My philosophical views

The answers shown here are not necessarily the same provided as part of the 2009 PhilPapers Survey. These answers can be updated at any time.

See also:

A priori knowledge: yes or no?Accept: yes
Abstract objects: Platonism or nominalism?Reject bothuniversalia solum in mente sed cum fundamento in re (moderate realism)
Aesthetic value: objective or subjective?Lean toward: objectivebenedetto croce
Analytic-synthetic distinction: yes or no?Accept both
Epistemic justification: internalism or externalism?Accept bothI accept the view of Popper: the apriori (conjecture) is both internal and changing; the experimentum crucis (confutation) in in external reality
External world: idealism, skepticism, or non-skeptical realism?Lean toward: non-skeptical realism
Free will: compatibilism, libertarianism, or no free will?Accept more than onelibertas in veritate: more concepts in one's mind, more that one is free (see: "Freedom" by Herbert McCabe) ... voluntas ancilla intellectus
God: theism or atheism?Accept: theismI am theist, but like Aquinas and McCabe are: it is impossible to know what God is, and God is not an item of Universe, and God does not interfer in any event of Universe (creation is not a cause, and causes are the exclusive domain of the sciences)
Knowledge: empiricism or rationalism?Accept: rationalismaristotle freud aquinas popper de saussure Mccabe: the rationalists!
Knowledge claims: contextualism, relativism, or invariantism?Accept another alternativenecessitated contextualism .. I mean History does not repeat its features... each and every real context is unique
Laws of nature: Humean or non-Humean?Lean toward: non-Humean
Logic: classical or non-classical?Lean toward: classical
Mental content: internalism or externalism?Accept bothfreud and mccabe : mind is a two-fold substance
Meta-ethics: moral realism or moral anti-realism?Accept: moral realisma "human nature" does exist... but a "suernatural vocation" does exist as well, and the latter is grounded in reality like the former, even if an historical (non-natural) reality
Metaphilosophy: naturalism or non-naturalism?Accept another alternativenaturalism AND supernaturalism : Gratia non destruit Naturam, sed perficit
Mind: physicalism or non-physicalism?Accept: non-physicalism
Moral judgment: cognitivism or non-cognitivism?The question is too unclear to answer
Moral motivation: internalism or externalism?Lean toward: internalism
Newcomb's problem: one box or two boxes?The question is too unclear to answer
Normative ethics: deontology, consequentialism, or virtue ethics?Accept: virtue ethics
Perceptual experience: disjunctivism, qualia theory, representationalism, or sense-datum theory?Accept: qualia theory
Personal identity: biological view, psychological view, or further-fact view?Accept: psychological viewpsychological, but non idividualistic: Mind is an interpersonal matter (Averrois, Hegel, De Saussure, Wittgenstein, McCabe)
Politics: communitarianism, egalitarianism, or libertarianism?Accept more than oneI share the views of Aristotle, Stuart Mill,Popper: the freedom of the individual is grounded in an interpersonal friendship (solidariety)
Proper names: Fregean or Millian?The question is too unclear to answer
Science: scientific realism or scientific anti-realism?Lean toward: scientific realismthe view of Popper: critic rationalism
Teletransporter (new matter): survival or death?The question is too unclear to answer
Time: A-theory or B-theory?Accept bothtwo theories for two compatible practical purposes
Trolley problem (five straight ahead, one on side track, turn requires switching, what ought one do?): switch or don't switch?Accept: switch
Truth: correspondence, deflationary, or epistemic?Lean toward: correspondenceuniversalia solumin mente, sed cum fundamento in re
Zombies: inconceivable, conceivable but not metaphysically possible, or metaphysically possible?Lean toward: metaphysically possible