21 found

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  1.  2
    Transnational Co-production of Knowledge: The Standardisation of Typhoon Warning Codes in the Far East, 1900–1939.Aitor Anduaga - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):301-323.
    The why and the how of knowledge production are examined in the case of the transnational cooperation between the directors of observatories in the Far East who drew up unified typhoon-warning codes in the period 1900–1939. The why is prompted by the socioeconomic interests of the local chambers of commerce and international telegraphic companies, although this urge has the favourable wind of Far Eastern meteorologists’ ideology of voluntarist internationalism. The how entails the persistent pursuit of consensus in international meetings where (...)
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  2.  3
    Triple Helix or Quadruple Helix: Which Model of Innovation to Choose for Empirical Studies?Yuzhuo Cai & Annina Lattu - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):257-280.
    While the Triple Helix and Quadruple Helix models are popular in innovation studies, the relations between them have not been addressed extensively in the literature. There are diverse interpretations of helix models in empirical studies that apply them, but these sometimes deviate from the original theses of the models. Such a situation can confuse newcomers to the field in terms of which helix model to apply in their empirical research. We discern that the cause of this research challenge is a (...)
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  3.  2
    Out of the Ivory Tower: The Patenting Activity of Canadian University Professors Before the 1980s.Maxime Colleret & Yves Gingras - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):281-300.
    This study analyses the patenting activities of university science and engineering professors in Canada between 1920 and 1975. Unlike most studies on commercial activities in academia, which typically focus on the post-1980 period and on university practices, we focus on the pre-1980 period and on the individual decisions of professors to patent their inventions. Based on quantitative patent data, we show that patenting, and thus professors’ interest in the possible commercial value of their scientific discoveries made in university laboratories, was (...)
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  4.  4
    Understanding Conceptual Impact of Scientific Knowledge on Policy: The Role of Policymaking Conditions.Jakob Edler, Maria Karaulova & Katharine Barker - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):209-233.
    This paper presents a framework to understand the impact of scientific knowledge on the policy-making process, focusing on the conceptual impact. We note the continuing dissatisfaction with the quality and effects of science-policy interactions in both theory and practice. We critique the current literature’s emphasis on the efforts of scientists to generate policy impact, because it neglects the role of ‘user’ policymaking organisations. The framework offered in the paper develops an argument about the essential role of institutional conditions of policy (...)
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  5.  1
    Katherine E. Smith, Justyna Bandola-Gill, Nasar Meer, Ellen Stewart and Richard Watermeyer, The Impact Agenda: Controversies, Consequences and Challenges.Thomas Franssen - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):325-328.
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  6.  1
    Reimagining Health as a ‘Flow on Effect’ of Biomedical Innovation: Research Policy as a Site of State Activism.Georgia Miller, Declan Kuch & Matthew Kearnes - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):235-256.
    As health care systems have been recast as innovation assets, commercial aims are increasingly prominent within states’ health and medical research policies. Despite this, the reformulation of notions of social and of scientific value and of long-standing relations between science and the state that is occurring in research policies remains comparatively unexamined. Addressing this lacuna, this article investigates the articulation of ‘actually existing neoliberalism' in research policy by examining a major Australian research policy and funding instrument, the Medical Research Future (...)
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  7.  1
    The Societal Territory of Academic Disciplines: How Disciplines Matter to Society.Silje Maria Tellmann - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):159-179.
    This paper analyses the interrelations between academic disciplines and society beyond academia by the case of sociology in Norway. For that purpose, this paper introduces the concept of disciplines’ societal territories, which refer to bounded societal spaces that are shaped by the knowledge of a discipline, premised on the linkages between the discipline and its audience. By mapping sociologists’ reported contributions to societal changes beyond academia, the paper firstly shows how societal territories are established by sociologists’ recurring engagement with certain (...)
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  8.  2
    Revisiting the Global Knowledge Economy: The Worldwide Expansion of Research and Development Personnel, 1980–2015.Mike Zapp - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):181-208.
    Global science expansion and the ‘skills premium’ in labor markets have been extensively discussed in the literature on the global knowledge economy, yet the focus on, broadly-speaking, knowledge-related personnel as a key factor is surprisingly absent. This article draws on UIS and OECD data on research and development personnel for the period 1980 to 2015 for up to N = 82 countries to gauge cross-national trends and to test a wide range of educational, economic, political and institutional determinants of general (...)
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  9. Do Interpersonal Networks Mediate the Relationship Between International Academic Mobility and Entrepreneurial Knowledge?Kevin De Moortel, Thomas Crispeels, Jinyu Xie & Qiaosong Jing - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):29-55.
    Temporary international mobility is an increasingly relevant practice amongst academics. However, current literature lacks understanding on whether such mobility influences the individual academics’ entrepreneurial knowledge. This paper hypothesizes that temporary international academic mobility is conducive to the academic’s entrepreneurial knowledge and that interpersonal social networks play a crucial role in the transfer of this knowledge through their strength and size properties. We perform a Partial Least Squares - Structural Equation Model and build upon an original survey data set collected amongst (...)
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  10.  3
    The Independence of Research—A Review of Disciplinary Perspectives and Outline of Interdisciplinary Prospects.Jochen Gläser, Mitchell Ash, Guido Buenstorf, David Hopf, Lara Hubenschmid, Melike Janßen, Grit Laudel, Uwe Schimank, Marlene Stoll, Torsten Wilholt, Lothar Zechlin & Klaus Lieb - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):105-138.
    The independence of research is a key strategic issue of modern societies. Dealing with it appropriately poses legal, economic, political, social and cultural problems for society, which have been studied by the corresponding disciplines and are increasingly the subject of reflexive discourses of scientific communities. Unfortunately, problems of independence are usually framed in disciplinary contexts without due consideration of other perspectives’ relevance or possible contributions. To overcome these limitations, we review disciplinary perspectives and findings on the independence of research and (...)
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  11. Academic Reform in Fractured Disciplines – On the Interaction of Bologna, New-Public-Management and the Dynamics of Disciplinary Development.Cathleen Grunert & Katja Ludwig - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):57-80.
    At the intersection of science studies and higher education research, this contribution looks at the way in which the requirements of universities as organizations release development dynamics in academic disciplines and it analyses the interaction between discipline and organization. We will analyse German educational science, bearing in mind it is an example of disciplines that are fractured and consequently have little consensus in terms of fundamental theories and basic concepts. Firstly, we take on a quantitative approach and analyse the changes (...)
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  12.  1
    A Sociocultural Perspective on Scholars Developing Research Skills via Research Communities in Vietnam.Cuong Huu Hoang & Trang Thi Doan Dang - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):81-104.
    Given the importance of research communities and research mentoring activities in developing research skills, universities around the world have paid special attention to improving these two dimensions. However, developing research communities and research mentoring culture in Vietnamese universities largely remain at a nascent stage because these universities often have a short history of conducting research and limited research capacity. Drawing on a sociocultural perspective, this qualitative case study explores the experience of Vietnamese scholars in developing their research skills via their (...)
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  13.  3
    Academia in the Grip of the Wolf and Its Utopia.Agnieszka Lekka-Kowalik - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):139-158.
    In 2015, Willem Halffman and Hans Radder published in Minerva a paper, in which they diagnosed that our universities are colonized by “The Wolf of management.” Using the example of the reforms afflicting the Polish academic world, I show that this colonization has intensified, and apart from the processes described in the aforementioned paper, it brought consequences that have changed academic culture: research is subjected to publication policy, many academic activities are treated as a hobby, researchers must be in a (...)
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  14.  2
    Beyond the “STEM Pipeline”: Expertise, Careers, and Lifelong Learning.John D. Skrentny & Kevin Lewis - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):1-28.
    Studies of education and careers in science, technology, engineering, and math commonly use a pipeline metaphor to conceptualize forward movement and persistence. However, the “STEM pipeline” carries implicit assumptions regarding length, contents, and perceived purpose. Using the National Survey of College Graduates, we empirically measure each of these dimensions. First, we show that a majority of STEM workers report skills training throughout their careers, suggesting no clear demarcation between education and work. Second, we show that using on-the-job expertise requirements paints (...)
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  15. An Approach to the Design of Didactic Material for the Strengthening of the Integral Development of the Child.Daniel Davila Leon, Karen Aigaje, Mario Caiza, Michelle Flores & Jhoel Vazquez - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):5-16.
    The development of children must be an integral part of their educational environment, focusing on strengthening their learning and social skills. The research is framed in the design of didactic material, under the perspective of product design. As a discipline of study, it focuses on the needs andparticularities of the rural educational environment and attempts to support the integral development that Ecuadorian education has been pursued. In this context, with a qualitative approach, the characteristics of the environment are collected, as (...)
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  16. Rock Material Particle Size and its Correlation with the Point Load Test Index.Patricio Feijoo, Adriana Peralta, Andrea Tamayo & Bernardo Feijoo - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):78-88.
    : This work proposes the methodology to obtain a correlation between the particle size of the rock material and the point load test index, in order to characterize the materials, present in mining projects in terms of resistance. For a correct development of mining activities, both open pit and underground, it is important to determine the compressive strength of the rocks, since, through it, geomechanical classifications are obtained, and thus calculate safety factors to define stabilization and/or fortification systems for mining (...)
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  17. Students' Perception of the Quality of Virtual Education in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic.Omar Flor, Veronica Toaza, Marlene Barragan & David Lopez - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):37-41.
    This article presents a study on the perception of students pursuing technical careers, on aspects related to the quality of virtual education during times of covid-19 pandemic. The data analyzed were obtained from surveys of 75 students of various educational levels in aspects such as quality in teaching, accessibility to virtual resources, teacher training, continuity of the curriculum, equal conditions, and the influence of policy on the quality of education in general. It was concluded that the educational process in its (...)
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  18.  1
    Pandemic Triage Criteria by COVID-19: Multiple Approaches.Veronica Luzuriaga, Gabriela Rueda, Josue Quiroga, Gitti Montesdeoca & Jose Calahorrano - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):25-36.
    This paper presents the most relevant criteria considered in the face of a lack of resources and medical infrastructure to prioritize the treatment of patients affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. From a systematic review, points of view have been collected considering the medical and social fields. Multiple divergences were found in these views depending on the countries, resources, religious approaches, and political aspects that have been adapted according to the circumstances of each nation. Keywords: Triage, COVID-19, public health.
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  19.  2
    Emotional Dependence in University Students in a Period of Confinement Due to Covid-19.Maryori Peredo, Nathaly Mamani, Carmen Lazo & Sheril Condori - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):17-24.
    An analysis of the level of emotional and dependency according to sociodemographic characteristic factors in university students in a period of confinement due to COVID-19. 689 female students of the city of Arequipa were included; we used a measurement instrument with 23 items that allowed us to understand the influence of the current situation on the psychological state of the university. The results indicate that there is a low level of emotional dependence, in relation to the variable of the emotional (...)
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  20. Academic Stress According to Sociodemographic Factors in University Students in a Period of Confinement Due to COVID-19.Yelina Quispe, Milagros Huarcaya, Karen Cruz, Brithany Mamani & Nicole Almeron - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):42-50.
    Stress is a health problem that affects today's society, it is reflected in the degree of reaction to events or academic situations faced by the university student. The level of academic stress was analyzed according to sociodemographic factors in university students in a period of confinement due to COVID-19. 525 randomly chosen students from private and licensed universities in the city of Arequipa participated, an instrument was used to assess academic stress consisting of 21 items that measure stressors, symptoms, and (...)
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  21.  2
    Capítulo 7: Diseño de Canaleta Parshall.Franyelit Suárez, Cristian Milton Mendoza Flores, Fernando Ricardo Arteaga Valdez, Cristina Johanna Toledo Toledo, Fernando Demetrio Llatas Villanueva & Jose Luis Zumaran Irribarren - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):51-77.
    I. INTRODUCTIONThe Parshall Flume, which was invented in 1920 by R. Parshall, is mostly used in wastewater and crop supply. Utilizing equations, Parshall established dimensions that fit the design, one of the advantages is the conversion of position energy to velocity energy since in other measurement structures there are minimum energy losses in this one it does not allow sedimentation. The structuring of the project is adhered to by different models that define its behavior and limit its use. This is (...)
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