21 found

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  1. Coronavirus Anxiety in Slovakia During the Second Wave of the Pandemic – Associations with Depression, Insomnia and Generalized Anxiety Disorder.Jaroslava Babjáková & Peter Babinčák - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):228-240.
    The study had two main goals: Firstly, the authors aimed to verify the validity and reliability of the Slovak adaptation of the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale. Secondly, the authors examined the associations between the CAS and mental health indicators – depression, insomnia and generalized anxiety disorder. The representative sample consisted of 1625 Slovak participants from the general population. The data were collected in October 2020. The data were analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis and multiple hierarchical regression analysis. The authors confirmed that (...)
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  2.  1
    Civil Defence Education: (Non)Specific Dangers and Destabilisation of Actorship in Education.Tomáš Barták & Jitka Wirthová - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):180-198.
    This paper focuses on the push to stabilise society through civil defence education in the changing context of nationalism and populism. We analysed the way in which justifications and criticism of civil defence education have evolved as an ordering project intended to solve the problems with dangers that were variously defined. We identified two locations of the danger to be tackled by the new CDE – external and specific; and internal and general – which partly correspond to key political events: (...)
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  3. For God and for Nation! The Ideologisation of Schools and Education Under the Changing Relationship Between Church and State in Slovakia.Zuzana Danišková & Ondrej Kaščák - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):162-179.
    The present study analyses education policy in Slovakia and determines the role of the church in education governance and the church–state relationship in education policy. The church–state relationship is also evident in the specific constellations of the national curriculum. The study highlights the de-secularisation trend in education policy and curricula and identifies the links between religious and nationalist education content, which are largely a relic of the historical era of Slovak statehood building. It also analyses Ethical Education, which is a (...)
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  4.  3
    Individual Representations of Love and Their Social and Cultural Resources.Michaela Košútová Guillaume & Ivan Lukšík - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):267-281.
    Many scholars consider love to be a complex phenomenon with multiple social, cultural and biological dimensions and contexts. The aim of this study was to examine individual representations of love among young people in emerging adulthood and the sources they are derived from. The survey completed by a sample of 397 young people aged 18–29 showed that all the representations of love can be structured into five factors of love: 1. strength and positive benefits of love, 2. physical love, commitment, (...)
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  5. The Other Side of the Coin: A Narrative Inquiry Into the Positive Consequences of Infidelity Among Young Adults.Lucia Hargašová, Nikola Kallová & Denisa Hnatkovičová - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):282-295.
    There is certainly no shortage of studies describing the unwanted effects of infidelity in the relevant literature. By contrast, this paper examines the previously unexplored face of infidelity – namely, the subjectively perceived positive effects. One hundred and four participants from Slovakia in emerging and/or young adulthood shared their relationship history through semi-structured interviews. Sixty-nine of these were self-moderated in written form. The same topics were covered in the two types of interview. Using a categorical-content analysis method, four categories were (...)
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  6.  1
    A Misfortune or a Benefit? Young People’s Quality of Life and Romantic Relationships During the Covid-19 Pandemic.Ivan Lukšík, Denisa Hnatkovičová & Nikola Kallová - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):241-266.
    The Covid-19 pandemic has brought unexpected changes in important aspects of young people’s lives. The academic literature contains many studies on the risks and adverse effects, while any potential positive aspects have been side-lined. This paper examines quality of life and relationships among young people in emerging and young adulthood in order to identify the negatives and benefits of the pandemic. In this qualitative research a “letter to a friend” free-writing exercise was used as the data collection method on a (...)
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  7.  2
    Medium-Specific Aspects of Digital Reading and Their Impact on Reading Comprehension.Zuzana Petrová - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):134-144.
    The paper analyses empirical research results comparing the impact of the medium on the reading process and text comprehension. It focuses on two analytical approaches—the first looks at the construction of cognitive maps of texts and the other the material aspects of the medium – which enable readers to orientate themselves and to explore and interpret the text more comprehensively. The paper discusses differences in how readers approach textual meaning according to experience of using digital technologies, the text, and reader (...)
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  8. Diverstity and Centrism in Two Contrasting Early Childhood Education and Care Systems: Slovakia and Indonesia Compared.Maria Melita Rahardjo, Hani Yulindrasari & Branislav Pupala - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):145-161.
    National early childhood education and care systems have been shaped by external influences and have taken different forms in developed countries than in post-colonial countries. This study systematically compares and examines the autonomous elements in national ECEC systems and the countervailing homogenisation process in Slovakia and Indonesia -two countries located in a different hemisphere with different historical, cultural, and political backgrounds. The study shows new rhetoric triggering different tendencies. In Slovakia, the “competency” and “standards” turn led to steps to increase (...)
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  9. Symbolic Coping: Young People’s Perspectives During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Three Central European Countries.Regina Scheitel, Ivan Lukšík & Barbora Petrů Puhrová - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):241-254.
    The aim of this study was to find out what interpretive repertoires young people use in the symbolic management of the pandemic. Qualitative research using several methods on a sample of 172 young people in three countries, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Austria, and the subsequent discursive analysis showed that young people symbolically coped during the Covid-19 pandemic with the help of widespread concepts such as cutting off, closing sci-fi and panic. The interpretations used by young people to symbolically deal (...)
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  10. Early Literacy Curriculum and its Journey to Kindergarten Classroom.Kamila Urban, Marek Urban, Zuzana Petrová & Oľga Zápotočná - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):121-133.
    Implementing new school reforms in school practice is extremely challenging mostly because of teacher resistance to change, or uncertainty, fear, or nostalgia for the previous curriculum. Since 2016 a new preschool curriculum including a new early literacy curriculum has been in force in Slovakia. The aim of the study is to assess how well teachers follow the requirement to use a variety of texts in the classroom to promote early literacy development. The analysis is performed on 138 observations out of (...)
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  11.  1
    Designing Digital Tools for Quality Assurance in 24-Hour Home-Care in Austria.Franz Werner, Elisabeth Haslinger-Baumann, Elisabeth Kupka-Klepsch & Carina Hauser - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):213-227.
    The cost-effectiveness of 24-hour care makes it a major source of support for elderly people in need of home-based care in Austria. Language barriers, feelings of isolation when living with chronically ill people and a lack of adequate training and quality control create stressful working conditions for 24-hour caregivers in Austria, who mainly come from Slovakia, Hungary and Romania. The challenges not only affect the 24-hour caregivers themselves but also their clients, relatives and registered care agency nurses in care settings. (...)
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  12.  1
    The Internet’s Role in Promoting Civic Engagement in China and Singapore: A Confucian View.Andrew Yu - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (2):199-212.
    This paper discusses the Internet’s role in promoting civic engagement in Asian countries. China and Singapore were selected because they have similar ethnic groups and cultural backgrounds. This paper concludes that the Internet has a limited role in promoting civic engagement due to Internet censorship and people’s political attitudes, which are deeply rooted for Confucian cultural reasons. Moreover the Internet censorship does not bother people in China and Singapore. The argument presented in this paper differs from previous studies that focused (...)
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  13.  2
    An Exploration of Women’s Social Position in Primary and Middle School Textbooks in Pakistan.Ikram Badshah & Jan Alam - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (1):63-72.
    Textbooks play a strong part in constructing gender roles and status in society. Thus, the images, lessons, and stories of gender portrayed in textbooks affect the perception of prevalent masculine behavior. To develop an insight into the phenomena, this article analyzes the institutionalized patriarchy and patriarchal values embedded in the Urdu and English National Book Foundation textbooks for grades 5, 6, and 7. The study used content analysis techniques to decode the tone, juggling of meanings, pictorial representation, topic selection, word (...)
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  14. Ideological Struggle in Social Processes Through the Lens of Héctor P. Agosti's Political Thinking.Dominika Dinušová - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (1):28-38.
    The study focuses on the theoretical underpinnings of the ideological struggle in social processes as seen through the lens of the Argentinian philosopher Héctor P. Agosti's political philosophy. It discusses the impact of Agosti's interpretation of ideology in social struggle the usefulness of his conclusions for later practical developments in Latin America. The aim of the study is to describe the key aspects of Agosti's view of culture and ideology and to identify specific features of his approach with a view (...)
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  15. Emotionally Engaged Parent Versus Professional Teacher: Strategies for Maintaining Borders Between the Dual Teacher-Parent Role in School.Lucia Hargašová - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (1):84-100.
    The paper presents findings on primary teachers’ and other school actors’ constructions of the teacher and parental role. Specifically, it focuses on strategies for maintaining borders between the personal and professional roles in school environments in Slovakia. We approached the concepts of role and identity from the perspective of social constructivism and symbolic interactionism. Thirty-one interviews and focus groups with school actors were analysed using critical discourse analysis. In the next step, discourses on managing the dual role were analysed using (...)
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  16. Reflection on Wolf Schmid's Narratological Model and Historical Narrative.Ivan Jančovič & Juraj Šuch - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (1):3-13.
    This contribution responds to the ongoing discussion about the narrativity of history and looks at some differences between fictive and historical narrative. The objective of this contribution is to further elaborate on the ideas of narrative transformations developed by Wolf Schmid, focusing particularly on historical narratives. The authors see differences between both kinds of narrative, especially on the level of reference. The problem of fiction and reference is illustrated by Schmid's four tiered narratological model, especially on the level of happening. (...)
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  17. Examining the Father-Child Relationship: A Theoretical Framework for Creating a Methodology.Monika Kačmárová, Peter Babinčák & Zuzana Fucsková - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (1):73-83.
    In Slovakia and the Czech Republic, little attention is paid to the father-child relationship. The aim of this theoretical study is to introduce methods for assessing the father-child relationship in early childhood. There are two methodologies for assessing sensitive and challenging play by fathers – the Sensitive and Challenging Interaction Play Scale – SCIP and the quality of the father-child activation relationship – Risky Situation – RS. The study describes the SCIP and offers a theoretical definition of the basic constructs (...)
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  18.  1
    Humility Expression and its Effects on Moral Suasion: An Empirical Study of Ocasio-Cortez’s Communication.Giovanna Leone, Ernestina Lamponi, Peter Bull & Francesca D’Errico - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (1):101-117.
    Humble leadership can be described as a positive psychological feature that allows leaders to admit their limitations, be open to new ideas, and give a voice to others while also recognizing their merits. The present study explored the persuasive effects of a female politician communicating a humble stance by considering the role emotional displays at play when discussing a moral issue. The results revealed that the politician elicited positive emotions and evaluations of her competence and benevolence, especially when exhibiting a (...)
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  19. Krausist Criticism of the European Imperial Nationalism Doctrine.Delia Manzanero - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (1):39-47.
    This study presents some of the contributions to the process of the constructing Europe since the illustrated ideas of the German philosopher Krause that were promoted and represented by eminent Spanish Krausist legal experts, such as Francisco Giner de los Ríos. His conception of Europe and European civilisation contains theories that, despite being surprising and openly opposed at the time, have today become part of the global heritage of modern day legal philosophy and our social aspirations. We firstly study how (...)
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  20. Percieved Stress in Emerging Adulthood: The Role of Sense of Control and the Mediation Effects of Religiosity and Materialistic Values.Muhammad Rehan Masoom - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (1):48-62.
    The research addresses the effect of sense of control on perceived stress by controlling for the intervening effects of Religiosity and Materialism. A total of 609 emerging adults living in Dhaka city participated in the survey; surveyors used a 48-item structural closed-ended questionnaire to collect the responses. The elicited responses were quantified, and structural equation models were formulated to identify any associations among the variables of interest. The findings suggest that sense of control is a strong determinant of perceived stress; (...)
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  21.  58
    Physician-Assisted Suicide, the Right to Die, and Misconceptions About Life.Mario Tito Ferreira Moreno & Pedro Fior Mota De Andrade - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (1):14-27.
    In this paper, we analyze the legal situation regarding physician-assisted suicide in the world. Our hypothesis is that the prohibitive stance on physician-assisted suicide in most societies in the world today seems to be related to our moral attitudes toward suicide. This brings us to a discussion about life itself. We claim that the total lack of legal protection for physician-assisted suicide from international organizations and most countries in the world lies in a philosophical assumption that supports much of our (...)
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