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  1.  1
    La Riflessione Impossibile E Il Rispecchiamento Nel Mondo. Dall’Esperienza Infantile Alla Surréflexion.Prisca Amoroso - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:135-151.
    This essay builds on two questions: the relation of the child with the other and the child’s way of knowing, in which the resistance of the unreflected is not yet problematized. Through a reconstruction of Merleau-Ponty’s critique of Piaget’s idea of the child’s linear intellectual progression toward reflexive abstraction, I highlight the moment of unreflection by taking up the notion of ultra-thing, which Merleau-Ponty borrows from Henry Wallon. These ultra-things are entities with which the child entertains a vague relation and (...)
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  2.  2
    L’Inventivité du Vivant Chez Maurice Merleau-Ponty.Bernard Andrieu & Petrucia da Nobrega - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:265-279.
    The inventiveness of life is at the heart of Merleau-Ponty’s ontology because by separating with behaviorism, philosophy could dialogue with the sciences of development to describe several techniques that we successively study as degrees in the normativity of the living : immanent techniques, ecological techniques, bodily intelligence, and, finally, morphogenetic techniques of development. Through this analysis, we demonstrate the thesis of an activation of the living body from its reflex reactivity to its non-intentional projections in its forms.
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  3.  1
    Introduction. Penser la technicité avec Merleau-Ponty.Bernard Andrieu & Anna Caterina Dalmasso - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:223-225.
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  4.  2
    Introduzione. Pensare la tecnicità con Merleau-Ponty.Bernard Andrieu & Anna Caterina Dalmasso - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:231-233.
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  5.  1
    Introduction. Thinking Technicity with Merleau-Ponty.Bernard Andrieu & Anna Caterina Dalmasso - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:227-229.
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  6.  3
    “L’Uomo È Specchio Per L’Uomo”. Merleau-Ponty, Lacan E la Nascita Prolungata.Matteo Bonazzi - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:171-185.
    This essay investigates the question of the birth of the subject through Lacan’s and Merleau-Ponty’s reflections on the function of the mirror, specularity, and the speculative. The first section draws on the “duplication” of self-consciousness described by Hegel in the first pages of Phenomenology of Spirit. The question of the double and the mirror is then examined through the three main versions of Lacan’s mirror stage, interpreted in light of Merleau-Ponty’s own reflections. Finally, I draw on passages from The Prose (...)
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  7.  1
    Compte Rendu de Claudio Cormick, Opacidad y Relativismo. La Situacionalidad Del Conocimiento En Tensión Entre Merleau-Ponty y Foucault.Martín Miguel Buceta - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:441-447.
    In Opacidad y relativismo. La situacionalidad del conocimiento en tensión entre Merleau-Ponty y Foucault, Claudio Cormick introduces Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s and Michel Foucault’s philosophies as attempts to face two possible obstacles for human knowledge : on the one hand, the opacity of consciousness with regard to the foundations of its own positions; on the other, the relative, non-absolute character of our claims to truth, inasmuch as they are formulated within concrete social and historical conditions.
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  8.  1
    Médiation Phénoménale du Corps Vécu. Embodiment Et Corporéalité En Émergence Sous L’Effet des Technologies.Isabelle Choinière - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:333-349.
    The mediation of the performative body raises the question of the re-evaluation of the lived body in relation to phenomena of re-creation or re-composition involving the sensible and somatic body when it is affected by technology and incorporates its effects. To understand this phenomenon, this essay examines the interrelation of the notions of corporality, corporeality, and embodiment through a transdisciplinary approach and as an anchoring to a dynamic of self-eco-organization. Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy underpins the very foundations of this research and will (...)
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  9.  1
    Introduction.Michel Dalissier - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:21-24.
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  10.  2
    Introduction.Michel Dalissier - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:25-28.
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  11.  2
    Introduzione.Michel Dalissier - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:29-32.
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  12.  2
    Come Due Specchi Prospicienti.Gianluca De Fazio - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:69-85.
    Beginning with the relation between the question of Nature and the status of philosophy, this essay interprets the theme of the mirror through the chiasm between multiplicity and thought. This relation is not substantial dualism’s relation of the subject with the object, but rather, following the image used by Merleau-Ponty, it is like the relation between two mirrors facing each other, thus suggesting that the “subject” herself is a multiplicity. From thence, drawing inspiration from this quote in Eye and Mind, (...)
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  13.  3
    Modernity as a Philosophical Problem.Bernard Flynn - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:399-412.
    The title of this paper makes an obvious reference to Pippin’s book Modernism as a Philosophical Problem. The paper is divided into three parts. The first part presents Pippin’s conception of Modernity, why it is a philosophical problem, and how two philosophers have responded to it, namely, Kant and Hegel whose position in an attenuated manner Pippin supports. The second part evokes dimensions of Merleau-Ponty’s thought which contest Pippin’s Hegelianism. The third part of the paper offers a different conception of (...)
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  14.  3
    Merleau-Ponty E Cézanne.Edoardo Fugali - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:235-248.
    The aim of this article is to demonstrate the intrinsically technical nature of visual perception and pictorial performance through their common anchorage in the corporeity that brings them into existence. As with any other artistic technique, painting reveals itself to be the natural extension of a technological attitude already rooted in the sensorimotor devices of the body in action; painting is led to inhabit a world that is of the same nature as corporeal agents, because the objects that populate it (...)
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  15.  4
    Virtual Embodiment.Andrea Giomi - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:297-315.
    Although Merleau-Ponty never directly addressed the question of technics, over the past three decades, some of the core concepts of his philosophy have profoundly informed digital media discourse, especially in the field of media arts. The problem of embodiment, in particular, represents a keystone for the understanding of the relationship between bodies and technology. This paper seeks to examine the ways in which some of the French philosopher’s key concepts– embodiment, body schema, presence, intertwining, and flesh – have been employed (...)
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  16.  2
    From Reificatory Reflection, Via Reflective Recognition of Consciousness to Reflective Choice of Identity.Simon Glynn - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:119-133.
    Taking its point of departure from Husserl’s recognition that consciousness is intentional, and Sartre’s concomitant non-reificatory notion of consciousness, understood therefore as not a thing, or as nothingness, definitive of human identity, the article proceeds by asking how, if this is so, is it possible to become conscious of consciousness, which is to say reflectively self-conscious. Explicating the relationship between the reflective mirroring of the Self to the Self, as reflected in “the look of the Other,” and the self’s unmediated (...)
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  17.  2
    Reading Merleau-Ponty Reading Montaigne.Will iam S. Hamrick - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:369-383.
    Phenomenologists have always been concerned with the relationships between their methods and the life that sustains and instructs them, and which are, in turn, instructed by it. In its most general form, it is a question of relationships between philosophy and non-philosophy. Maurice Merleau-Ponty conceives of these connections in terms of a reversible inside-outside dynamic from at least Phenomenology of Perception to his unpublished manuscripts. No philosopher better illustrates this dialectic of life and ideas than Michel de Montaigne, whose life (...)
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  18.  3
    “Self-Affection” and “Temporal Thickness” in Phenomenology of Perception.Juho Hotanen - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:87-100.
    In the “Temporality” chapter of Phenomenology of Perception, Merleau-Ponty refers to the Kantian notion of “self-affection.” The subject has an affective self-relation through time because the subject is of time. Merleau-Ponty shows that it is crucial that self-affection is not understood as an immediate self-coincidence. According to him, the idea of an immediate self-possession renders self-relation impossible. Instead, temporal self-relation should be understood as a paradox of connection and difference: the contact of the self to itself always also implies distance. (...)
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  19.  5
    Sense and Normativity.Corinne Lajoie - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:413-429.
    The notion of sense is central to Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s entire phenomenological project but it remains conspicuously absent from contemporary discussions of perceptual normativity. My intervention in this paper addresses this gap and contributes an account of perceptual norms as embodied orientations towards sense. To begin, I distinguish between two conceptions of norms: in contradistinction with Sean D. Kelly’s and Hubert Dreyfus’s accounts, I argue with Merleau-Ponty that perceptual norms emerge at the intersection of inherently labile, fallible, and temporally thick body-world (...)
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  20.  3
    Introduction. L’Autre Miroir de Merleau-Ponty.Federico Leoni - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:63-64.
    A meditation on specularity as paradigms of a theory of experience which informs every field of philosophy and human sciences, including contemporary neurosciences. And a meditation, starting from neurosciences and mirror neurons, on the different readings of this paradigm of specularity and specularization. In particular, on that “second” reading of specularization, which suggests that the mirror is not an instrument of representation but of expression, not a device of adaquation but of creation. It is an hypothesis that Merleau-Ponty, facing the (...)
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  21.  1
    Introduzione. L’altro specchio di Merleau-Ponty.Federico Leoni - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:67-68.
    A meditation on specularity as paradigms of a theory of experience which informs every field of philosophy and human sciences, including contemporary neurosciences. And a meditation, starting from neurosciences and mirror neurons, on the different readings of this paradigm of specularity and specularization. In particular, on that “second” reading of specularization, which suggests that the mirror is not an instrument of representation but of expression, not a device of adaquation but of creation. It is an hypothesis that Merleau-Ponty, facing the (...)
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  22.  2
    Introduction. The Other Mirror of Merleau-Ponty.Federico Leoni - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:65-66.
    A meditation on specularity as paradigms of a theory of experience which informs every field of philosophy and human sciences, including contemporary neurosciences. And a meditation, starting from neurosciences and mirror neurons, on the different readings of this paradigm of specularity and specularization. In particular, on that “second” reading of specularization, which suggests that the mirror is not an instrument of representation but of expression, not a device of adaquation but of creation. It is an hypothesis that Merleau-Ponty, facing the (...)
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  23.  2
    Presentazione.Federico Leoni - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:17-18.
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  24.  2
    Presentation.Federico Leoni - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:15-16.
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  25.  2
    Présentation.Federico Leoni - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:13-14.
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  26.  3
    “Frange” Del Concetto di Informazione: Natura E Tecnica in Merleau-Ponty E in Simondon.Saverio Macrì - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:281-295.
    This paper investigates how Merleau-Ponty and Simondon conceived the theory of information and, in particular, assessed its validity as an instrument of analysis in multiple fields of knowledge. Specifically, the comparison will analyze the relationship between organism and environment, which is central both to Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy of nature and to Simondon’s theory of individuation. For both authors, the analysis of processes of interaction between organism and environment is characterized by the search for a type of causality that distinguishes itself from (...)
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  27.  2
    Recension D’Ange Bergson Lendja Ngnemzué, Identité Et Primauté D’Autrui. La Philosophie Merleau-Pontyenne de L’Hospitalité.Jérôme Melançon - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:433-439.
    The book Identité et primauté d’autrui presents a study of intersubjectivity in Merleau-Ponty. Subjectivity emerges against a background of a world shared with the other, a human world, and is preceded by its relationship to the other. The assumption of the primary character of this relationship takes on the shape of hospitality. Such a politics of hospitality is opposed to state politics aiming for cultural security and the defense of values, taking their origins in neoconservatism and notably deployed against immigration (...)
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  28.  4
    Problèmes d’hier et d’aujourd’hui.Maurice Merleau-Ponty - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:33-40.
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  29.  3
    Problemi di ieri e di oggi.Maurice Merleau-Ponty & Gael Caignard - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:51-59.
    This article studies a link between perception and politics by seeking, in Merleau-Ponty’s work, something like a “mirror relation” in the domains of encounters of love and politics. While in Phenomenology of Perception the analysis of sexuality seemingly renders love impossible, in the courses on Institution, Merleau-Ponty affirms the possibility of love by characterizing it as an institution, a sensible idea, a “mirror relation”. When the lover demands signs of love from the loved one, he demands to see in the (...)
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  30.  5
    Problems of Yesterday and Today.Maurice Merleau-Ponty & Bryan Smyth - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:41-49.
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  31.  3
    Merleau-Ponty’s “Cautious Anthropomorphism”.Marie-Eve Morin - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:187-202.
    In this paper, I develop what I call, following Steven Shaviro, Merleau-Ponty’s “cautious anthropomorphism.” Rather than defending Merleau-Ponty against the accusation of anthropomorphism, I show the role this anthropomorphism plays in Merleau-Ponty’s critique of the Cartesian-Sartrian ontology of the object. If the thing is always “clothed with human characteristics,” as Merleau-Ponty says in the Causeries, it is not so that it can be reduced to a powerless object that can easily be assimilated but rather to ensure its own resistance or (...)
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  32.  2
    Deformation of the Human Body.Haruka Okui - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:351-366.
    In the Sorbonne lectures on the philosophical and psychological inquiry of child development, Merleau-Ponty offers a fundamental insight about imitation. Denying the representation-based explanation of imitation, he proposes that gestures occur without representation through the body-object relation, such as “precommunication” based on the works of body schema. Merleau-Ponty’s thought could be examined by way of more practical examples of body techniques. This paper describes the experience of object manipulation, in particular, Bunraku puppetry. Because three puppeteers manipulate a single puppet together (...)
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  33.  2
    L’Epistemologia Dell’Incorporazione Attraverso la Storia Materiale Degli Arti Artificiali.Samuele Sartori - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:317-332.
    The aim of this article is to enrich the concept of technological incorporation, as thematized by Merleau-Pontian phenomenology and post-phenomenology, through a study of the material history of artificial prostheses. We will see in the first section that post-phenomenology, by discussing the plasticity of the corporeal schema, did not recognize the importance of technological transformations; that is, it has given little importance to the inorganic, material correlate through which hybridization is possible. Secondly, we will show how Merleau-Ponty, through a reading (...)
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  34.  2
    La Sensazione E Il Vortice Del Sonno.Tommaso Tuppini - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:385-397.
    We typically conceive of sensation as a residue of empiricism and idealism, both of which claim to reduce our experience to a sum of elementary data that the subject encounters. For Merleau-Ponty, sensation is none of these things: it defines our ability to let ourselves be solicited by the relief and questions of the world. What is sensed is not an inert datum but a gesture of existence that concerns me, invites me to correspond to it and follow it. When (...)
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  35.  3
    Mutual Determination, Concrescence and Transition. Whitehead’s Speculative Conception of Temporal Subjectivity Interpreted From a Merleau-Pontyan Standpoint.Luca Vanzago - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:101-117.
    The interpretive approach adopted in this paper is influenced by Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy and in particular by his understanding of Nature, which in turn takes into consideration Whitehead’s work. Whitehead’s philosophy of organism is seen by its author as the metaphysical generalization of problems found in his investigation of natural knowledge. Whitehead admits that a speculative approach is necessitated by the very questions arising from the mathematical concepts of the material world and the revolutions undergone in logic, mathematics and physics at (...)
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  36.  3
    Review of Mauro Carbone, Philosophy-Screens: From Cinema to the Digital Revolution. [REVIEW]Keith Whitmoyer - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:449-457.
    In this text, my aim is to provide a reading of Mauro Carbone’s Philosophy Screens: From Cinema to the Digital Revolution in the context of his other writings. My claim is that in this most recent work, Carbone makes a decisive step from being an original interpreter of the work of Merleau-Ponty and Proust to making an original contribution to what I describe, following Merleau-Ponty and Carbone, the history of “a-philosophy”: an historical attempt to reverse the “official philosophy” that has (...)
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  37.  1
    L’Essere Grezzo Della Tecnica.Andrea Zoppis - 2020 - Chiasmi International 22:249-264.
    Through a reading of Merleau-Ponty’s late courses on Nature, this essay presents a new reflection on technique and makes explicit the ontological significance of a rethinking of technique in this period. After an analysis of the historical sense of the notion of Nature and of animal behavior, we turn to cybernetics. The need to rethink man on the basis of his contingency, that is, on the basis of his relationship with the world and with the technical objects through which this (...)
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