14 found

Year:

  1.  2
    Announcement: New Policy.J. Anthony Blair - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (2).
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  2.  4
    On Arguments From Ignorance.Martin David Hinton - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (2):184-212.
    The purpose of this paper is twofold: to give a good account of the argument from ignorance, with a presumptive argumentation scheme, and to raise issues on the work of Walton, the nature of abduction and the concept of epistemic closure. First, I offer a brief disambiguation of how the terms 'argument from ignorance' and _'argumentum ad ignorantiam_' are used. Second, I show how attempts to embellish this form of reasoning by Douglas Walton and A.J. Kreider have been unnecessary and (...)
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  3.  4
    The Epistemic Value of Deep Disagreements.Kirk Lougheed - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (2):263-292.
    In the epistemology of disagreement literature an underdeveloped argument defending the claim that an agent need not conciliate when she becomes aware of epistemic peer disagreement is based on the idea that there are epistemic benefits to be gained from disagreement. Such benefits are unobtainable if an agent conciliates in the face of peer disagreement. I argue that there are good reasons to embrace this line of argument at least in inquiry-related contexts. In argumentation theory a deep disagreement occurs when (...)
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  4.  1
    Teaching as Abductive Reasoning: The Role of Argumentation.Chrysi Rapanta - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (2):293-311.
    The view that argumentation is a desired reasoning practice in the classroom is well reported in the literature. Nonetheless, it is still not clear what type of reasoning supports classroom argumentation. The paper discusses abductive reasoning as the most adequate for students’ arguments to emerge in a classroom discussion. Abductive reasoning embraces the idea of plausibility and defeasibility of both the premises and the conclusion. As such, teachers’ role becomes the one of guiding students through formulating relevant hypotheses and selecting (...)
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  5. Analogical Arguments in Persuasive and Deliberative Contexts.Douglas Walton & Curtis Hyra - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (2):213-262.
    This paper uses argumentation tools such as argument diagrams and argumentation schemes to analyze four examples of argument from analogy, and argues that to proceed from there to evaluating these arguments, features of the context of dialogue need to be taken into account. The evidence drawn from these examples is taken to support a pragmatic approach to studying argument from analogy, meaning that identifying the logical form of the argument by building an argument diagram of the premises and conclusion is (...)
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  6.  7
    Introduction to the Special Issue.Michael D. Baumtrog - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):1-12.
    This introduction frames the contents of the special issue in terms of the arguments presented to us by contemporary media.
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  7.  3
    Announcement.From the Editors - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):1.
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  8.  31
    Fake News: A Definition.Axel Gelfert - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):84-117.
    : Despite being a new term, ‘fake news’ has evolved rapidly. This paper argues that it should be reserved for cases of deliberate presentation of false or misleading claims as news, where these are misleading by design. The phrase ‘by design’ here refers to systemic features of the design of the sources and channels by which fake news propagates and, thereby, manipulates the audience’s cognitive processes. This prospective definition is then tested: first, by contrasting fake news with other forms of (...)
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  9.  5
    Critical Review: On Reasoning and Argument.Geoff C. Goddu - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):133-150.
    : This article reviews David Hitchcock’s selected papers, On Reasoning and Argument. Résumé: Cet article est une critique de On Reasoning and Argument de David Hitchcock.
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  10.  13
    The Bullshit Doctrine: Fabrications, Lies, and Nonsense in the Age of Trump.Lars J. Kristiansen & Bernd Kaussler - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):13-52.
    : Guided by the concept of bullshit, broadly defined as a deceptive form of rhetoric intended to distract and/or persuade, we examine how fabrications and false statements— when crafted and distributed by the president of the United States—impact not only foreign policy making and implementation but also erode democratic norms. Unconstrained by reality, and seemingly driven more by celebrity and showmanship than a genuine desire to govern, we argue that President Trump’s penchant for bullshit is part of a concerted strategy (...)
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  11.  2
    The Social Nature of Argumentative Practices: The Philosophy of Argument and Audience Reception.Paula Olmos - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):151-183.
    : This article reviews Christopher W. Tindale’s The Philosophy of Argument and Audience Reception. Résumé: Cet article est une critique de The Philosophy of Argument and Audience Reception de Christopher W. Tindale.
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  12.  6
    Trump, Snakes and the Power of Fables.Katharina Stevens - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):53-83.
    At a recent rally, Donald Trump resumed a habit he had developed during his election-rallies and read out the lyrics to a song. It tells the Aesopian fable of The Farmer and the Snake: A half frozen snake is taken in by a kind-hearted person but bites them the moment it is revived. Trump tells the fable to make a point about Islamic immigrants and undocumented immigrants from Southern and Central America: He claims the immigrants will cause problems and much (...)
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  13.  10
    Donald Trump as a Critical-Thinking Teaching Assistant.Stephen Sullivan - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):118-132.
    : Donald Trump has been a godsend for those of us who teach critical thinking. For he is a fount of manipulative rhetoric, glaring fallacies, conspiracy theories, fake news, and bullshit. In this paper I draw on my own recent teaching experience in order to discuss both the usefulness and the limits of using Trumpexamples in teaching critical thinking. In Section One I give the framework of the course; in Section Two I indicate Trump’s relevance to many important concepts in (...)
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  14.  12
    Argumentation Theory and Argumentative Practices: A Vital but Complex Relationship.Frans H. van Eemeren - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):322-350.
    To illustrate the development of argumentation theory, the paper traces the journey of the pragma-dialectical theory as it widened its scope, step by step, from an abstract model of critical discussion to the complexities of actual argumentative discourse. It describes how, having contextualized, empiricalized and formalized their approach, pragma-dialecticians are now putting the theory’s analytical instruments to good use in identifying prototypical argumentative patterns in specific communicative activity types in the various communicative domains. This means that they can now start (...)
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