15 found

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  1.  1
    Creative Emotion and Understanding of Democracy in the Philosophy of H. Bergson.Povilas Aleksandravičius - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    In this paper, the concept of creative emotion and the understanding of democracy, which arises out of it, in the philosophy of Bergson is analysed. This specific emotion does not depend on an object’s intellectual representation; therefore, Bergson refers to it as “supra-intellectual.” Contrary to the usual “infra-intellectual” emotions, it is primary in regard of the mind and the will, and it comprises the fundamental matrix of creative acts of the human being. Creative emotion is one of the forms of (...)
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  2. Ressentiment in Egalitarian Movements: Slavoj Žižek’s Response to Peter Sloterdijk.Jokūbas Andrijauskas - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    I discuss Peter Sloterdijk’s critique of egalitarian projects presented in his book Zorn und Zeit and Slavoj Žižek’s response to it. My claim is that both of these thinkers show an oscillation between polemical and analytical aspects when using the concept of ressentiment. By using the concept of ressentiment, Sloterdijk explains the transformation of anger in Western societies. He holds that the atemporal anger, which characterized ancient greeks assumes a temporal form and becomes the project of revenge and ressentiment under (...)
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  3. The Problem of Experience in E. Voegelin’s Philosophy.Dovydas Caturianas - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    The paper deals with the problem of E. Voegelin’s notion of experience: the positive meaning of this concept is not specified in any of the author’s works. Based on W. James’s ‘‘Essay on Radical Empiricism” and Voegelin’s late works, it is shown that Voegelin’s theory of consciousness is rooted in James‘s concept of “pure experience”, which essentially sought to close the epistemological chasm between subject and object, phenomena and noumena. According to this notion, mental and physical, subjective and objective realities (...)
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  4. The Problem of Transworld Identity: In Defence of Essentialism.Pranciškus Gricius - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    In this article, the problem of transworld identity – that is the question, if and how it is possible to ground the intuition that the same individual exists in more than one possible world – is solved by arguing that individuals have essences. First of all, it is claimed that the concept of transworld identity is desirable since it betters both global pan-essentialism and counterpart theory. Then, necessary terminology for successful understanding of the transworld identity problem is introduced. Afterwards, it (...)
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  5. Ambivalence in the Kierkegaardian Conception of Angest.Justinas Grigas - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    The paper considers two problems related to the interpretation of S. Kierkegaard’s conception of Angest. Firstly, a tendency to interpret Kierkegaard’s Angest as a “fear without an object” and to posit its similarity to Heidegger’s Angst is put in question. Questioning this interpretation, an analysis of The Concept of Anxiety is undertaken, in order to reveal ambivalence as the primary feature of Kierkegaard’s conception of Angest. Secondly, the question of translating Angest into Lithuanian is addressed, criticizing the established tradition of (...)
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  6. Max van Manen’s Phenomenology of Practice: Relation with Education Sciences and Philosophy.Sandra Kairė - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    This paper investigates the method of the phenomenology of practice developed by the Canadian scholar Max van Manen. The paper describes the development and the main aspects of the phenomenology of practice as well as its importance and relevance to education sciences. However, in line with the critical remarks of the philosopher Dan Zahavi, the paper argues that there are fundamental problems with the phenomenology of practice in regard to phenomenology as philosophy. It is suggested that a researcher who applies (...)
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  7.  2
    On the Paradigmatic Conception of the Physical.Tufan Kıymaz - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    What “physical” means is sometimes clarified by appealing to paradigmatically physical objects, properties, or phenomena. This move is not entirely unmotivated. The most basic intuition behind physicalism can be identified as that we, as conscious beings, are not ontologically special: we are, ultimately, like all these inanimate and unconscious things; we do not exemplify any mysterious properties that are categorically over and above all the properties that are exemplified by ordinary things like chairs or rocks or their constituents. And, according (...)
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  8.  1
    The Phenomenon of Death and the Possibility of Immortality.Erika Lujza Nagy - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    This paper is about death and about immortality. It explores the experience and philosophical implications of death from different perspectives. Firstly, in the light of Mamardashvili’s philosophy, it deals with the interconnection and interdependence of death and thinking. Secondly, through Jankélévitch’s philosophy, it changes the perspective on the interdependence of death and thinking from the general to the personal perspective, when death becomes an intimate part of life. Further, thanks to Aries’ research, the paper introduces historical details about what people (...)
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  9. Mandelstam – Planck Polemics and its Representation in the Soviet Scientific Literature: Ideological Metamorphoses.Alexander Pechenkin - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    The L. I. Mandelstam - M. Planck polemics concerning the theory of dispersion are taken under consideration. Mandelstam attacked Planck’s theory published in 1904. Planck reacted by publishing a short reply in 1907. Mandelstam was not satisfied and published a paper where he provided a more detailed calculation. Planck criticized his approach again. Mandelstam published two more papers, but Planck did not react to these publications. From a historical point of view it is interesting that in the Soviet scientific literature, (...)
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  10. Philosophy as a Vocation and Personal Commitment: The Young Heidegger and the Question of Philosophy.Juan José Garrido Periñán - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    Determining what philosophy is for the young Heidegger is a complex task. It is also an ambiguous task in that it is considered unresolved and intricate due to its subsidiary link to factical life. This paper will try to show that from the approach of worried concern and from a critique of the theoretical attitude and worldviews, Heidegger conceives that philosophizing is committing oneself to the possibility of carrying out a personal transformation lived as a commitment of a personal nature. (...)
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  11. Our Peer Reviewers 2020.Nijolė Radavičienė - 2021 - Problemos 99.
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  12. Author Guidelines and Bibliographic Data.Nijolė Radavičienė - 2021 - Problemos 99.
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  13. Editorial Board and Table of Contents.Nijolė Radavičienė - 2021 - Problemos 99.
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  14. Beyond Function: Imagination as Semi-Determination.Kristupas Sabolius - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    The article raises the hypothesis that the activity of imagination cannot be fully described by a functional description. To this end, two positions are analyzed: the philosophy of Cornelius Castoriadis, who emphasizes social imaginary and radical imagination, is juxtaposed with Gilbert Simondon’s theory of cyclic and genetic images. Castoriadis’s consideration reveals the specific character of indeterminacy, found in the work of imagination, which enables the coexistence of contradictions in psyche. Based on this reading I propose to perceive imagination through a (...)
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  15. Anti-Metaphysical Readings of Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.Ashoka Kumar Tarai - 2021 - Problemos 99.
    This paper discusses certain anti-metaphysical readings of Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. The metaphysical and anti-metaphysical readings can be divided on the interpretations of textual fidelity. The anti-metaphysical readings can be differentiated in taking into account two different understandings with regard to Wittgenstein’s pronouncement of nonsense in Tractatus. One is the logical positivists’ understanding of nonsense and the other is the resolute reading of the text that emerged as an opposite to the orthodox or standard reading. The aim of discussing these anti-metaphysical readings (...)
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