38 found

Year:

  1. The Demographic Determinants of Africa’s Changing Global Position.Valéria Bankóová - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (4):367-378.
    Demographic growth has in recent years been one of the determining characteristics of African development, and if projections are correct, the continent is set to become a population superpower. Its proportion of the world population, especially relative to the “old continent”, is increasing in a historically unprecedented manner, and its inhabitants are younger than ever. Although it is still difficult to assess whether this trend should be regarded as an opportunity or as a potential risk factor, it is already possible (...)
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  2.  2
    The Problematic Non-Western Cosmopolitanism in Africa Today: Grappling with A Modernity Outside History.Stephen Chan - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (4):351-366.
    The question, ‘can Africa deal with a postcoloniality without reference to the colonising metropole?’ neglects that Africa must deal with many powers that were not colonisers. Dealing with China requires a relationship outside the period of formal colonial rule, and requires a new cosmopolitanism that can be difficult, yet vibrant.
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  3.  2
    Maintaining Borders: From Border Guards to Diplomats.Alicia Español, Giuseppina Marsico & Luca Tateo - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (4):443-460.
    The article aims at integrating the cultural psychology perspective of into the multidisciplinary field of border studies. It analyses the border phenomenon as a co-genetic system. The authors investigate the psychological side of people who relate to the border out of different motives. Then, it expands some of the theoretical concepts current in border studies by introducing psychological dimensions such as intentionality and directionality. Finally, the framework is applied to two case-studies representing the northern and southern European Union frontiers: the (...)
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  4.  1
    Ubuntu and the Concept of Cosmopolitanism.Anke Graness - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (4):395-405.
    Based on the ideas of two main representatives of the academic discourse on Ubuntu, Michael O. Eze and Mogobe B. Ramose, the paper shows how the concept of Ubuntu can contribute to transcending conventional concepts of cosmopolitanism. Referring to the concept of Ubuntu, Ramose and Eze criticize ‘Western’ concepts of cosmopolitanism because they always seem to start from binary oppositions, which must be reconciled. ‘Western’ cosmopolitanism continues to build on boundaries that constitute communities and exclude the ‘other’. Here the boundary (...)
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  5.  2
    Introductory.Albert Kasanda - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (4):347-350.
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  6.  1
    Afropolitanism as a Critique of Conventional Narratives of African Identity and Emancipation.Albert Kasanda - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (4):379-394.
    Afropolitanism lies at the core of a debate concerning African identity, particularly on account of new configurations and flows generated by the globalization process. Proponents of this concept argue it has the capacity to better express the way Africa relates to and negotiates with the world than conventional African narratives of identity and emancipation. The paper aims at examining the relevance of this position, particularly through Mbembe’s approach to the concept and his criticism of conventional narratives of African identity and (...)
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  7.  3
    How to Approach ‘Prejudice’ and ‘Stereotypes’ Qualitatively: The Search for a Meaningful Way.Magda Petrjánošová - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (4):429-442.
    This paper is partly a theoretical and analytical exploration of different ways to do research about stereotypes and prejudice, and partly a confessional tale of my journey. It is a journey that has been about looking for a meaningful and useful way of approaching empirical material collected in different research projects over more than 15 years, in an attempt to say something about how ordinary social actors talk about prejudice and stereotypes. There is an immense volume of social psychological writing (...)
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  8.  3
    Afropolitan Narratives and Empathy: Migrant Identities in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Americanah and Sefi Atta’s A Bit of Difference.Dobrota Pucherova - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (4):406-416.
    The article analyzes two novels of migration by Nigerian women authors in the context of Afropolitanism: Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Americanah and Sefi Atta’s A Bit of Difference. It is argued that Afropolitanism obscures the reasons why migration from Africa to the West has been increasing in the decades since independence, rather than decreasing. In comparing the two novels, the article focuses on empathy towards and solidarity between fellow Nigerians, which has been seen by Nigerian philosopher Chielozona Eze as crucial for (...)
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  9.  1
    Selected Socio-Economic Factors of Health Literacy of the Poor.Zuzana Řimnáčová, Alena Kajanová & Bohdana Břízová - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (4):461-470.
    Our article is focused on selected socio-economic aspects of health literacy of poor persons in the South Bohemian Region. In addition to determining the level of health literacy, we test its relationship to income and education level and examine how difficult it is for the target group to pay for medicines and visit a physician if needed. We also focus on the causes of such difficulties. The research was conducted in 2016 on a sample of 254 persons entitled to state (...)
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  10. Englishes and Cosmopolitanisms in South Africa.Stephanie Rudwick - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (4):417-428.
    Against the background of South Africa’s ‘official’ policy of multilingualism, this study explores some of the socio-cultural dynamics of English as a lingua franca in relation to how cosmopolitanism is understood in South Africa. More specifically, it looks at the link between ELF and cosmopolitanism in higher education. In 2016, students at Stellenbosch University triggered a language policy change that enacted English as the primary medium of teaching and learning. English has won recognition as the academic lingua franca for at (...)
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  11.  2
    The Cultures of Grief: The Practice of Post-Mortem Photography and Iconic Internalized Voices.Luca Tateo - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (4):471-482.
    I develop an exploratory analysis of “post-mortem photography”, a social practice existing in different cultures. The study, part of a larger project in Denmark, “The culture of grief”, combines Dialogical Self Theory, mainly concerning verbal and textual objects, with the iconic framework of affective semiosis to discuss the function of taking and keeping pictures of dead persons as if they were still alive or just sleeping. How can this practice and artifact culturally mediate the experience of death and the elaboration (...)
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  12. Partner Relationships and the Raising of a Temperamentally Difficult Infant.Zdeňka Bajgarová & Iva Stuchlíková - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (3):219-232.
    This paper explores marital adjustment among couples raising a temperamentally difficult infant. Employing a multiple case study methodology we conducted ten interviews with six couples. The parenting distress these couples experienced meant they were at higher risk of marital maladjustment. Four couples experienced marital crisis, resulting in the separation of one couple. Our analysis suggests that reference to “insufficient father involvement” during the interviews signaled problems with the mother’s satisfaction and marital adjustment. We found that mothers consider four specific aspects (...)
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  13. What Does It Mean “Being Chilled”? Mental Well-Being as Viewed by Slovak Adolescent Boys.Miroslava Balážová & Branislav Uhrecký - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (3):285-296.
    In adaptive development, mental well-being has a role to play in adolescents’ search in adolescents’ niche in life and the formation of a separate identity. Although this has been an area of interest in a number of disciplines, there remains ambiguity over our understanding of terms such as quality of life, life satisfaction, and mental well-being. Our aim was to employ an interpretative phenomenological analysis to find out how adolescent boys perceive the concept of mental well-being and ascertain what helps (...)
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  14.  1
    Nussbaum’s Philosophy of Education as the Foundation for Human Development.Vasil Gluchman - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (3):328-338.
    The author of the paper investigates Martha C. Nussbaum’s philosophical concept of education in which education is considered key to all human development. In the first part, the author focuses on some of the more interesting ideas in Nussbaum’s philosophy of education regarding the growth, development and improvement of the individual, community, society, nation, country and humankind. The second part is a critical exploration of the individual in education, looking specifically at the general development of humankind and the shaping of (...)
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  15.  3
    Consensual Qualitative Research on Free Associations for Compassion and Self-Compassion.Júlia Halamová, Martina Baránková, Bronislava Strnádelová & Jana koróniová - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (3):253-270.
    The aim of our study was to explore the first three associations for the following two stimulus words: compassion and self-compassion. In addition, we were interested in whether the participants would conceptualise these words more in terms of emotions, cognitions, or behaviours. The sample consisted of 151 psychology students. A consensual qualitative research approach was adopted. Three members of the core team and an auditor analysed the free associations of compassion and self-compassion. The data showed that there were four domains (...)
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  16. Introductory.Ivan Lukšík - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (3):215-218.
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  17.  2
    Representations of Love in the Early Stages of Love.Ivan Lukšík & Michaela Guillaume - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (3):271-284.
    Love, especially romantic and partnership love, has been a legitimate research theme in social science since the mid-twentieth century. In the research less attention is paid to how personal conceptions of love are formed within specific sociocultural contexts. One question that emerges in relation to social representations theory is: how are ideas about love, or knowledge of love, re-presented among particular social groups and which sociocultural resources are used in the process? In our questionnaire-based research we ascertained which perceptions, ideas (...)
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  18.  1
    Testing SCM Questionnaire Instructions Using Cognitive Interviews.Miroslav Popper & Veronika Kollárová - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (3):297-311.
    The aim of the research was to find out whether participants completing an SCM questionnaire to assess attitudes towards the Roma would give different answers in response to different sets of instructions. Three sets of instructions were tested using cognitive interviews: answer from your personal viewpoint, from the viewpoint of the majority of Slovaks, from the viewpoint of those close to you. The research sample comprised 24 respondents, of whom 12 were upper secondary school students and 12 working adults. Responses (...)
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  19. Teilhard’s Planetisation of Mankind as Part of Globalisation.Anna Sámelová - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (3):339-343.
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  20. Female Erotic Desire.Tereza Škubalová - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (3):240-252.
    This paper explores the epistemology and methodology for describing sexual/erotic desire in women. Culture provides a variety of discourses which create possibilities for individual agents to think, experience and act. This paper outlines the dominant discourses of sexuality. The main focus is on the emerging psychodynamic understanding of erotic desire as a cultivated way of experiencing and expressing intersubjective embodied desire. The story of a female research participant has been selected to illustrate the journey from undifferentiated physical and mental experiences (...)
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  21. “Naked Flesh”—A Somatic Calling of the “Mind”?Robert Švarc - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (3):233-239.
    Actionism, Performance and Body Art have produced forms that still provoke in their radicalism and brutality and raise many questions. Regardless of the theme—love, violence, gender, death, sexuality, killing of animals, ritual practices and myths, ecology, criticism of the ideology and so on—they are almost always characterized by an explicit and demonstrative exposure of flesh. The topic of my research is the body as a medium of the human act. Does the body elicit different “corporations of the mind” or does (...)
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  22.  2
    Design Thinking, System Thinking, Grounded Theory, and System Dynamics Modeling—an Integrative Methodology for Social Sciences and Humanities.Eva Šviráková & Gabriel Bianchi - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (3):312-327.
    This paper concerns design thinking, system thinking, and system dynamics modeling as methodological platforms for analyzing large amounts of qualitative data and transforming it into quantitative mode. The aims of this article are to present an integral research process including the design thinking process—a solution oriented approach applicable in the social sciences and humanities which enables to reveal causality in research on societal and behavioral issues. This integral approach is illustrated by an empirical pilot study from art/design-educational environment.
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  23.  1
    Children’s Literature of the Soviet Period as a Source of Philosophical Ideas.Natalia Beresneva & Alexander Vnutskikh - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (2):160-170.
    The relevance of the research is due to the interest of modern science in the successful experience of comprehending social reality and of social forecasting in forms nontrivial for systematic rational thinking. T topic is especially important in the context of global instability, in which human civilization has been living for the last decades. The main question is the possible existence of a critical philosophy in terms of the ideological pressure of the Soviet period. The author substantiates the hypothesis that (...)
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  24.  3
    Limits in Sexual Interaction: A Liminality Hotspot, Rather Than an Explicit Boundary?Gabriel Bianchi & Jana Fúsková - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (2):187-195.
    Recent studies have used methods designed to obtain a precise quantitative assessment of sexual aggression, but these are based on the presumption of a normative psychological understanding of what the questionnaire items mean to respondents. This article takes a novel approach that is appropriate for analysing the ‘grey zone’ between wanted and unwanted sex as the key to obtaining a deeper understanding of the data on sexual violence. Stenner and Clinch developed the concept of “liminal hotspots”, which refer to liminal (...)
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  25.  3
    Cannibalism and Cultural Manipulation: How Morier is Received in the Persian Literary Canon.Moslem Fatollahi - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (2):141-159.
    Post-colonialism and orientalism have inspired literary scholars to study various aspects of literature and literary translation in the post-colonial era. One of the implications of post-colonialism for literature as a discipline is the idea of cannibalism and cultural manipulation. This corpus-based study aims to analyze the notions of “cultural manipulation” or “cannibalism” in the Persian translation of Haji Baba by Mirza Habib Isfahani, to explore the translator’s strategy, as an intercultural mediator, in modulating the source novel’s colonial stance and adapting (...)
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  26.  1
    Research and Educational Potential of Feminist Care Ethics in Sex Education.Adriana Jesenková & Katarína Minarovičová - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (2):196-211.
    In this article, we interpret sex education from the perspective of feminist care ethics, emphasizing the concept of caring democracy, advanced by Joan Tronto one of the most influential feminist political theorists. According to Tronto, these theories show that a deficit of care and a lack of democracy are mutually conducive. We argue that, as in other areas of life, a lack of care in sexuality and sex education leads to social inequalities that eventually translate into an unequal approach to (...)
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  27.  2
    Exploring New Types of Intensive Motherhood in the Czech Republic.Romana Marková Volejníčková - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (2):171-186.
    Intensive motherhood has become an established social norm in many countries, especially Western ones. Centred upon the mother providing lengthy full-time, intensive care focused on the child’s needs, these social norms can be seen in the actions of mothers in diverse social locations. However, recent research has demonstrated that women’s ability to engage in IM is affected by factors like education, race, ethnicity, religion or socioeconomic status as well as by cultural and structural conditions. The goal of this paper is (...)
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  28.  7
    A Short Assessment of Social Inequality Through Evolutionary Lenses: Re-Examining Marx and Weber.Christian Mesia-Montenegro - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (2):101-118.
    This paper intends to provide a short assessment on how Marx and Weber approached social inequality. The assessment is conducted using evolutionary rationality. Even though Marx and Weber had seemingly contrasting approaches, I argue that in reality both are complementary and can be better understood using Darwinian evolutionary theory or “Universal Darwinism” as the locus in which the two rationalities described formation processes based on competition for the survival of social forces and the crafting of adaptive and advantageous strategies that (...)
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  29.  1
    Philosopher in the Market Square: Probing the Statement ‘I Was Xmisled’.Cyril-Mary Pius Olatunji & Mojalefa L. J. Koenane - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (2):119-129.
    Traditionally, such a statement as ‘I was misled’ is intended to be taken seriously by the addressee and considered an expression of the true state of affairs. Unfortunately, the statement has many logical implications that often go unnoticed by both the one who utters it and the addressee. The paper critically explores the instrumentality of logical and epistemological analyses in its attempt to lay bare the implications of the statement being true and of entertaining the underlying belief in the first (...)
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  30.  6
    Inter-Group Conflicts in the Horn of Africa: The Case of Diz and Suri People, Ethiopia.Ayele Tariku - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (2):130-140.
    The Horn Africa is the region that consists of Ethiopia, Eretria, Djibouti and Somalia. It is also the region where more than 100 languages are spoken. Besides, it is blessed with natural resources and assumed to be the origin of human beings. Yet, it has remained the scene of various types of conflicts. Of the many areas in the horn of Africa which has been prone to such violent conflict, is the Southwest Ethiopia. This paper attempts to investigate the causes (...)
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  31.  1
    Insulting and Losing Face.Yotam Benziman - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (1):34-43.
    This paper analyzes the nature of insults—a subject that has been rather neglected in the philosophical literature. I claim that an insult has to do with causing us to lose face. We save face with regards to everybody else, and thus anybody is supposedly liable to insult us. In this sense, our interlocutor serves both as an individual encountering us face-to-face, and as an audience in front of whom our weaknesses are exposed. When the insult involves something we know to (...)
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  32.  5
    Re-Creating the Engagement in Managerial Learning.Eva Gatarik & Rainer Born - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (1):3-16.
    When defending his doctoral dissertation, Umberto Eco was accused of narrative fallacy because he presented his research as if it were a detective novel. He should have presented only his conclusions. However, this criticism inspired Eco to claim that “[e]very scientific book should be... the report of a quest for some Holy Grail”. A quest presupposes engagement on both sides of the knowledge exchange. Building upon our own research, we have produced a model-theoretic scheme for management studies in support of (...)
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  33.  2
    Science, Morality and Method in Environmental Discourse.Ibanga B. Ikpe - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (1):71-87.
    The environmental crisis that faces the world today is sometimes seen to be the result of making wrong turns on the path to human development. This is especially so in terms of the technologies humans adopt, the way such technologies are powered, and the morality that is at the foundation of societies that develop and utilize such technologies. Humanity has come to the realization that the technologies that were ushered in with a fanfare and that may still enjoy considerable patronage (...)
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  34.  3
    Czech Teachers’ Attitudes Towards Curriculum Reform Implementation.Tomáš Janík, Tomáš Janko, Karolína Pešková, Petr Knecht & Michaela Spurná - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (1):54-70.
    The study focuses on the implementation of curriculum reform in grammar schools in the Czech Republic. The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes of grammar school teachers towards the reform and its implementation. The perceived benefits of and problems with the curriculum reform were measured using closed-ended items. The research sample of this questionnaire survey consisted of 1,098 teachers from 58 schools. The results indicate that the reform has been more readily accepted in pilot schools than in (...)
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  35.  3
    Ideological Consistency and Political Polarization in Slovakia.Martin Kanovský & Nina Kocičová - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (1):44-53.
    This article concerns the proposal and testing of a Slovak version of the Ideological Consistency Scale, which is a 10-item scale originally developed by the Pew Research Centre. Its psychometric properties are investigated on a Slovak sample. Its fit to the Rasch model with conditional maximum likelihood is tested. The Slovak version of the scale is shown to be a reliable and useful instrument for measuring ideological attitudes. The ideological attitudes of the Slovak respondents are compared with those of the (...)
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  36.  1
    Voices From Altarpieces: Making Sense of the Sacred.Emma Nežinská - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (1):88-97.
    The article is a cultural-philosophical response to Ivan Gerát’s Legendary Scenes and his art history interpretation of the function of Slovak hagiographic pictorial art of the Late Middle Ages. The thrust is on paintings of Christian ethical extremism, reflected in the principle of imitatio Christi. It led to the deaths of martyrs and saints in the name of the Faith. The preponderance of brutal scenes involving the tortured human body in this period art is examined in detail and it is (...)
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  37.  3
    “It’s Also a Kind of Adrenalin Competition” – Selected Aspects of the Sex Trade as Viewed by Clients.Stanislav Ondrášek, Zuzana Řimnáčová & Alena Kajanová - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (1):24-33.
    The main goal of the article is to describe selected aspects of the sex trade as viewed by clients who make use of the services provided by sex workers. We use data obtained through a content analysis of selected topics discussed on an erotic forum called Nornik.net. The topics were: Can a person stop “screwing”?; what was your first contact with the sex trade and how can a person hide their visits to sex workers? In the course of the analysis, (...)
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  38.  8
    Slurs, Truth-Value Judgements, and Context Sensitivity.Roberto B. Sileo - 2018 - Human Affairs 28 (1):17-23.
    Cappelen and Lepore claim that the English language contains a basic and limited set of context-sensitive expressions, as only expressions within this set pass the truth-related tests that they propose to single out context-sensitive from context-insensitive words. In this paper, I argue that racial and ethnic slurs also pass Cappelen and Lepore’s context sensitivity tests and that, as a result, slurs should also be seen as context-sensitive expressions in a truth-related sense.
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