Year:

  1.  1
    Epistemic Structural Realism, Modality and Laws of Nature.Bruno Borge - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (3):447-468.
    According to epistemic structural realism scientific theories provide us only with knowledge about the structure of the unobservable world, but not about its nature. The most significant objection that this posi- tion has faced is the so-called Newman’s problem. In this paper I offer an alternative objection to EER. I argue that its formulation leads to undesirable skeptical positions in two fields close to scientific realism: the debates on modality and laws of nature. I also show that there is an (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  2
    Non-Conceptualism, Observational Concepts, and the Given.Federico Castellano - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (3):401-416.
    In “Study of Concepts”, Peacocke puts forward an argument for non-conceptualism derived from the possession conditions of observational concepts. In this paper, I raise two objections to this argument. First, I argue that if non-conceptual perceptual contents are scenario contents, then perceptual experiences cannot present perceivers with the circumstances specified by the application conditions of observational concepts and, therefore, they cannot play the semantic and epistemic roles Peacocke wants them to play in the possession conditions of these concepts. Second, I (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Manuel Vargas. 2013. Building Better Beings: A Theory of Moral Responsibility. [REVIEW]Fernando Rudy Hiller - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (3):541-543.
    Review of 'Manuel Vargas. 2013. Building Better Beings: A Theory of Moral Responsibility'.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. A Plea for Realistic Assumptions in Economic Modelling.Leonardo Ivarola - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (3):417-433.
    The use of unrealistic assumptions in Economics is usually defended not only for pragmatic reasons, but also because of the intrinsic difficulties in determining the degree of realism of assumptions. Additionally, the criterion used for evaluating economic models is associated with their ability to provide accurate predictions. This mode of thought involves –at least implicitly– a commitment to the existence of unvarying invariant factors or regularities. Contrary to this, the present paper presents a critique to the use of invariant knowledge (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  3
    Katherine and the Katherine: On the Syntactic Distribution of Names and Count Nouns.Robin Jeshion - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (3):473-508.
    Names are referring expressions and interact with the determiner system only exceptionally, in stark contrast with count nouns. The-predicativists like Sloat, Matushansky, and Fara claim otherwise, maintaining that syntactic data offers indicates that names belong to a special syntactic category which differs from common count nouns only in how they interact with ‘the’. I argue that the-predicativists have incorrectly discerned the syntactic facts. They have bypassed a large range of important syntactic data and misconstrued a critical data point on which (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Mental Causation and Neuroscience: The Semantic Pruning Model.José Manuel Muñoz - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (3):379-399.
    In this paper I propose a hypothetical model of mental causation that I call semantic pruning and which could be defined as the causal influence of contents and meanings on the spatial configuration of the network of synapses of an individual. I will be guided by two central principles: 1) the causal influence of the mental occurs by virtue of external semantic constraints and consists in the selective activation of certain physical powers, 2) when the selective activation is continual, it (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  4
    Diagnosing Sorites Arguments.Robert C. Stalnaker - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (3):509-520.
    This is a discussion of Delia Fara’s theory of vagueness, and of its solution to the Sorites paradox, criticizing some of the details of the account, but agreeing that its central insight will be a part of any solution to the problem. I also consider a wider range of philosophical puzzles that involve arguments that are structurally similar to the argument of the Sorites paradox, and argue that the main ideas of her account of vagueness helps to respond to some (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  1
    What Do Light Clocks Say to Us Regarding the so-Called Clock Hypothesis?Mario Bacelar Valente - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (3):435-446.
    The clock hypothesis is taken to be an assumption independent of special relativity necessary to describe accelerated clocks. This enables to equate the time read off by a clock to the proper time. Here, it is considered a physical system–the light clock–proposed by Marzke and Wheeler. Recently, Fletcher proved a theorem that shows that a sufficiently small light clock has a time reading that approximates to an arbitrary degree the proper time. The clock hypothesis is not necessary to arrive at (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  5
    Supervaluationism and Good Reasoning.Timothy Williamson - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (3):521-537.
    This paper is a tribute to Delia Graff Fara. It extends her work on failures of meta-rules for validity as truth-preservation under a supervaluationist identification of truth with supertruth. She showed that such failures occur even in languages without special vagueness-related operators, for standards of deductive reasoning as materially rather than purely logically good, depending on a context-dependent background. This paper extends her argument to: quantifier meta-rules like existential elimination; ambiguity; deliberately vague standard mathematical notation. Supervaluationist attempts to qualify the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Hilary Putnam on the Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics.José Miguel Sagüillo Fernández-Vega - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (2):183-200.
    I discuss Putnam’s conception of logical truth as grounded in his picture of mathematical practice and ontology. i begin by comparing Putnam’s 1971 Philosophy of Logic with Quine’s homonymous book. Next, Putnam’s changing views on modality are surveyed, moving from the modal pre-formal to the de-modalized formal characterization of logical validity. Section three suggests a complementary view of Platonism and modalism underlying different stages of a dynamic mathematical practice. The final section argues for the pervasive platonistic conception of the working (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. ¿“Natural” y “Euclidiana”? Reflexiones Sobre la Geometría Práctica y Sus Raíces Cognitivas.José Ferreirós & Manuel Jesús García-Pérez - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (2):325-344.
    We discuss critically some recent theses about geometric cognition, namely claims of universality made by Dehaene et al., and the idea of a “natural geometry” employed by Spelke et al. We offer arguments for the need to distinguish visuo-spatial cognition from basic geometric knowledge, furthermore we claim that the latter cannot be identified with Euclidean geometry. The main aim of the paper is to advance toward a characterization of basic, practical geometry – which in our view requires a combination of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  2
    Mathematical Explanation and Indispensability.Susan Vineberg - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (2):233-247.
    This paper discusses Baker’s Enhanced Indispensability Argument for mathematical realism on the basis of the indispensable role mathematics plays in scientific explanations of physical facts, along with various responses to it. I argue that there is an analogue of causal explanation for mathematics which, of several basic types of explanation, holds the most promise for use in the EIA. I consider a plausible case where mathematics plays an explanatory role in this sense, but argue that such use still does not (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Cognitive Stories and the Image of Mathematics.Roy Wagner - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (2):305-323.
    This paper considers two models of embodied mathematical cognition, and analyses the image of mathematics that they support.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  1
    Teorías de doble proceso: ¿una arquitectura cognitiva unificada?Mariela Destefano & Fernanda Velázquez Coccia - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (1):61-76.
    En ciencia cognitiva se han propuesto teorías de doble proceso para explicar competencias como razonamiento y toma de decisiones. Machery distingue entre arquitectura cognitiva unificada, según la cual a una competencia le subyace solamente un tipo de proceso y arquitectura de múltiples procesos, según la cual a una competencia le subyacen al menos dos tipos de procesos. Basándonos en esta distinción, intentaremos mostrar que si se explicitan y se analizan los criterios de coordinación entre procesos, las teorías de doble proceso (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  7
    Metaphysics of Laws and Ontology of Time.Cord Friebe - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (1):77-89.
    At first glance, every metaphysics of laws can be combined with every ontology of time. In contrast, the paper intends to show that Humeanism requires eternalism and that Power metaphysics must presuppose an existentially dynamical view of temporal existence, i.e. growing block or presentism. The presented arguments turn out to be completely independent of whether the laws of nature are deterministic or probabilistic: the world is non-productive and static or productively dynamical, the future be ‘open’ or not.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16. El modelo de simulación como generador de explicaciones causales.Leandro Ariel Giri & Hernán Miguel - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (1):111-128.
    Aquí profundizamos la tesis de que un modelo de simulación permite crear conocimiento en forma de explicaciones causales sostenida por Paul Weirich. Sostenemos la validez de exportar resultados del modelo al mundo modelizado en virtud de la similaridad entre modelo y mundo, analizable en términos de identidad parcial de estructura para eliminar la similaridad superficial que repita los resultados empíricos al ajustar datos por calibración. La estructura de relaciones rescatadas del mundo resulta crítica al estudiar la mencionada similaridad, como así (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  2
    El dominio de lo mental en la filosofía de Williamson.Manuel Pérez Otero - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (1):23-40.
    Según Williamson, saber y creer son estados mentales, pero creer algo verdadero y creer justificadamente algo verdadero no lo son. Ese tratamiento discriminatorio es relevante para la epistemología de Williamson. Su principal tesis epistemológica negativa y su principal tesis epistemológica positiva están en peligro si su teoría metafísica sobre lo mental es incorrecta. Presento aquí un problema para dicha teoría: impone limitaciones implausibles a los posibles usos de conceptos y expresiones lingüísticas. Describiré algunas opciones que tendría Williamson para evitar el (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  1
    Still Unsuccessful: The Unsolved Problems of Success Semantics.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (1):5-22.
    Success semantics is a theory of content that characterizes the truth-conditions of mental representations in terms of the success-conditions of the actions derived from them. Nanay : 151-165, 2013) and Dokic and Engel have revised this theory in order to defend it from the objections that assailed its previous incarnations. I argue that both proposals have seemingly decisive flaws. More specifically, these revised versions of the theory fail to deal adequately with the open-ended possibility of unforeseen obstacles for the success (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. ¿Realmente mató la bacteria al coronel? Perspectiva sistémica, causación internivélica e intervalos de cuasi-descomponibilidad en las explicaciones mecanísticas en biología.Emilio Cáceres Vázquez & Cristian Saborido - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (1):129-148.
    En este trabajo analizamos críticamente el enfoque mecanicista de explicación científica centrándonos principalmente en la forma en la que este da cuenta de los fenómenos biológicos. Nos proponemos complementar esta perspectiva con una concepción de nivel como intervalo de cuasi-descomponibilidad que nos permite fundamentar metafísicamente las propuestas mecanicistas clásicas en las propiedades sistémicas características de las entidades biológicas. A través del análisis de ejemplos concretos, demostraremos cómo nuestra propuesta permite superar algunas de las limitaciones de los enfoques predominantes de explicación (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues