19 found

Year:

  1.  11
    Walter Chatton on Enumerating the Categories.Jenny Pelletier - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (4):311-334.
    _ Source: _Page Count 24 Although the fourteenth-century Franciscan theologian Walter Chatton did not comment on Aristotle’s _Categories_, he discussed a number of issues relating to categories in his _Lectura_ on the _Sentences_. The author examines his response to the question ‘How many categories are there?’ He gives three methods by which we can arrive at the number of the categories, the last two of which seem to meet his approval. Chatton advocates a strong isomorphism between ontology and semantics: the (...)
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  2.  2
    Paradoxes of Signification.Stephen Read - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (4):335-355.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 335 - 355 Ian Rumfitt has recently drawn our attention to a couple of paradoxes of signification, claiming that although Thomas Bradwardine’s “multiple-meanings” account of truth and signification can solve the first of them, it cannot solve the second. The paradoxes of signification were in fact much discussed by Bradwardine’s successors in the fourteenth century. Bradwardine’s solution appears to turn on a distinction between the principal and the consequential signification of an utterance. However, (...)
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  3.  9
    Petri Thomae Quaestiones de Esse Intelligibili, Written by Garrett R. Smith.Chris Schabel - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (4):357-362.
  4. Sleepwalking Through the Thirteenth Century: Some Medieval Latin Commentaries on Aristotle’s De Somno Et Vigilia 2.456a24-27. [REVIEW]Christina Thomsen Thörnqvist - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (4):286-310.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 286 - 310 In _De somno et vigilia_, Aristotle states that sleep is an incapacitation of the first sense organ that occurs when the capacity for sensation has been exceeded. In the same treatise, however, Aristotle also mentions the phenomenon of motion and other waking acts performed in sleep and claims that sense perception is a necessary condition for such acts to occur. When the medieval exegesis on the _Parva naturalia_ evolved in the (...)
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  5. Sextus Empiricus’ Outlines of Pyrrhonism in the Middle Ages.Roland Wittwer - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (4):255-285.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 255 - 285 This paper examines the authorship and reception of the medieval translation of Sextus Empiricus’ _Outlines of Pyrrhonism_. It is shown that its traditional ascription to Niccolò da Reggio cannot be maintained, because the translation must have circulated already in the late 1270s. Its author is difficult to identify: the closest stylistic parallels are found with the anonymous translator of Aristotle’s _De partibus animalium_. With Alvaro of Oviedo and the otherwise unknown (...)
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  6.  9
    The ‘English Rule’ in Master Anonymous’ Question 6 on the Perihermeneias: Utrum Nomina Obliqua Sint Nomina Apud Logicum.Michael Joseph Fitzgerald † - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (2-3):166-172.
  7.  12
    Descartes on the Eternal Truths and Essences of Mathematics: An Alternative Reading.Helen Hattab - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (2-3):204-249.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 2-3, pp 204 - 249 René Descartes is neither a Conceptualist nor a Platonist when it comes to the ontological status of the eternal truths and essences of mathematics but articulates a view derived from Proclus. There are several advantages to interpreting Descartes’ texts in light of Proclus’ view of universals and philosophy of mathematics. Key passages that, on standard readings, are in conflict are reconciled if we read Descartes as appropriating Proclus’ threefold distinction among (...)
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  8.  13
    The Notitia Intuitiva and Notitia Abstractiva of the External Senses in Second Scholasticism: Suárez, Poinsot and Francisco de Oviedo.Daniel Heider - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (2-3):173-203.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 2-3, pp 173 - 203 This paper analyzes the theories of three representatives of Second Scholasticism, namely Francisco Suárez, SJ, John Poinsot, OP, and Francisco de Oviedo, SJ, on the issue of the intuitive and abstractive cognition of the external senses. Based on a comparison of their theories, linked to the historical starting point of the debate in the first decades of the fourteenth century, the paper argues that the doctrinal and argumentative matrix of these (...)
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  9.  12
    William of Ockham’s Ontology of Arithmetic.Magali Roques - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (2-3):146-165.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 2-3, pp 146 - 165 Ockham’s ontology of arithmetic, specifically his position on the ontological status of natural numbers, has not yet attracted the attention of scholars. Yet it occupies a central role in his nominalism; specifically, Ockham’s position on numbers constitutes a third part of his ontological reductionism, alongside his doctrines of universals and the categories, which have long been recognized to constitute the first two parts. That is, the first part of this program (...)
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  10.  8
    Eckhart, Lost in Translation_: La Traduction de _Sh-H-R Par Yehuda Alharizi Et Ses Implications Philosophiques.Shalom Sadik - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (2-3):125-145.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 2-3, pp 125 - 145 Maimonides’s _Guide for the Perplexed_ had a significant influence on both Jewish and Christian philosophy, although the vast majority of Jewish and Christian readers in the Middle Ages could not read the original Judeo-Arabic text. Instead, they had access to the text through Hebrew and Latin translations. The article focuses on words derived from the root _sh-h-r_ in the original text of Maimonides, first on the understanding of Maimonides himself, where (...)
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  11.  11
    Zugänge zum Selbst. Innere Erfahrung in Spätmittelalter und früher Neuzeit, written by Christian Rode.Sonja Schierbaum - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (2-3):251-253.
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  12.  8
    The ‘English Rule’ in Master Anonymous’ Question 6 on the Perihermeneias_: _Utrum Nomina Obliqua Sint Nomina Apud Logicum.Michael Joseph Fitzgerald † - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (2-3):166-172.
  13.  15
    Aristotle’s Categories in the Byzantine, Arabic and Latin Traditions_ _, Written by Sten Ebbesen, John Marenbon, and Paul Thom.Bert Bos - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (1):109-112.
  14.  17
    Review. [REVIEW]Therese Scarpelli Cory - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (1):117-121.
  15.  15
    Duns Scotus’s Theory of Cognition_ _, Written by Richard Cross.Therese Scarpelli Cory - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (1):117-121.
  16.  33
    Aquinas on Forms, Substances and Artifacts.Anna Marmodoro & Ben Page - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (1):1-21.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 1 - 21 Thomas Aquinas sees a sharp metaphysical distinction between artifacts and substances, but does not offer any explicit account of it. We argue that for Aquinas the contribution that an artisan makes to the generation of an artifact compromises the causal responsibility of the form of that artifact for what the artifact is; hence it compromises the metaphysical unity of the artifact to that of an accidental unity. By contrast, the metaphysical (...)
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  17.  15
    Fragments of Marsilio Ficino’s Translations and Use of Proclus’ Elements of Theology_ and _Elements of Physics: Evidence and Study.Denis Robichaud - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (1):46-107.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 46 - 107 The present paper discusses the question of Marsilio Ficino’s lost translations of Proclus’ _Elements of Physics_ and _Elements of Theology_. It reviews all known evidence for Ficino’s work on the _Elements of Physics_ and _Elements of Theology_, examines new references and fragments of these texts in Ficino’s manuscripts, especially in his personal manuscript of Plotinus’ _Enneads_, and studies how they fit within the Florentine’s philosophical oeuvre. The present case studies of (...)
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  18.  15
    Peter Olivi on Political Power, Will, and Human Agency.Juhana Toivanen - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (1):22-45.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 22 - 45 This essay discusses the views of Peter Olivi on the foundations of political power and agency. The central argument is that there is a strong connection between Olivi’s voluntarist psychology and his views concerning political power. According to Olivi, political power is ultimately based on the will of God, but in such a way that both the rulers and their subjects have, through their individual freedom, the liberty to use their (...)
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  19.  14
    Peter of Spain: Summaries of Logic: Text, Translation, Introduction, and Notes_ _, Written by Brian P. Copenhaver, with Calvin G. Normore and Terence Parsons.Sara L. Uckelman - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (1):113-116.
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