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  1.  14
    Covid-19: Some Thoughts About the Ethical Issues Dealing with the Pandemic Crisis.Ben Bramble - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 25.
    Covid-19 outbreak raised a lot of interesting ethical issues. How can we conciliate the respect for citizens’ freedom with the urge to mitigate the spread of the virus? What should we do in order to rearrange our lifestyles? These and other questions are addressed with the guiding aid of Ben Bramble whose insightful thoughts about Covid-19 could be very fruitful for reflecting deeply about the pandemic consequences with regard to social and ethical facets.
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  2.  7
    Il Neoliberismo Vuole la Pandemia? Giorgio Agamben, Byung-Chul Han E la Crisi Sanitaria.Viola Carofalo & Delio Salottolo - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 25.
    Faced with the current pandemic situation, many thinkers examined not only the relationship between the political dimension and the present health emergency, and the related social and economic transformations, but also and above all the changes in the construction of identity and the self-perception that it has determined and will continue to determine. Giorgio Agamben and Byung-Chul Han, although starting from different analyses, agree on the return and on the tightening of devices that limit personal freedoms. The provocative question from (...)
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  3.  1
    Pensiero E Strategia. Su di Alcuni Legami Tra Teoria E Azione Politica Al Tempo Del Covid-19.Mario Cosenza - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 25.
    This article aims to illustrate some potential approaches to the social crisis due to the pandemic: through highlighting some “basic” differences between the philosophical thought and the ambition of the political strategy, it analyses the theoretical prerequisites of a purely political program as the one that has been advocated in France by a theorist and a politician such as Jean-Luc Mélenchon. It is likely that it will be noticed that the two approaches – the long range reflection and the political (...)
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  4.  1
    Sars-CoV-2: Riflessioni E Spunti di Indagine Su Un Evento Epocale.Mario Cosenza - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 25.
    In December 2019, the city of Wuhan in Hubei became the epicenter of an unprecedented health crisis. SARS-CoV-2 is marking a watershed moment for sapiens. On the one hand, we are facing the most serious health emergency of the 21st century, on the other hand we are beginning to experience the negative effects of our development models that do not take into account the welfare of non-human animals and the systemic effect that our actions have on the balance of the (...)
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  5.  1
    Vitalismo Come Esigenza: Claude Bernard E L’Indecisione Epistemologica Della Tarda Modernità.Delio Salottolo - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 25.
    Was Claude Bernard a mechanicist or a vitalist? What we intend to show first is that, with a careful choice of quotes, it is possible to prove both claims. Then is it a theoretical weakness and an epistemological indecision? The thesis of this essay is that Claude Bernard's indecision is the epistemological indecision of Modernity, which has developed a binary style of thinking, then producing a series of hybridizations that are both necessary and improbable. It is a question of attitudes (...)
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  6.  4
    Conversazione Sull’Oggi. Scienza, Filosofia E Politica Per Tempi Difficili.Andrea Zhok & Mario Cosenza - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 25.
    This interview seeks to highlight some of the main characteristics of the new pandemic world, besides the main contradictions the philosophical thought runs into in this difficult time. Between a political world which is unable to react and the scientific world which is usually moved by political aims, this work tries to understand if there is any room for a role of a long range philosophical thought, which is able to defend its clarity prerogatives but it is also able to (...)
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  7.  2
    ¿Incapaces de Dios?Enrique R. Moros Claramunt - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):247-258.
    Are we Human Beings Unable of God? José Cobo maintains that the worldview of contemporary man does not allow him to believe in the sense that the first Christians believed. And he argues that the main cause of that vision has been the development of empirical science. Here I argue that in reality the cause can best be described as an anthropological error, which carries with it a metaphysical deficit. On the other hand, we rectify certain intellectual resources with which (...)
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  8.  2
    Second-Person Perspective in Interdisciplinary Research: A Cognitive Approach for Understanding and Improving the Dynamics of Collaborative Research Teams.Claudia E. Vanney & J. Ignacio Aguinalde Sáenz - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):155-178.
    In this paper, we argue that to reverse the excess of specialization and to create room for interdisciplinary cross-fertilization, it seems necessary to move the existing epistemic plurality towards a collaborative process of social cognition. In order to achieve this, we propose to extend the psychological notion of joint attention towards what we call joint intellectual attention. This special kind of joint attention involves a shared awareness of sharing the cognitive process of knowledge. We claim that if an interdisciplinary research (...)
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  9.  2
    The Person at the Core of Psychological Science.Juan F. Franck - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):15-33.
    The paper has been written from a philosophical perspective and triggered by the recurrent discussions in psychology about the most suitable methods to study our multifaceted subjectivity. Its main point is that a phenomenological understanding of the human person provides a robust and also flexible philosophical framework for psychology. The first part discusses three classical distinctions –individual/general; explaining/understanding; induction/interpretation– which, in spite of possible deficiencies, are useful to illustrate the specificity of the human sciences relative to the natural sciences. If (...)
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  10.  1
    Special Issue of Scientia Et Fides on Experimental Psychology and the Notion of Personhood.Juan Francisco Franck, Scott Harrower & Ryan Peterson - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):7-11.
    "More recently, cognitive psychologists have used the resources of psychological science to study the foundations of religion, and to discuss and possibly illuminate issues of concern for theologians. The new field, known as the cognitive science of religion, draws from work by Ernest Thomas Lawson, Robert McCauley, Pascal Boyer and Justin Barrett, among others. Many of its scholars are inspired by a spirit of collaborative work with theologians and philosophers of religion, emphasizing the need of serious cross-training between disciplines. Driven (...)
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  11. Political Theology as Theodicy: The Holy Spirit’s Performance in the Economy of Redemption.Martin Grassi - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):201-219.
    Although Political Theology examined mainly the political dimension of the relationship between God-Father and God-Son, it is paramount to consider the political performance of the Holy Spirit in the Economy of Redemption. The Holy Spirit has been characterized as the binding cause and the principle of relationality both referring to God’s inner life and to God’s relationship with His creatures. As the personalization of relationality, the Holy Spirit performs a unique task: to bring together what is apart by means of (...)
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  12.  2
    The Dialogical Self Analogy for the Godhead: Recasting the “God is a Person” Debate.Scott Harrower - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):91-113.
    May God may be understood and referred to as a “person”? This is a live debate in contemporary theological and philosophical circles. However, despite the attention this debate has received, the vital question of how to account for God’s trinitarian nature has been mostly overlooked. Due to trinitarian concerns about the unqualified use of “person” as an analogy for the Godhead, I intervene in this debate with a two-fold proposal. The first is that proponents of using a person as an (...)
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  13. ¿La comunicabilidad operativa de la persona requiere su comunicabilidad ontológica? Discusión sobre un dogma filosófico de nuestro tiempo.Juan Pablo Roldán - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):75-90.
    Does the Operative Communicability of the Person Require his Ontological Communicability? Discussion on a Philosophical Dogma of our Time The idea that a substantialist and individualistic philosophy of the person has permeated all of Western metaphysics and has been an obstacle to thinking about communion and intersubjectivity, has become commonplace in contemporary thought. This perspective is problematized here. It is suggested that the different formulations of it, though varied, obeyed a similar argument and dependence on closely related theoretical foundations. This (...)
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  14.  2
    La acción humana: una propuesta integral para el diálogo interdisciplinar sobre la personalidad.José Víctor Orón Semper & Miriam Martinez Martínez Mares - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):133-154.
    Human Action: a Comprehensive Proposal for Interdisciplinary Dialogue on Personality The need to categorize the personality is recurrent in philosophical, theological and, especially, psychological studies. However, the lack of dialogue between the different disciplines gives rise to analyzes that seem to divide human reality into 'parts', often incompatible with each other. In view of this problem, this article proposes the integral analysis of human action, seeking a psychological parameterization that is more adjusted to the complexity of the personality. Starting from (...)
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  15.  1
    A Tale of Two Perspectives: How Psychology and Neuroscience Contribute to Understanding Personhood.Erin I. Smith - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):35-53.
    Empirical science, such as psychology and neuroscience, employ diverse methods to develop data driven models and explanations for complex phenomena. In research on the self, differences in these methods produce different depictions of persons. Research in developmental psychology highlights the role of intuitive beliefs, such as psychological essentialism and intuitive dualism, in individuals’ singular, cohesive, and stable sense of self. On the other hand, research in neuroscience highlights the de-centralized, distributed, multitudes of neural networks in competition making selves, with arguments (...)
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  16.  9
    Do We Need a Plant Theodicy?Lloyd Strickland - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):221-246.
    In recent decades, philosophers and theologians have become increasingly aware of the extent of animal pain and suffering, both past and present, and of the challenge this poses to God’s goodness and justice. As a result, a great deal of effort has been devoted to the discussion and development of animal theodicies, that is, theodicies that aim to offer morally sufficient reasons for animal pain and suffering that are in fact God’s reasons. In this paper, I ask whether there is (...)
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  17.  3
    Gratitude to God: Jonathan Edwards and the Opening of the Self.Kyle Strobel - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):115-131.
    : The study of gratitude has become an increasingly important topic among psychologists to address the nature of human flourishing. Of more recent interest is how gratitude to God specifically functions within an account of human flourishing, with theologians seeking to provide a distinctively Christian account of the nature of gratitude. This article enters into the ongoing conversation by attending to Jonathan Edwards’s theological anthropology and development of natural and supernatural gratitude. In particular, Edwards’s anthropology includes within it an account (...)
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  18.  1
    The Concepts of Virtue After the „Character – Situation” Debate.Natasza Anna Szutta - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):55-74.
    The article focuses on a currently hot debate in contemporary ethics that takes place between so-called situationists and the advocates of virtue ethics. The fundamental assumption made by virtue ethics is that developing and perfecting one’s moral character or moral virtues warrants one’s morally good action. Situationists claim that this assumption contradicts the results of the latest empirical studies. From this observation, they conclude that virtue ethics is based on an empirically inadequate moral psychology.In the first part of the article, (...)
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  19.  1
    Divine Universal Causality and the Particular Problem of Hell: A Quiescence Solution.Adam Wood - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2):181-199.
    I call the Particular Problem of Hell the problem of explaining why God allows a certain set of created persons to populate hell, as opposed to allowing some other set of created persons to do so. This paper proposes a solution to PPH on behalf of proponents of Divine Universal Causality — the view, roughly, that God causes everything distinct from himself to exist at any time it exists. Despite initial appearances, I argue, proponents of DUC can adopt a version (...)
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  20.  4
    The Government of Evil Machines: an Application of Romano Guardini’s Thought on Technology.Enrico Beltramini - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):257-281.
    In this article I propose a theological reflection on the philosophical assumptions behind the idea that intelligent machine can be governed through ethical protocols, which may apply either to the people who develop the machines or to the machines themselves, or both. This idea is particularly relevant in the case of machines’ extreme wrongdoing, a wrongdoing that becomes an existential risk for humankind. I call this extreme wrong-doing, ‘evil.’ Thus, this article is a theological account on the philosophical assumptions behind (...)
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  21.  5
    Fatima Pictures and Testimonials: In-Depth Analysis.Philippe Dalleur - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):9-45.
    Using photographs and testimonials, we will analyze details of the “miracle of the spinning sun” on October 13, 1917, at solar noon near Fatima. The phenomenon predicted ahead of time, occurred as the clouds cleared on what began as a rainy day. Various explanations have been presented but do not stand up to a comparative analysis of eyewitnesses, weather data, and photographs. This article aims to bring clarity to this event through the analysis of certified photographs and testimonies comparing them (...)
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  22.  1
    ¿Ciencia versus moral? Revisión histórico-científica sobre el síndrome del zika congénito y la reivindicación del aborto.Hélio Tadeu Luciano de Oliveira - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):309-327.
    En 2015 empieza una epidemia causada por el virus del zika en Brasil, siendo luego asociada a problemas teratógenos congénitos. A partir de la sospecha de esta relación, surgen, en dos vertientes, artículos defendiendo el aborto: presentándolo como uno de los tratamientos para las mujeres embarazadas; utilizando la crisis sanitaria y la confusión de la opinión pública como una estrategia para despenalizar el aborto. Las dos vías son injustas al exigir que los recursos ya escasos fuesen destinados al aborto y (...)
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  23.  54
    The Quest for Truth of Stephen Hawking.Alfred Driessen - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):47-61.
    With his bestselling publication, A Brief History of Time, Stephen Hawking introduced in 1988 a new genre by connecting modern science with the question of the existence of God. In the posthumous publication Brief Answers to the Big Questions, he continues with his quest for the ultimate truth. The current study presents a philosophical analysis of this search in terms of the classical philosophy of Aristotle and Aquinas. Causality is the central concept employed by Hawking. However, its meaning, in the (...)
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  24.  9
    In Defence of Posthuman Vulnerability.Belen Liedo Fernandez & Jon Rueda - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):215-239.
    Transhumanism is a challenging movement that invites us to rethink what defines humanity, including what we value and regret the most about our existence. Vulnerability is a key concept that require thorough philosophical scrutiny concerning transhumanist proposals. Vulnerability can refer to a universal condition of human life or, rather, to the specific exposure to certain harms due to particular situations. Even if we are all vulnerable in the first sense, there are also different sources and levels of vulnerability depending on (...)
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  25.  12
    Transhumanist Immortality: Understanding the Dream as a Nightmare.Pablo García-Barranquero - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):177-196.
    This paper offers new arguments to reject the alleged dream of immortality. In order to do this, I firstly introduce an amendment to Michael Hauskeller’s approach of the “immortalist fallacy”. I argue that the conclusion “we do not want to live forever” does not follow from the premise “we do not want to die”. Next, I propose the philosophical turn from “normally” to “under these circumstances” to resolve this logical error. Then, I review strong philosophical critiques of this transhumanist purpose (...)
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  26.  1
    Theology and Science in Copernicus’ Universe.Alessandro Giostra - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):131-147.
    The publication of Copernicus’ On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres marked the beginning of the Scientific Revolution. Christian doctrine played a key role for the emergence of the scientific turning point, that brought about the transition from a qualitative to a quantitative approach to natural phenomena. Although the Polish scientist was not a philosopher in the ordinary sense of the term, he shared with many other protagonists of modern science the idea of the universe as mathematical harmony created by (...)
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  27.  3
    Imperium and causality in Thomas Aquinas.María Teresa Enríquez Gómez & Jorge Martín Montoya Camacho - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):329-355.
    __Given certain free agent causal models inspired by Tomás de Aquino, it is interesting to look at the causal model presented by Aquinas himself, especially in a text from which the exposition of free action as the effect of the four Aristotelian causal senses. This is the question of the commanded acts ; in whose first four articles –and in its parallel texts– it determines that the will is an agent cause; practical reason, ordering cause; and the _imperium_ of both (...)
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  28.  6
    Catholicism and Evolution: Polygenism and Original Sin Part II.James R. Hofmann - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):63-129.
    As documented in Part I, monogenism, the descent of all human beings from Adam and Eve, was closely linked to the Catholic doctrine of original sin throughout the first half of the twentieth century. Theological reservations about polygenism, the more scientifically supported account of human origins through a transitional population, was brought to a head by Pius XII’s 1950 encyclical Humani generis. Although the encyclical allowed discussion of human evolution, polygenism was prohibited because “It does not appear how such a (...)
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  29.  10
    Theological and Ethical Aspects of Mind Transfer in Transhumanism.Grzegorz Osiński - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):149-176.
    Mind transfer is the most important concept of transhumanists. Its tech­nological implementation is to copy and transfer the human mind to a computer, by exact mapping of all neural connections in the human brain and their precise copying in a computer simulation. The idea of mind transfer also brings some dangers, related to the denial of human nature, the placing of hopes for future life in digital spaces and the liberation from the limitations imposed on man by his biological structure. (...)
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  30.  2
    Technological Aspects of Development of the Transhumanism Ideology in Terms of Christian Anthropology.Grzegorz Osiński - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):149-176.
    The problems of transhumanism cannot be considered in isolation from the very rapidly changing advancements of modern technology which has become an immanent part of the modern scientific paradigm and is beginning to affect all people more and more. Focusing the discussion on epistemological and ethical issues alone, while identifying the utopian assumptions of the transhumanism ideology, does not allow to create any useful tools that could restrain the negative phenomena in the world of technoscience. Understanding certain technological concepts developed (...)
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  31.  1
    Wait, But Why? Challenging the Intuitive Force of Substance Dualism.Sarah Lane Ritchie - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):241-255.
    In responding to Joshua Farris’ The Soul of Theological Anthropology, I suggest several reasons for questioning the theological need for substance dualism in any form. Specifically, I argue that it is not at the level of analytic argumentation that the mind or soul is best understood, and that the sciences do indeed challenge substance dualism. In making this argument, I examine the roles of intuition and theological pre-commitments in one’s determination of the correct understanding of the mind or soul. I (...)
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  32.  6
    Is Transhumanism Heading Towards Redefinition of Human Being or Towards Utopia?Rafał Szopa - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):197-214.
    Transhumanism has enormous effect on temporary philosophical thought by forcing philosophers to take on many intellectual challenges. Not only philosophers deal with transhumanism but also scientists who try to create technological solutions that enable implementation of transhumanistic ideas. The question is whether all these ideas will be realized. The purpose of the article is to show that not all transhumanist aspirations can be put into practice. The first reason is that transhumanism limits human’s understanding to the material dimension. While this (...)
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  33.  1
    Psychology and Religion. Remarks From a Methodological Perspective.Jan Felicjan Terelak - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):357-382.
    The paper is an overview of the connections between scientific psychology and religion. The thesis that scientific psychology, which deals with empirical research of all manifestations of spirituality and religiousness within the different principles and contexts of culture, cannot refer to the doctrine of religion, but it should take into account in its research the cultural aspects of the religion without valuing them at the individual human level and their influence on the "fate" of the world, is being discussed. Conclusion: (...)
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  34.  1
    Traditional Cardiopulmonary Criterion of Death is the Only Valid Criterion of Human Death.Peter Volek - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):283-308.
    In recent time the critique of the whole brain death as the criterion of human death, that was introduced in 1968, has been growing. The paper aims to show in systematically that there are good reasons based on empirical findings combined with Thomistic Christian anthropology to accept the traditional cardiopulmonary criterion as the criterion of human death. This will be shown through a systematic critique of other criteria of death: whole brain death, higher brain death, brain stem death, and controlled (...)
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