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  1. Language Violence in Dramatic Literature Samuel Beckett: In Searching of Nothingness.Mohammad Mohammadi Aghdash - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):339-355.
    The suffering of Samuel Beckett's characters on the stage of the theater in the early fifties in twentieth century, has a meaning beyond the physical condition, and in its philosophical aspect it is seen as the existential pain of mankind.In this regard, the "Nihilism" in the works of Samuel Beckett is a completely philosophical and ontological concept that shapes the intellectual and literary character of his dramatic literature and profoundly depletes the language from within and from its semantic content.Nevertheless, the (...)
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  2. Nihilistic Inspiration in The Blind Owl of Sadegh Hedayat Marzieh Balighi.Marzieh Balighi - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):323-337.
    The Blind Owl of Sadegh Hedayat, Iranian author, which belongs to the dark literature category, is based on a nihilistic inspiration. In spite of the undeniable influence of nihilism in the creation of this complicated work, there is no coherent study to treat this subject from different points of view. The certain thing is that Hedayat was a careful reader of nihilistic works and the literary works which were inspired by nihilism. It seems that for a long time he was (...)
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  3. Kant and Hegel on Aesthetic Reflexivity.Georg W. Bertram - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):95-113.
    The paper aims at reevaluating a conception of the aesthetic that was developed by Kant and Hegel but that has been widely neglected due to the fact that their positions in aesthetics have been wrongly considered to be antagonistic to one another. The conception states that the aesthetic is a practice of reflecting on other human practices. Kant was the first to articulate this conception, but nevertheless falls short of giving a satisfying account of it, as he doesn’t succeed in (...)
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  4. The Possibility of the Prejudicative in the Substantialism of Mulla Sadrā's "Kitab Al-Masha'ir".Maria-Roxana Bischin - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):171-184.
    Due to the the movements in European thought from the 16th-17th centuries that have generated enough controversy around the ideas of ʻnatural philosophyʼ and ʻexperimental philosophyʼ, I think it would be appropriate to focus our attention on the evolution of the idea of ʻsubstantialismʼ in ʻtranscendental philosophyʼ from the Islamic philosophy. Mulla Sadrā was the most important philosopher and he established a truly hermeneutics on the idea of the ʻBeingʼ. Due tot the new fields of research into the prejudicative hermeneutics, (...)
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  5. A New Philosophy of Man and Humanism.Hans L. M. Dassen - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):201-218.
    The theoretical basis for the new philosophy was laid by the American philosopher James Joseph Dagenais, who came to the conclusion that philosophical anthropology is not a science, but a domain unto itself, and that a philosophy of man can only come about as a joint undertaking of all sciences, in which the object of study must be man himself. The final explanation of man lies outside all possible scientific views that have ever been formulated, because they lie within the (...)
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  6. Plato Seeking for "One Real Explanantion" in Phaedo.Mohammad Bagher Ghomi & Mahdi Ghavam Safary - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):219-240.
    What this essay is to discuss is Plato''s theory of explanation in Phaedo. In this dialogue, we observe that Socrates criticizes both the natural scientists’ explanations and Anaxagoras’ theory of Mind since he thinks they could not explain all things, firstly, in a unitary and, secondary, in a real way. Thence, we are to call what Plato is seeking as his ideal explanation in Phaedo “One Real Explanation”. He talks at least about three kinds of explanation, two of which, the (...)
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  7. Religion and Spirituality: Adam Smith Versus J-J Rousseau.Gordon Graham - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):83-93.
    Adam Smith and J-J Rousseau share some common ground when it comes to religion, namely that they were born into and educated in cultural contexts deeply shaped by Reformed Christianity. However, close consideration of their writings on religion reveal marked difference. This paper explores those differences and finds that Rousseau and Smith are radically at odds on this score. Smith has almost nothing to say about personal spirituality, and locates the significance of religion in its social role. Rousseau, on the (...)
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  8. Five Answers on Pragmatism.Susan Hacck - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):1-14.
    Prof. Haack answers a series of questions on pragmatism, beginning with the origins of this tradition in the work of Peirce and James, its evolution in the work of Dewey and Mead, and its influence beyond the United States in, for example, the Italian pragmatists and the radical British pragmatist F. C. S. Schiller. Classical pragmatism, she observes, is a rich and varied tradition from which there is still much to be learned—as the many ways her own work in logic, (...)
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  9. How to Escape Irrelevance: Performance Philosophy, Public Philosophy and Borderless Philosophy.Robert Hanna - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):55-82.
    Carlo Cellucci has rightly pointed out that contemporary professional academic philosophy has a serious problem of irrelevance. Performance philosophy and public philosophy are two recent attempts to solve that problem and radically transform professional academic philosophy into what I call real philosophy. Nevertheless, performance philosophy and public philosophy have some prima facie problems. My goal in this essay is to make some headway towards solving these two prima facie problems, first, by briefly describing ways of conceptually clarifying and purposively unifying (...)
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  10. Naturalizing Self-Consciousness.Roberto Horácio de Sá Pereira - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):145-170.
    The crucial problem of self-consciousness is how to account for knowing self-reference without launching into a regress or without presupposing self-consciousness rather than accounting for it. In the literature we find two bottom-up proposals for solving the traditional problem: the postulation of nonconceptual forms of self-consciousness and the postulation of a pre-reflexive form of self-consciousness. However, none of them seems satisfactory for several reasons. In contrast, I believe that the only way of solving this traditional puzzle is to assume another (...)
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  11.  13
    The Manifestation Challenge: The Debate Between McDowell and Wright.Ali Hossein Khani & Saeedeh Shahmir - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24): 287-306.
    In this paper, we will discuss what is called the “Manifestation Challenge” to semantic realism, which was originally developed by Michael Dummett and has been further refined by Crispin Wright. According to this challenge, semantic realism has to meet the requirement that knowledge of meaning must be publically manifested in linguistic behaviour. In this regard, we will introduce and evaluate John McDowell’s response to this anti-realistic challenge, which was put forward to show that the challenge cannot undermine realism. According to (...)
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  12. The Influence of Islamic Mysticism on Iranian Education.Mahmoud Navali - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):357-369.
    Mysticism can have many effects on our Iranian cultural and spiritual life. This influence can play a significant role in the future of youth education. In this article, we say that mysticism is a kind of individual or personal approach, but education is a collective and social work. How can one use individual approach in collective work? Our response to this question focuses on describing the concept of freedom and its use in both areas. Freedom in the realm of education (...)
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  13. Mulla Sadra and Hume on Comparative Analyzing of Causality.Qodratullah Qorbani - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):241-257.
    One of the most important causes for comparative studying on philosophical systems is to find their commonalities for responding common questions and to emphasize on their differences for taking functional answers encountering modern philosophical challenges and problems. Here, causality is chosen as the case study. Causality is of the basic philosophical issues that have been continually considered by both Islamic and Western philosophical traditions, but the answers which have been rendered by modern western philosophers with empirical approach and Muslim philosophers, (...)
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  14. Active Objectivism: Analyzing Tabatabai's View on the Meaningful Life.Seyyede Zahra Rashidifard, Reza Akbari & Mohsen Javadi - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):259-269.
    Tabatabai’s theory about the meaning of life can be referred to as active objectivism, where a man plays an important role in achieving the meaningful life, rather than merely discovering the divine view about his existence. If the man chooses the divine purpose from a “real life” perspective as his meaning of life, God’s purpose and man’s purpose will converge in order to shape a meaningful life and the ultimate achievement of Pure Life. However, if he chooses the unreal counterpart, (...)
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  15. Postmodernism, Philosophy and Literature.Hossein Sabouri - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):271-285.
    No special definite definition does exist for postmodernism however it has had an inordinate effect on art, architecture, music, film, literature, philosophy, sociology, communications, fashion, and technology. The main body of this work can be seen as an admiration and reverence for the values and ideals associated with postmodern philosophy as well as postmodern literature., I have argued that postmodern has mainly influenced philosophy and literature and they are recognized and praised for their multiplicity. Postmodernism might seem exclusive in its (...)
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  16. The Paradigmatic Significance of Perception in Mullā Ṣadrā's Philosophy of Being.Anthony F. Shaker - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):115-143.
    Ṣadrā presents the usefulness of the faculties of perception governed by the intellect as a fitting paradigm for understanding man’s being in the world in relation to the divine purpose and source of this being. Perception raises challenging questions which, while peripheral to philosophy proper, have contributed to the debate on knowing and being. Dating back to the Presocratics, this debate came to a head in Islamicate civilization, where perception played a paradigmatic role that also put civilization, on a human (...)
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  17. Language Without Communication Intention.Galen Strawson - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):15-54.
    This paper argues that a language can exist and flourish in a community even if none of of the members of the community has any communication intentions; and that reference to the notion of communication intention can therefore be dispensed with in the core account of the nature oflinguistic meaning. Certainly one cannot elucidate the notion of linguistic meaning without reference to psychological notions; the communication-intention theorists are right about this. They are, however, wrong about which psychological notions are needed. (...)
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  18. Spinoza on Method.Mohsen Tehrani & Mostafa Shahraeini - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):307-322.
    By interrupting the traditional approach to the distinctiveness of the order of knowledge and the order of nature, and acquiring a unified science, Spinoza changes the customary order of philosophizing and begins his famous book, Ethics, with a treatise on God, nature or substance, a being that, is assumed, first by nature, i.e. in the order of nature, but not first for us, i.e. in the order of knowledge. To accomplish this procedure, Spinoza, on the one hand attributes the extension (...)
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  19. On the Entanglement of Universals- Theory and Christian Faith in the Modern Theological Discourse of Karl Barth.Hiroshi Tone - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (24):185-201.
    The philosophical investigations into universals was entangled with the combination of a certain Christian faith and Ontology, especially in ancient and medieval times. That is, God’s creative activity provided us with the ontological presumption which enabled universals to be predicated, be perceived and be thought about. Times then have changed, and “the modern turn” in Philosophy tends to resolve universals into concepts or linguistic phenomenon, which resulted that its certain Christian ontology no longer dominates the discourse on universals. On the (...)
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  20. An Expression of G.E. Moore's Views of the Role "Inuition" in the Formation of Ethical Concepts and Judgements.Ali Akbar Abdolabadi - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (23):77-90.
    One of the fundamental questions about Moore's ethical intuitionism is that what role the intuition plays in the formation of ethical concepts and judgments. In this paper, I have scrutinized Moore's answer by an analytic method, and by differentiating the two meanings of “Intuition” in his views, i.e. the intuition of the property of “Goodness”-which I have called “Intuition ”- and the intuition of the propositions containing the predicate “Good”-which I have called “Intuition ”-I have reached these results: 1) Intuition (...)
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  21. The Relation of Soul to its Powers From the Prespective of Mulla Sadra and Modares Zonouzi.Ramin Azizi & Hassan Ebrahimi - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (23):91-109.
    As regards to the importance of soul issue among philosophers and thinkers in the history of human thought, This research seeks to examine the points of communities and separations of Mulla Sadra's and Zenouzi's views on the soul and its powers and the relation between them. Mulla Sadra on the basis of his main foundations which are the fundamentality of existence, existential gradation and change in substance, has considered powers as existential rank of a single soul and has spoken of (...)
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  22. A Critical Review of the Modern Mathematical Platonism.Hossein Bayat - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (23):1-19.
    Some mathematical philosophers believe that we can achieve a new and better version of mathematical Platonism, by eliminating defects of original Platonism. According to Brown's version of Platonism, that here we call it “Modern Platonism”, the nature of mathematics can be formulated in these seven theses: realism, abstraction, particularity, Intuitiveness, priority, fallibility, and extensibility. This paper criticizes and evaluates the New Platonism, according to two major criteria: the social acceptability, and the methodological acceptability. The social acceptability of a theory, according (...)
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  23. Review of Logical Problem of Evil and It's Resistance in Front of the Best Ordering of Things From Mulla Sadra's Viewpoint. [REVIEW]Tavakkol Kuhi Giglou & Seyyed Ebrahim Aghazadeh - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (23):111-136.
    The problem of evil, by a logical framework, has seen the belief in a knowledgeable, almighty and purely good God logically inconsistent with the existence of evil in the universe, rather than challenging the existence of God and His attributes of perfection evidentially, relying on some absurd and apparently aimless evils or massiveness of human life difficulties. It is clear that the validity of this logical reasoning depends on the truth or probability of its annexational proposition, whereas, from the perspective (...)
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  24. Kantian Characteristics of A Priori.Mahdi Soleimani Khormuji, Ali Fath Taheri & Seyyed Masoud Seif - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (23):21-42.
    Undoubtedly, A Priori needs to be clarified if we are to understand the heart of Critique of Pure Reason; and Kant, precisely for this very reason, devoted a considerable part of Critique to explaining the epistemic status of A Priori, searching its origin, specifying its validity scope, and illustrating its instances. Although he, more or less, in both editions of Critique, put forward some characteristics intrinsic to A Priori since they have been also used in post-Kantian traditions, especially in a (...)
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  25. The Relationship Between Perception with Aesthetic Experience and Beauty in Leibniz;s Aesthetics.Davoud Mirzaei, Ali Salmani & Reza Mahoozi - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (23):175-194.
    Leibniz’s account of perception for understanding of German rationalistic aesthetic tradition in 18 century is very crucial and important. His account of sense qualities has a Cartesian framework and it is so central to his views on aesthetic experience. He explains the concept of perfection and pleasure based on the clear but confused nature of perception. Accordingly, he defines beauty as follows: perfection is the ability or power to unite multiple properties into one; pleasure is feeling perfection in things. Beauty, (...)
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  26. The Contingency and the Realization of Using Postmodern Methodologies in Theological Studies.Abdolamjeed Moballeghi - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (23):137-155.
    This Paper tries to prove that it is possible to use postmodern methodologies in Islamic theological studies. Accordingly, the three main steps in this paper are taken to defend this thesis. The first step explains that the Iranian philosophical mentality disregards any use of postmodernism in Islamic studies. The paper points out that the problem with this mentality is that this mentality usually sees a fundamental contradiction between materialism and relativism in postmodernism and Islamic understanding of theology. In the second (...)
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  27. Comparative Study Between Heidegger's Thought and Tarkovsky's Cinema.Seyyed Mahdi Mousavinejad & Mohammad Rraayat Jahromi - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (23):157-174.
    The relation between art, especially cinema, with philosophy, on one hand, and a philosopher with an artist’s thinker are the main subject of this paper. Martin Heidegger and Andrey Tarkovsky are one of these philosophers and filmmakers. Accordingly, “philosophical film” separated from “film as philosophy”. Andrey Tarkovsky, Russian filmmaker, brings up in his works some issues such as time, death and care which are very important in the context of existential philosophy. Then, his works and thought included “film as philosophy”. (...)
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  28. Tasting of Theosophy or a Conflict in the Ontological System of Jalaladdin Davani.Mortaza Tabatabaiyan Nimavard, Seyyed Mahdi Emami Jomee & Nafiseh Ahl Sarnadi - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (23):61-75.
    Jalaladdin Davani attempts to philosophically explain issues of unity and diversity. In this regard, he seeks to philosophically explain theosophical approach of Ibn Arabi toward particular unity of existence. In fact, two distinct and even conflicting theories on unity and diversity could be perceived in and inferred from his works. The first theory emphasizes on the unity and multiplicity of existence necessitating the fundamental reality of existence in the necessary and the fundamental reality of quiddity in the possibilities. The other (...)
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  29. Postphenomenological Division of Human Relationship with Technology From Don Ihde's View and Its Capacities for the Ethics of Using Technology.Morteza Tabatabaee & Gholam Hossein Tavakkoli - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (23):43-59.
    Ethics of using technology requires proper classification of technologies so that the ethical principles appropriate to the common characteristics of each major category of technology can be provided. Don Ihde in his post-phenomenological approach categorizes our relationship with technology into four categories of embodiment, hermeneutics, alterity, and background; hence, one can similarly classifies technologies based on their primary function. Accordingly, embodied technologies expand our perceptions; hermeneutical technologies refer to something other than themselves and are like a text open before us; (...)
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  30. Some Evidence Concerning Kierkegaard's Conception of the Meaning of Life Which Based on the Creating of the Meaning.Meysam Amani & Reza Akbari - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (22):1-15.
    The present paper examines the concept of the meaning of life in the Soren Kierkegaard’s view. Kierkegaard sees the concept of "meaning" as "end" and believes in "biology" as the supreme biologist. Based on evidence from his works, he believes that the end is not to be discovered in biology, but it is creatable. There are three witnesses to this: first, the end is, in Kierkegaard''''''''s view, paradoxical, and paradox is not real, but mental. Secondly, Christianity, in his opinion, is (...)
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  31. Foundations of Russell's "Logicist Thesis".Massomeh AliHasanzadeh Asl & Masoud Omid - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (22):105-119.
    This paper is concerned with a general account of logicism as developed within Russell’s philosophy of mathematics. At first Russell’s approach in metaphysic was idealistic and he relied on this point of view for extending his platonic atomism. To expound this account it will be demonstrated that after developing platonic atomism, Russell attempted to present his logicism in The Principles of Mathematics as a view opposed to an idealistic account of mathematics. However, a number of paradoxes arose had their roots (...)
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  32. Analyzing of Mulla Sadra's Reading From Suhravrdi's Ideas on the Relation of Sensible Light and Incorporeal Light.Ali Babaei - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (22):17-28.
    The main headstone of Illumination wisdom is light, just as the one of the transcendent wisdom is existence. For Mulla Sadra, the existence is the same as the light in Suhravardi, idea. But there is some of existence kinds such as body that is not light in Suhravardi doctrines and he believe that only sensible light is one kind of light among all of bodes; this point of view is very powerful impediment to know that light and existence are same. (...)
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  33. Evolutionary Epistemology of Donald Campbell.Farshid Daneshpajooh, Hadi Samadi & Ahmadreza HemmatiMoghaddam - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (22):45-62.
    Donald Thomas Campbell is among the psychology and sociology scientists which has played a great role in developing the evolutionary approach towards philosophy of science, morals and in particular epistemology. Campbell named his epistemological ideas which are a kind of descriptive epistemology, evolutionary epistemology. In this approach, he uses the logic of natural selection process to explain the different levels of epistemology from biological levels to culture and science levels. In other words, he is trying to classify the general theories (...)
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  34. The Place and Status of Psychology According to Aristotle and Avicenna.SeyyedAhmad Hosseini - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (22):29-43.
    A problem concerning Aristotle’s psychology asks where its right place of study is. Should it be studied in physics or in metaphysics or some part of it in physics and some other part in metaphysics? There are two views concerning the place of psychology according to Aristotle’s philosophy of science and both find evidences in Aristotle’s own books, but this article criticizes them and shows that in spite of the Aristotelian texts, one cannot consider psychology as a physical science. This (...)
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  35. A Comparison Between Constructional Ethics of Allameh Tabatabai and Emotionalism of Ethich of Ayer.MohammadHassan Karimi & Khadijeh Ghorbani Sisakht - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (22):121-135.
    According to some theories about the nature of moral concepts, these concepts can be included into four categories: objective, philosophical, emotional and constructional. To solve some of the philosophical problems, Allameh Tabatabai suggests the new theory of constructional perceptions. Dividing the constructions, he considers ethics as a part of the constructional concepts. Some of the features he considers for moral conventions such as relativeness, originating from the feelings and needs, the lack of truth and falsifiability, etc., puts this theory in (...)
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  36. A Comparative Study of the Octet Vertices in Sina's Philosophy and Sadra's Wisdom.Abdollah Nasri & SeyyedMokhtar Mousavi - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (22):153-168.
    Ibn Sina’s philosophy after Farabi's philosophy, with accurate search of opinions of the ancient Greek scholars, is the basis of Islamic philosophy and one of the basic foundations of the transcendent wisdom. The relation between the philosophy of Sina and Sadra is still susceptible numerous thematic studies. In this research, opinions of Ibn Sina and Mulla Sadra have been studied comparatively with regard to octet vertices. Among octet vertices, it was emphasized on the importance of four subjects: "Definition of Philosophy (...)
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  37. Analysis of the Relationship Between Consciousness and the Subject of Political Thought Louis Althusser.Mohammad NejadIran - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (22):137-152.
    Althusser is considered as a pioneer of Hegelian interpretation of Marx's theory. His theoretical framework presents the most complicated conception of social structure. He criticizes the concept of the subject, as the foundation of modern epistemology, as well as an ideological picture of human. By this means, he manifested the weakness of this concept. Through review of Marx’s later works, he showed that contrary to what humanist Marxists claims, the importance of his work is producing a new problem; i.e. history (...)
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  38. The Consideration of Evolutionary Explanation About Ethical Behavior: Biological Altruism & Moral Altruism.Haleh Abdullahi Rad & Hassan Miandari - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (22):91-104.
    According to development of biology, particularly in the field of evolutionary biology, this science claim presented scientific explanation about human phenomena, including religion and ethics. About the origin of moral behavior in humans, a group of evolutionary biologists believe that ethical behavior in human beings has developed during evolutionary process over time while the other group of them believes that there are many differences between animals and human in ethical behaviors. In this paper we will talk about the altruistic behavior (...)
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  39. Hobbes Interpretation of Human Nature and its Effect on the Formation of His Political Philosophy.Seyyed Mostafa Shahraeeni, Yousof Nozohur & Beyan Karimi - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (22):77-89.
    Hobbes political thought is based on his twofold analysis of mankind: Human being, on one hand, as a composed material body in the network of mechanical forces follows his desires and passions. He, on the other hand, studies the concepts of right and duty in order to establish community through contract. Hobbes tries to reconcile his political system with materialistic analysis of human behavior. For this reason, in Hobbes thought, to be aware of political organization depends on recognizing human nature (...)
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  40. The Concept of "Interest": Kant & Adorno.Arman Shoja & Amir Maziar - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 12 (22):63-76.
    In the first moment of the analytic of the beautiful, in the first section of his book, Kant analyses judgment of taste concerning its quality. He writes: in order to call something beautiful, a human being must judge it as the object of impartial satisfaction or dissatisfaction. This "disinterestedness" or "impartiality" of the judgment of taste has attracted many scholars of Kant's aesthetics, on the one hand because of its importance for Kant's analysis and, on the other hand, because of (...)
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