Analyse & Kritik

ISSN: 0171-5860

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  1.  4
    The Theory of Everything: A Sympathetic Critique of Andeas Reckwitz’s The Society of Singularities.Patrick Baert - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (2):323-329.
    After situating Andreas Reckwitz’s The Society of Singularities within the broader context of the tradition of social theory, we discuss in detail the obvious strengths of this book, notably its impressive range and originality. Subsequently, we elaborate on two limitations of Reckwitz’s argument. Firstly, we argue that Reckwitz’s use of categories such as ‘singularity’ and ‘universality’ is too all-embracing, lacking the clarity and focus needed to sustain a productive line of inquiry. Secondly, and related to the previous point, we contend (...)
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  2.  60
    Mearsheimer, Realism, and the Ukraine War.Grant Dawson & Nicholas Ross Smith - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (2):175-200.
    The usefulness of ‘realism’ in explaining Russia’s decision to invade Ukraine has become a keenly contested debate not only in International Relations but in wider public intellectual discourse since the onset of the war in February 2022. At the centre of this debate is the punditry of John J. Mearsheimer, a prominent offensive realist who is a Professor of International Relations at the University of Chicago. This article argues that although Mearsheimer is indeed a realist, his offensive realism is but (...)
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  3.  3
    Self-Realization and Disappointment in the ‘Society of Singularities’.Austin Harrington - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (2):305-322.
    This contribution focuses on Andreas Reckwitz’s considerations on phenomena of ‘exhausted self-realization’ and ‘disappointment’ in The Society of Singularities, as well as in his follow-up volume, The End of Illusions. Under discussion is the range of analytical distinctions that tend to come into play in this area between what one might call a generally primordial concept of self-realization and more derivative articulations of the concept that exhibit various aspects of instrumentalization—variously termed ‘self-maximization’ or ‘self-optimization’. The paper argues that while Reckwitz’s (...)
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  4.  3
    Does Practice Theory Work? Reckwitz’s Study of the ‘New Middle Class’ as an Example.Andreas Pettenkofer - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (2):279-304.
    ‘Practice theory’—a theory program that connects the goal of offering non-rationalist explanations to a strong focus on everyday routine activities, and builds on the work of Bourdieu but tries to gain a less narrow perspective—is being used more and more widely in the social sciences. Its advocates often argue that, since practice theory is a heuristic for doing empirical work, discussing it without addressing this empirical work cannot do justice to it. Therefore, this article analyses Reckwitz’s recently translated book on (...)
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  5.  11
    The Society of Singularities—10 Theses.Andreas Reckwitz - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (2):269-278.
    The article summarizes the content of Andreas Reckwitz’s book The Society of Singularities in 10 theses and briefly links it to the author’s overall work. The Society of Singularities applies a practice theory approach in order to outline a theory of Western (late-)modernity which recognizes in it a basic rivalry between two logics of social evaluation: a social logic of the general and a social logic of the particular/ singular. The question arises which historical causes for the surge of the (...)
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  6.  21
    Realism, the War in the Ukraine, and the Limits of Diplomacy.Felix Rösch - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (2):201-218.
    Since the outbreak of the war in the Ukraine, realism has made a comeback in public discourses but it is not clear what realism actually means as it seems to stand for everything: from supporting the Ukraine against Russian aggression to the war is the West’s fault. This is the result of decades of not distinguishing between neorealism and classical realism and implicitly acknowledging neorealist storytelling of having systematized classical realist thought. The present paper is a further intervention to carefully (...)
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  7.  1
    The End of Open Society Realism?Robert Schuett - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (2):219-242.
    Does the ‘Zeitenwende’ herald the beginning of a new and as yet undefined open society realism? The present essay argues this question requires critical discussion of nature and value of realist political theory, particularly at a time where international society is accelerating to somewhere which is itself as yet unclear. Adding to revisionist research on political realism in International Relations (IR) theory I sketch how a political vision I call open society realism may be developed out of Classical realism, in (...)
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  8.  14
    Realism after Ukraine: A Critique of Geopolitical Reason from Monroe to Mearsheimer.Matthew Specter - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (2):243-267.
    This article seeks to historicize both the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022 and the debate on realism occasioned by Russian aggression in Ukraine since 2014. Using the research of Gerard Toal on Russia’s construction of its security interests in the post-Soviet spaces that include Ukraine, the article argues that neorealist geopolitical explanations fail to do justice to the roles of contingency and culture in setting Russia’s so-called ‘red lines.’ It also identifies an agency problem in realism: realists not only (...)
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  9.  6
    How to Do Things with Justice: Professor Rawls, 1962–1971.Brad Baranowski - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (1):61-85.
    Understanding the social bases of what John Rawls meant by justice requires understanding a central part of Rawls’s professional life: his role as a teacher. As this essay shows, Rawls’s approach to teaching was not ancillary to his approach to heady philosophical issues like the justification of moral reasoning. Rather, there’s an ethic that runs through Rawls’s work, one focused on deliberation and consensus-seeking, and one whose strengths and weaknesses are easiest to see when you examine his teaching.
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  10.  24
    Liberalism and Social Theory after John Rawls.Katrina Forrester - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (1):1-22.
    Does neo-Rawlsian political philosophy offer an adequate account of the social conditions of capitalism? In this paper, I present two arguments for thinking that it does not. First, I develop a historicist critique of liberal egalitarianism, arguing that it provides a vision of social reality that is intimately connected to the historical and ideological constellation that I call postwar liberalism, and as such cannot account for social reality since the neoliberal revolutions of the late twentieth century. Second, I explore arguments (...)
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  11.  4
    Symmetry in World-Historic Perspective: Reply to Lynch.Steve Fuller - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (1):161-169.
    William Lynch has persistently questioned the politics underlying my appeal to science and technology studies’ flagship symmetry principle. He believes that it licenses the worst features of the ‘post-truth condition’. I respond in two parts, the first facing the future and the second facing the past. In the first part, I argue that the symmetry principle will be crucial in decisions that society will increasingly need to make concerning the inclusion of animals and machines on grounds of sentience, consciousness, intelligence, (...)
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  12.  2
    Durkheimian Thoughts on In the Shadow of Justice.Joel Isaac - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (1):23-30.
    This paper uses Durkheim’s distinction between cause and function to explore the aims and implications of Forrester’s critique of liberal egalitarianism in In the Shadow of Justice. I suggest that there is an interesting tension in Forrester’s argument between the portrayal of Rawlsian justice theory as a vestigial institution—a ‘survival’—left over from 1950s liberalism, and its continuing presence in political theory as a doctrine that has a strong function in policing the bounds of permissible philosophical discourse on politics. I then (...)
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  13.  6
    John Rawls and R. M. Hare: A Study of Canonization.Bruce Kuklick - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (1):87-110.
    Why is someone enduringly prized as a philosopher? To answer this question, this historical case study examines the intersecting careers of John Rawls and R. M. Hare. It looks at their writings, a complex chain of disagreements, the argumentative dimension. The essay moreover explores the clash of differing temperaments. Finally, themes in addition to ratiocination and personality are factored in: the leanings of the institutions that control access to intellectual endeavor; the public square—politics widely conceived—into which the two men were (...)
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  14.  50
    International Relations Theory and the Ukrainian War.Richard Ned Lebow - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (1):111-135.
    Drawing on my qualitative and quantitative research I show that the motives for war have changed in the course of the last four centuries, and that the causes of war and the responses of others to the use of force are shaped by society. Leaders who start wars rarely behave with the substantive and instrumental rationality assumed by realist and rationalist approaches. For this reason, historically they lose more than half wars than they start. After 1945, the frequency of failure (...)
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  15.  16
    Capitalism, Justice, and the Boundaries of Liberalism.Steven Lukes - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (1):31-39.
    The argument of Katrina Forrester’s In the Shadow of Justice explains the present neglect of Rawlsian thinking in the social and political world beyond academia. She there convincingly shows how its deep assumptions, conceptual framing and narrow view of what constitutes politics disabled it from grappling with the subsequent massive transformations of capitalism. Her second argument, advanced in her article and questioned here, offers an ideology critique of Rawlsian thinking that claims, in its strongest version, that such thinking fails to (...)
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  16.  14
    Does Post-truth Expand or Restrict Political Choice? Politics, Planning, and Expertise in a Post-truth Environment.William T. Lynch - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (1):137-159.
    Steve Fuller has replied to my critique of his endorsement of a post-truth epistemology. I trace the divergence in our approach to social epistemology by examining our distinct responses to the principle of symmetry in the sociology of scientific knowledge. Fuller has extended the concept of symmetry and challenged the field to embrace a post-truth condition that flattens the difference between experts and the public. By contrast, I have criticized the concept of symmetry for policing the field to rule ideology (...)
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  17.  53
    Whose Realism? Which Legitimacy? Ideologies of Domination and Post-Rawlsian Political Theory.William Clare Roberts - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (1):41-60.
    There is something amiss about post-Rawlsian efforts to bring political theory down to earth by insisting upon the political primacy of the question of legitimacy, peace, or order. The intuition driving much realism seems to be that we must first agree to get along, and only then can we get down to the business of pursuing justice. I argue that the ideological narratives of the powerful pose a political problem for this primacy of legitimacy thesis. To prioritize the achievement of (...)
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