor theory; I guess that makes me externalist because I think /some/ notion of content requires the extra-mental?
Meta-ethics: moral realism or moral anti-realism?Lean toward: moral realism
Metaphilosophy: naturalism or non-naturalism?Accept: naturalismI construe naturalism basically as methodological commitment to IBE. Thus I'm on board in principle with notions like "naturalistic dualism" (though I'm not one).
Mind: physicalism or non-physicalism?Lean toward: physicalism
Moral judgment: cognitivism or non-cognitivism?Lean toward: cognitivism
Moral motivation: internalism or externalism?Lean toward: externalismBecause I have overall background preference for welfare utilitarianism, which I fear is motivation externalist. But I think this is something of a problem for utilitarianism.
Newcomb's problem: one box or two boxes?Lean toward: one box
Normative ethics: deontology, consequentialism, or virtue ethics?Lean toward: consequentialism
Perceptual experience: disjunctivism, qualia theory, representationalism, or sense-datum theory?Lean toward: representationalism
Personal identity: biological view, psychological view, or further-fact view?Accept: psychological view
Politics: communitarianism, egalitarianism, or libertarianism?Lean toward: egalitarianism
Proper names: Fregean or Millian?Lean toward: Fregean
Science: scientific realism or scientific anti-realism?Lean toward: scientific realism
Teletransporter (new matter): survival or death?Accept: survival
Time: A-theory or B-theory?Lean toward: B-theoryA fairly strong leaning, though not at all my expertise.
Trolley problem (five straight ahead, one on side track, turn requires switching, what ought one do?): switch or don't switch?Accept: switch
Truth: correspondence, deflationary, or epistemic?Lean toward: correspondence
Zombies: inconceivable, conceivable but not metaphysically possible, or metaphysically possible?Lean toward: conceivable but not metaphysically possible