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  1. Power, Politics, and the Development of Political Science in the Americas.Thibaud Boncourt & Paulo Ravecca - 2020 - Science in Context 33 (2):95-100.
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    Why They Shared: Recovering Early Arguments for Sharing Social Scientific Data.Emily Hauptmann - 2020 - Science in Context 33 (2):101-119.
    ArgumentMost social scientists today think of data sharing as an ethical imperative essential to making social science more transparent, verifiable, and replicable. But what moved the architects of some of the U.S.’s first university-based social scientific research institutions, the University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research, and its spin-off, the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, to share their data? Relying primarily on archived records, unpublished personal papers, and oral histories, I show that Angus Campbell, Warren Miller, Philip Converse, (...)
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  3. Dictatorship, Transition, and the Forging of Political Science in Uruguay.Paulo Ravecca - 2020 - Science in Context 33 (2):171-193.
    ArgumentThe study examines the trajectory of Uruguayan Political Science from a critical theory perspective. Concretely, the article focuses on PS’ institutional birth and early period and shows how broader political and ideological transformations had a significant impact on its discourse on Uruguayan democracy. Three components of such discourse are unpacked: The embrace of liberalism, the rejection of Marxism, and the uncritical engagement with the local political system, particularly the ‘traditional parties.’ The argument is supported by a systematic analysis of the (...)
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    Brazilian Political Scientists and the Cold War: Soviet Hearts, North-American Minds.Lidiane Soares Rodrigues - 2020 - Science in Context 33 (2):145-169.
    ArgumentThe process of institutionalization of Political Science in Brazil was conditioned by the country’s position in the geopolitical scenario proper to the Cold War, strongly affected by the influence of the USA and, later on, by the military dictatorship experienced between 1964 and 1985. The first Brazilian professionalized political scientists were, during their youth, anti-Stalinist revolutionary militants. They had been financed by the Ford Foundation to pursue their PhDs in the USA. In this paper, I argue that the north-American model (...)
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    Historicizing the Comparative Survey of Freedom: Tracing the Social Trajectory of an Influential Indicator.Emily Zerndt - 2020 - Science in Context 33 (2):121-144.
    ArgumentThe Comparative Survey of Freedom, first published by Freedom House in 1973, is now the most widely used indicator of democracy by both academics and the U.S. government alike. However, literature examining the Survey’s origins is virtually nonexistent. In this article, I use archival records to challenge Freedom House’s retrospective account of the indicator’s creation. Rather than the outcome of a scientific methodology by multiple social scientists, the Survey was produced by a single political scientist, Raymond Gastil, according to his (...)
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  6.  5
    Physiology and Philhellenism in the Late Nineteenth Century: The Self-Fashioning of Emil du Bois-Reymond.Lea Beiermann & Elisabeth Wesseling - 2020 - Science in Context 33 (1):19-35.
    ArgumentNineteenth-century Prussia was deeply entrenched in philhellenism, which affected the ideological framework of its public institutions. At Berlin’s Friedrich Wilhelm University, philhellenism provided the rationale for a persistent elevation of the humanities over the burgeoning experimental life sciences. Despite this outspoken hierarchy, professor of physiology Emil du Bois-Reymond eventually managed to increase the prestige of his discipline considerably. We argue that du Bois-Reymond’s use of philhellenic repertoires in his expositions on physiology for the educated German public contributed to the rise (...)
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    Practices of Reasoning: Persuasion and Refutation in a Seventeenth-Century Chinese Mathematical Treatise of “Linear Algebra”.Jiang-Ping Jeff Chen - 2020 - Science in Context 33 (1):65-93.
    ArgumentThis article documents the reasoning in a mathematical work by Mei Wending, one of the most prolific mathematicians in seventeenth-century China. Based on an analysis of the mathematical content, we present Mei’s systematic treatment of this particular genre of problems, fangcheng, and his efforts to refute the traditional practices in works that appeared earlier. His arguments were supported by the epistemological values he utilized to establish his system and refute the flaws in the traditional approaches. Moreover, in the context of (...)
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    Reconsidering the Ignorabimus: Du Bois-Reymond and the Hard Problem of Consciousness.Paolo Pecere - 2020 - Science in Context 33 (1):1-18.
    ArgumentIn this paper I present an interpretation of du Bois-Reymond’s thesis on the impossibility of a scientific explanation of consciousness and of its present importance. I reconsider du Bois-Reymond’s speech “On the limits of natural science” in the context of nineteenth-century German philosophy and neurophysiology, pointing out connections and analogies with contemporary arguments on the “hard problem of consciousness.” Du Bois-Reymond’s position turns out to be grounded on an epistemological argument and characterized by a metaphysical skepticism, motivated by the unfruitful (...)
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    The Procedure of the Section of Pieces of Areas in Li Ye and Yang Hui’s Works: Genealogy of Diagrams and Equations.Charlotte-V. Pollet - 2020 - Science in Context 33 (1):37-63.
    ArgumentThe study of algebra in China has often focused on the algebraic “procedure of the Celestial Source.” Its geometrical ancestors are less known. The Yigu yanduan, authored by Li Ye, presents the procedure alongside its two geometrical counterparts, the “Section of Pieces [of Areas]” and the “Old Procedure.” The three procedures are known to represent three generations of algorithms used to set up quadratic equations. A similar geometrical procedure appears in a treatise written by Yang Hui. Although the procedures look (...)
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