21 found

Year:

  1.  2
    Deep Disagreement and the Virtues of Argumentative and Epistemic Incapacity.Jeremy Barris - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (3):369-408.
    Fogelin’s Wittgensteinian view of deep disagreement as allowing no rational resolution has been criticized from both argumentation theoretic and epistemological perspectives. These criticisms typically do not recognize how his point applies to the very argumentative resources on which they rely. Additionally, more extremely than Fogelin himself argues, the conditions of deep disagreement make each position literally unintelligible to the other, again disallowing rational resolution. In turn, however, this failure of sense is so extreme that it partly cancels its own meaning (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  2
    Response to Groarke : Figuring Sound.Justin Eckstein - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (3):341-345.
    This essay notes the tendency to reduce sound to a cause of something else. Such a position constrains theory construction to only cause and effect schemes. I argue that we should expand our understanding of sound to include what I term sound figures, which acknowledge that sounds can represent the world. I conclude by offering an understanding of sound fig-ures tied to their resonance.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  1
    Where Do Sounds Fit Within Informal Logic?Leo Groarke - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (3):362-368.
    In response to commentaries by Eckstein and Kišiček, I argue that the study of auditory arguments is very much in keeping with the critical thinking ideals that motivate informal logic. In the process I support further research on sound figures and the meaning of sound that would enhance our ability to analyze auditory arguments.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  4
    Auditory Arguments: The Logic of 'Sound' Arguments.Leo Groarke - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (3):312-340.
    This article discusses “auditory” arguments: arguments in which non-verbal sounds play a central role. It provides examples and explores the use of sounds in argument and argumentation. It argues that auditory arguments are not reducible to verbal arguments but have a similar structure and can be evaluated by extending standard informal logic accounts of good argument. I conclude that an understanding of auditory elements of argument can usefully expand the scope of informal logic and argumentation theory.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Notice of Books Received. [REVIEW]Curtis Hyra - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (3).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  5
    Can We Translate Sounds Into Words? A Response to Leo Groarke`'s "Auditory Arguments: The Logic of ‘Sound’ Arguments".Gabrijela Kisicek - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (3):346-361.
    This comment to Leo Groarke`'s "Auditory Arguments: The Logic of ‘Sound’ Arguments" is a contribution to the better understanding of an auditory argument as a part of analysis of an argumentative discourse. The emphasis is on human sound i.e. prosodic features of spoken language and its argumentative function. Paper presents sort of “auditory dictionary” which might be of use in sound analysis. It also gives one possible solution of translating sound into words by using visual images as mediators.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  1
    On Appeals to Nature and Their Use in the Public Controversy Over Genetically Modified Organisms.Andrei Moldovan - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (3):409-437.
    In this paper I discuss appeals to nature, a particular kind of argument that has received little attention in argumentation theory. After a quick review of the existing literature, I focus on the use of such arguments in the public controversy over the acceptabil-ity of genetically-modified organisms in the food industry. Those who reject this biotechnology invoke its unnatural character. Such arguments have re-ceived attention in bioethics, where they have been analyzed by distinguishing different meanings that “nature” and “natural” might (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  2
    Announcement: New Policy.J. Anthony Blair - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (2).
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  4
    On Arguments From Ignorance.Martin David Hinton - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (2):184-212.
    The purpose of this paper is twofold: to give a good account of the argument from ignorance, with a presumptive argumentation scheme, and to raise issues on the work of Walton, the nature of abduction and the concept of epistemic closure. First, I offer a brief disambiguation of how the terms 'argument from ignorance' and _'argumentum ad ignorantiam_' are used. Second, I show how attempts to embellish this form of reasoning by Douglas Walton and A.J. Kreider have been unnecessary and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  8
    The Epistemic Value of Deep Disagreements.Kirk Lougheed - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (2):263-292.
    In the epistemology of disagreement literature an underdeveloped argument defending the claim that an agent need not conciliate when she becomes aware of epistemic peer disagreement is based on the idea that there are epistemic benefits to be gained from disagreement. Such benefits are unobtainable if an agent conciliates in the face of peer disagreement. I argue that there are good reasons to embrace this line of argument at least in inquiry-related contexts. In argumentation theory a deep disagreement occurs when (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  1
    Teaching as Abductive Reasoning: The Role of Argumentation.Chrysi Rapanta - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (2):293-311.
    The view that argumentation is a desired reasoning practice in the classroom is well reported in the literature. Nonetheless, it is still not clear what type of reasoning supports classroom argumentation. The paper discusses abductive reasoning as the most adequate for students’ arguments to emerge in a classroom discussion. Abductive reasoning embraces the idea of plausibility and defeasibility of both the premises and the conclusion. As such, teachers’ role becomes the one of guiding students through formulating relevant hypotheses and selecting (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  1
    Analogical Arguments in Persuasive and Deliberative Contexts.Douglas Walton & Curtis Hyra - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (2):213-262.
    This paper uses argumentation tools such as argument diagrams and argumentation schemes to analyze four examples of argument from analogy, and argues that to proceed from there to evaluating these arguments, features of the context of dialogue need to be taken into account. The evidence drawn from these examples is taken to support a pragmatic approach to studying argument from analogy, meaning that identifying the logical form of the argument by building an argument diagram of the premises and conclusion is (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  7
    Introduction to the Special Issue.Michael D. Baumtrog - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):1-12.
    This introduction frames the contents of the special issue in terms of the arguments presented to us by contemporary media.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  3
    Announcement.From the Editors - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):1.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  91
    Fake News: A Definition.Axel Gelfert - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):84-117.
    : Despite being a new term, ‘fake news’ has evolved rapidly. This paper argues that it should be reserved for cases of deliberate presentation of false or misleading claims as news, where these are misleading by design. The phrase ‘by design’ here refers to systemic features of the design of the sources and channels by which fake news propagates and, thereby, manipulates the audience’s cognitive processes. This prospective definition is then tested: first, by contrasting fake news with other forms of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  16.  6
    Critical Review: On Reasoning and Argument.Geoff C. Goddu - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):133-150.
    : This article reviews David Hitchcock’s selected papers, On Reasoning and Argument. Résumé: Cet article est une critique de On Reasoning and Argument de David Hitchcock.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  21
    The Bullshit Doctrine: Fabrications, Lies, and Nonsense in the Age of Trump.Lars J. Kristiansen & Bernd Kaussler - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):13-52.
    : Guided by the concept of bullshit, broadly defined as a deceptive form of rhetoric intended to distract and/or persuade, we examine how fabrications and false statements— when crafted and distributed by the president of the United States—impact not only foreign policy making and implementation but also erode democratic norms. Unconstrained by reality, and seemingly driven more by celebrity and showmanship than a genuine desire to govern, we argue that President Trump’s penchant for bullshit is part of a concerted strategy (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  6
    The Social Nature of Argumentative Practices: The Philosophy of Argument and Audience Reception.Paula Olmos - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):151-183.
    : This article reviews Christopher W. Tindale’s The Philosophy of Argument and Audience Reception. Résumé: Cet article est une critique de The Philosophy of Argument and Audience Reception de Christopher W. Tindale.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  7
    Trump, Snakes and the Power of Fables.Katharina Stevens - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):53-83.
    At a recent rally, Donald Trump resumed a habit he had developed during his election-rallies and read out the lyrics to a song. It tells the Aesopian fable of The Farmer and the Snake: A half frozen snake is taken in by a kind-hearted person but bites them the moment it is revived. Trump tells the fable to make a point about Islamic immigrants and undocumented immigrants from Southern and Central America: He claims the immigrants will cause problems and much (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  16
    Donald Trump as a Critical-Thinking Teaching Assistant.Stephen Sullivan - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):118-132.
    : Donald Trump has been a godsend for those of us who teach critical thinking. For he is a fount of manipulative rhetoric, glaring fallacies, conspiracy theories, fake news, and bullshit. In this paper I draw on my own recent teaching experience in order to discuss both the usefulness and the limits of using Trumpexamples in teaching critical thinking. In Section One I give the framework of the course; in Section Two I indicate Trump’s relevance to many important concepts in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  12
    Argumentation Theory and Argumentative Practices: A Vital but Complex Relationship.Frans H. van Eemeren - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):322-350.
    To illustrate the development of argumentation theory, the paper traces the journey of the pragma-dialectical theory as it widened its scope, step by step, from an abstract model of critical discussion to the complexities of actual argumentative discourse. It describes how, having contextualized, empiricalized and formalized their approach, pragma-dialecticians are now putting the theory’s analytical instruments to good use in identifying prototypical argumentative patterns in specific communicative activity types in the various communicative domains. This means that they can now start (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues