Year:

  1.  1
    Violations of Basic Rights of Prisoners In Conventional and Islamic Law: Theory and Practice.Mohammed Farid Ali al-Fijawi, Maulana Akbar Shah @ U. Tun Aung & Muneer Kuttiyani Muhammad - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):455-474.
    In jails, the prisoners are often maltreated by the jail authorities.They are abused, and, their fundamental rights as human beings are frequentlyviolated. Although laws upholding the rights of prisoners are plenty,unfortunately, these seem ineffective in preventing the abuse of prisonersin jails. This paper examines the problems of jailed prisoners in general andhighlights their violations of human rights. In particular, this paper discussessexual abuse of prisoners, their mental and physical tortures, and enforcement ofprison labour laws. The paper also focuses on overcrowding (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  2
    Higher Education in Turkey: Responding to Sustainable Development Agenda.Cihat Atar & Shukran Abdul Rahman - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):335-351.
    The study aims to review the literature that analyses the history andcurrent situation of Higher Education, henceforth known as HE, in Turkeyand to review HE agenda of the Government of Turkey in order to identify theextent to which it has responded to the sustainable development agenda. Thispaper recommends ways to improve and develop HE in Turkey so as to makeit a significant sector which prepares its stakeholders to achieve sustainabledevelopment goals. Multiple sources of information: documents onthe agenda of Turkey with (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  3
    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: A Life With Islām.Francesca Bocca-Aldaqre - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):507-530.
    Goethe’s religiosity appears at the same time profoundly sincere yetescaping confessional labels. It has been claimed that Goethe was Christian,theist, mason, and even a pagan. Our work aims at studying Goethe’sreligiosity throughout his life, and in particular in his relationship with Islām.Of all religions Goethe studied and interacted with, Islām is remarkably absentfrom literary critic, yet he elaborated it throughout his life. We will proposea periodisation which divides his relationship with Islām into four stages, inwhich specific religious themes echo in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  1
    South-South Cooperation: A Case Study of Contemporary Sudanese-Malaysian Relations.Garoot Suleiman Eissa, Elfatih Abdullahi Abdelsalam & Muhamad Fuzi Bin Omar - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):619-642.
    South-South cooperation is an approach to international economicand political relations among developing countries to enhance developmentprospects; it has been increasing in significance. Such a strategy was adoptedbilaterally at the outset between Malaysia and Sudan but eventually evolvedto include a broader network of Asian and African Countries. This paper isfocused on Malaysia-Sudan relations as a case study. It adopts a qualitativeapproach comprising reliance on primary and secondary sources of data to studythe relations of exchange between the two countries. Findings lend supportto (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Editorial Note.Ishtiaq Hossain - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):329-333.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  1
    What Happened. By Hillary Rodham Clinton. New York: Simon and Schuster, Inc., 2017. ISBN-10: 1501175564; ISBN-13: 978- 1501175565. [REVIEW]Mahmood Hossain - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):679-687.
    One of the most consequential American Presidential elections in recentyears saw nominees Hillary Rodham Clinton, the Democrat nominee;and Donald J. Trump, the Republican nominee battle head to head forthe honour to occupy the Oval Office. The 2016 Presidential campaignwas hard fought and could be categorized as one candidate running forthe Presidency while espousing the best of America while the otherstarted his run by latching onto the fears, insecurity, and the frustrationsof Americans and eventually rode that fear to victory.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Factors Driving the Intention to Adopt a Tobacco-Free Policy Among Employees in a Public Higher Education Institution.Kamaruzzaman Abdul Manan, Che Mahzan Ahmad, Aini Maznina A. Manaf & Ahmad Shalihin Mohd Samin - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):431-453.
    Due to their role as a centre of knowledge and character development,public higher education institutions serve as the best platform for emphasisinghealth communication messages and promoting a healthy lifestyle. Highereducational institutions’ employees should have good physical and mentalhealth to enable them to demonstrate good values to the students. Thus,the social cognitive theory was specifically selected to take a closelook at how a conducive environment and knowledge influence employees’intention towards the tobacco-free policy. This study used the partial leastsquares and structural equation (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  1
    Who Sets The Agenda? Locating the Formation of Public Opinion During the Rantau By-Election.Shafizan Mohamed & Syed Arabi Idid - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):373-395.
    This paper investigates whether online news that are shared onFacebook set the agenda for its readers. In response to the importance ofsocial networking sites as sources of information, news media organizationshave set up Facebook channels in which they publish news stories or links toarticles. This allows for a wider news reach as well as audience participation.When audience members read and subsequently comment on news articles onFacebook, it becomes possible to identify public opinions and sentiments on theissues being covered. To investigate (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  1
    Kashmir Between India Pakistan: The Unfinished Agenda.Abdul Rashid Moten - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):577-594.
    India and Pakistan has fought four wars over Kashmir and hasheld rounds of talks without resolving the 72-year-old issue. The Indiangovernment’s revocation of the special status of Kashmir sets the stage for newclashes in the disputed region. Using documentary sources, surveys, and otherwritings, this study analyses the genesis of the conflict in Kashmir, bringingin historical facets together with discursive elements of the contemporarypolitical crisis in Kashmir. The study found that the Kashmir dispute hasmultiple causes the major one being the religious (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. The Socio-Political Context Behind the Malayan Insurgency, 1948-1960.Dina Murad - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):397-411.
    This article examines the socio-political context surrounding theMalayan Insurgency and how it shaped the outcome of counterinsurgency operations in the Malayan peninsular. It will put forwardthe idea that the success of British COIN in Malaya was primarily due tothe structure of Malayan society that was inhospitable towards a communistinsurrection by analysing the significance of race relations, religion, cultureand the impact of diaspora towards the changing social landscape of Malaya.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  1
    Quality Assurance in Higher Education in the Maldives: Past, Present, and Future.Mariyam Shahuneeza Naseer & Dawood Abdulmalek Yahya Al-Hidabi - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):353-372.
    Quality assurance in higher education is a hot topic with theincreased number of students graduating from postgraduate programmesoffered by the higher education institutions. This qualitative study aimed tolook at the history and the current status of the quality assurance mechanismsin the Maldives; identify its strengths and weaknesses; and make informedrecommendations. Critical event narrative inquiry was used and data werecollected through interviews and analysis of documents. Content analysis ofdata collected revealed that Maldives was one of the very first countries inthe region (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  3
    Islam and Sport: From Human Experiences to Revelation.Baidruel Hairiel Abd Rahim, Nurazzura Mohamad Diah, Haizuran Mohd Jani & Abdul Sham Ahmad - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):413-430.
    Sport is viewed as a multidimensional phenomenon. Most countries,including Muslim nations, invest heavily in sports to ensure the participationof their citizens both for recreational and competitive purposes. Indeed, theinvolvement of Muslim countries in significant multi-sport events such as theCommonwealth, the Asian, and the Olympic Games are inevitable. Therefore,a proper projection should be given to Muslim athletes as their participationreflects the identity and culture of Muslim civilizations. To date, the issue ofMuslim athlete’s involvement in sports from the notion of Islamization hasyet (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  1
    Diplomatic Ties Between Malaysia and the Holy See: A Symbol of Mutual Respect, Inter-Religious Coexistence and International Cooperation.Roy Anthony Rogers - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):643-664.
    The workings within the Holy See has one of the oldest diplomaticinstitutions. Unlike other states with their national interests the diplomaticrole of the Holy See within the international community is based on the moralauthority of the Pope in favour of the wellbeing of people. Malaysia is the 179thstate to have diplomatic relations with the Holy See. The relations are ratherunique because no economy and consular divisions are involved. In fact, thecore of the relations is based on the mutual interest of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  1
    The Arab Uprisings and Worldwide Responses: A Review of the Literature. [REVIEW]Mohd Irwan Syazli Saidin - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):665-678.
    IntroductionA literature review can be defined as locating, gathering, highlightingand summarizing the previous studies that most strongly relate toresearch topic. It helps a researcher to determine whether a researchtopic or subject is worth studying and it also provides insight into waysin which a researcher can limit the scope to a required area or subject ofinquiry. This article will scrutinize earlier studieson the influence and impact of the Arab uprisings – beyond the affectedstates in the region of Middle East and North (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  2
    Identity: Contemporary Identity Politics and the Struggle for Recognition. By Francis Fukuyama. London, UK: Profile Books, 2019, Pp. 218, ISBN: 978-1-78125-981-8. [REVIEW]Syaza Farhana Binti Mohammad Shukri - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):679-687.
    Famous for his declaration on the end of history after free-market liberaleconomy triumphed over communism at the end of the Cold War, FrancisFukuyama is back to elucidate on the recent rise of identity politics inthe second decade of the twenty-first century. Starting with the vote bythe British electorate to leave the European Union, we have seen therise of more populist leaders such as Donald Trump, Viktor Orban, andGeert Wilders using the rhetoric of identity to rile up voters. While thereis a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  1
    Charismatic Political Leadership and Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad’s Malaysia: Power, Control, Stability and Defence.Suleyman Temiz & Arshad Islam - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):475-505.
    Prior to his renewed incumbency, as the fourth Prime Minister ofMalaysia, Mahathir Mohamad was able to remain in power for amore prolonged period compared to his predecessors. He was actively involvedin galvanizing political action immediately after the independence of Malaysiaand did not abandon active politics until his 2003 resignation. Under Mahathir’sleadership and guidance, Malaysia made remarkable economic and politicalprogress. He oversaw many innovations in the fledgling democracy and wasable to develop the country due to his exceptional leadership qualities. His styleand (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. A Critical Analysis of Islamic Council of Europe: From a Juristical and Islamic Legal Maxim Perspective.Ali Ahmed Zahir - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):555-575.
    Muslims living in England are living in a predicament. On the onehand, they have to face the reality that the laws governing the family institutionare secular in nature. This poses a threat to their identity and freedom ofreligion. On the other hand, they are commanded by Islam to settle theirdisputes according to its laws and principles. However, this is unrealistic,simply due to the fact that the only recognized legal system in England isthe English Law. To circumvent this situation, certain Muslim (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  2
    Smart Contract in Blockchain: An Exploration of Legal Framework in Malaysia.Nor Razinah Binti Mohd Zain, Engku Rabiah Adawiah Engku Ali, Adewale Abideen & Hamizah Abdul Rahman - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):595-617.
    In 2017, the global Blockchain technology market was predictedto reach 339.5 million U.S. dollars in size and is forecasted to grow to 2.3billion U.S. dollars by 2021. The smart contract has an increasing role ingoverning the legal relationship between the interested parties. This researchexplores the current position of smart contracts in Malaysia and the viabilityof the Malaysian framework in handling the latest development. This researchadopts the qualitative and doctrinal legal approaches in analysing the currentlegal practice, the relevant statutes and the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Major Trends in the Historiography of Muslim Reformism in Pre-Independent Malaysia.Hafiz Zakariya - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (2):531-554.
    Muslim reformism, which emerged in West Asia during the closingyears of the nineteenth century, and the early twentieth, was spearheaded byJamal al-Din al-Afghani and Muhammad ‘Abduh. It responded to the socioeconomicand political challenges confronting the Muslim society. Muslimreformism was not only influential in West Asia but also in Southeast Asia.However, most studies on Muslim reform have privileged the “central Islāmiclands” at the expense of its “periphery”. As a result, Muslim reform inMalaysia has been marginalised. Thus, this article, discusses the historiographyof (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  1
    The Extra Costs of Having a Disability: The Case of IIUM.Ruzita Mohd Amin & Nur Syuhada Md Adros - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #2):829-854.
    The information on extra costs of disability among developingcountries, including Malaysia, is lacking and the issue seems neglected. As aresult, an appropriate amount of monetary assistance that should be providedto the disabled community in Malaysia could not be determined. This paperundertakes a preliminary analysis of the extra costs of having a disability,by taking the staff of International Islamic University Malaysia asthe sample as to calculate the extra costs of having a disability. The standardof living approach is adopted, and the extra (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  1
    Parenting Children with Hearing Impairment: The Milieu of Parents’ Practices and Experiences.Mastura Badzis & Rabiu Garba Idris - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #2):899-921.
    The birth of a child with hearing impairment imposes more parentaldemands than having a child without a disability. Parents have little concernabout the holistic growth and development of their children with hearingdisability. This study aspires to delineate the parental practice and experience indealing with behavioural problems of their children with hearing-impairmentsin a Special School in Kano State, Nigeria. This study employed a qualitativecase study design in which interviews and observation were used to collectthe data. Purposeful sampling was utilised in selecting (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  1
    Demystifying the Contractual Duty of Care of Islamic Banks in Malaysia.Noor Mahinar Binti Abu Bakar & Norhashimah Binti Mohd Yasin - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #1):695-718.
    The general relationship between a bank and customer is contractualin nature. For conventional banks, the banker-customer relationship is basedon the debtor-creditor relationship with the bank earning a profit from a spreadmade between interest charged on the borrower of funds and interest paid tothe depositors. In Islamic banking, due to the different contractual transactionsof Islamic banking operation, it is based on a multi-contractual relationships.However, bank consumers perceive that banks enhance their profits by treatingconsumers unfairly and failing to take responsibility when things (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  2
    Stress in Parents of Children with Autism: A Malaysian Experience.Nadzirah Ahmad Basri & Nik Nur Wahidah Nik Hashim - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #2):923-943.
    This study examines differences in parental stress between parentsof Autism Spectrum Disorder children and Typically Developed children in Malaysia. This study also compares the ages of parentsof ASD children with parents of TD children with stress as a variable in theseparents. Parents completed the Parental Stress Index anda socio-demographic questionnaire. Parents with ASD children were found tobe significantly more stressed compared to parents of TD children.Significant scores were also found in the Parent-Child Dysfunctional Interaction sub-scale as well as Difficult Child (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  1
    Malaysia’s Political Orientation in Diplomatic Neutrality.Kazi Fahmida Farzana & Md Zahurul Haq - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #1):783-798.
    In practical terms, the word “neutrality” means a policy of avoidinginteractions with nations that are engaged in armed conflict, or of trying tocure war while avoiding their contamination. In Malaysia, politicians andgovernment officials often use expressions such as that Malaysia will continueits stance of neutrality, or that it wants to remain neutral and friendly toeveryone. This study critically examines Malaysia’s stance on diplomaticneutrality, with particular focus on its past and present. It argues that neutralityis used as a political concept to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. The Costs of Caregivers for Children with Disabilities That Participate in Centre-Based and Home-Based Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) Programmes in the East Coast of Malaysia.Haliza Hasan, Syed Mohamed Aljunid & M. N. Amrizal - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #2):945-963.
    Rehabilitation for disabled children requires long-term programmeswhich are expensive to the family. This study aimed to estimate the costincurred by caregivers’ children with disabilities from Pahang, Terengganu andKelantan participating in Community-Based Rehabilitation and cost of seeking alternative rehabilitation. Costanalysis using the Activity-Based Costing method was used to estimatetwelve-months’ expenditure in 2014 institutional year on 297 caregivers ofchildren with disability, aged 0 to 18 years who attended CBR. Data werecollected using a self-administered costing questionnaire and presentedin median. Results showed that the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  1
    Good Governance in Malaysia: Assessing Public Perceptions on the Implementation of National Transformation Policy, 2011-2016.Norhaslinda Jamaiudin - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #1):719-743.
    The attainment of good governance is often perceived to bringpolitical stability which in turn, facilitates sound and effective governmentadministration. In the case of Malaysia, good governance serves as the coreelement in public policy reforms. This can be seen through the implementationof National Transformation Policy which was introduced in 2010.The NTP comprises of two major plans, namely Government TransformationPlan and Economic Transformation Plan. Since its inception,the NTP has brought unprecedented changes in policy management throughthe establishment of the National Key Result Areas (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. The Design of A Speech Delay Screening Mobile Application for Malaysian Parents.Siti Asma Mohammed, Nur Faizah Azahari & Wan Nur Shahirah W. A. Sayuti - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #2):965-977.
    Some children may face some developmental problems in one ormore areas of their developmental milestones. One of them is speech delay. Todate, a screening tool for speech delay early detection among children is stilllacking, especially in Malaysia. Parents do not know where to refer and whichorganisation can help them especially for first-time parents. The objective ofthis paper is twofold. First, this paper analyses existing screening system orapplication for speech delay in children. Second, this paper proposes a mobileapplication designed for Malaysian (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Guest Editor’s Note.Aida Mokhtar - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #2):825-827.
    This Special Issue of Intellectual Discourse contains seven articleson the theme of disability studies. The goal of the Special Issue isto create awareness of research studies on the area of disability.The inclusion of persons with disabilities in various areas such aseducation, healthcare, access to buildings and information meets theUnited Nations Sustainable Development Goals which arefundamental to the focus of the articles. The scope of the theme is wideas it encompasses several perspectives namely the extra costs of havinga disability, advertisements and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  1
    Advertisements Shape Our Social Reality: A Study of Apple Advertisements on Promoting PWDs and Inclusion.Aida Mokhtar & Souhaila Ahmed Elyass Hussain - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #2):855-888.
    There are persons with disabilities in each society. Theinclusion of PWDs by society, as supported by the United Nation’s sustainabledevelopment goals, could be encouraged by advertising. Advertising’sinfluence on one’s worldview is obvious with cultivation theory espousing thephenomenon that prolonged viewing of television could fashion audiences’worldview by making them believe that the images projected are accuratedepictions of reality. PWDs not only nurture compassion within us but provideus with a wealth of opportunities by coming up with inventions that improvetheir quality of life. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  1
    Note From the Guest Editor.M. Moniruzzaman - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #1):689-694.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  1
    Religion, Society and Gendered-Politics in Central Asia: A Comparative Analysis.M. Moniruzzaman & Kazi Fahmida Farzana - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #1):745-766.
    Women political participation is understood to be a part of civic rightsbut their participation is hindered by various factors. Numerous researchershave claimed that Islam as a religion, Muslim social culture and traditioninhibit women from political participation in Muslim societies. However, thereare a number of Muslim majority countries where women occupy the highestpublic offices and head ministries. How can this contradiction be explained.This article examines women political participation in Central Asian Muslimrepublics by looking at socioeconomic, parliamentary representation andinformal participation factors. The (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  3
    Policy and Strategies for Quality Improvement: A Study on Chittagong City Corporation, Bangladesh.S. M. Abdul Quddus & Nisar Uddin Ahmed - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #1):799-824.
    The overall policy and strategies of an organization i.e. employeepolicy or employee development strategies, resource management as well asmonitoring and control strategies characteristically have an effect on the qualitymanagement of the organization. These policies usually also have impact onthe stakeholders i.e. satisfaction of the wider community and employees ofthe particular organization. The aim of this paper is to examine the policyand strategies of the Chittagong City Corporation for quality improvementand how these policy and strategies impact on the needs of its (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. The Anticipation of Malaysian Urban Cities to Be Inclusive and Accessible by 2030.Nur Amirah Abd Samad & Asiah Abdul Rahim - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #2):889-897.
    Malaysia, in the Malaysia Urban Forum 2019 aims torealize the vision of the World Urban Forum 2018 theme of ‘Cities2030, Cities for All: Implementing the New Urban Agenda’ that is in line withSustainable Development Goals. The introduction of the MalaysianStandard started in 1990 but not acknowledged until the establishment of thePersons with Disabilities Act in 2008 and gazetted in the Uniform Building By-Laws amendments despite the slow pace of accessibility awarenessin urban development and implementation. The methodology compares theestablishment of notable (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  3
    Halal Food Industry in Southeast Asia’s Muslim Majority Countries: A Reference for Non-Muslim Countries.Sigid Widyantoro, Rafika Arsyad & Mochammad Fathoni - 2019 - Intellectual Discourse 27 (S I #1):767-781.
    This paper attempts to discuss Halal food industry in Southeast Asiaand its global role. The increasing number of Muslim tourists in non-Muslimcountries opened an opportunity to develop halal food Indonesia, Malaysia, andBrunei to become reference for non-Muslim majority countries in developingthis industry. The goal of this paper is to give a reference for non-Muslimcountries in developing similar industry in their home countries. This studyfocuses on: understanding halal food, how Muslim majority countriesregulate policy regarding halal food standardization, and, the opportunityto implementing (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues