Year:

Forthcoming articles
  1.  7
    Heidi Furey (forthcoming). Aristotle and Autism: Reconsidering a Radical Shift to Virtue Ethics in Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Virtue-based approaches to engineering ethics have recently received considerable attention within the field of engineering education. Proponents of virtue ethics in engineering argue that the approach is practically and pedagogically superior to traditional approaches to engineering ethics, including the study of professional codes of ethics and normative theories of behavior. This paper argues that a virtue-based approach, as interpreted in the current literature, is neither practically or pedagogically effective for a significant subpopulation within engineering: engineers with high functioning autism spectrum (...)
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  2.  24
    Richard Heersmink (forthcoming). Distributed Cognition and Distributed Morality: Agency, Artifacts and Systems. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    There are various philosophical approaches and theories describing the intimate relation people have to artifacts. In this paper, I explore the relation between two such theories, namely distributed cognition and distributed morality theory. I point out a number of similarities and differences in these views regarding the ontological status they attribute to artifacts and the larger systems they are part of. Having evaluated and compared these views, I continue by focussing on the way cognitive artifacts are used in moral practice. (...)
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  3.  7
    Renan Moritz V. R. Almeida, Karina de Albuquerque Rocha, Fernanda Catelani, Aldo José Fontes-Pereira & Sonia M. R. Vasconcelos (forthcoming). Plagiarism Allegations Account for Most Retractions in Major Latin American/Caribbean Databases. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    This study focuses on retraction notices from two major Latin American/Caribbean indexing databases: SciELO and LILACS. SciELO includes open scientific journals published mostly in Latin America/the Caribbean, from which 10 % are also indexed by Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Journal of Citation Reports. LILACS has a similar geographical coverage and includes dissertations and conference/symposia proceedings, but it is limited to publications in the health sciences. A search for retraction notices was performed in these two databases using the keywords “retracted”, (...)
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  4.  5
    T. C. Erren, D. M. Shaw & P. Morfeld (forthcoming). Analyzing the Publish-or-Perish Paradigm with Game Theory: The Prisoner’s Dilemma and a Possible Escape. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  5.  7
    Helen Nissenbaum (forthcoming). Respecting Context to Protect Privacy: Why Meaning Matters. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  6.  4
    Maximilian Schochow, Dajana Schnell & Florian Steger (forthcoming). Implementation of Clinical Ethics Consultation in German Hospitals. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  7.  2
    Shahryar Sorooshian (forthcoming). Conference Wolves in Sheep’s Clothing. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    In some cases, organizing a conference resembles a high-profit business. Some of these conferences are wolves in sheep’s clothing. This article draws readers’ attention to current examples of such unethical business conferences.
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  8.  2
    Shahryar Sorooshian (forthcoming). Fake Graduates. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    There is growing concern regarding the erosion of industries’ trust in the reliability and validity of university graduates. Fake graduates are described in this letter. This article endeavors to warn of a new version of the scholarly black market, in which theses and dissertations are sold to students seeking to graduate under false pretenses.
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  9.  2
    Govindasamy Agoramoorthy (forthcoming). Multiple First Authors as Equal Contributors: Is It Ethical? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  10. Marko Ahteensuu (forthcoming). Synthetic Biology, Genome Editing, and the Risk of Bioterrorism. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    The SynBioSecurity argument says that synthetic biology introduces new risks of intentional misuse of synthetic pathogens and that, therefore, there is a need for extra regulations and oversight. This paper provides an analysis of the argument, sets forth a new version of it, and identifies three developments that raise biosecurity risks compared to the situation earlier. The developments include a spread of the required know-how, improved availability of the techniques, instruments and biological parts, and new technical possibilities such as “resurrecting” (...)
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  11.  10
    Mehmet Aközer & Emel Aközer (forthcoming). Ethics Teaching in Higher Education for Principled Reasoning: A Gateway for Reconciling Scientific Practice with Ethical Deliberation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-36.
    This paper proposes laying the groundwork for principled moral reasoning as a seminal goal of ethics interventions in higher education, and on this basis, makes a case for educating future specialists and professionals with a foundation in philosophical ethics. Identification of such a seminal goal is warranted by the progressive dissociation of scientific practice and ethical deliberation since the onset of a problematic relationship between science and ethics around the mid-19th century, and the extensive mistrust of integrating ethics in science (...)
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  12.  3
    Aceil Al-Khatib & Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva (forthcoming). What Rights Do Authors Have? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  13.  1
    Marwan Albahar (forthcoming). Cyber Attacks and Terrorism: A Twenty-First Century Conundrum. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    In the recent years, an alarming rise in the incidence of cyber attacks has made cyber security a major concern for nations across the globe. Given the current volatile socio-political environment and the massive increase in the incidence of terrorism, it is imperative that government agencies rapidly realize the possibility of cyber space exploitation by terrorist organizations and state players to disrupt the normal way of life. The threat level of cyber terrorism has never been as high as it is (...)
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  14.  1
    Omar J. Alkhatib (forthcoming). A Moral Framework for the Judgment of Actions and Decisions in the Construction Industry and Engineering: Part II. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-25.
    The construction industry is typically characterized as a fragmented, multi-organizational setting in which members from different technical backgrounds and moral values join together to develop a particular business or project. The most challenging obstacle in the construction process is to achieve a successful practice and to identify and apply an ethical framework to manage the behavior of involved specialists and contractors and to ensure the quality of all completed construction activities. The framework should reflect a common moral ground for myriad (...)
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  15.  13
    M. Peiffer Ann, E. Hugenschmidt Christina & J. Laurienti Paul (forthcoming). Ethics in 15 Min Per Week. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    The demand for science trainees to have appropriate responsible conduct of research instruction continues to increase the attention shown by federal agencies and graduate school programs to the development of effective ethics curriculums. However, it is important to consider that the main learning environment for science graduate students and post-doctoral research fellows is within a laboratory setting. Here we discuss an internal laboratory program of weekly 15-minute ethics discussions implemented and used over the last 3 years in addition to the (...)
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  16.  13
    Hutan Ashrafian (forthcoming). Can Artificial Intelligences Suffer From Mental Illness? A Philosophical Matter to Consider. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    The potential for artificial intelligences and robotics in achieving the capacity of consciousness, sentience and rationality offers the prospect that these agents have minds. If so, then there may be a potential for these minds to become dysfunctional, or for artificial intelligences and robots to suffer from mental illness. The existence of artificially intelligent psychopathology can be interpreted through the philosophical perspectives of mental illness. This offers new insights into what it means to have either robot or human mental disorders, (...)
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  17.  4
    Diana Bairaktarova & Anna Woodcock (forthcoming). Engineering Student’s Ethical Awareness and Behavior: A New Motivational Model. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    Professional communities are experiencing scandals involving unethical and illegal practices daily. Yet it should not take a national major structure failure to highlight the importance of ethical awareness and behavior, or the need for the development and practice of ethical behavior in engineering students. Development of ethical behavior skills in future engineers is a key competency for engineering schools as ethical behavior is a part of the professional identity and practice of engineers. While engineering educators have somewhat established instructional methods (...)
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  18.  9
    Gianmarco Baldini, Maarten Botterman, Ricardo Neisse & Mariachiara Tallacchini (forthcoming). Ethical Design in the Internet of Things. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    Even though public awareness about privacy risks in the Internet is increasing, in the evolution of the Internet to the Internet of Things these risks are likely to become more relevant due to the large amount of data collected and processed by the “Things”. The business drivers for exploring ways to monetize such data are one of the challenges identified in this paper for the protection of Privacy in the IoT. Beyond the protection of privacy, this paper highlights the need (...)
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  19. Michael J. Bernstein, Kiera Reifschneider, Ira Bennett & Jameson M. Wetmore (forthcoming). Science Outside the Lab: Helping Graduate Students in Science and Engineering Understand the Complexities of Science Policy. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Helping scientists and engineers challenge received assumptions about how science, engineering, and society relate is a critical cornerstone for macroethics education. Scientific and engineering research are frequently framed as first steps of a value-free linear model that inexorably leads to societal benefit. Social studies of science and assessments of scientific and engineering research speak to the need for a more critical approach to the noble intentions underlying these assumptions. “Science Outside the Lab” is a program designed to help early-career scientists (...)
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  20.  8
    Annibale Biggeri & Mariachiara Tallacchini (forthcoming). Information and Communication Technologies, Genes, and Peer-Production of Knowledge to Empower Citizens’ Health. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    The different and seemingly unrelated practices of Information and Communication Technologies used to collect and share personal and scientific data within networked communities, and the organized storage of human genetic samples and information—namely biobanking—have merged with another recent epistemic and social phenomenon, namely scientists and citizens collaborating as “peers” in creating knowledge. These different dimensions can be found in joint initiatives where scientists-and-citizens use genetic information and ICT as powerful ways to gain more control over their health and the environment. (...)
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  21.  4
    Alejandra Boni, José Javier Sastre & Carola Calabuig (forthcoming). Educating Engineers for the Public Good Through International Internships: Evidence From a Case Study at Universitat Politècnica de València. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    At Universitat Politècnica de València, Meridies, an internship programme that places engineering students in countries of Latin America, is one of the few opportunities the students have to explore the implications of being a professional in society in a different cultural and social context. This programme was analyzed using the capabilities approach as a frame of reference for examining the effects of the programme on eight student participants. The eight pro-public-good capabilities proposed by Melanie Walker were investigated through semi-structured interviews. (...)
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  22.  6
    Idil Boran (forthcoming). Principles of Public Reason. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Since 2011, the focus of international negotiations under the UNFCCC has been on producing a new climate agreement to be adopted in 2015. This phase of negotiations is known as the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action. The goal has been to update the global effort on climate for long-term cooperation. In this period, various changes have been contemplated on the design of the architecture of the global climate effort. Whereas previously, the negotiation process consisted of setting mandated targets exclusively for (...)
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  23.  8
    Dennis Bray & Hans von Storch (forthcoming). The Normative Orientations of Climate Scientists. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    In 1942 Robert K. Merton tried to demonstrate the structure of the normative system of science by specifying the norms that characterized it. The norms were assigned the abbreviation CUDOs: Communism, Universalism, Disinterestedness, and Organized skepticism. Using the results of an on-line survey of climate scientists concerning the norms of science, this paper explores the climate scientists’ subscription to these norms. The data suggests that while Merton’s CUDOs remain the overall guiding moral principles, they are not fully endorsed or present (...)
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  24.  6
    Karim Bschir (forthcoming). Risk, Uncertainty and Precaution in Science: The Threshold of the Toxicological Concern Approach in Food Toxicology. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Environmental risk assessment is often affected by severe uncertainty. The frequently invoked precautionary principle helps to guide risk assessment and decision-making in the face of scientific uncertainty. In many contexts, however, uncertainties play a role not only in the application of scientific models but also in their development. Building on recent literature in the philosophy of science, this paper argues that precaution should be exercised at the stage when tools for risk assessment are developed as well as when they are (...)
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  25.  14
    Katherine Austin Byron Newberry, Greta Gorsuch William Lawson & Thomas Darwin (forthcoming). Acclimating International Graduate Students to Professional Engineering Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    This article describes the education portion of an ongoing grant-sponsored education and research project designed to help graduate students in all engineering disciplines learn about the basic ethical principles, rules, and obligations associated with engineering practice in the United States. While the curriculum developed for this project is used for both domestic and international students, the educational materials were designed to be sensitive to the specific needs of international graduate students. In recent years, engineering programs in the United States have (...)
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  26.  2
    Ryan C. Campbell & Denise Wilson (forthcoming). Engineers’ Responsibilities for Global Electronic Waste: Exploring Engineering Student Writing Through a Care Ethics Lens. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-32.
    This paper provides an empirically informed perspective on the notion of responsibility using an ethical framework that has received little attention in the engineering-related literature to date: ethics of care. In this work, we ground conceptual explorations of engineering responsibility in empirical findings from engineering student’s writing on the human health and environmental impacts of “backyard” electronic waste recycling/disposal. Our findings, from a purposefully diverse sample of engineering students in an introductory electrical engineering course, indicate that most of these engineers (...)
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  27.  9
    Corinne Cath & Luciano Floridi (forthcoming). The Design of the Internet’s Architecture by the Internet Engineering Task Force and Human Rights. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    The debate on whether and how the Internet can protect and foster human rights has become a defining issue of our time. This debate often focuses on Internet governance from a regulatory perspective, underestimating the influence and power of the governance of the Internet’s architecture. The technical decisions made by Internet Standard Developing Organisations that build and maintain the technical infrastructure of the Internet influences how information flows. They rearrange the shape of the technically mediated public sphere, including which rights (...)
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  28.  4
    Angela Cirigliano, Orlando Cenciarelli, Andrea Malizia, Carlo Bellecci, Pasquale Gaudio, Michele Lioj & Teresa Rinaldi (forthcoming). Biological Dual-Use Research and Synthetic Biology of Yeast. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    In recent years, the publication of the studies on the transmissibility in mammals of the H5N1 influenza virus and synthetic genomes has triggered heated and concerned debate within the community of scientists on biological dual-use research; these papers have raised the awareness that, in some cases, fundamental research could be directed to harmful experiments, with the purpose of developing a weapon that could be used by a bioterrorist. Here is presented an overview regarding the dual-use concept and its related international (...)
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  29.  2
    Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva (forthcoming). Copy-Paste: 2-Click Step to Success and Productivity That Underlies Self-Plagiarism. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
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  30. Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva (forthcoming). Reflection on the Fazlul Sarkar Versus PubPeer Case. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  31. Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva (forthcoming). “Data Not Shown” is No Longer Excusable in Biomedical Publishing. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  32. Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, Aceil Al-Khatib & Judit Dobránszki (forthcoming). Fortifying the Corrective Nature of Post-Publication Peer Review: Identifying Weaknesses, Use of Journal Clubs, and Rewarding Conscientious Behavior. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    Most departments in any field of science that have a sound academic basis have discussion groups or journal clubs in which pertinent and relevant literature is frequently discussed, as a group. This paper shows how such discussions could help to fortify the post-publication peer review movement, and could thus fortify the value of traditional peer review, if their content and conclusions were made known to the wider academic community. Recently, there are some tools available for making PPPR viable, either as (...)
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  33. Mehdi Dadkhah, Mohammad Lagzian & Glenn Borchardt (forthcoming). Identity Theft in the Academic World Leads to Junk Science. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-4.
    In recent years, identity theft has been growing in the academic world. Cybercriminals create fake profiles for prominent scientists in attempts to manipulate the review and publishing process. Without permission, some fraudulent journals use the names of standout researchers on their editorial boards in the effort to look legitimate. This opinion piece, highlights some of the usual types of identity theft and their role in spreading junk science. Some general guidelines that editors and researchers can use against such attacks are (...)
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  34.  22
    Boudewijn de Bruin & Luciano Floridi (forthcoming). The Ethics of Cloud Computing. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Cloud computing is rapidly gaining traction in business. It offers businesses online services on demand and allows them to cut costs on hardware and IT support. This is the first paper in business ethics dealing with this new technology. It analyzes the informational duties of hosting companies that own and operate cloud computing datacentres. It considers the cloud services providers leasing ‘space in the cloud’ from hosting companies. And it examines the business and private ‘clouders’ using these services. The first (...)
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  35.  3
    Joshua Dempsey, Justin Stamets & Kathleen Eggleson (forthcoming). Stakeholder Views of Nanosilver Linings: Macroethics Education and Automated Text Analysis Through Participatory Governance Role Play in a Workshop Format. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-27.
    The Nanosilver Linings role play case offers participants first-person experience with interpersonal interaction in the context of the wicked problems of emerging technology macroethics. In the fictional scenario, diverse societal stakeholders convene at a town hall meeting to consider whether a nanotechnology-enabled food packaging industry should be offered incentives to establish an operation in their economically struggling Midwestern city. This original creative work was built with a combination of elements, selected for their established pedagogical efficacy and as topical dimensions of (...)
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  36.  50
    W. Schienke Erich, D. Baum Seth, Kenneth Nancy Tuana & Klaus Keller J. Davis (forthcoming). Intrinsic Ethics Regarding Integrated Assessment Models for Climate Management. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    In this essay we develop and argue for the adoption of a more comprehensive model of research ethics than is included within current conceptions of responsible conduct of research (RCR). We argue that our model, which we label the ethical dimensions of scientific research (EDSR), is a more comprehensive approach to encouraging ethically responsible scientific research compared to the currently typically adopted approach in RCR training. This essay focuses on developing a pedagogical approach that enables scientists to better understand and (...)
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  37. Robert Evans, Michael McNamee & Owen Guy (forthcoming). Ethics, Nanobiosensors and Elite Sport: The Need for a New Governance Framework. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Individual athletes, coaches and sports teams seek continuously for ways to improve performance and accomplishment in elite competition. New techniques of performance analysis are a crucial part of the drive for athletic perfection. This paper discusses the ethical importance of one aspect of the future potential of performance analysis in sport, combining the field of biomedicine, sports engineering and nanotechnology in the form of ‘Nanobiosensors’. This innovative technology has the potential to revolutionise sport, enabling real time biological data to be (...)
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  38.  6
    Scott D. Gelfand (forthcoming). Using Insights From Applied Moral Psychology to Promote Ethical Behavior Among Engineering Students and Professional Engineers. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    In this essay I discuss a novel engineering ethics class that has the potential to significantly decrease the likelihood that students will inadvertently or unintentionally act unethically in the future. This class is different from standard engineering ethics classes in that it focuses on the issue of why people act unethically and how students can avoid a variety of hurdles to ethical behavior. I do not deny that it is important for students to develop cogent moral reasoning and ethical decision-making (...)
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  39.  1
    Gonzalo Génova & M. Rosario González (forthcoming). Educational Encounters of the Third Kind. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    An engineer who becomes an educator in a school of software engineering has the mission to teach how to design and construct software systems, therein applying his or her knowledge and expertise. However, due to their engineering background, engineers may forget that educating a person is not the same as designing a machine, since a machine has a well-defined goal, whilst a person is capable to self-propose his or her own objectives. The ethical implications are clear: educating a free person (...)
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  40.  20
    Jan Gogoll & Julian F. Müller (forthcoming). Autonomous Cars: In Favor of a Mandatory Ethics Setting. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    The recent progress in the development of autonomous cars has seen ethical questions come to the forefront. In particular, life and death decisions regarding the behavior of self-driving cars in trolley dilemma situations are attracting widespread interest in the recent debate. In this essay we want to ask whether we should implement a mandatory ethics setting for the whole of society or, whether every driver should have the choice to select his own personal ethics setting. While the consensus view seems (...)
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  41.  1
    Paolo Gonthier, Ivan Visentin, Danila Valentino, Giacomo Tamietti & Francesca Cardinale (forthcoming). The Legitimate Name of a Fungal Plant Pathogen and the Ethics of Publication in the Era of Traceability. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
    When more scientists describe independently the same species under different valid Latin names, a case of synonymy occurs. In such a case, the international nomenclature rules stipulate that the first name to appear on a peer-reviewed publication has priority over the others. Based on a recent episode involving priority determination between two competing names of the same fungal plant pathogen, this letter wishes to open a discussion on the ethics of scientific publications and points out the necessity of a correct (...)
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  42.  6
    Yoann Guntzburger, Thierry C. Pauchant & Philippe A. Tanguy (forthcoming). Ethical Risk Management Education in Engineering: A Systematic Review. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-28.
    Risk management is certainly one of the most important professional responsibilities of an engineer. As such, this activity needs to be combined with complex ethical reflections, and this requirement should therefore be explicitly integrated in engineering education. In this article, we analyse how this nexus between ethics and risk management is expressed in the engineering education research literature. It was done by reviewing 135 articles published between 1980 and March 1, 2016. These articles have been selected from 21 major journals (...)
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  43.  3
    Troy E. Hall, Jesse Engebretson, Michael O’Rourke, Zach Piso, Kyle Whyte & Sean Valles (forthcoming). Erratum To: The Need for Social Ethics in Interdisciplinary Environmental Science Graduate Programs: Results From a Nation-Wide Survey in the United States. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-1.
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  44.  4
    Simona Hašková (forthcoming). Holistic Assessment and Ethical Disputation on a New Trend in Solid Biofuels. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-11.
    A new trend in the production technology of solid biof uels has appeared. There is a wide consensus that most solid biofuels will be produced according to the new production methods within a few years. Numerous samples were manufactured from agro-residues according to conventional methods as well as new methods. Robust analyses that reviewed the hygienic, environmental, financial and ethical aspects were performed. The hygienic and environmental aspect was assessed by robust chemical and technical analyses. The financial aspect was assessed (...)
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  45.  16
    Raheleh Heidari, David Martin Shaw & Bernice Simone Elger (forthcoming). CRISPR and the Rebirth of Synthetic Biology. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    Emergence of novel genome engineering technologies such as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat has refocused attention on unresolved ethical complications of synthetic biology. Biosecurity concerns, deontological issues and human right aspects of genome editing have been the subject of in-depth debate; however, a lack of transparent regulatory guidelines, outdated governance codes, inefficient time-consuming clinical trial pathways and frequent misunderstanding of the scientific potential of cutting-edge technologies have created substantial obstacles to translational research in this area. While a precautionary principle (...)
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  46.  5
    Bjørn Hofmann (forthcoming). Toward a Method for Exposing and Elucidating Ethical Issues with Human Cognitive Enhancement Technologies. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    To develop a method for exposing and elucidating ethical issues with human cognitive enhancement. The intended use of the method is to support and facilitate open and transparent deliberation and decision making with respect to this emerging technology with great potential formative implications for individuals and society. Literature search to identify relevant approaches. Conventional content analysis of the identified papers and methods in order to assess their suitability for assessing HCE according to four selection criteria. Method development. Amendment after pilot (...)
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  47.  2
    Bjørn Hofmann, Dušan Haustein & Laurens Landeweerd (forthcoming). Smart-Glasses: Exposing and Elucidating the Ethical Issues. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    The objective of this study is to provide an overview over the ethical issues relevant to the assessment, implementation, and use of smart-glasses. The purpose of the overview is to facilitate deliberation, decision making, and the formation of knowledge and norms for this emerging technology. An axiological question-based method for human cognitive enhancement including an extensive literature search on smart-glasses is used to identify relevant ethical issues. The search is supplemented with relevant ethical issues identified in the literature on human (...)
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  48. S. P. J. M. Horbach & W. Halffman (forthcoming). Promoting Virtue or Punishing Fraud: Mapping Contrasts in the Language of ‘Scientific Integrity’. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-25.
    Even though integrity is widely considered to be an essential aspect of research, there is an ongoing debate on what actually constitutes research integrity. The understanding of integrity ranges from the minimal, only considering falsification, fabrication and plagiarism, to the maximum, blending into science ethics. Underneath these obvious contrasts, there are more subtle differences that are not as immediately evident. The debate about integrity is usually presented as a single, universal discussion, with shared concerns for researchers, policymakers and ‘the public’. (...)
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  49.  4
    Janet K. Kern, David A. Geier, Richard C. Deth, Lisa K. Sykes, Brian S. Hooker, James M. Love, Geir Bjørklund, Carmen G. Chaigneau, Boyd E. Haley & Mark R. Geier (forthcoming). Systematic Assessment of Research on Autism Spectrum Disorder and Mercury Reveals Conflicts of Interest and the Need for Transparency in Autism Research. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-30.
    Historically, entities with a vested interest in a product that critics have suggested is harmful have consistently used research to back their claims that the product is safe. Prominent examples are: tobacco, lead, bisphenol A, and atrazine. Research literature indicates that about 80–90 % of studies with industry affiliation found no harm from the product, while only about 10–20 % of studies without industry affiliation found no harm. In parallel to other historical debates, recent studies examining a possible relationship between (...)
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  50. Dušanka M. Krajnović & Dragana D. Jocić (forthcoming). Experience and Attitudes Toward Informed Consent in Pharmacy Practice Research: Do Pharmacists Care? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-11.
    The experience and attitudes of pharmacists towards research ethics through pharmacy practice research is largely unknown. This study sought to examine the pharmacists’ experience if they were research participants and their attitudes on the importance of informed consent in research practice. A cross-sectional survey was employed to achieve the aims of this study. The majority of 433 participating pharmacists were female ; the average age was 43.2 ± 9.5 years, and their average working experience was 15.0 ± 9.6 years. Almost (...)
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  51. Eun Ah Lee, Magdalena Grohman, Nicholas R. Gans, Marco Tacca & Matthew J. Brown (forthcoming). The Roles of Implicit Understanding of Engineering Ethics in Student Teams’ Discussion. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Following previous work that shows engineering students possess different levels of understanding of ethics—implicit and explicit—this study focuses on how students’ implicit understanding of engineering ethics influences their team discussion process, in cases where there is significant divergence between their explicit and implicit understanding. We observed student teams during group discussions of the ethical issues involved in their engineering design projects. Through the micro-scale discourse analysis based on cognitive ethnography, we found two possible ways in which implicit understanding influenced the (...)
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  52.  6
    Wei-Tau Lee, James A. Blumenthal & Kenneth H. Funk Ii (forthcoming). A Buddhist Perspective on Industrial Engineering and the Design of Work. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  53. Matthias Leese (forthcoming). Holding the Project Accountable: Research Governance, Ethics, and Democracy. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    This paper seeks to address research governance by highlighting the notion of public accountability as a complementary tool for the establishment of an ethical resonance space for emerging technologies. Public accountability can render development and design process of emerging technologies transparent through practices of holding those in charge of research accountable for their actions, thereby fostering ethical engagement with their potential negative consequences or side-effects. Through practices such as parliamentary questions, audits, and open letters emerging technologies could be effectively rendered (...)
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  54.  5
    Nicola Liberati (forthcoming). Teledildonics and New Ways of “Being in Touch”: A Phenomenological Analysis of the Use of Haptic Devices for Intimate Relations. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    The aim of this paper is to analyse teledildonics from a phenomenological perspective in order to show the possible effects they will have on ourselves and on our society. The new way of using digital technologies is to merge digital activities with our everyday praxes, and there are already devices which enable subjects to be digitally connected in every moment of their lives. Even the most intimate ones are becoming mediated by devices such as teledildonics which digitally provide a tactual (...)
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  55.  1
    Hui Lu, Hong Chen, Wei Du & Ruyin Long (forthcoming). Moral Values Congruence and Miners’ Policy Following Behavior: The Role of Supervisor Morality. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    Ethical culture construction is beneficial to maximize policy following behavior and avoid accidents of coal miners in an economic downturn. This paper examines the congruence between coal mine ethical culture values and miners’ moral values and the relationship with PFB. To shed light on this relationship, supervisor moral values act as a key moderator. We build on the initial structure of values to measure ECVs, MVs, and SMVs. At the same time, available congruence was defined to describe the relationship between (...)
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  56.  6
    Mónica Mendes, Pedro Ângelo, Nuno Correia & Valentina Nisi (forthcoming). Appropriating Video Surveillance for Art and Environmental Awareness: Experiences From ARTiVIS. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    Arts, Real-Time Video and Interactivity for Sustainability is an ongoing collaborative research project investigating how real-time video, DIY surveillance technologies and sensor data can be used as a tool for environmental awareness, activism and artistic explorations. The project consists of a series of digital contexts for aesthetic contemplation of nature and civic engagement, aiming to foster awareness and empowerment of local populations through DIY surveillance. At the core of the ARTIVIS efforts are a series of interactive installations, that make use (...)
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  57.  4
    Keith W. Miller, Marty J. Wolf & Frances Grodzinsky (forthcoming). This “Ethical Trap” Is for Roboticists, Not Robots: On the Issue of Artificial Agent Ethical Decision-Making. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    In this paper we address the question of when a researcher is justified in describing his or her artificial agent as demonstrating ethical decision-making. The paper is motivated by the amount of research being done that attempts to imbue artificial agents with expertise in ethical decision-making. It seems clear that computing systems make decisions, in that they make choices between different options; and there is scholarship in philosophy that addresses the distinction between ethical decision-making and general decision-making. Essentially, the qualitative (...)
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  58.  1
    Carl Mitcham & Elaine E. Englehardt (forthcoming). Ethics Across the Curriculum: Prospects for Broader Teaching and Learning in Research and Engineering Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-28.
    The movements to teach the responsible conduct of research and engineering ethics at technological universities are often unacknowledged aspects of the ethics across the curriculum movement and could benefit from explicit alliances with it. Remarkably, however, not nearly as much scholarly attention has been devoted to EAC as to RCR or to engineering ethics, and RCR and engineering ethics educational efforts are not always presented as facets of EAC. The emergence of EAC efforts at two different institutions—the Illinois Institute of (...)
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  59.  3
    Tyler J. Mulhearn, Logan M. Steele, Logan L. Watts, Kelsey E. Medeiros, Michael D. Mumford & Shane Connelly (forthcoming). Review of Instructional Approaches in Ethics Education. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics:1-30.
    Increased investment in ethics education has prompted a variety of instructional objectives and frameworks. Yet, no systematic procedure to classify these varying instructional approaches has been attempted. In the present study, a quantitative clustering procedure was conducted to derive a typology of instruction in ethics education. In total, 330 ethics training programs were included in the cluster analysis. The training programs were appraised with respect to four instructional categories including instructional content, processes, delivery methods, and activities. Eight instructional approaches were (...)
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  60.  4
    Susana Nascimento & Alexandre Pólvora (forthcoming). Maker Cultures and the Prospects for Technological Action. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Supported by easier and cheaper access to tools and expanding communities, maker cultures are pointing towards the ideas of everyone designing, creating, producing and distributing renewed, new and improved products, machines, things or artefacts. A careful analysis of the assumptions and challenges of maker cultures emphasizes the relevance of what may be called technological action, that is, active and critical interventions regarding the purposes and applications of technologies within ordinary lives, thus countering the deterministic trends of current directions of technology. (...)
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  61.  16
    Erica L. Neely (forthcoming). The Risks of Revolution: Ethical Dilemmas in 3D Printing From a US Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    Additive manufacturing has spread widely over the past decade, especially with the availability of home 3D printers. In the future, many items may be manufactured at home, which raises two ethical issues. First, there are questions of safety. Our current safety regulations depend on centralized manufacturing assumptions; they will be difficult to enforce on this new model of manufacturing. Using current US law as an example, I argue that consumers are not capable of fully assessing all relevant risks and thus (...)
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  62.  6
    Ann Nichols-Casebolt & Francis L. Macrina (forthcoming). Current Perspectives Regarding Institutional Conflict of Interest. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-7.
    Policies and processes dealing with institutional conflict of interest lag well behind those dealing with individual COI. To remediate this, academic institutions must develop strategies for addressing some of the unique challenges in iCOI, including: clarifying the definition of iCOI that addresses the range of individuals potentially involved; implementing a well-designed electronic database for reporting and managing iCOI across multiple leadership constituencies; and providing ongoing education to appropriate institutional officials that communicates the importance of managing iCOI.
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  63. Angelina P. Olesen, Siti Nurani Mohd Nor, Latifah Amin & Anisah Che Ngah (forthcoming). Public Perceptions of Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis in Malaysia. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis became well known in Malaysia after the birth of the first Malaysian ‘designer baby’, Yau Tak in 2004. Two years later, the Malaysian Medical Council implemented the first and only regulation on the use of Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis in this country. The birth of Yau Tak triggered a public outcry because PGD was used for non-medical sex selection thus, raising concerns about PGD and its implications for the society. This study aims to explore participants’ perceptions of the (...)
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  64.  2
    A. J. K. Pols (forthcoming). May Stakeholders Be Involved in Design Without Informed Consent? The Case of Hidden Design. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Stakeholder involvement in design is desirable from both a practical and an ethical point of view. It is difficult to do well, however, and some problems recur again and again, both of a practical nature, e.g. stakeholders acting strategically rather than openly, and of an ethical nature, e.g. power imbalances unduly affecting the outcome of the process. Hidden Design has been proposed as a method to deal with the practical problems of stakeholder involvement. It aims to do so by taking (...)
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  65.  4
    Milenko Rakic, Isabelle Wienand, David Shaw, Rebecca Nast & Bernice S. Elger (forthcoming). Autonomy and Fear of Synthetic Biology: How Can Patients’ Autonomy Be Enhanced in the Field of Synthetic Biology? A Qualitative Study with Stable Patients. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    We analyzed stable patients’ views regarding synthetic biology in general, the medical application of synthetic biology, and their potential participation in trials of synthetic biology in particular. The aim of the study was to find out whether patients’ views and preferences change after receiving more detailed information about synthetic biology and its clinical applications. The qualitative study was carried out with a purposive sample of 36 stable patients, who suffered from diabetes or gout. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, translated and fully (...)
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  66.  6
    Barbara K. Redman (forthcoming). Commentary: Legacy of the Commission on Research Integrity. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    20 years ago, the Report of the Commission on Research Integrity was submitted to the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services and to House and Senate Committees. As directed in enabling legislation, the Commission had provided recommendations on a new definition of research misconduct, oversight of scientific practices, and development of a regulation to protect whistleblowers. Reflecting the ethos of the time, the Commission recommended that institutions receiving Public Health Service research funding should provide oversight of all (...)
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  67.  7
    David B. Resnik (forthcoming). Institutional Conflicts of Interest in Academic Research. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    Financial relationships in academic research can create institutional conflicts of interest because the financial interests of the institution or institutional officials may inappropriately influence decision-making. Strategies for dealing with institutional COIs include establishing institutional COI committees that involve the board of trustees in conflict review and management, developing policies that shield institutional decisions from inappropriate influences, and establishing private foundations that are independent of the institution to own stock and intellectual property and to provide capital to start-up companies.
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  68. Arif Sari (forthcoming). E-Government Attempts in Small Island Developing States: The Rate of Corruption with Virtualization. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    In recent years, many Small Island Developing State governments have worked to increase openness and transparency of their transactions as a means to enhance efficiency and reduce corruption in their economies. In order to achieve a cost-effective and efficient strategy to implement a transparent government, Information Communication Technologies offer an opportunity of virtualization by deploying e-government services to promote transparency, accountability and consistency in the public sector and to minimize corruption. This paper explores the potential impact of government virtualization by (...)
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  69.  1
    Maximilian Schochow, Giovanni Rubeis & Florian Steger (forthcoming). The Application of Standards and Recommendations to Clinical Ethics Consultation in Practice: An Evaluation at German Hospitals. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-7.
    The executive board of the Academy for Ethics in Medicine and two AEM working groups formulated standards and recommendations for clinical ethics consultation in 2010, 2011, and 2013. These guidelines comply with the international standards like those set by the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. There is no empirical data available yet that could indicate whether these standards and recommendations have been implemented in German hospitals. This desideratum is addressed in the present study. We contacted 1.858 German hospitals between (...)
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  70.  1
    Shan Ming, Le Yun, T. W. Yiu Kenneth, P. C. Chan Albert & Hu Yi (forthcoming). Investigating the Underlying Factors of Corruption in the Public Construction Sector: Evidence From China. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    Over recent years, the issue of corruption in the public construction sector has attracted increasing attention from both practitioners and researchers worldwide. However, limited efforts are available for investigating the underlying factors of corruption in this sector. Thus, this study attempted to bridge this knowledge gap by exploring the underlying factors of corruption in the public construction sector of China. To achieve this goal, a total of 14 structured interviews were first carried out, and a questionnaire survey was then administered (...)
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  71. Jessica M. Smith, Carrie J. McClelland & Nicole M. Smith (forthcoming). Engineering Students’ Views of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Case Study From Petroleum Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    The mining and energy industries present unique challenges to engineers, who must navigate sometimes competing responsibilities and codes of conduct, such as personal senses of right and wrong, professional ethics codes, and their employers’ corporate social responsibility policies. Corporate social responsibility is the current dominant framework used by industry to conceptualize firms’ responsibilities to their stakeholders, yet has it plays a relatively minor role in engineering ethics education. In this article, we report on an interdisciplinary pedagogical intervention in a petroleum (...)
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  72.  2
    Shahryar Sorooshian (forthcoming). Scholarly Black Market. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    Fake and unethical publishers’ activities are known by most of the readers of Science and Engineering Ethics. This letter tries to draw the readers’ attention to the hidden side of some of these publishers’ business. Here the black market of scholarly articles, which negatively affects the validity and reliability of research in higher education, as well as science and engineering, will be introduced.
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  73.  5
    Servaas Storm (forthcoming). How the Invisible Hand is Supposed to Adjust the Natural Thermostat: A Guide for the Perplexed. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-25.
    Mainstream climate economics takes global warming seriously, but perplexingly concludes that the optimal economic policy is to almost do nothing about it. This conclusion can be traced to just a few “normative” assumptions, over which there exists fundamental disagreement amongst economists. This paper explores two axes of this disagreement. The first axis measures faith in the invisible hand to adjust the natural thermostat. The second axis expresses differences in views on the efficiency and equity implications of climate action. The two (...)
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  74.  2
    Behnam Taebi & William E. Kastenberg (forthcoming). Teaching Engineering Ethics to PhD Students: A Berkeley–Delft Initiative. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-8.
    A joint effort by the University of California at Berkeley and Delft University of Technology to develop a graduate engineering ethics course for PhD students encountered two types of challenges: academic and institutional. Academically, long-term collaborative research efforts between engineering and philosophy faculty members might be needed before successful engineering ethics courses can be initiated; the teaching of ethics to engineering graduate students and collaborative research need to go hand-in-hand. Institutionally, both bottom-up approaches at the level of the faculty and (...)
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  75.  12
    Tjerk Timan & Anders Albrechtslund (forthcoming). Surveillance, Self and Smartphones: Tracking Practices in the Nightlife. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    This paper is the result of the EMERGING ICT FOR CITIZEN VEILLANCE-workshop organized by the JRC, Ispra, Italy, March 2014. The aim of this paper is to explore how the subject participates in surveillance situations with a particular focus on how users experience everyday tracking technologies and practices. Its theoretical points of departure stem from Surveillance Studies in general and notions of participatory surveillance and empowering exhibitionism :199–215, 2004) in particular. We apply these theoretical notions on smartphones and its users (...)
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  76.  1
    Jeroen van den Hoven (forthcoming). Ethics and the UN Sustainable Development Goals: The Case for Comprehensive Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    In the twenty-first century, the urgent problems the world is facing are increasingly related to vast and intricate ‘systems of systems’, which comprise both socio-technical and eco-systems. In order for engineers to adequately and responsibly respond to these problems, they cannot focus on only one technical or any other aspect in isolation, but must adopt a wider and multidisciplinary perspective of these systems, including an ethical and social perspective. Engineering curricula should therefore focus on what we call ‘comprehensive engineering’. Comprehensive (...)
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  77.  8
    Lucia Vesnic-Alujevic, Melina Breitegger & Ângela Guimarães Pereira (forthcoming). ‘Do-It-Yourself’ Healthcare? Quality of Health and Healthcare Through Wearable Sensors. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    Wearable sensors are an integral part of the new telemedicine concept supporting the idea that Information Technologies will improve the quality and efficiency of healthcare. The use of sensors in diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of patients not only potentially changes medical practice but also one’s relationship with one’s body and mind, as well as the role and responsibilities of patients and healthcare professionals. In this paper, we focus on knowledge assessment of the online communities of Fitbit and the Quantified Self (...)
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  78.  2
    Douglas Walton (forthcoming). The Slippery Slope Argument in the Ethical Debate on Genetic Engineering of Humans. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    This article applies tools from argumentation theory to slippery slope arguments used in current ethical debates on genetic engineering. Among the tools used are argumentation schemes, value-based argumentation, critical questions, and burden of proof. It is argued that so-called drivers such as social acceptance and rapid technological development are also important factors that need to be taken into account alongside the argumentation scheme. It is shown that the slippery slope argument is basically a reasonable form of argument, but is often (...)
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  79.  1
    Gabrielle Wong-Parodi & Wändi Bruine de Bruin (forthcoming). Informing Public Perceptions About Climate Change: A ‘Mental Models’ Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    As the specter of climate change looms on the horizon, people will face complex decisions about whether to support climate change policies and how to cope with climate change impacts on their lives. Without some grasp of the relevant science, they may find it hard to make informed decisions. Climate experts therefore face the ethical need to effectively communicate to non-expert audiences. Unfortunately, climate experts may inadvertently violate the maxims of effective communication, which require sharing communications that are truthful, brief, (...)
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  80.  3
    Anne Wright (forthcoming). Self-Tracking: Reflections From the BodyTrack Project. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    Based on the author’s experiences the practice of self-tracking can empower individuals to explore and address issues in their lives. This work is inspired by examples of people who have reclaimed their wellness through an iterative process of noticing patterns of ups and downs, trying out new ideas and strategies, and observing the results. In some cases, individuals have realized that certain foods, environmental exposures, or practices have unexpected effects for them, and that adopting custom strategies can greatly improve quality (...)
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  81.  2
    Hossein Yahaghi, Shahryar Sorooshian & Javad Yahaghi (forthcoming). Viva Delay. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    The time delay between submission of a thesis and Viva Voce is intolerable for students. This letter tries to draw the readers’ attention to the effect of choosing the right examiner, in order to reduce the Viva Voce delay.
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  82.  1
    Hossein Yahaghi, Shahryar Sorooshian & Javad Yahaghi (forthcoming). Unethical Postgraduate Supervision. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
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  83.  1
    Javad Yahaghi, Salmia Bnt Beddu & Zakaria Che Muda (forthcoming). Plagiarism in Publications Using the Unpublished Raw Data of Archived Research. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    It is obligatory to educate student researchers before they start their work by teaching them about the various types of plagiarism and how to avoid them. It is also vital that research supervisors take into account the sources of data that are explored in their students’ manuscripts. This article tries to draw the reader’s attention to the importance of avoiding all types of plagiarism in their research.
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  84.  4
    Qin Zhu & Brent K. Jesiek (forthcoming). A Pragmatic Approach to Ethical Decision-Making in Engineering Practice: Characteristics, Evaluation Criteria, and Implications for Instruction and Assessment. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    This paper begins by reviewing dominant themes in current teaching of professional ethics in engineering education. In contrast to more traditional approaches that simulate ethical practice by using ethical theories to reason through micro-level ethical dilemmas, this paper proposes a pragmatic approach to ethics that places more emphasis on the practical plausibility of ethical decision-making. In addition to the quality of ethical justification, the value of a moral action also depends on its effectiveness in solving an ethical dilemma, cultivating healthy (...)
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