16 found

Year:

  1.  10
    Sobre o caráter apriorístico do princípio ético.Franz Brentano - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (2).
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  2.  19
    La supremacía práctica de los derechos humanos. Optimismo, pesimismo y moderación.Guillermo Lariguet & René González de la Vega - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (2).
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  3.  15
    Democracy and Secularism: Remarks on an Ongoing Dispute.Luiz Leite Araujo - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):141-150.
    This paper focus on the disputed issue concerning the proper role of religion in politics, confronting the contributions of three major contemporary political thinkers about democracy and secularism. I present, first, Charles Taylor’s characterization of secularist regimes as attempts to secure the basic principles of the modern moral order. Next, I argue that John Rawls’s growing interest in the relation between religion and democracy led him to an even more inclusive view of public reason. Thirdly, I show that Jürgen Habermas (...)
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  4.  5
    We Are All Ninjas.Maria de Lourdes Borges - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):167-174.
    In this paper I ask whether sympathy, solidarity, and empathy are hard wired in our human brain. I will discuss one the thesis of evolutionary ethics, that is, that empathy and sympathy are innate. I ask whether these are natural /innate features of human beings and other animals, such as primates. I investigate whether there is a natural altruistic behavior and a natural tendency to solidarity. I claim that we have already sufficient empirical data to accept one aspect of an (...)
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  5.  5
    Freedom and Solidarity: Some Remarks in Light of the Contemporary Reception of Hegel.Filipe Campello - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):175-187.
    This paper has in view the relationship between emotions and justice which has been increasingly found in the literature in the past years. The core idea we find in this debate is that the descriptive validity of a social theory depends on the analyses of the constitutive role of emotions on social spheres. On the other hand, I want to suggest that Hegel can contribute towards a “normative” potential of those analyses through the approach of the formative character of institutions, (...)
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  6.  15
    Reflective Equilibrium and Normative Reconstruction: Recasting the Phenomenological Deficit of Critical Theory.Nythamar de Oliveira - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):91-111.
    In this paper, which reflects an ongoing interdisciplinary research in Cognitive and Social Sciences, I recast the normative claims of a political constructivism in reflective equilibrium and of a formal, pragmatic reconstruction as instances of a weak social constructionism. I proceed thus to investigate how social, evolutionary processes, in both semantic and normative terms , may be said to pursue universalizable, valid normative claims that could be justified from an externalist standpoint, generated through reflective equilibrium without reductionism.
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  7.  8
    A Posição Original Como Mediação Entre Estado De Natureza E Imperativo Categórico: Rawls entre Hobbes e Kant.Delamar Volpato Dutra - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):112-140.
    O texto apresenta o conceito de lei natural em Hobbes e contesta que o conteúdo da mesma seja exclusivamente um imperativo hipotético decorrente da racionalidade estratégica. Aproveita a interpretação de Rawls para conferir um estatuto moral ao conteúdo das leis naturais, tais quais elas foram propostas por Hobbes. Para tal intento, a posição original é lida como uma estratégia de contaminação do imperativo categórico por imperativos hipotéticos. Se Kant afirma que, com várias limitações, a regra de ouro pode ser derivada (...)
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  8.  6
    Justice in Cyberwar.Klaus-Gerd Giesen - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):27-49.
    The text aims at providing an ethical framework for cyber warfare. The latter is changing our understanding of war as well as the relationship between the human being and the machine. Rejecting Heidegger’s fatalistic stance towards technology it is argued that norms of international justice should be formulated in order to attempt to regulate this new military dimension. The potentially considerable destructive force of cyberweapon systems for civilian infrastructure is emphasized, especially as far as the “Internet of Things” is concerned. (...)
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  9.  8
    The Concept of Justice: How Fundamental Is It in Ethics and Political Philosophy?Christoph Horn - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):1-17.
    This article attempts to challenge those contemporary philosophical approaches to justice which ascribe to the notion of justice a dominant role within ethics and political philosophy. In the first section, this overestimation of justice is traced back to J.S. Mill . After having pointed out some of the essential features of the Millian concept, I show how far these attributes are away from what we mean by the word ‚justice’. Finally, I try to spell out what might be more plausibly (...)
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  10.  4
    A Critical Concept Of Injustice: Trichotomy Critique, Explanation, and Normativity.Marek Hrubec - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):50-73.
    The article deals with an issue of a critical concept of injustice. It concentrates on injustice by focusing on three fundamental elements of Critical theory of society: critique, explanation, and normativity. Firstly, it clarifies the need for critical social criticism to have an internal character. Secondly, it concentrates on relations between individual elements of the above-mentioned trichotomy, and stresses the consequences of such an analysis for a Critical social theory. It shows that only an articulation of all three elements in (...)
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  11.  6
    La pregunta más humana de Ernst Tugendhat. [REVIEW]Andrei Lodea - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):223-232.
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  12.  9
    Justice And Morality: A Commentary on Christoph Horn’s Paper.Alessandro Pinzani - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):18-26.
    The paper is a commentary on Christoph Horn’s paper The Concept of Justice. It criticizes Horn’s claim that justice is overrated in contemporary philosophical debate by discussing Horn’s arguments. In doing so, it questions the idea that we can easily distinguish between morally central and peripheral questions, as Horn claims; it points out that this distinction is based on the values held by those who are drawing it; and finally it stresses the centrality of the feeling of outrage provoked by (...)
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  13.  6
    The Human Rights Between Morals and Politics: On Jürgen Habermas's Cosmopolitanism.Luiz Repa - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):151-166.
    The aim of this paper is to show some tensions of Habermasian project about cosmopolitanism. First, it shall show that the cosmopolitan right is not based on a moral conception but in normative grammar of right itself, which only found a developed institutional reality in the framework of the national state. Secondly, it seeks to show that the need for a European identity, required by Habermas, clashes with other concepts developed by the philosopher to overcoming the national identity. Finally, it (...)
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  14.  5
    Filosofia política e experimentalismo democrático: alternativa para realizar a justiça.Carlos Savio Teixeira - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):204-222.
    Este artigo analisa criticamente a visão geral das principais correntes das Teorias da Justiça. Argumenta que a desatenção à dimensão institucional das sociedades contemporâneas leva-as a uma postura irrealista sobre a possibilidade de concretização da justiça. Apresenta outra visão, baseada no experimentalismo democrático proposto pela filosofia política de Unger, ancorada na ideia de reorganização institucional da sociedade.
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  15.  5
    Justice and Liberty in Hegel.Thadeu Weber - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):188-203.
    This paper aims to make explicit the concept of justice in Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. It bounds it to the idea of liberty in its different ways of determination. It starts from the notion of person of right and indicates the fundamental rights that derive from the expression of this legal capacity. It highlights the right of necessity as a right to make an exception in favor of itself aiming the actualization of justice. It shows how, through the Law, in (...)
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  16.  4
    Justiça, liberdades básicas e as bases sociais do autorrespeito.Denilson Werle - 2014 - Ethic@ 13 (1):74-90.
    Contrário aqueles que interpretam a teoria da justiça de Rawls como expressão de uma concepção individualista de autonomia e que teria como preocupação central assegurar a liberdade negativa das pessoas, o objetivo do artigo é mostrar que a concepção de justiça social de Rawls está fundamentada em uma concepção plural de liberdade que procura assegurar a todos os cidadãos as condições institucionais, materiais e intersubjetivas para a auto-realização e autonomia mútuas na cooperação social. O artigo defende que essa interpretação de (...)
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