16 found

Year:

  1. Food Ethics: A Critique of Some Islamic Perspectives on Genetically Modified Food.Mariam al‐Attar - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):53-75.
    This article critiques some Islamic approaches to food ethics and the debate over genetically modified food. Food ethics is a branch of bioethics, and is an emerging field in Islamic bioethics. The article critically analyzes the arguments of the authors who wrote in favor of genetically modified organisms from an Islamic perspective, and those who wrote against GMOs, also from an Islamic perspective. It reveals the theological and the epistemological foundations of the two main approaches. Moreover, it provides an attempt (...)
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  2.  1
    Science, Spirituality, and Ayahuasca: The Problem of Consciousness and Spiritual Ontologies in the Academy.Ismael Apud - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):100-123.
    Ayahuasca is a psychoactive brew from Amazonas, popularized in the last decades in part through transnational religious networks, but also due to interest in exploring spirituality through altered states of consciousness among academic schools and scientific researchers. In this article, the author analyzes the relation between science and religion proposing that the “demarcation problem” between the two arises from the relations among consciousness, intentionality, and spirituality. The analysis starts at the beginning of modern science, continues through the nineteenth century, and (...)
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  3.  1
    Investigating the “Science” in “Eastern Religions”: A Methodological Inquiry.Ankur Barua - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):124-145.
    This article explores some of the understandings of “science” that are often employed in the literature on “science and Eastern religions.” These understandings crucially shape the raging debates between the avid proponents and the keen detractors of the thesis that Eastern forms of spirituality are uniquely able to subsume the sciences into their metaphysical–axiological horizons. More specifically, the author discusses some of the proposed relations between “science” and “Eastern religions” by highlighting three themes: the relation between science and metaphysics, the (...)
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  4.  1
    Astrophysics and Creation: Perceiving the Universe Through Science and Participation.O. Benz Arnold - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):186-195.
    I explore how the notion of divine creation could be made understandable in a worldview dominated by empirical science. The crucial question concerns the empirical basis of belief in creation. Astronomical observations have changed our worldview in an exemplary manner. I show by an example from imaginative literature that human beings can perceive stars by means other than astronomical observation. This alternative mode may be described as “participatory perception,” in which a human experiences the world not by objectifying separation as (...)
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  5. The “Scientific Miracle of the Qur’Ān,” Pseudoscience, and Conspiracism.Stefano Bigliardi - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):146-171.
    This article, after tracing a precise classification of the exegetical trend known as iʿjāz ʿilmī, summarizes and discusses the criticism leveled at it and examines how the “scientific interpretation” of the Qur’ān is liable to blend with pseudoscience and conspiracy theories to the detriment of a solid harmonization of science and religion and of a genuine appreciation of natural science. Furthermore, the article offers some practical ideas that can be implemented in order to effectively and fairly address iʿjāz ʿilmī in (...)
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  6.  1
    Empathy and the Evolution of Compassion: From Deep History to Infused Virtue.Celia Deane‐Drummond - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):258-278.
    This article poses a challenge to contemporary theories in psychology that portray empathy as a negative force in the moral life. Instead, drawing on alternative psychological and philosophical literature, especially Martha Nussbaum, I argue that empathy is related to the virtue of compassion and therefore crucial for moral action. Evidence for evolutionary anthropological accounts of compassion in early hominins provides additional arguments for its positive value in deep human history. I discuss this work alongside Thomistic notions of practical wisdom, compassion, (...)
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  7. Green Open Access for Interesting Contributions.B. Drees Willem - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):3-8.
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  8.  3
    A Terminator, a Transformer, and Job Meet: Creator–Created Relations in Film and Scripture.Jones E. Allen - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):172-185.
    In this essay, I set the book of Job in dialogue with a number of films from the robot science fiction subgenre. It is my intention to show that both sets of literature are deeply engaged with questions related to how creators and created things can interact, and that they deal with these questions in ways that illuminate and complement each other. The study proceeds in three phases. First, I develop a typology of robot science fiction as I see it (...)
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  9.  1
    Poetic Naturalism: Sean Carroll, Science, and Moral Objectivity.Whitley Kaufman - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):196-211.
    Physicist Sean Carroll has developed a new theory of the fundamental nature of reality, which he calls “Poetic Naturalism,” with the stated goal of developing a theory of what is real that is consistent with the findings of natural science. Carroll claims to prove that morality cannot be seen as objectively true. This essay argues that Carroll's conclusion is not convincing; there is no good reason to reject moral objectivity within a purely naturalistic worldview.
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  10.  2
    Biblical and Theistic Arguments Against the Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism.Petteri Nieminen, Maarten Boudry, Esko Ryökäs & Anne‐Mari Mustonen - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):9-23.
    Alvin Plantinga's evolutionary argument against naturalism states that evolution cannot produce warranted beliefs. In contrast, according to Plantinga, Christian theism provides properly functioning cognitive faculties in an appropriate cognitive environment, in accordance with a design plan aimed at producing true beliefs. But does theism fulfill criteria I–III? Judging from the Bible, God employs deceit in his relations with humanity, rendering our cognitive functions unreliable. Moreover, there is no reason to suppose that God's purpose would be to produce true beliefs in (...)
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  11.  2
    Is My Feeling Your Pain Bad for Others? Empathy as Virtue Versus Empathy as Fixed Trait.Gregory R. Peterson - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):232-257.
    The purpose of this article is to critique the primary arguments given by Paul Bloom and Jesse Prinz against empathy, and to argue instead that empathy is best understood as a virtue that plays an important but complicated role in the moral life. That it is a virtue does not mean that it always functions well, and empathy sometimes contributes to behavior that is partial and unfair. In some of their writings, both Bloom and Prinz endorse the view that empathy (...)
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  12.  1
    Stirpiculture: Science‐Guided Human Propagation and the Oneida Community.Alexandra Prince - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):76-99.
    Between 1869 and 1879, the communal Christian group the Oneida Community undertook a pioneering eugenics experiment called “stirpiculture” in upstate New York. Stirpiculture resulted in the planned conception, birth, and communal rearing of fifty-eight children, bred from selected members of the Oneida Community. This article concerns how the Oneida Community's unique approach to religion and science provided the framework for the creation, process, and eventual dissolution of the stirpiculture experiment. The work seeks to expand current understanding of the early history (...)
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  13.  2
    Faith, Belief, and the Compatibility of Religion and Science.Doren Recker - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):212-231.
    Recent attacks on the compatibility of science and religion by the “militant modern atheists” have posed serious challenges for anyone who supports the human importance of religious faith. This article offers a critical analysis of their claims compared with those who do not equate faith with belief. I conclude that the militant modern atheist interpretation of faith undervalues transformative religious experiences, that more people of faith hold it for this reason than their opponents acknowledge, and that meaningful dialogue between religion (...)
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  14. Religion and Religious Beliefs as Evolutionary Adaptations.Konrad Szocik - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):24-52.
    Scholars employing an evolutionary approach to the study of religion and religious beliefs search for ultimate explanations of the origin, propagation, and persistence of religious beliefs. This quest often pairs in debate two opposing perspectives: the adaptationist and “by-product” explanations of religion and religious beliefs. The majority of scholars prefer the by-product approach, which is agnostic and even doubtful of the usefulness of religious beliefs. Despite this pervasive negativity, it seems unwarranted to deny the great usefulness of religious beliefs—particularly concerning (...)
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  15. Brain, Consciousness, and God: A Lonerganian Integration. By Daniel A. Helminiak. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2015. 432 Pp. US $95.00. [REVIEW]Brian Traska - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):282-284.
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  16.  2
    Alternative Concepts of God: Essays on the Metaphysics of the Divine. Edited by Andrei A. Buckareff and Yujin Nagasawa. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. 299 Pp. US $74.00. [REVIEW]Turk Mladen - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):279-281.
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