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  1.  30
    On the Correctness of Problem Solving in Ancient Mathematical Procedure Texts.Mario Bacelar Valente - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:169-189.
    It has been argued in relation to Old Babylonian mathematical procedure texts that their validity or correctness is self-evident. One “sees” that the procedure is correct without it having, or being accompanied by, any explicit arguments for the correctness of the procedure. Even when agreeing with this view, one might still ask about how is the correctness of a procedure articulated? In this work, we present an articulation of the correctness of ancient Egyptian and Old Babylonian mathematical procedure texts – (...)
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  2.  8
    A defence of the conceptualist solution to the “grounding problem” for coincident objects.Ezequiel Zerbudis - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:41-60.
    I consider some of the objections that have been raised against a conceptualist solution to the “grounding problem”, I address in particular two objections that I call Conceptual Validity and Instantiation, and I attempt to answer them on behalf of the conceptualist. My response, in a nutshell, is that the first of these objections fails because it ascribes to the conceptualist some commitments that do not really follow from the view’s basic insight, while the second objection also fails because it (...)
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  3.  1
    Dramatization and argumentation in African oral societies.Mawusse Kpakpo Akue Adotevi - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:277-290.
    African traditional societies are oral societies. Orality, in these societies, is the effect as much as the cause of the particular mode of social being of the African man. An African man is socially configured by orality. It is therefore a cultural formatting whose main issue is preservation and transmission, from age to age, of traditions, social norms and practices that determine the relationship of man of orality with the world. Moreover, according to Diagne, the process by which this cultural (...)
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  4. Composition, Identity and Cardinality.Sebastián Briceño - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:17-40.
    In this article I attempt to give an account of the thesis according to which composition is identity and of the criticisms that might be formulated against it. According to a weak version of the thesis, composition, in virtue of being analogous in important respects to identity, is as ontologically innocent as identity. According to the strong version of the thesis, composition is literally a species of the generic relation of identity, and is as ontologically innocent as any species of (...)
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  5.  4
    A new solution to the grounding problem.Marta Campdelacreu - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:61-87.
    Let us consider a statue and the piece of clay out of which it is made, and let us suppose that they start to exist and cease to exist at exactly the same time. According to colocationism, the statue and the piece of clay are two different objects: they have different properties and, according to Leibniz’s Law, the same object cannot have different properties. One of the most difficult questions for colocationism is that of the grounding problem : given that (...)
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  6.  1
    Numerus surdus and musical harmony. On the equal temperament and the end of the Pythagorean reign of numbers.Lianggi Espinoza, Juan Redmond, Pablo César Palacios Torres & Ismael Cortez Aguilera - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:137-167.
    The development of philosophical ideas throughout history has sometimes been assisted by the use of handcrafted instruments. Some paradigmatic cases, such as the invention of the telescope or the microscope, show that many philosophical approaches have been the result of the intervention of such instruments. The aim of this article is to show the determining role that stringed musical instruments with frets had in the crisis and generation of philosophical paradigms. In fact, just as the observations of the moon with (...)
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  7.  2
    Fundamentos de la explicación en ciencias sociales: revisitando el constructivismo de Niklas Luhmann.Jorge Gibert Galassi & Juan Pablo Venables - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:191-214.
    In this work, it is argued that one of the foundations of NiklasLuhmann’s theory of social systems, namely that it has no ontology, would prevent the elaboration of explanations in sociology. Because the theory has a formal-logical foundation, which does not presuppose ontology, there are insurmountable obstacles to achieving this objective. For this reason, it is valid to wonder about the merit of a theory that, after 20 years, insists on not aligning itself with ontological premises in a robust way (...)
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  8.  2
    Bundle Theory and the Problem of Thick Character.Robert K. Garcia - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:111-136.
    The challenge of thick character consists in explaining the apparent fact that one object can be charactered in many ways. If we assume a trope bundle theory, we ought to answer in turn the two following questions: What are the requirements on a trope bundle theory if it is to adequately account for thick-character?; Is a trope bundle theory that meets those requirements preferable to rival theories? In order to address the above questions, the paper proceeds as follows. In the (...)
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  9. Human Genetics and the Value of Non-epistemic Values for Restituting Identity in Argentine.Livio Mattarollo - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:255-275.
    Within the context of the discussion about value-free science ideal, Heather Douglas claims that in several cases non-epistemic values are needed for good reasoning in science. In this article I aim at recovering her viewpoint in order to examine the research driving to the Genetic Grandparent Inclusion-Probability Index, a crucial element to restitute the identity of children who were abducted during Argentinean dictatorship. Thus, my purposes are to reconstruct Douglas´ main theoretical contributions, specifically her reasons to reject the ideal as (...)
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  10.  1
    Axel Honneth: the social conflict and the ways of the look. Notes to think the problem beyond recognition.Jorge Ariel Palacio - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:215-237.
    In this paper we will address one of the forms that assume the social conflict, considering an everyday behavior: the look and the ways of representation that it produces. The beginning of our argumentation is marked by Axel Honneth’s theory of recognition. His contributions give a perspective that allow us to unite the analysis of socials struggles with the problem of the look. For this work we study how Honneth build an ethical approach about the look, from the ideas of (...)
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  11.  3
    Indiscernible Universals.Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:89-110.
    Universals have traditionally thought to obey the identity of indiscernibles, that is, it has traditionally been thought that there can be no perfectly similar universals. But at least in the conception of universals as immanent, there is nothing that rules out there being indiscernible universals. In this paper, I shall argue that there is useful work indiscernible universals can do, and so there might be reason to postulate indiscernible universals. In particular, I shall argue that postulating indiscernible universals can allow (...)
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  12.  3
    A Hundred Years of Metaphysics within the Analytic Tradition. Introduction to the Monographic Section on Contemporary Analityc Metaphysics.Carlo Rossi - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:7-16.
    Introduction to the monographic section on contemporary analytic metaphysics.
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  13.  2
    Intuitions in logic: a moderate proposal.Diego Tajer - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 16:239-253.
    Intuitions play a significant role in debates about logic. In this paper, I analyze how legitimate is that practice. In the first part of the paper, I distinguish between theoretical and pretheoretical intuitions, and argue that some pretheoretical intuitions are not to be taken into account in logic. Particularly, our pretheoretical intuitions about the concept of validity are not of much importance, since we don’t have a uniform or clear concept of validity in the natural language to be elucidated. Nevertheless, (...)
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  14. La Propuesta Ética de William David Ross.Benedicto Acosta - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 15:41.
    The present work tries to analyze the moral philosophy of William David Ross. First, Ross's ethics precedents are exposed, focusing on three authors against whom he acknowledges entering into discussion: Kant, the utilitarians and Moore. This is the aim of the second chapter. Next, Ross's proposal is explained through three axes: 1) the theory of moral knowledge, where his well-known intuitionist theory will appear; 2) the doctrine of correction, composed of deontological pluralism; 3) and the doctrine of good, in which (...)
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  15.  1
    De Frankenstein a la Terapia Génica: Una Responsabilidad Colectiva.Elisa Constanza Calleja-Sordo, Jorge Enrique Linares & Elena Arriaga-Arellano - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 15:7.
    Given the recent developments in biotechnology and genetic engineering, the ability to eliminate genetic diseases from the human genome seems more and more possible each day. Being able to do so would mean a better quality of life for those who would otherwise suffer from incurable genetic diseases.However, even though the success of such a procedure would bring benefits that cannot be obtained by other means, the consequences for humans are still unknown. As such, the people involved should be held (...)
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  16.  2
    Génesis Del Nóema: Un Análisis Noemático a Partir de la Constitución Del Cuerpo Adolorido.Alejandro Escudero Morales - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 15:65.
    The objective of this work is to carry out a genetic study on the Husserlian concept of noema based in the givenness of the real body in the passive experience of pain. The development focuses, either, on the delimitation of the painful body given in its physical sphere in attention to its material properties, and in the eventual integration of this passively given body in the so-called noetic-noematic structure regarding the intentional revelation that pain implies. To do this, pain will (...)
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  17. La Justicia Como Imparcialidad, Progreso y Perfección.Diego Alejandro Otero Angelini - 2020 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 15:21.
    In this article I analyze the justification of rawlsian anti-perfectionism, present in both A Theory of Justice and Political Liberalism. My aim is to show how justice as fairness, Rawls's conception of justice, lacks stability because of it. As an alternative to his anti-perfectionism, I propose, in the second part, the idea of progress as practical perfectionism by John Dewey. I argue that a perfectionist liberalism of this kind does not undermine reasonable pluralism as Rawls argued. Also I argue that (...)
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