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  1.  2
    Lenin and the Crisis of Russian Marxism.Marina Bykova - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (4):235-247.
    This article attempts to understand the philosophical significance of Lenin’s work, Materialism and Empiriocriticism, by putting it in the historical perspective and context of the theoretical debates of the time. The author argues that Lenin’s decision to engage in philosophical discussion was motivated by the need to respond to the growing struggles of Marxism, and specifically to the dangerous consequences of positivism that spread to Russia, which thereby led to a crisis in theory and political practice. Lenin’s work is the (...)
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  2.  2
    The Russian Revolution Reconsidered.Marina F. Bykova & Lina Steiner - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (4):217-220.
  3.  4
    The Ethical Catastrophe of Contemporary Russia and its Foresights in Russian Thought.Sergey Horujy - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (4):221-234.
    This paper examines the changing ethical consciousness in Russia since the Bolshevik revolution of 1917 and discusses how this change was reflected in Russian religious philosophy. This process can be characterized by a series of sudden and violent replacements of contradictory ethical models, which, by disorientating the public consciousness, led to the atrophy of the ethical instinct. The last two models in the series correspond to the “anti-ethics” of the 1990s and the “non-ethics” of the third Millennium. The latter model (...)
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  4.  2
    Der Streit der russischen Marxisten um Kants Ethik.Alexei Krouglov - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (4):249-261.
    At the beginning of 20th century, there was a problem of establishing which version of the association of Kant’s and Marx’s ideas is correct. If some Legal Marxists more or less combined Kant and Marx, most Russian Social Democrats, especially Bolsheviks, were against such an association. Under the influence of G. V. Plekhanov, Russian Marxists announced a sharply critical attitude toward Kant’s philosophy. This position was reinforced by Russian philosophers, poets, and slavophiles who accused Kant of being militarist. During the (...)
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  5.  2
    Correction To: The Wound Which Will Not Close: Jan Patočka’s Philosophy and the Conditions of Politicization.Daniel Leufer - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (4):289-289.
    When the author wrote this article, he was working as part of the ERC project The Great War and Modern Philosophy. It has come to his attention that the article should have included the following acknowledgement.
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  6.  3
    Alexandre Kojève and Philosophical Stalinism.Jeff Love - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (4):263-271.
    Alexandre Kojève not infrequently claimed that he was a Stalinist. While many have ignored his claim, this paper takes it seriously and outlines several aspects of Kojève’s thought that allow one to read Kojève as a philosopher of Stalinism, as one who articulates the self-consciousness of Stalinism. These aspects are three: Kojève’s association of finality and freedom with the overcoming of individuality; the attempt to achieve finality and freedom so defined in the universal homogeneous state, and the structure of that (...)
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  7.  1
    The Prohibited Nietzsche: Anti-Nitzscheanism in Soviet Russia.Yulia Sineokaya - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (4):273-288.
    This article discusses the reception of Nietzsche’s philosophy within the USSR. It covers the four phases of Soviet Nietzscheanism between 1920 and 1980, paying specific attention to the Soviet Nietzsche studies of the Stalin epoch. By making use of publications and archive materials, this article reconstructs the historical and logical formation of Nietzsche’s negative image in post-revolutionary Russia that characterized him as an ideologist of imperialism and National Socialism. In addition to this, this article examines the facts impeding the process (...)
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  8.  1
    Preface.Edward Swiderski - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (4):215-215.
  9.  2
    On Lenin’s Materialism and Empiriocriticism.David Bakhurst - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (2-3):107-119.
    In May 1909, Lenin published Materialism and empiriocriticism, a polemical assault on forms of positivistic empiricism popular among members of the Bolshevik intelligentsia, especially his political rival Alexander Bogdanov. After expounding the core claims on both sides of the debate, this essay considers the relation of the philosophical issues at stake to the political stances of their proponents. I maintain that Lenin’s use of philosophical argument was not purely opportunistic, and I contest the view that his defence of realism was (...)
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  10.  4
    Revolutionology: An Introduction.Robert Bird - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (2-3):83-84.
  11.  3
    Culture as Permanent Revolution: Lev Trotsky’s Literature and Revolution.Robert Bird - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (2-3):181-193.
    First published in 1923, Lev Trotsky’s Literature and Revolution was the first systematic treatment of art by a Communist Party leader. The international history of its publication and reception has gone hand-in-hand with the development of the Marxist theory of culture. This article highlights several specific concepts in Trotsky’s Literature and Revolution which exerted decisive formative influence on critical theory, including the relative autonomy of culture, a broadening of ideology to include cultural practices, and an innovative treatment of class. I (...)
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  12.  6
    Rosa Luxemburg, “The Russian Revolution”.Katerina Clark - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (2-3):153-165.
    The essay concerns the highly controversial pamphlet of Rosa Luxemburg The Russian Revolution, in which Luxemburg criticizes Lenin’s post-revolutionary policies, in particular his dissolution of the Constituent Assembly, an elected body. The essay reviews the history of the text’s publication and the intense debate, which continues to this day, over whether or not Luxemburg changed her mind on its central critique. At stake in the argument is not only Luxemburg’s evaluation of Lenin’s actions but also the correct weighting to be (...)
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  13.  4
    The Communist Manifestoes: Media of Marxism and Bolshevik Contagion in America.James Farr - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (2-3):85-105.
    The Communist Manifesto—rhetorical masterpiece of proletarian revolution—was published 69 years before the Bolshevik Revolution and had a complex reception history that implicated America and Russia in the long interval between. But once the Revolution shook the world, the Manifesto became indissolubly tied to it, forged together as constitutive moments of some supratemporal revolutionary dynamic. Its subsequent and further reception in America bore the marks of Bolshevik contagion, negatively in many quarters, positively in the early American communist movement. As various communist (...)
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  14.  1
    The ABC of Communism Revisited.Sheila Fitzpatrick - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (2-3):167-179.
    The ABC of communism by Nikolai Bukharin and Evgenii Preobrazhenskii was both an exercise in utopian planning and a Left Communist manifesto. As such, Lenin viewed it with some suspicion. Its educational section combined ideological prescription with description of the actual policy of the Soviet People’s Commissariat of Education, as well as elements of polemic with that policy. Preobrazhenskii, its author, would shortly emerge as a major opponent of Narkompros’s core commitments in education, clashing with Nadezhda Krupskaia, Lenin’s wife, and (...)
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  15.  3
    Fidelity to the Event? Lukács’ History and Class Consciousness and the Russian Revolution.Martin Jay - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (2-3):195-213.
    The underlying assumption of Lukács’ History and Class Consciousness is that “history” can be understood as a unified and meaningful meta-narrative, which can be read along the lines of a realist novel. Although the future is not guaranteed, the present contains “objective possibilities” which can be identified and realized through activist intervention in the world by those who are destined to “make” history, the proletariat. In the intervening century since the Russian Revolution, it has become impossible to read “history” as (...)
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  16.  7
    The Tasks of Our Times: Kautsky’s Road to Power in Germany and Russia.Lars Lih - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (2-3):121-140.
    Kautsky’s Road to Power was received in very different ways in Germany and Russia. In Germany, it earned Kautsky hostility from the trade-unionists on the right of the party and the radicals on the left. Later writers dismiss the book as preaching “revolutionary passivity.” In Russia, the Bolsheviks immediately seized on the book as an endorsement of specifically Bolshevik positions. After the war broke out, they used it to show that Kautsky was a renegade who did not live up to (...)
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  17.  3
    Lenin on Democratic Theory.Artemy Magun - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (2-3):141-152.
    Lenin’s State and Revolution is not only a project for imminent revolutionary policy and not only a legitimization argument for a revolutionary dictatorship, but also a theory of state and theory of democracy. Lenin points at the reduplication of state organs that is inherent in a democratic state. While the Russian revolutionary thinks of this reduplication as something transitory, we today increasingly see it as a durable condition coterminous with the late-modern democratic state. I use Lenin’s treatise as a point (...)
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  18.  7
    Ilyenkov and Language.Igor Hanzel - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (1):1-18.
    The article analyses the relation of E. V. Ilyenkov to the phenomenon of language. His approach, it is shown, had its roots in his explication of notion of ideal which led him to assign priority to work with respect to language at a general level as well as at the level ontogenesis of human infants. Two additional factors shaped his approach to the phenomenon of language. The first was his negative approach to disciplines investigating the structure of language: mathematical logic, (...)
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  19.  2
    Smuta: Cyclical Visions of History in Contemporary Russian Thought and the Question of Hegemony.Kåre Mjør - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (1):19-40.
    In the post-Soviet context, various cyclical models of recurrent Russian “Times of Troubles” have become increasingly popular. This perspective emerged first in Soviet dissident circles, who used it as a means to expose as mistaken the Soviet belief in continual historical progress on Russian soil. In post-Soviet Russia this critical approach has been continued by members of the “Akhezier circle,” the economist Egor Gaidar, and others. Meanwhile it was given an affirmative, conservative reinterpretation by Aleksandr Panarin, according to whom Russia (...)
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  20.  5
    Gorky’s Return and the Energetics of Soviet Socialism.Petre Petrov - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (1):41-60.
    The article aims to provide a new perspective on the role played by Maksim Gorky in the creation of Soviet culture. From multiple documentary sources, it reconstructs the private Naturphilosophie that Gorky began developing in the early years of the twentieth century and which continued to inform his views after he took the helm of the Stalinist cultural establishment. At its center was the monistic concept of energy, which Gorky, under the influence of Aleksandr Bogdanov, came to regard as the (...)
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  21.  6
    The Experience of Oppression and the Price of Nonconformity: A Brief Biography of Adam Podgórecki.Daniel Wicenty - 2018 - Studies in East European Thought 70 (1):61-81.
    Adam Podgórecki, a sociologist, author of brilliant Chinese-styled parables and a compulsory immigrant, is merely acknowledged in certain circles of sociologists in the world. The present article offers, first, a sketch of Podgórecki’s biography. As his life divided into two separate parts after he left communist Poland in 1977, he uniquely experienced dissimilar academic milieus, oppressive in Poland, then competitive abroad. What is emphasized both generated some problems for him as an old-fashioned “disobedient in thinking” thinker. Secondly, the text offers (...)
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