My philosophical views

The answers shown here are not necessarily the same provided as part of the 2009 PhilPapers Survey. These answers can be updated at any time.

See also:

QuestionAnswerComments
A priori knowledge: yes or no?Lean toward: yesA priori thoughts exist, but are not necessarily true. Some also happen to be true, but being a priori is not sufficient.
Abstract objects: Platonism or nominalism?Accept: nominalismAbstract objects are mental artifacts.
Aesthetic value: objective or subjective?OtherSubjunctive. Human minds are similar enough that we pack in that neural architecture into the concept of 'value,' so what we mean by aesthetic value is "aesthetic value|human" which is not subjective but also not independent of human existence.
Analytic-synthetic distinction: yes or no?Accept: yes
Epistemic justification: internalism or externalism?Accept: externalism
External world: idealism, skepticism, or non-skeptical realism?Accept: non-skeptical realism
Free will: compatibilism, libertarianism, or no free will?Accept: no free willYou have free will in the sense that you make decisions given the sort of thing you are, but not in an absolute sense.
God: theism or atheism?Accept: atheism
Knowledge: empiricism or rationalism?Accept bothKnowledge always has an empirical and rational aspect, there is no clear demarcation.
Knowledge claims: contextualism, relativism, or invariantism?Lean toward: contextualism
Laws of nature: Humean or non-Humean?Accept: non-Humean
Logic: classical or non-classical?Accept: non-classicalLogic as a special case of probability theory
Mental content: internalism or externalism?Accept: internalism
Meta-ethics: moral realism or moral anti-realism?OtherMorals are subjunctive. They aren't objective in an external-world sense, but when we say "moral" we pack in assumptions about human nature, which there is a fact of the matter about. The reality of morals lies in human mental and physical architecture.
Metaphilosophy: naturalism or non-naturalism?Accept: naturalism
Mind: physicalism or non-physicalism?Accept: physicalism
Moral judgment: cognitivism or non-cognitivism?Lean toward: cognitivism
Moral motivation: internalism or externalism?Lean toward: internalism
Newcomb's problem: one box or two boxes?Accept: one box
Normative ethics: deontology, consequentialism, or virtue ethics?Accept: consequentialism
Perceptual experience: disjunctivism, qualia theory, representationalism, or sense-datum theory?Lean toward: representationalism
Personal identity: biological view, psychological view, or further-fact view?Lean toward: psychological viewPsychology as being as a mental process, rather than as a static "mental state"
Politics: communitarianism, egalitarianism, or libertarianism?Lean toward: egalitarianism
Proper names: Fregean or Millian?Lean toward: Millian
Science: scientific realism or scientific anti-realism?Accept: scientific realismBut of course, our theories can be (and some are almost certainly are) wrong. But they are still one of our best guides to the external world.
Teletransporter (new matter): survival or death?The question is too unclear to answerDepends on technical details of transportation.
Time: A-theory or B-theory?OtherTime as a local process phenomenon that cannot accurately be described simply in terms of A- or B- theory in all instances.
Trolley problem (five straight ahead, one on side track, turn requires switching, what ought one do?): switch or don't switch?Accept: switch
Truth: correspondence, deflationary, or epistemic?Accept: correspondence
Zombies: inconceivable, conceivable but not metaphysically possible, or metaphysically possible?Accept: inconceivable