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  1.  7
    The Birth of the CrowdLaw Movement: Tech-Based Citizen Participation, Legitimacy and the Quality of Lawmaking.Victòria Alsina & José Luis Martí - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (2):337-358.
    One of the most urgent debates of our time is about the exact role that new technologies can and should play in our societies and particularly in our public decision-making processes. This paper is a first attempt to introduce the idea of CrowdLaw, defined as online public participation leveraging new technologies to tap into diverse sources of information, judgments and expertise at each stage of the law and policymaking cycle to improve the quality as well as the legitimacy of the (...)
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  2.  4
    Can an Entrance Fee Solve the Migration Problem? Probably Not.Jörg Althammer & Maximilian Sommer - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (2):261-266.
    Refugee and poverty migration is one of the key challenges developed Western societies are facing. Due to the unstable political situation in many parts of the world and the lasting high differences in development between the economies, these migratory movements will continue to increase in the future. In order to channel immigrants, the authors suggest that migrants must pay an entry premium to obtain a permanent right of residence. We criticize this proposal from both an ethical and an economic perspective. (...)
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  3.  2
    Money, Refuge, and Justice.Michael Blake - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (2):235-242.
    Margit Osterloh and Bruno S. Frey have introduced a novel, and potentially powerful, vision of migration rights, on which European states might respond to the current crisis of migration by conditioning admission on the payment of an entry fee. In this comment, I raise a worry about the morality of a world governed by such a principle. While Osterloh and Frey foresee a world in which migration is made more sustainable, with benefits for all stakeholders as a result, I am (...)
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  4.  5
    A Utilitarian Approach for the Governance of Humanitarian Migration.Herbert Brücker - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (2):293-320.
    Humanitarian migration creates, on the one hand, huge benefits for those who are protected from war, persecution and other forms of violence, but, on the other hand, involves also net monetary and social costs for the population in host countries providing protection at the same time. This is the core of the ethical and political problem associated with the governance of humanitarian migration. Against this background, this paper discusses whether the provision of protection can be founded on rational ethical principles. (...)
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  5.  2
    Just Instruments for Adaptation Finance.Marco Grasso - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (2):405-412.
    The paper discusses Baatz’s work published in a recent issue of this journal. It first considers the proposed framework of justice within which to evaluate instruments for adaptation finance; it then develops the framework’s criteria of fairness and feasibility further; finally, it proposes an option for increasing the capacity of Baatz’s framework to ensure that instruments for adaptation finance operate in a just way.
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  6.  3
    Universal Rights Localized or Local Rights Universalized?Hartmut Kliemt - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (2):321-328.
    A universalist conception of immigration, assuming that all humans have a fundamental ethical right to equal consideration, is contrasted with a particularist ethical conception that restricts equal consideration to members of a given community. It is argued that within the limits of Robbinsian economics only a communitarian conception is acceptable while an ethical theorist might lean towards a universalist view.
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  7.  1
    Migration, Entry Fees, and Stakeholdership.Désirée Lim - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (2):243-260.
    The current European ‘migration crisis’ encompasses increasing rates of migration and the accompanying failure of migrants, including both economic migrants and refugees, to integrate. In this paper, I focus on a normative analysis of the entry fee immigration system, providing both an internal and external critique. In the internal critique, I take for granted that states are best understood as clubs. However, states seem to share greater similarities with clubs that are too exclusive to allow membership to be purchased. In (...)
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  8.  3
    Cooperatives Instead of Migration Partnerships.Margit Osterloh & Bruno S. Frey - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (2):201-226.
    Large-scale migration is one of the most topical issues of our time. There are two main problems. First, millions of persons will enter Europe in the short and middle run in spite of the firewalls we have built. When the income levels in the development countries raises, the migration pressure will even become stronger for a long time. Second, the present integration policy in most European countries is deficient. In contrast to common knowledge, strong social benefits for migrants, multicultural policies (...)
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  9.  2
    Why We Should Talk About German ‘Orientierungskultur’ Rather Than ‘Leitkultur’.Mathias Risse - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (2):381-404.
    The notion of Leitkultur has been used in German immigration debates to capture the idea that our living arrangements ought to be shaped by shared cultural identity. Leitkultur contrasts with a multiculturalism that sees multiple cultures side-by-side on equal terms. We should replace Leitkultur with Orientierungskultur, a notionwhose introduction is overdue. German philosophy, especially Kant, has bestowed an intellectual meaning upon an originally geographical notion that is already ubiquitous, making ‘Orientierungskultur’ a natural construct. That notion allows us to say there (...)
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  10.  3
    Towards a Rational Migration Policy.Fritz Söllner - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (2):267-292.
    A rational migration policy has to be based on a coherent set of objectives and its instruments have to be chosen so as to best achieve these objectives. If the focus of migration policy is on the interests of the receiving country, it has to be decided, firstly, how many and what kind of immigrants are to be invited and, secondly, how many refugees are to be accepted for humanitarian reasons. The former are supposed to live permanently in the receiving (...)
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  11.  1
    After the Equilibrium: Democratic Innovations and Long-Term Institutional Development in the City of Reykjavik.Magnus Adenskog - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (1):31-54.
    Although democratic innovations are spread all over the world, there is little research on the institutional outcomes of implementing such innovations in governmental organisations. To remedy this, it is important to focus on cases where DIs have been implemented and formally connected to the policymaking process over a longer period. Reykjavik provides such a case. Drawing on observations and interviews with key stakeholders over a period of three years, this study analyses how the institutional logic of DIs influenced the local (...)
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  12.  1
    Climate Adaptation Finance and Justice. A Criteria-Based Assessment of Policy Instruments.Christian Baatz - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (1):73-106.
    Although the international community repetitively pledged considerable amounts of adaptation finance to the global South, only little has been provided so far. Different instruments have been proposed to generate more funding and this paper aims at identifying those that are most suitable to raise adaptation finance in a just way. The instrument assessment is based on the following main criteria: fairness, effectiveness and feasibility. The criteria are applied to four instruments: contributions from domestic budgets, international carbon taxes collected at the (...)
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  13.  3
    Pluralism, Kant and Progress.George Crowder - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (1):191-198.
    Vittorio Hösle’s reply helpfully clarifies his ethical position but raises three questions from a value-pluralist point of view. First, is the Kantian starting point he proposes a monist position that undercuts the value pluralism to which he says he is committed? Second, in what sense does he accept the central pluralist idea of the incommensurability of values? In particular, what kind of constraint does he believe this places on the rank ordering of values? The formulations he offers are ambiguous between (...)
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  14.  1
    Capturing Citizens’ Values: On the Role of Narratives and Emotions in Digital Participation.Katharina Esau - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (1):55-72.
    This paper argues that social and political problems currently addressed by local governments through new forms of digital participation can be considered wicked problems, because they cannot be tackled through factual information alone. Addressing such problems means connecting diverse citizens’ values to empirically based and logically based arguments. The paper addresses the question of which role citizens’ personal narratives and emotions play in digital participation and how narratives and emotions articulate personal and social values. This line of inquiry is illustrated (...)
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  15. Value Pluralism and Philosophy of History.Vittorio Hösle - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (1):185-190.
    In my reply to George Crowder’s criticism of my essay on the Soviet Revolution in the last issue of Analyse & Kritik, I discuss two problems: the nature of a reasonable value pluralism and the relation between ethics and philosophy of history. Concerning the first, I insist on the necessity of an objective rank ordering of values; with regard to the second, I side with Kant, who builds philosophy of history on ethics, and reject the Marxist idea that ethics is (...)
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  16.  6
    On the Nature and Significance of Rational Choice Theory.Hartmut Kliemt - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (1):131-160.
    The increasingly wide spread use of RCM, rational choice modeling, and RCT, rational choice theory, in disciplines like economics, law, ethics, psychology, sociology, political science, management facilitates interdisciplinary exchange. This is a great achievement. Yet it nurtures the hope that a unified account of rational active choice making might arise from ‘reason’ in terms of intuitively appealing axioms. Such ‘rationalist’ characterizations of rational choice neglect real human practices and empirical accounts of those practices. This is theoretically misleading and practically dangerous. (...)
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  17.  1
    What Do Participants Take Away From Local eParticipation?: Analyzing the Success of Local eParticipation Initiatives From a Democratic Citizens’ Perspective.Pablo Porten-Cheé & Dennis Frieß - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (1):1-30.
    This paper asks how the intensity of individual local eParticipation affects users’ perception of democratically valuable effects. Drawing on participatory and deliberative theory literature we extract four participatory effects- internal political efficacy, common good orientation, tolerance, and legitimacy. Furthermore, the paper examines which cognitive factors may moderate the relationship between intensity of participation and perception of participatory effects. Drawing on online survey data from 670 citizens engaged in public budgeting online consultations on the local level, the conducted path analysis shows (...)
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  18.  7
    On ‘Cooperation’.Geoffrey Sayre-McCord & Geoffrey Brennan - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (1):107-130.
    The term ‘cooperation’ is widely used in social and political and biological and economic theory. Perhaps for this reason, the term takes on a variety of meanings and it is not always clear in many settings what aspect of an interaction is being described. This paper has the modest aim of sorting through some of this variety of meanings; and exploring, against that background, when and why cooperation might be of value, or be required, or constitute a virtue.
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  19.  1
    Citizenship Status, Warm Glow, and Prosocial Behavior: A Quasi-Experiment on Giving Behavior by Host-Country Citizens and Asylum Seekers.Andreas Tutić & Ulf Liebe - 2018 - Analyse & Kritik 40 (1):161-184.
    This paper is concerned with the question of whether and how social class and status affect prosocial behavior among status groups.We conducted dictator games in which both host-country citizens as well as asylum seekers make monetary donations towards their respective in- and out-groups. As a novelty, we varied the number of recipients in the dictator game. Our results indicate that host-country citizens donate significantly more than asylum seekers and that asylum seekers receive significantly higher donations than host-country citizens. Donations vary (...)
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