Science and Engineering Ethics

ISSNs: 1353-3452, 1471-5546

19 found

View year:

  1.  9
    Defining “Ethical Mathematical Practice” Through Engagement with Discipline-Adjacent Practice Standards and the Mathematical Community.Catherine A. Buell, Victor I. Piercey & Rochelle E. Tractenberg - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (3):1-31.
    This project explored what constitutes “ethical practice of mathematics”. Thematic analysis of ethical practice standards from mathematics-adjacent disciplines (statistics and computing), were combined with two organizational codes of conduct and community input resulting in over 100 items. These analyses identified 29 of the 52 items in the 2018 American Statistical Association Ethical Guidelines for Statistical Practice, and 15 of the 24 additional (unique) items from the 2018 Association of Computing Machinery Code of Ethics for inclusion. Three of the 29 items (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  1
    The Ethics of Electronic Tracking Devices in Dementia Care: An Interview Study with Developers.Jared Howes, Yvonne Denier, Tijs Vandemeulebroucke & Chris Gastmans - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (3):1-29.
    Wandering is a symptom of dementia that can have devastating consequences on the lives of persons living with dementia and their families and caregivers. Increasingly, caregivers are turning towards electronic tracking devices to help manage wandering. Ethical questions have been raised regarding these location-based technologies and although qualitative research has been conducted to gain better insight into various stakeholders' views on the topic, developers of these technologies have been largely excluded. No qualitative research has focused on developers’ perceptions of ethics (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Between Technological Utopia and Dystopia: Online Expression of Compulsory Use of Surveillance Technology.Yu-Leung Ng & Zhihuai Lin - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (3):1-18.
    This study investigated people’s ethical concerns of surveillance technology. By adopting the spectrum of technological utopian and dystopian narratives, how people perceive a society constructed through the compulsory use of surveillance technology was explored. This study empirically examined the anonymous online expression of attitudes toward the society-wide, compulsory adoption of a contact tracing app that affected almost every aspect of all people’s everyday lives at a societal level. By applying the structural topic modeling approach to analyze comments on four Hong (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. An Anticipatory Approach to Ethico-Legal Implications of Future Neurotechnology.Stephen Rainey - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (3):1-15.
    This paper provides a justificatory rationale for recommending the inclusion of imagined future use cases in neurotechnology development processes, specifically for legal and policy ends. Including detailed imaginative engagement with future applications of neurotechnology can serve to connect ethical, legal, and policy issues potentially arising from the translation of brain stimulation research to the public consumer domain. Futurist scholars have for some time recommended approaches that merge creative arts with scientific development in order to theorise possible futures toward which current (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  1
    Australia II: A Case Study in Engineering Ethics.Peter van Oossanen & Martin Peterson - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (3):1-24.
    Australia II became the first foreign yacht to win the America's Cup in 1983. The boat had a revolutionary wing keel and a better underwater hull form. In official documents, Ben Lexcen is credited with the design. He is also listed as the sole inventor of the wing keel in a patent application submitted on February 5, 1982. However, as reported in _New York Times_, _Sydney Morning Herald_, and _Professional Boatbuilder_, the wing keel was in fact designed by engineer Peter (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  13
    Analyzing the Role of Values and Ideals in the Development of Energy Systems: How Values, Their Idealizations, and Technologies Shape Political Decision-Making.Joost Alleblas - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (2):1-21.
    This study examines an important aspect of energy history and policy: the intertwinement of energy technologies with ideals. Ideals play an important role in energy visions and innovation pathways. Aspirations to realize technical, social, and political ideals indicate a long-term commitment in the design of energy systems, distinguishable from commitment to other abstract goals, such as values. This study offers an analytical scheme that could help to conceptualize these differences and their impact on energy policy. In the proposed model, two (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  16
    Employee Grievance Redressal and Corporate Ethics: Lessons from the Boeing 737-MAX Crashes.Shreesh Chary - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (2):1-20.
    Two Boeing 737-MAX passenger planes crashed in October 2018 and March 2019, suspending all 737-MAX aircraft. The crashes put Boeing’s corporate practices and culture under the spotlight. The main objective of this paper is to use the case of Boeing to highlight the importance of efficient employee grievance redressal mechanisms and an independent external regulator. The methodology adopted is a qualitative analysis of statements of various whistleblowers and Boeing and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) stakeholders. It suggests that employee feedback (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  12
    Performing Platform Governance: Facebook and the Stage Management of Data Relations.Karen Huang & P. M. Krafft - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (2):1-28.
    Controversies surrounding social media platforms have provided opportunities for institutional reflexivity amongst users and regulators on how to understand and govern platforms. Amidst contestation, platform companies have continued to enact projects that draw upon existing modes of privatized governance. We investigate how social media companies have attempted to achieve closure by continuing to set the terms around platform governance. We investigate two projects implemented by Facebook (Meta)—authenticity regulation and privacy controls—in response to the Russian Interference and Cambridge Analytica controversies surrounding (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  14
    Navigating the Science System: Research Integrity and Academic Survival Strategies.Wolfgang Kaltenbrunner & Andrea Reyes Elizondo - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (2):1-19.
    Research Integrity (RI) is high on the agenda of both institutions and science policy. The European Union as well as national ministries of science have launched ambitious initiatives to combat misconduct and breaches of research integrity. Often, such initiatives entail attempts to regulate scientific behavior through guidelines that institutions and academic communities can use to more easily identify and deal with cases of misconduct. Rather than framing misconduct as a result of an information deficit, we instead conceptualize Questionable Research Practices (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  19
    Mapping Ethical Artificial Intelligence Policy Landscape: A Mixed Method Analysis.Tahereh Saheb - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (2):1-26.
    As more national governments adopt policies addressing the ethical implications of artificial intelligence, a comparative analysis of policy documents on these topics can provide valuable insights into emerging concerns and areas of shared importance. This study critically examines 57 policy documents pertaining to ethical AI originating from 24 distinct countries, employing a combination of computational text mining methods and qualitative content analysis. The primary objective is to methodically identify common themes throughout these policy documents and perform a comparative analysis of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  19
    Artificial Intelligence and Agency: Tie-breaking in AI Decision-Making.Danielle Swanepoel & Daniel Corks - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (2):1-16.
    Determining the agency-status of machines and AI has never been more pressing. As we progress into a future where humans and machines more closely co-exist, understanding hallmark features of agency affords us the ability to develop policy and narratives which cater to both humans and machines. This paper maintains that decision-making processes largely underpin agential action, and that in most instances, these processes yield good results in terms of making good choices. However, in some instances, when faced with two (or (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  32
    Technology and the Situationist Challenge to Virtue Ethics.Fabio Tollon - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (2):1-17.
    In this paper, I introduce a “promises and perils” framework for understanding the “soft” impacts of emerging technology, and argue for a eudaimonic conception of well-being. This eudaimonic conception of well-being, however, presupposes that we have something like stable character traits. I therefore defend this view from the “situationist challenge” and show that instead of viewing this challenge as a threat to well-being, we can incorporate it into how we think about living well with technology. Human beings are susceptible to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  25
    What Do We Teach to Engineering Students: Embedded Ethics, Morality, and Politics.Avigail Ferdman & Emanuele Ratti - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (1):1-26.
    In the past few years, calls for integrating ethics modules in engineering curricula have multiplied. Despite this positive trend, a number of issues with these ‘embedded’ programs remains. First, learning goals are underspecified. A second limitation is the conflation of different dimensions under the same banner, in particular confusion between ethics curricula geared towards addressing the ethics of individual conduct and curricula geared towards addressing ethics at the societal level. In this article, we propose a tripartite framework to overcome these (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  15
    Ambiguity in Ethical Standards: Global Versus Local Science in Explaining Academic Plagiarism.Katerina S. Guba & Angelika O. Tsivinskaya - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (1):1-24.
    The past decade has seen extensive research carried out on the systematic causes of research misconduct. Simultaneously, less attention has been paid to the variation in academic misconduct between research fields, as most empirical studies focus on one particular discipline. We propose that academic discipline is one of several systematic factors that might contribute to academic misbehavior. Drawing on a neo-institutional approach, we argue that in the developing countries, the norm of textual originality has not drawn equal support across different (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  19
    Healthy and Happy? An Ethical Investigation of Emotion Recognition and Regulation Technologies (ERR) within Ambient Assisted Living (AAL).Kris Vera Hartmann, Giovanni Rubeis & Nadia Primc - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (1):1-17.
    Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) refers to technologies that track daily activities of persons in need of care to enhance their autonomy and minimise their need for assistance. New technological developments show an increasing effort to integrate automated emotion recognition and regulation (ERR) into AAL systems. These technologies aim to recognise emotions via different sensors and, eventually, to regulate emotions defined as “negative” via different forms of intervention. Although these technologies are already implemented in other areas, AAL stands out by its (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  18
    Measures of Ethics and Social Responsibility Among Undergraduate Engineering Students: Findings from a Longitudinal Study.Shiloh James Howland, Brent K. Jesiek, Stephanie Claussen & Carla B. Zoltowski - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (1):1-26.
    Prior research on engineering students’ understandings of ethics and social responsibility has produced mixed and sometimes conflicting results. Seeking greater clarity in this area of investigation, we conducted an exploratory, longitudinal study at four universities in the United States to better understand how engineering undergraduate students perceive ethics and social responsibility and how those perceptions change over time. Undergraduate engineering students at four U.S. universities were surveyed three times: during their 1st (Fall 2015), 5th (Fall 2017), and 8th semesters (Spring (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  18
    The Donation of Human Biological Material for Brain Organoid Research: The Problems of Consciousness and Consent.Masanori Kataoka, Christopher Gyngell, Julian Savulescu & Tsutomu Sawai - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (1):1-15.
    Human brain organoids are three-dimensional masses of tissues derived from human stem cells that partially recapitulate the characteristics of the human brain. They have promising applications in many fields, from basic research to applied medicine. However, ethical concerns have been raised regarding the use of human brain organoids. These concerns primarily relate to the possibility that brain organoids may become conscious in the future. This possibility is associated with uncertainties about whether and in what sense brain organoids could have consciousness (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  18
    How Competition for Funding Impacts Scientific Practice: Building Pre-fab Houses but no Cathedrals.Stephanie Meirmans - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (1):1-19.
    In the research integrity literature, funding plays two different roles: it is thought to elevate questionable research practices (QRPs) due to perverse incentives, and it is a potential actor to incentivize research integrity standards. Recent studies, asking funders, have emphasized the importance of the latter. However, the perspective of active researchers on the impact of competitive research funding on science has not been explored yet. Here, I address this issue by conducting a series of group sessions with researchers in two (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  15
    Potential Issues in Mandating a Disclosure of Institutional Investigation in Retraction Notices.Bor Luen Tang - 2024 - Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (1):1-9.
    A retraction notice is a formal announcement for the removal of a paper from the literature, which is a weighty matter. Xu et al. (Science and Engineering Ethics, 29(4), 25 2023) reported that 73.7% of retraction notices indexed by the Web of Science (1927–2019) provided no information about institutional investigations that may have led to the retractions, and recommended that Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) retraction guidelines should make it mandatory to disclose institutional investigations leading to retractions in such notices. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues