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  1.  5
    Learning From Scientific Disagreement.Bruno Borge & Nicolás Lo Guercio - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (3):375-398.
    The article addresses the question of how should scientific peers revise their beliefs upon recognized disagreement. After presenting the basics of peer disagreement in sections 1 and 2, we focus, in section 3, on a concrete case of scientific disagreement, to wit, the dispute over the evidential status of randomized control trials in medical practice. The examination of this case motivates the idea that some scientific disagreements permit a steadfast reaction. In section 4, we support this conclusion by providing a (...)
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  2.  1
    Predictive Coding and the Strong Thesis of Cognitive Penetrability.Sergio Cermeño-Aínsa - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (3):341-360.
    In this paper, I discuss the strong thesis of cognitive penetrability, to wit, th at the perceptual states of a subject are pervasively influenced, affected, or caused by cognitive factors as expectations, memories, thoughts, goals, and so on, at all levels of perceptual processing. I argue that following the predictive coding models of perception, the strong thesis of cognitive penetrability is to be expected.
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  3. La idea de epigénesis en la obra de W. Harvey. Una lectura organicista.Miguel Escribano Cabeza - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (3):421-437.
    This paper takes an organicist perspective of W. Harvey’s conception of epigenesis in his work Exercitationes de generatione animalium. In line with this reading, I provide a critical assessment of the different interpretations of Harvey’s idea of epigenesis. The English physician develops his conception of embryogenesis as a process that cannot be understood from the categories of human art, as is apparent in his criticisms towards his teacher, Fabricius. Nor is it accurate to say that his position is animistic. An (...)
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  4.  1
    A Free Dialogical Logic for Surrogate Reasoning.Juan Redmond - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (3):297-320.
    This article aims to present a Free Dialogic Logic [FDL] as a general framework for hypothesis generation in the practice of modelling in science. Our proposal is based on the idea that the inferential function that models fulfil during the modelling process should be carried out without ontological commitments. The starting point to achieve our objective is that the scientific consideration of models without a target is a symptom that, on the one hand, the Applicability of Logic should be considered (...)
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  5.  13
    Politics of Folk Psychology: Believing What Others Believe.Uku Tooming - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (3):361-374.
    In this paper, I argue that by attributing beliefs the attributer is pushed toward taking a stand on the content of those beliefs and that what stand they take partially depends on the relationship between the attributer and the attributee. In particular, if the attributee enjoys a higher social standing than the attributer, the latter is disposed to adopt the attributed belief, as long as certain other conditions are met. I will call this view the Adoption-by-Attribution model. Because of the (...)
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  6.  1
    Understanding Dogwhistles Politics.José Ramón Torices - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (3):321-339.
    This paper aims to deepen our understanding of so-called covert dogwhistles. I discuss whether a covert dogwhistle is a specific sort of mechanism of manipulation or whether, on the contrary, it draws on other already familiar linguistic mechanisms such as implicatures or presuppositions. I put forward a series of arguments aimed at illustrating that implicatures and presuppositions, on the one hand, and covert dogwhistles, on the other, differ in their linguistic behaviour concerning plausible deniability, cancellability, calculability and mutual acceptance. I (...)
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  7.  1
    Guest Editor’s Presentation.Valeriano Iranzo - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (2):169-172.
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  8. Mechanisms, Good and Bad.Harold Kincaid - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (2):173-189.
    The claim that mechanisms are essential good science is widespread. I argue, however, that these claims are ambiguous in multiple ways. I sort out different version of the mechanism idea: mechanisms that are horizontal —between cause and effect— and mechanisms that are vertical —they realize in lower-level terms causal properties—: and different purposes or uses mechanisms may have. I then focus on the claim that various senses of mechanism are necessary for the confirmation of causal claims. The paper shows that (...)
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  9.  3
    Newton’s Experimental Proofs.Timm Lampert - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (2):261-283.
    Newton claims that his theorems in the Opticks are derived from experiments alone. The paper explains this dictum by relating Newton’s proof method to an iconic conception of proof as opposed to a symbolic one. Theorems are not derived from hypotheses; instead properties of light are identified by experimental properties based on rules of inductive reasoning.
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  10. Assessing the Role of Evidence of Mechanisms in Causal Extrapolation.Saúl Pérez-González & Valeriano Iranzo - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (2):211-228.
    Extrapolation of causal claims from study populations to other populations of interest is a problematic issue. The standard approach in experimental research, which prioritises randomized controlled trials and statistical evidence, is not devoid of difficulties. Granted that, it has been defended that evidence of mechanisms is indispensable for causal extrapolation. We argue, contrarily, that this sort of evidence is not indispensable. Nonetheless, we also think that occasionally it may be helpful. In order to clarify its relevance, we introduce a distinction (...)
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  11. Defending the Motivational Theory of Desire.David Pineda-Oliva - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (2):243-260.
    In this paper I offer a defense of the motivational theory of desire. According to the motivational view, a desire is basically a disposition to bring about the desire’s content. First, I argue that two rival views on the nature of desire, the evaluative theory and the deontic theory, fall prey to the problem of the death of desire and that, when one tries to develop a plausible version of these theories which is able to overcome this problem, one ends (...)
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  12. Adolfo Garcia de la Sienra (2019). A Structuralist Theory of Economics. [REVIEW]David Teira - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (2):287-289.
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  13. The Feasibility and Malleability of EBM+.Jon Williamson - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (2):191-209.
    The EBM+ programme is an attempt to improve the way in which present-day evidence-based medicine assesses causal claims: according to EBM+, mechanistic studies should be scrutinised alongside association studies. This paper addresses two worries about EBM+: that it is not feasible in practice, and that it is too malleable, i.e., its results depend on subjective choices that need to be made in order to implement the procedure. Several responses to these two worries are considered and evaluated. The paper also discusses (...)
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  14.  1
    Quasi-Truth and Incomplete Information in Historical Sciences.Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart & Vítor Medeiros Costa - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (1):113-137.
    Quasi-truth is a formal approach to a pragmatically-oriented view of truth. The basic plan motivating the framework consists in providing for a more realistic account of truth, accommodating situations where there is incomplete information, as typically happens in the practice of science. The historical sciences are a case in hand, where incomplete information is the rule. It would seem, then, that the quasi-truth approach would be the most appropriate one to deal with historical sciences, then. In this paper, we explore (...)
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  15.  3
    Uptake: ¿entender o aceptar?Antonio Blanco Salgueiro - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (1):63-79.
    Austin introduces the idea of securing the uptake in the context of dealing with the illocution-perlocution distinction. In recent times, the notion is employed by some neoaustinian scholars to argue that the uptake is what triggers the deontic effects associated to an illocution. Here, a distinction is made between two kinds of uptake: uptake-as-understanding and uptake-asaccepting, and the stance that the second is the one needed for a plausible theory of speech action inspired by Austin’s original ideas is defended. When (...)
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  16.  44
    Discharging the Moral Responsibility for Collective Unjust Enrichment in the Global Economy.Fausto Corvino & Alberto Pirni - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (1):139-158.
    In this article we wonder how a person can discharge the political responsibility for supporting and benefiting from unjust social structures. Firstly, we introduce the concept of structural injustice and defend it against three possible objections: ‘explanatory nationalism’, a diachronic interpretation of the benefits of industry-led growth, being part of a social structure does not automatically mean being responsible for its negative consequences. Then, we hold that both Iris Marion Young’s ‘social connection model’ and Robin Zheng’s ‘role-ideal model’ provide clear (...)
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  17.  8
    Towards a Generalization of the Logic of Grounding.Francesca Poggiolesi & Nissim Francez - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (1):5-24.
    The main goal of this paper is to provide a ground-analysis of two classical connectives that have so far been ignored in the literature, namely the exclusive disjunction, and the ternary disjunction. Such ground-analysis not only serves to extend the applicability of the logic of grounding but also leads to a generalization of Poggiolesi ’s definition of the notion of complete and immediate grounding.
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  18. El holobionte/hologenoma como nivel de seleccion.Javier Suárez - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (1):81-112.
    The units or levels of selection debate concerns the question of what kind of biological systems are stable enough that part of their evolution is a result of the process of natural selection acting at their level. Traditionally, the debate has concerned at least two different, though related, questions: the question of the level at which interaction with the environment occurs, and the question of the level at which reproduction occurs. In recent years, biologists and philosophers have discussed a new (...)
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  19.  4
    Making Sense of the ‘is’ of Constitution.Ezequiel Zerbudis - 2021 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 36 (1):25-47.
    I consider a problem that arises in connection with cases of coincident objects and that affects the two main accounts that have been given of such cases, namely, Pluralism and Monism. The problem is that both views seem committed to accepting strained interpretations of some of the statements used to describe the situation. I consider Pickel’s arguments against the Pluralist’s strategy of interpreting ‘is’ as expressing constitution in sentences such as ‘The statue is the lump of clay’, and provide reasons (...)
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