13 found

Year:

  1.  3
    Marsilius of Inghen on Incipit and Desinit in Consequentiae II, Chapters 4-5.Ciola Graziana - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):170-198.
    _ Source: _Volume 55, Issue 1-3, pp 170 - 198 In this paper, the author offers an introduction to Marsilius of Inghen’s treatment of _expositiones_ of sentences _de incipit_ and _de desinit_ in his treatise on _Consequentiae_, with an analysis of the various _modi exponendi_ presented by Marsilius and an edition of the text. The author argues that, in the split between physical and logical approaches to the issues arising in analyses of _incipit_ and _desinit_, Marsilius’ theory presents some hybrid (...)
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  2.  46
    The Limit Decision Problem and Four-Dimensionalism.Damiano Costa - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):199-216.
    I argue that medieval solutions to the limit decision problem imply four-dimensionalism, i.e. the view according to which substances that persist through time are extended through time as well as through space, and have different temporal parts at different times.
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  3.  1
    Quasi-Aristotelians and Proto-Scotists.William O. Duba - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):60-84.
    _ Source: _Volume 55, Issue 1-3, pp 60 - 84 In a seminal article, Simo Knuuttila and Anja Inkeri Lehtinen drew attention to a “curious doctrine” holding that contradictories can be true at the same temporal instant, and identified the major defenders of the doctrine as John Baconthorpe, Landolfo Caracciolo, and Hugh of Novocastro. Normann Kretzmann later asserted as fact the suggestion by Knuuttila and Inkeri Lehtinen that the doctrine comes from a misreading of a passage from Aristotle’s _Physics_. In (...)
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  4. Introduction.Frédéric Goubier & Magali Roques - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):1-8.
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  5.  1
    Change and Contradiction in Henry of Ghent.Simo Knuuttila - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):22-35.
    _ Source: _Volume 55, Issue 1-3, pp 22 - 35 Hugh of Novocastro, Landolfo Caracciolo, John Baconthorpe, and some other medieval authors argued that there are real contradictions in nature. The background of this early fourteenth-century theory was the Aristotelian question of how to determine the instant of change between p and ~p. The argument was that these are simultaneously true at the temporal instant of change if it is an instant of changing. The author’s aim is to discuss the (...)
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  6.  1
    Contradictory Change.Greg Littmann - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):227-236.
    _ Source: _Volume 55, Issue 1-3, pp 227 - 236 Graham Priest has argued that changes occur at a moment of change in which objects are in a contradictory state, being in both the state changed from and the state changed to. In “Moments of Change,” the current author rejected this model on the grounds that every change would require an infinite number of other changes, and that for similar regress problems, the model is not compatible with the Leibniz Continuity (...)
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  7.  2
    The Blessed Virgin and the Two Time-Series: Hervaeus Natalis and Durand of St. Pourçain on Limit Decision.Can Laurens Löwe - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):36-59.
    _ Source: _Volume 55, Issue 1-3, pp 36 - 59 This paper examines the accounts of limit decision advanced by Hervaeus Natalis and Durand of St. Pourçain in their respective discussions of the sanctification of the Blessed Virgin. Hervaeus and Durand argue, against Aristotle, that the temporal limits of certain changes, including Mary’s sanctification, should be assigned in discrete rather than continuous time. The paper first considers Hervaeus’ discussion of limit decision and argues that, for Hervaeus, a solution of temporal (...)
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  8.  7
    Contradiction and the Instant of Change Revisited.Graham Priest - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):217-226.
    _ Source: _Volume 55, Issue 1-3, pp 217 - 226 Instantaneous changes may well be thought to give rise to contradiction. If one endorses an explosive logic, where contradictions entail everything, this is entirely unacceptable. However, if one deploys a paraconsistent logic, which keeps contradictions under control, one may give perfectly coherent and precise models of such changes. In _In Contradiction_ the author showed how and he explored the philosophical implications of the model. Here, the author revisits the issue in (...)
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  9.  2
    William of Ockham on the Instant of Change.Magali Roques - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):130-151.
    _ Source: _Volume 55, Issue 1-3, pp 130 - 151 Ockham’s approach to the problem of the instant of change as it is found in the _Summa logicae_ I, chapter 5, and II, chapter 19, is usually described as “purely logical,” narrowing the treatment of “begins” and “ceases” to simplistic cases. The aim of this paper is to complement our knowledge of Ockham’s position on the problem of the instant of change by analysing the treatment of the problem he gives (...)
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  10. Indivisible Temporal Boundaries From Aristophanes Until Today.Niko Strobach - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):9-21.
    _ Source: _Volume 55, Issue 1-3, pp 9 - 21 This paper provides a short historical and systematic survey of parameters, problems, and proposals concerning the theoretical treatment of indivisible temporal boundaries throughout the ages. A very early trace of thinking about them is identified in Aristophanes’ comedy _The Clouds_. The approach of logicians in the late Middle Ages is placed in a broad context. Links of this topic to the issues of vagueness, modality, space and quantized time are discussed.
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  11.  3
    Mathematics and Physics of First and Last Instants: Walter Burley and William of Ockham.Edith Dudley Sylla - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):103-129.
    _ Source: _Volume 55, Issue 1-3, pp 103 - 129 In his _De primo et ultimo instanti_, Walter Burley paid careful attention to continuity, assuming that continua included and were limited by indivisibles such as instants, points, _ubi_, degrees of quality, or _mutata esse_. In his _Tractatus primus_, Burley applied the logic of first and last instants to reach novel conclusions about qualities and qualitative change. At the end of his _Quaestiones in libros Physicorum Aristotelis_, William of Ockham used long (...)
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  12.  1
    Walter Burley on the Incipit and Desinit of an Instant of Time.Cecilia Trifogli - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):85-102.
    _ Source: _Volume 55, Issue 1-3, pp 85 - 102 Walter Burley is the author of a treatise, entitled _De primo et ultimo instanti_, which is regarded as the most popular medieval work on the problem of assigning first and last instants of being to permanent things. In this paper, however, the author does not deal with this treatise directly. She looks instead at Burley’s _Physics_ commentary to see how he applies the ideas presented in _De primo et ultimo instanti_ (...)
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  13. Nicholas of Autrecourt’s Quaestio de Intensione Visionis Revisited: The Scola Oxoniensis and Parisian Masters on Limit Decision Problems.Walker Gustavo Fernández - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):152-169.
    _ Source: _Volume 55, Issue 1-3, pp 152 - 169 Previously, the author tried to show that some arguments in one of the two versions of Nicholas of Autrecourt’s _Quaestio de intensione visionis_ are taken almost verbatim from the anonymous _Tractatus de sex inconvenientibus_. This paper concentrates on the arguments themselves in order to consider two main issues: the ‘translatability’ of limit decision problems, manifest in Autrecourt’s juxtaposition of questions _de maximo et minimo, de primo et ultimo instanti_, and the (...)
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