Year:

  1. Duties and Decision-Making Guidelines for Sharī‘Ah Committee: An Overview of AAOIFI.Muhammad Amanullah & Muhammad Nabil Fikri Bin Mhd Zain - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):729-748.
    The Sharī‘ah ‘Committee is a board which is independent in directing, reviewing and supervising an Islamic Financial Institution. It consists of those who are specialised in Fiqh Mu‛āmalāt or those who know it with expertise in other fields. In conjunction with IFIs emergence, the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions was established and has issued numerous standards on accounting, auditing and also governance for IFIs. The researchers intend to review the duties and decision-making guidelines of the Sharī‘ah Committee (...)
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  2. Faith in an Age of Terror. Edited by Quek Tze Ming and Philip E. Satterthwaite. Singapore: Genesis Books, 2018, Pp.150. ISBN: 978- 981-48-0707-4. [REVIEW]Rabi’ah Aminudin - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):956-959.
    This book is timely considering that the beginning of the 21st century is marked by the tragedy of 9/11 which witnessed the most heinous act of terrorism committed in the land of democracy. This tragedy has changed the discourse on religion and terrorism and continues to be discussed by scholars. Experts are interested to explore the role of religion especially Christianity and Islam in the age where religious fundamentalism has been closely linked to violent acts. The book contains nine chapters (...)
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  3. Archaeological Analysis of Arabic-Malay Translation Works of Abdullah Basmeih.Azman Ariffin, Kasyfullah Abd Kadir & Idris Mansor - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):785-805.
    Utusan Melayu Company, Qalam Press Company and the Department of Islamic Affairs, Prime Minister’s Department are the main contributors to the translation discipline of religious texts in Malaysia. Abdullah Basmeih has worked with these institutions as a translator. His purpose is to assist the translation of religious writings from Al-Muṣawwar magazine and multi-disciplinary religious texts, among them sīrah, stories of the Prophet’s companions, ʿaqīdah, ‘Ibādah, social and politics. Sheikh Abdullah Basmeih migrated to Singapore in 1939 and worked with Qalam Press (...)
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  4. Ultra Petita and the Threat to Constitutional Justice: The Indonesian Experience.Muhammad Siddiq Armia - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):903-930.
    The doctrine of Ultra Petita has been the subject of much criticism and poses a threat to constitutional justice. This article examines the doctrine in operation inside of Indonesia where the Constitutional Court appears to have expanded its jurisdiction by not only reviewing or analysing but also by invalidating or annulling acts. The impact of this is a creation of a high-degree of legal uncertainty and ambiguity in the judicial process. The article argues that instead of making use of the (...)
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  5. Exploring Ways to Provide Education in Conflict Zones: Implementation and Challenges.Kamal J. I. Badrasawi, Iman Osman Ahmed & Iyad M. Eid - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):567-594.
    Millions of children in conflict-affected countries are deprived of their fundamental rights to education. Using the qualitative exploratory research method, this study aims to explore ways of providing education to such children, and to identify the challenges facing their implementation. It also presents two short case studies conducted on Palestinian and Syrian refugees residing in Malaysia to explore their perceptions towards their education in their current situation and future orientation. The results show that despite the educational programmes initiated by various (...)
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  6.  1
    Unintended Consequences? The Commodification of Ideas in Tertiary Education and Their Effects on Muslim Students.Anke Iman Bouzenita & Bronwyn Wood - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):883-902.
    Islamic education, from a holistic point of view, is more than just the direct transmission of the pure Islamic sciences. It encompasses other branches of specialisation and ideally accompanies Muslims, through reflections of the Islamic worldview, during their formal and informal formation. This paper reflects how, in the contemporary tertiary education in the Islamic world, commodified concepts stemming from a non-Islamic worldview are being proliferated, and what the expected results are for Muslim students. The paper expounds on differences in worldview (...)
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  7.  1
    Methods of Qur’Ānic Memorisation : Implications for Learning Performance.Mariam Adawiah Dzulkifli & Abdul Kabir Hussain Solihu - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):931-947.
    Memorisation of the Qur’ān occupies a central position in Muslim conception of religious education. The awareness of preserving the Qur’ān through memorisation is becoming prevalent and is still continued in these modern days in many educational institutions in many parts of the Muslim countries. This article examines different methods of Qur’ānic memorization being practiced in Malaysia. Similarities and uniqueness of those methods will be presented. The evaluation of those Qur’ānic memorisation techniques brings to the foreground the educative value of memorisation (...)
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  8. “O People of the Book”: An Exegetical Analysis of the Ahl Al-Kitāb in Qur’Ānic Discourse.Jonathan Alexander Hoffman - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):965-977.
    The purpose of this research is to develop a methodological framework through which to analyse the Qur’ān’s dialogical engagement with the Ahl al-Kitāb. A substantial portion of the Qur’ānic revelations are directed towards, or about, the Jews and Christians, warranting a critical analysis of why such a dialogue was necessary and what the nature of that dialog entailed. Indeed, the Qur’ān’s engagement with the Ahl al-Kitāb is one of the most critical elements of the Qur’ānic revelation, evidenced by the sheer (...)
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  9.  1
    Language Policy and Practices in Indonesian Higher Education Institutions.Maskanah Mohammad Lotfie & Hartono - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):683-704.
    English in Indonesia has foreign language status. Nevertheless, the language is greatly significant to the country due to its numerous regional and global appeals. The current language policy of Indonesia ensures that the language is taught to children from junior high school level. However, as a reflection of a language that has not been prioritised in school curriculum, school leavers largely have limited grasp of the language by the time they enrol into university programmes. This study attempts to highlight institutional (...)
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  10.  2
    Takyīf Fiqhī and its Application to Modern Contracts: A Case Study of the Central Provident Fund Nomination in Singapore.Mohamed El Tahir El Mesawi & Mohammad Rizhan bin Leman - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):807-827.
    The term takyīf fiqhī stands for one crucial concept in Islamic jurisprudence and refers to one of the important steps in the process of formulating fatwā. It basically revolves around the categorization of particular issues under the appropriate rules and precedents established in Islamic juristic thought. The present article attempts to examine the concept of takyīf fiqhī in a comprehensive manner in terms of its meaning, authority, types, importance, and governing criteria as can be gleaned from the works of Sharī‘ah (...)
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  11.  2
    The Islamization of the Malaysian Media: A Complex Interaction of Religion, Class and Commercialization.Shafizan Mohamed & Tengku Siti Aisha Tengku Mohd Azzman - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):635-658.
    The Islamization of the Malaysian media industry has created a debate on whether Islam has been truly adopted for its religious significance or simply manipulated for commercial gains. While Islamic content is abundant, it seems to grow in size but not in value. This paper offers a political-economic look into this problem by 1) contextualizing the Islamization process in relations to Malaysia’s socio-political environment, 2) delineating the development of Islamic media in Malaysia and, 3) identifying the influence of media ownership (...)
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  12.  1
    Politics of Forced Migration and Refugees: Dynamics of International Conspiracy?Mohammad Moniruzzaman - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):519-540.
    Human mass migration from place to place is well recorded in history. The ancient patterns of mass migrations could have their origins in natural forces or divine order. Simultaneously, modern recorded history suggests that human mass migrations were triggered by local and regional politics too such as political oppression or imperial invasion. However, a new pattern of mass migration emerged in the 20th century triggered by a complete new force-strategic redrawing of certain regional maps. This strategic redrawing of maps is (...)
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  13.  1
    International Conference on Religion, Culture and Governance in the Contemporary World , 3-4 October 2018 , 23-24 Muharram 1440. [REVIEW]Atiqur Rahman Mujahid - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):979-982.
    The contemporary world is passing through a very crucial time. According to UN reports, the world is facing its ‘worst humanitarian crisis’ since the end of World War II, with more than 20 million people facing starvation and famine in four countries.. Different regions of the world are marred by wars and conflicts. Unfortunately, attempts to end those so far have come to naught. As a consequence of these wars and conflicts ordinary people continue to suffer from hunger, and diseases. (...)
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  14. A Novel Critique on ‘The Scientific Miracle of Qur’Ān Philosophy’: An Inter-Civilization Debate.Rahmah Bt Ahmad H. Osman & Naseeb Ahmed Siddiqui - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):705-727.
    In recent decades we have been given one of the most interesting concepts in Islamic intellectual history, `the scientific miracle of Qur’ān whereby the proponents have almost established the scientific theories in the Qur’ān. However, such ardent claims must not come to be without any inspiration and methodology. This article, firstly, tries to trace the inspiration of such concept and then describe the methodology. However, as exciting as this concept seems, the methodology brings forth a very negative approach to prove (...)
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  15. Women’s Work Empowerment Through “Reupcycle” Initiatives for Women-at-Home.Rohaiza Rokis - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):617-634.
    Recyclable issues do not receive sufficient attention, which thus see low awareness among Malaysians. This paper1 proposes women’s active participation in re-upcycling habits to maintain the ecologically challenging world today. Empowering women-at-home in this way enable them to sustain their own social and ecological well-being. Women can be active participants in community development activities. Even though they may be disinterested to work outside home, their involvement in their community should be encouraged. Embeddedness theory advocates empowerment of women through re-upcycling actions (...)
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  16. ‘Arab Spring’: Faktor Dan Impak . Edited by Wan Kamal Mujani & Siti Nurulizah Musa. Bangi: Penerbit Fakulti Pengajian Islam, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. 2015, Pp. 164. ISBN 978-967-5478-91-8. [REVIEW]Mohammad Irwan Syazli Saidin - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):952-955.
    In 2015, Wan Kamal Mujani, a Professor of Islamic History and Siti Nurulizah Musa, a postgraduate student in Arabic and Islamic Studies, both from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia published an edited book entitled ‘Arab Spring’: Factor and Impact. Written in Malay and published by the Faculty of Islamic Studies of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. This volume comprises of fourteen chapters on the ‘Arab Spring’. They approach this phenomenon from different perspectives in order to guide the readers understand selected issues arising arose from (...)
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  17. Political Settlement Analysis of the Blight of Internally Displaced Persons in the Muslim World: Lessons From Nigeria.Ibrahim O. Salawu & Aluko Opeyemi Idowu - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):595-615.
    The menace of conflicts and natural disasters in different states of the world had spiralled into a global phenomenon of Internally Displaced Persons. These are groups of humans who had helplessly drifted away from their natural and ancestral home due to conflicts and disasters but had not crossed international boundaries into another country. They merely take solace by the protection offered by the spirit and letters of relevant international laws which have domesticated by member states. This paper seeks to answer (...)
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  18. Saudi Arabia in Transition: Insights on Social, Political, Economic and Religious Change. Edited by Bernard Haykel, Thomas Hegghammer and Stephane Lacroix. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2015, Pp. 351. ISBN: 978-0-521-18509-7. [REVIEW]Syaza Farhana Shukri - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):949-951.
    Saudi Arabia in Transition is a collection of works by scholars from various backgrounds who have carried out in-depth research on one of the most obscure countries in terms of its cultural identity and political system. Since the Arab Uprising which started in 2011, countries in the Middle East have had to look into the mirror and reformulate their claim to legitimacy. While Saudi Arabia did not have the same revolutionist fervour as did its neighbours to the east and west, (...)
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  19. Rise of Central Conservatism in Political Leadership: Erbakan’s National Outlook Movement and the 1997 Military Coup in Turkey.Suleyman Temiz - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):659-681.
    In democratic countries such as Turkey, political parties are established around charismatic leaders and these leaders stay at the centre of the party, from naming the party to the arrangement of deputy candidates. National Outlook, a movement which prevailed in Turkish politics for forty years, won its biggest victory and formed a coalition government in 1995 with the True Path Party, under the leadership of Tansu Ciller. Having secularized its legal system in the early years of the Republic, successive regimes (...)
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  20. Roots of Discrimination Against Rohingya Minorities: Society, Ethnicity and International Relations.Akm Ahsan Ullah & Diotima Chattoraj - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):541-565.
    According to the United Nations, the Rohingya people are the most persecuted minority group in the world. The atrocities perpetrated by Myanmar authorities could by any reckoning be called ethnic cleansing. This paper delves into the level of discrimination against the Rohingya population perpetrated by Myanmar authorities in myriad of ways. A team of researchers interviewed 37 victims. The pattern of persecution goes back to 1948 – the year when the country achieved independence from their British colonizers. Today, this population (...)
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  21. Muslim Jurists Debate on Non-Muslim Religious Festivals and Its Effects on Minority Muslims in the United States of America.Ali Ahmed Zahir - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):765-784.
    Muslims in the U.S. are increasingly looking to integrate into its society while trying not to lose their identity as Muslims. They find themselves in a dilemma when it comes to the issue of congratulating and even partaking in the festivals of non-Muslims in the U.S. This issue has gained prominence and momentum after the event of 9-11, in which the Muslims wanted to show and prove their tolerance and acceptance towards others while trying to hold onto and maintain the (...)
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  22. Waqf Institutions in Malaysia: Appreciation of Wasaṭiyyah Approach in Internal Control as a Part of Good Governance.Nor Razinah Binti Mohd Zain, Rusni Hassan & Nazifah Mustaffha - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):749-764.
    Good governance is important for the sustainability of Waqf institutions in Malaysia. As a part of good governance, the evaluation of internal control and its components are essential to be considered. While reaching the Maqāṣid al-Sharī‘ah, the appreciation of Wasaṭiyyah approach can be utilised in the evaluation of internal control in the Waqf institutions. Based on qualitative research method, this research explores the internal control and its components in Waqf institutions. The conceptual study on Wasaṭiyyah approach is provided in brief, (...)
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  23. “How Did We Choose?”: Understanding the Northern Female Voting Behaviour in Malaysia in the 14th General Election.Ummu Atiyah Ahmad Zakuan, Mohammad Azizuddin Mohd Sani, Norehan Abdullah & Zaireeni Azmi - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):859-882.
    Pakatan Harapan won the 14thGeneral Election held in May, 2018 in Malaysia. PH thus ended sixty-one years rule of Barisan Nasional.While the slogan of Malaysia Bahru, indicating changes to come in the country, became a popular slogan, one thing remained constant. This was the number of women contesting the GE-14 as candidates and the number of them who were elected was much less than the number of men contesting and getting elected in GE-14 although women represented slightly more than 50% (...)
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  24. Karl Marx: Greatness and Illusion. By Gareth Stedman Jones. London: Penguin Books, 2017, Pp. 768. Paper Back. ISBN 978-0- 141-02480-6. [REVIEW]Zahid Zamri - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):959-965.
    As early as page 2 in Karl Marx: Greatness and Illusion, Stedman Jones boldly highlights that “he invention of what came to be called as ‘Marxism’ was initially in large part the creation of Engels in his books and pamphlets, beginning with Anti-Dühring in 1878”. He further adds, as keepers of Marx’s works, the leaders of the German Social Democratic Party, including August Bebel, Karl Kautsky, Eduard Bernstein, and Franz Mehring, were also responsible for further mystifications of Marx by hiding (...)
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  25.  2
    Revisiting English as a Foreign Language Vs English Lingua Franca : The Case for Pronunciation.Wafa Zoghbor - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):829-858.
    The spread of English as the world lingua franca has evoked the rethinking of the significance of native-speaker norms and models in teaching English, and as a result, the target of pronunciation teaching and learning has shifted from imitating native accents to achieving speech intelligibility. The Lingua Franca Core proposal introduced a list of phonological features in English that are, arguably, the minimum required to achieve intelligibility and argued that mispronouncing these features is expected to cause a breakdown in communication (...)
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  26.  3
    Nexus Between Social Media and Democratization: Evidence From 2015 General Elections in Nigeria.Isiaka Abiodun Adams & Maryam Omolara Quadri - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):111-132.
    This study examines the link between social media networks and democratization process by focusing on the 2015 General Electionsin Nigeria. Relying on Manuel Castells’ network theory and empirical fieldsurvey, the paper investigates the prevalent conditions that have nurtured SMNsparticipation in Nigeria’s democratic space and the challenges and prospects ofsocial media as catalysts for deepening democracy in the country. The paperasserts that although social media remains veritable tools for democraticconsolidation worldwide, the salience and impact are still at the nascentstage in Nigeria. (...)
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  27.  3
    Taming Babel: Language in the Making of Malaysia. By Rachel Leow. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016, Pp. 281. ISBN 978-1-107-14853-6. [REVIEW]Khairil Izamin Ahmad - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):275-279.
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  28.  2
    Corruption According to the Main Sources of Islam.Fethi B. Jomaa Ahmed - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):91-110.
    Corruption is a widespread global problem that has far reachingnegative consequences on all spheres of life. Muslim-majority countriesare most often ranked as ‘highly corrupt’ by the Transparency InternationalCorruption Perceptions Indexes. Yet the majority of studies about corruptionare predominantly undertaken from a Western perspective. A review of theavailable literature would suggest that it is hard to find a piece of work thatconsiders the problem of corruption from all its theoretical aspects from anIslamic perspective or is exclusively dedicated to examining it from (...)
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  29.  4
    Deferred Sale ): Its Origin and Validity From a Maqāṣid Sharīʿah Perspective.Mohammed Farid Ali - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):255-261.
    Deferred sale, in the Islamic Banking and Financeworld widely known as Bai’ bi thaman ajil, is used as an extension toProfit-sale ; both sales complement each other. The Profitsalesells the commodity with profit over the cost price, and BBA plays the roleof receiving that payment on deferred or instalment basis. BBA has becomethe “premier consumer financing facility” for the Islamic financial institutions. This paper deals with deferred sale precisely. It looks into its origin andits transition from void to valid sale. (...)
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  30.  10
    The Gaps in Fatwā on Intersex Corrective Surgery: Some Reflections in the Context of Malaysia.Muhammad Afif Bin Mohd Badrol, Abdul Bari Bin Awang, Sayed Sikandar Shah Haneef & Ani Amelia Zainuddin - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):75-89.
    Intersex being a birth impairment in human babies is a fact of humanprecreation. Opposed to normal birth of humans as males and females incidentsof babies with vague gender identity have perturbed people and families asto how to socially place them within the binary system of men and womenin the community. In Islam, it is more important in view of the genderedorientation of some Islamic laws and its system of social ethics. Accordingly,jurists formulated an Islamic blueprint to manage this segment. However,their (...)
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  31.  7
    Medical Ethics in the Light of Maqāṣid Al-Sharīʿah: A Case Study of Medical Confidentiality.Bouhedda Ghalia, Muhammad Amanullah, Luqman Zakariyah & Sayyed Mohamed Muhsin - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):133-160.
    : The Islamic jurists utilized the discipline of maqāṣid al-sharīʿah,in its capacity as the philosophy of Islamic law, in their legal and ethicalinterpretations, with added interest in addressing the issues of modern times.Aphoristically subsuming the major themes of the Sharīʿah, maqāṣid play apivotal role in the domain of decision-making and deduction of rulings onunprecedented ethical discourses. Ethics represent the infrastructure of Islamiclaw and the whole science of Islamic jurisprudence operates in the lightof maqāṣid to realize the ethics in people’s lives. (...)
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  32.  6
    Teaching of Arabic in Malaysia.Majdi Haji Ibrahim & Akmal Khuzairy Abd Rahman - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):189-206.
    The study aims through a deductively descriptive method to focuson the influence of Arabic on the Malaysian culture. The most importantmilestones of Arabic in the Malaysian context and the most stand out Malaysiapublic and private institutions which made the most contributions in spreadingArabic in the Malay culture. The study begins with the arrival of Islam andArabic in the Archipelago as a precursor to uncover the depth of the influenceof Arabic in the minds and culture of the Malays. The influence of (...)
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  33.  5
    Origin and Development of Unani Medicine: An Analytical Study.Arshad Islam - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):23-49.
    This study traces the history of the origin and development of Unanimedicine in the Islamic world and its later blossoming in Persia. Based mainly onArabic, Persian, Urdu and English sources, the study focuses on the intellectuallegacy of the Muslims in the development of Unani medicine and their interestin the progress of medical sciences, when a number of classical works wereproduced by great Muslim scholars during this period that provide evidenceof organized medical care that provided the basis for modern medicine as (...)
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  34.  3
    Ḥadīth, Piety and Law: Selected Studies. By Christopher Melchert. Atlanta, Georgia: Lockwood Press, 2015. Pp. 359. ISBN: 978-1- 937040-49-9. [REVIEW]Khairil Husaini Bin Jamil - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):263-267.
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  35.  9
    From Political Islam to Democrat Muslim: A Comparison Between Rashid Ghannouchi and Anwar Ibrahim.Maszlee Malik & Syaza Farhana Mohamad Shukri - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):161-188.
    The relationship between Islam with a democratic political systemhas been questionable at best and incompatible at worst. While countlessresearch has been done on this issue for decades especially with the rise ofIslamist apologists in the years following the invasion of Iraq in 2003, thispaper proposes that it is time we understand the role of Islam through the lensesof democrat Muslims. Democrat Muslims are those who seek to preserve andpromote the five major qualities in human life with values that surpass simplyprotecting (...)
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  36.  3
    Conversations with Tunku Abdul Rahman. By Tan Sri Abdullah Ahmad. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, 2016, Pp. 216, ISBN: 978-981-4634-14-4. [REVIEW]Siti Hadija Mohd - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):267-275.
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  37.  12
    Malaysia’ 14th General Election: End of an Epoch, and Beginning of a New?M. Moniruzzaman & Kazi Fahmida Farzana - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):207-228.
    The 14th general election in Malaysia held on May 9, 2018 is anhistoric event that altered the political landscape of the nation. For the firsttime over sixty years this election has caused to change the government fromBarisan Nasional coalition to another coalition named PakatanHarapan, formed in 2015. This article has analysed theelection results and the probable factors that might have contributed to thehistoric change. It argued that since 1999 the ruling Malay elites have becomepermanently divided challenging the dominance of United (...)
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  38.  10
    US Embassy in Jerusalem: Reasons, Implications and Consequences.Abdul Rashid Moten - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):5-22.
    President Trump’s declaration of Jerusalem as the capital of Israelhas been condemned across Arab and predominantly Muslim countries. Basedon the documentary analysis, this study analyses the reasons for DonaldTrump’s decision, its implication and consequences for Palestinian peaceprocess.It is found that President Trump was following through on his majorcampaign promise to recognize Jerusalem and was simply implementing theCongress decision to relocate Jerusalem. The argument that this decision willadversely affect the role of the US as an honest broker in Israel-Palestine conflictis untenable. (...)
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  39.  5
    Development and Modernization of OIC Member Countries: A Study Based on Selected Indicators.Hazizan Md Noon, A. H. M. Zehadul Karim & Md Sayed Uddin - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):229-253.
    This paper attempts to analyze the performance of 57 memberstates of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation based on selectedindicators of some sectors namely demography, economics, educationand technology and innovation. Specifically, it aims at firstly portraying anoverview of OIC performance based on six selected indicators followed byanalyzing the relationship between selected development variables withliteracy and exploring the state of OIC performance as indicated by theirachievement based on selected indicators. The study was undertaken vis-àvisthe prevailing theories on modernization and development as well (...)
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  40.  5
    Epistemological Implication of Al-Ghazzālī’s Account of Causality.Hamid Fahmy Zarkasyi - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (1):51-73.
    The problem that will be dealt with in this paper is al-Ghazālī’saccount of causality in the observed phenomenal world where he denies thenecessity of that causation. This denial brought about Ibn Rushd’s accusationon the denial of knowledge, arguing that knowledge is based on causalityin the phenomenal words. However, detailed perusal of al-Ghazālī’s workssuggests that Ibn Rushd’s accusation is not the case. al-Ghazālī differentiatesbetween knowledge of the fact and knowledge of reasoned fact, or in otherwords he distinguished ontological causality from logical (...)
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  41.  3
    Islam and the Challenge of Economic Development in the Muslim World: Review and Evaluation of Secular Arguments.Abdelrahman Yousri Abdelrahman - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26:333-355.
    The majority of Muslim countries, classified as low or middleincome groups, suffer from poverty and face severe challenges in economicdevelopment. International development reports attribute the economicproblems of Muslim countries to similar factors as those existing in otherdeveloping countries. However, some secular studies have analyzed theimpact of Islamic culture on the economic variables in the Muslim World, andconsequently on its economic development. This paper reviews and evaluatessome of these studies. Secular works which are selected and examined inthis article can be classified (...)
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  42.  1
    Islamic Finance at Crossroads.Mabid Al-Jarhi - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26:431-462.
    After more than 40 years of practice, the Islamic finance industryis composed of products with claim of Islamicity but questionable on theirShariʽah credentials. The industry is increasingly exposed to cynicism anddecline in popular interest. This paper restates the essence of riba prohibitionfrom an economic perspective. It evaluates the Shariʽah scholars approach tovalidation of contracts as well as the monetary authorities’ attitude towards theShariʽah content of Islamic finance transactions. It points out the advantagesof Islamic finance within an Islamic macroeconomic environment. It (...)
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  43.  3
    Islamic Finance Crossing the 40-Years Milestone – the Way Forward.Muhammad Ayub - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26:463-484.
    Islamic finance has experienced considerable growth worldwide interms of deposits and assets of Islamic banks over the last 40 years, but showslittle signs of achieving maturity. Almost all Islamic finance products currentlyis use are mere replicas of their conventional counterparts. This study followsthe archival research strategy of Bryman, and analyses the literatureon Islamic finance theory and products and practices in order to ascertainthe reforms needed for the maturity goal. The paper proposes adoption ofa new law regarding money, different policy approaches, (...)
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  44.  3
    The Notion of “Moral Firm” and Distributive Justice in an Islamic Framework.Toseef Azid & Osamah H. Rawashdeh - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26:357-382.
    This paper discusses conventional and Islamic concepts of distributivejustice, and develops propositions for the establishment of firms deemed to bemoral firms from Islamic perspective. Generally, distributive justice impliesthat goods should be distributed among members of the community accordingto their standing in society. In the Islamic scenario, however, the positive andthe normative aspects work simultaneously. The management of a firm seeksnot only to earn profit in this world but also to get reward in the life-hereafter.Thus, it is duty of a firm (...)
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  45.  2
    Guest Editors’ Note Rethinking Islamic Economics and Finance: Taking Stock and Moving Forward.Mohamed Aslam Haneef & Sayyid Tahir - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26:281-290.
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  46.  8
    History of Islamic Banking and Finance.Abdul Azim Islahi - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26:403-429.
    This paper aims to investigate the origins and evolution of IslamicBanking and Finance from the early days of Islam up to the formal establishmentof Islamic banks in the sixties of the last century. It also sheds light on thebanking practices in the later parts of Islamic history which is an almost unresearchedarea. It records the existence of interest free lending societies at theend of the 19th century and the situation preceding the development of modernIslamic banks in the second half of (...)
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  47.  2
    Risk Sharing and the Systemic Fragilities of Debt-Economy.Abbas Mirakhor - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26:291-308.
    This study explains risk transfer, associated with debt-basedfinancing, as the main cause of financial crises in the world. It presents the casefor a financial architecture based on risk sharing that, in turn, is likely to makethe financial system less fragile and more stable. This study also highlights thesignificance of Islamic finance in this regard.
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  48.  2
    Theology and Ethics in Adam Smith: A Case for Islamic Economics.Mohammad Wasim Naser - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26:309-332.
    : This study is an analysis of the theological and ethical dimensions inthe writings of Adam Smith. It deals with aspects of philosophy and intellectualhistory. By revealing the theological and ethical roots of Smith’s writings in theformation of modern economics, arguments for an economics that is based onIslamic foundations become stronger. The study will therefore lay out the basicmoral project of Smith and then contextualize it in the Western Enlightenmenttradition. It shows how religious discourses were instrumental in shaping thethoughts and (...)
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  49.  3
    Content Analysis on the Origins of Islamic Economics: Contextualized Interpretation of Two Bibliographies in the 20th Century.Zeyneb Hafsa Orhan - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26:383-402.
    Since its formal inception in the early 20th century, Islamic economicshas been considered a modern phenomenon, even though its foundations canbe traced back to the earliest of Muslim civilizations. However, despite Islamiceconomics being more than half a century old, there are many serious issues,such as epistemological and methodological concerns, that need to be resolved.In order to delve into such matters, a clear understanding of the origins of modernIslamic economics is necessary. Hence, some of the important questions are:who are its initiators, (...)
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  50.  2
    Design of Islamic Financial Certificates for Housing Development in Algeria.Imene Tabet & Monzer Kahf - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26:485-511.
    Algeria depends solely on publicly produced housing. Algeria’shousing industry has been lagging behind in its development. This has causedmany citizens to struggle with finding proper housing. Aside from being oneof the highest countries in terms of rent rates, construction and distribution ofpublic houses in Algeria takes more than 15 years of waiting. Despite that thequality of the housing is bad. This paper proposes Shari’ah-compliant housingcertificates, a new Islamic financial instrument that would assist in houseconstruction in Algeria. This instrument uses Istisnaʽ (...)
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