Year:

  1.  1
    Joseph de Maistre and Retributionist Theology.Gabriel Andrade - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):1-12.
    Joseph de Maistre is usually portrayed as Edmund Burke’s French counterpart, as they both wrote important treatises against the French Revolution. Although Maistre did share many of Burke’s conservative political views, he was much more than a political thinker. He was above all a religious thinker who interpreted political events through the prism of a particular retributionist theology. According to this theology, God punishes evil deeds, not only in the afterlife, but also in this terrestrial life; and sometimes, he may (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Philosophical Rationalism in Shia Kalam.Seyed Mohammad Ali Dibaji - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):25-37.
    One important question that the emergence of philosophical or rational Kalam has raised is what rationalism in the so-called Kalami schools actually means. This paper investigates the answers to the aforementioned question in Shi’a Kalam. Also, we have a comparative look at the philosophical Kalam and the rational one, concluding the identity of Shi’a Kalam with Shi’a philosophy. In this work, we have referred to three types of rationalism: personal, Vahmi, and Hikmi rationalism. In short, our answer to the above (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  1
    Phenomenology of Love: The Destructive and Constructive Nature of Love.Alireza Farnam, Masumeh Zamanlu & Sahar Khoshdeli - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):233-242.
    Love, this eminent humane experience, has been explored not only by writers and poets, but also by philosophers, psychologists and even experimental scientists. This paper aims to discuss a novel aspect in phenomenology of love, as the concept of destructive and constructive nature of love, which is to the best of our knowledge, presented for the first time. The fundamental idea of this paper was obtained from verses of Hafiz, then polished by theories of Robert Cloninger and several other thinkers (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  7
    A Pragmatic Solution to the Value Problem of Knowledge.John Greco & Sahar Joakim - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):53-67.
    We value possessing knowledge more than true belief. Both someone with knowledge and someone with a true belief possess the correct answer to a question. Why is knowledge more valuable than true belief if both contain the correct answer? I examine the philosophy of American pragmatist John Dewey and then I offer a novel solution to this question often called the value problem of knowledge. I present and explicate Dewey’s pragmatic theory of inquiry. Dewey values competent inquiry and claims it (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Moderate Morality: An Interest-Based Contractarian Defense & its Applied Result in the Political Ethics of International Relations.Shirzad Peik Herfeh - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):147-161.
    What is morality’s scope? Should all our actions be evaluated morally? Is it necessary to be causally responsible for harm to have a responsibility to reduce it? Is there a morally relevant distinction between those consequences of our actions which we intend or do and those which we foresee but do not intend or allow but do not do? Is helping others a matter of supererogation or a matter of obligation? These are crucial questions that need to be debated in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Comparative Study of Aquinas and Kant‘s Narration of Ethics and Theology.Mohammad Raayat Jahromi - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):205-215.
    Since Kant is a son of his time, his thought is originally rooted in the Enlightenment. The distinction between theoretical and practical reason, formal and material conscientiousness, authentic and doctrinal theodicy, sincerity and falsehood, and finally, historical and moral faith religion, are implications of the court held by Kant for metaphysics. Meanwhile, Kantian distinction between deism and theism in one hand, and inclination toward Job and Christ as the symbols of moral faith of religion in the other hand, can be (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  1
    An Investigation of Norm of Belief’s Proper Formulation.Seyyed Ali Kalantari - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):69-74.
    That falsity is a defect in belief can be captured with a prohibitive norm holding that truth is the necessary condition for permissibility of belief. Furthermore, such a formulation avoids the difficulties encountered in earlier literature that offered prescriptive norms. The normativity of belief thesis is widely discussed in the literature. I criticise bi-conditional formulation of the norm of the normativity of belief thesis which holds that truth is both the necessary and sufficient condition for the permissibility of belief formation. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Paradox and Relativism.H. Muhammad Legenhausen - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):75-80.
    Since the time of Plato, relativism has been attacked as a self-refuting theory. Today, there are two basic kinds of argument that are used to show that global relativism is logically incoherent: first, a direct descendent of the argument Plato uses against Protagoras, called the peritrope; and, second, a more recent argument that relativism leads to an infinite regress. Although some relativist theories may be formulated in such a way as to be susceptible to these arguments, there are other versions (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. Ibn Tufail as a SciArtist in the Treatise of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan.Nadia Maftouni - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):81-91.
    Ibn Tufail as a scientist as well as an artist exposes the issues of human anatomy, autopsy, and vivisection and, thereby, could be regarded as a SciArtist. SciArt might be defined as a reciprocal relation between art and science. Followings are the kinds of these interactions: artistically-inclined scientific activities,science-minded artistic activities, and intertwined scientific and artistic activities. In their fictional treatises, Avicenna, Ibn Tufail, and Suhrawardi are traditional avatars of SciArt. This paper frames an account of SciArt, suggesting in detail (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. The Relationship Between Two Secular and Theological Interpretations of the Concept of Highest Good in Kant: With Respect to the Criticism of Andrews Reath’s Paper “Two Conceptions of the Highest Good in Kant”.Reza Mahouzi & Zohreh Saidi - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):93-107.
    Discussing two common critiques on theological interpretations of the concept of the highest good in Kant’s moral philosophy in his paper, Two Conceptions of the Highest Good in Kant, Reath has invited readers to have a secular interpretation of this concept and pointed out its advantages. In the present paper, we will attempt to provide the main principles of Reath’s claims and demonstrate why Kant has stated both of these interpretations in all of his critical works—a subject that has confused (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. A Reflection on Kristeva's Approach to the Structure of Language.Vahid NejadMohammad, Mahmoud Soufiani & Masoud Yaghoubi Notash - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):109-117.
    Reaching out to history and subject in terms of meaning variation, Kristeva could show that language cannot simply be a Saussurean sign system. Rather, she went on to delineate that language, beyond signs, is associated with a dynamic system of signification where the ''speaking subject'' is constantly involved in processing. Julia Kristeva, a French critic, psychoanalyst, theoretician, a post-structuralist philosopher of Hungarian origin, dwells upon ideas from linguistics, psychoanalysis, sociology while representing text analysis, sign and subject from emotional and motivational (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  3
    That Philosophy as Epistemological-Based is Not Debased: A Critique of Post-Modernist/Hermeneutic Critique of Traditional Philosophy.Wesley Osemwegie & Anthony Afe Asekhauno - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):13-23.
    Over the centuries, beginning with the classic Greeks through the trends of the mid-20th century, philosophical enterprise has been intricately and seemingly irretrievably rooted in the theory of the given—an edification of philosophy as that giant mirror and standard for measuring what counts as knowledge; but is it thus synonymous with or reducible to epistemology? How or why? There are two answers to both of these questions. The attempt in this work is to delineate those separate concerns, their areas of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  5
    What’s Behind Meaning?Alberto Peruzzi - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):119-145.
    The paper addresses the main questions to be dealt with by any semantic theory which is committed to provide an explanation of how meaning is possible. On one side the paper argues that the resources provided by the development of mathematical logic, theoretical computer science, cognitive psychology, and general linguistics in the 20th Century, however indispensable to investigate the structure of language, rely on the existence of end products in the morphogenesis of meaning. On the other, the paper argues that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. The Necessity of Considering Folk Ethics in Moral Philosophy.Jalal Peykani - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):163-174.
    Contemporary ethics and moral philosophy need a kind of revision due to their negligence in human moral capacities, ordinary life, and humans’ expectations of ethics. The assumptions and presuppositions of ethics result in their current unsatisfactory status. In this paper, we first explore and criticize those presuppositions. Then, instead of introducing ideal presuppositions of ethics, we introduce folk ethics and its components in order to show that contemporary ethics and moral philosophy should always begin with folk ethics. The most important (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Kant and Demystification of Ethics and Religion.Qodratullah Qorbani - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):175-190.
    Kant's demystification is meant to put away any metaphysical and revealed elements from ethics and religion. Kant, fulfilling this, first argues that metaphysical questions of reason, from theoretical aspect, have no certain answers. In practical reason, he establishes his moral foundations, based on own human being without any referring to metaphysical bases. In fact, Kant places human being as the base, legislator and finally the end of ethics, so that the totality of morality is depended on itself him/her and there (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  1
    Beyond Cross- Cultural Philosophy: Towards a New Enlightenment.Detlev Quintern - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):191-204.
    The acculturalization of humanities from the late 1980ies onwards led not only to imagined different worlds, postmodernity overshadowed also common grounds of world`s philosophies. Christianity and Islam share far more than what might separate them, and we find Islam in „the West “as Christianity „in the East“. The Logos of Life Philosophy as developed by Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka strives towards deciphering the deep layers of philosophy and its common grounds. Tracing back to Gnostic, Platonic and Islamic shaped philosophies - Ikhwan as-Safa (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Ontology of Time in Cinema A Deleuzian Reading of Still Life and Prince Ehtejab With an Emphasis on the Concept of Time-Image.Ali Fath Taheri & Faezeh Jafariyan - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):39-52.
    Gilles Deleuze, the notable post-modern philosopher, in his two-volume cinematic books Cinema 1: movement-image and Cinema 2: time-image recognizes two major periods in history of cinema in terms of representing movement and time respectively. Referring to various films of modern cinema especially post-war European cinema like Italian neorealism, Cinema2 speaks about the possibility of direct presentation of time in cinematic works. Explaining Deleuze’s theories and his two formulations of direct presentation of time as ‘pure optical situations’ and ‘sheets of the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Aristotle on the Cause of Being and of Coming to Be.Sebastian Weiner - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (21):217-232.
    This paper considers Aristotle’s distinction between the cause of being and the cause of coming to be. It is intended to show that Aristotle is able to unify both kinds of causes on the basis of the idea that a thing’s substance is its end. He is not confused about the cause of being and of coming to be, as it might seem in several passages. The paper’s focus is on Metaphysics Zeta 17. In contrast to David Charles’ interpretation, my (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  1
    Immortality in the Christian Physicalistic Theology: A Critical Survey.Hasan Ahmadizade & Tayyebe Gholami - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):1-22.
    Physicalistic Theology is a term that has no exact definition in theologian views. In the 20th century some of Christian thinkers on theology, like Nancy Murphy and Peter van Inwagen, by accepting a Physicalistic approach on human being, tried to analyze the Christian beliefs about human identity and his immortality. This approach today is called Physicalistic Theology. According to this approach, human is not but this physical body itself and so we can simply analyze the immortality problem. In this article (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  1
    Non-Realism Approach Wittgenstein's Criticism of Religious Beliefs.Abdolrahim Fatemi - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):179-196.
    In Wittgenstein’s view, religious beliefs use an image; they are commitments which are unshakably everlasting and have the potentiality to give order to whole life. It is hardly based on evidence. Accordingly, they neither receive any assistance from science or philosophy nor receive any damage from them. Nowadays you may observe priests including Don Cupitt who are not realists. This observations stands in sharp contrast with what is held in religious societies. They even contradict with scientific and religious realities which (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  1
    A/Theology: Emphasizing on Inevitability of Theology.Hassan Fathzade & Samira Taheri - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):197-210.
    The age of the sign is essentially theological. The system that is based on a basic concept, a concept that shapes the circulation of signs, is essentially theological. This central concept has named in each thought differently: the reality, essence, existence, truth, God, Logos, Nous, End etc. In This logocentric system, there is a transcendental signified that means and proves the chain of signification. Deconstructive reading of Derrida showed that there is no signified outside of the chain of signification that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  2
    Active Intellect and Perfect Nature in Illuminative Wisdom and Shied Thought.Tahereh Kamalizadeh & Fatemeh Asghari - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):211-230.
    Question: In Islamic philosophy, Active Intellect is Peripatetic tenth intellect. Also in Peripatetic epistemology, Potential human intellect, acts by unification or conjunction with active intellect. This intellective thrust has a wielder and more attractive role in Illuminative wisdom. Meted: The research methodology based on tradition Comparative studies to analyze and adapt votes Gazi Saeed Qummi and votes illuminated Suhrawardi.Results:1- Human’s archetype adjust with Gabriel, in religions and Active Intellect in Illuminative wisdom. 2-Human’s archetype appears as “perfect nature” format during personal (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  2
    A Critique of Frege’s View on the True Essence and the Inessential Properties of Thought.Said Mousavi Karimi & Alireza Maleki - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):265-282.
    Philosophy of language and its problems are among the most important and challengeable topics in contemporary philosophical thought. Discussion about the sense of a sentence is one of these important debates. Gottlob Frege explains the sense of a term as the form of the representation of its reference. He calls the sense of a sentence a “thought” and believes that the reference of a sentence is determined by its truth value. In this article, at first, we develop a new approach (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  1
    The Nature and Workings of Sacred Intellect From the Perspective of Avicenna.Einollah Khademi & Arefeh Poushian Jouybari - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):61-90.
    Sacred intellect in Avicenna, a degree of rationality in which the highest form of communication is done with the intellectual world. Reasonable time to the times of human rationality is achieved without difficulty, pain and time, only be achieved by applying guess. The owners of Avicenna's top intellects in human beings are sacred and highest prophet for them. These people are the first intelligible human teachers perceive first and put it to other people.. Bu-Ali about how to communicate the power (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  1
    Intentionality and Representation in the Dialogue Between Dreyfus and Searle.MohammadHossein MohammadAli Khalaj & Ata Heshmati - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):91-116.
    Dialogue between Dreyfus, as the biggest American commentator of Heidegger and Merleau- Ponty, and Searle, as one of the biggest analytic philosophers, started at the seventies. According to Searle, phenomenology is superficially and blind and has systematic errors. Additionally, in his view the concept of non-representational intention as center of Dreyfus’s phenomenology is inconsistent. But, in our opinion, Dreyfus introduces a consistent concept of non-representational intention, and proposes that Searle does not have a sound understanding of phenomenology. Dreyfus draws a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  11
    Truth of Theoretical Identity Statements in Natural Sciences.Mahmoud Mokhtari - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):231-248.
    This article is aimed to rephrase and critique the arguments presented by Joseph LaPorte about the truth of theoretical identity statements in natural sciences. LaPorte is classified as an essentialist who accepts the real kinds, but he denies the essence of the kinds to be discovered. His arguments are based on the vagueness of the terms of kinds. In his view while science progress we convention what is related to the kinds. I evaluate LaPorte's arguments and show they can be (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  3
    Leibniz: The Birthplace of Modern Aesthetics.Olya Masoud & Rashtipour Mani - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):157-177.
    Leibniz’s philosophy has been subject to many studies, but few have addressed aesthetic aspects of his theory. What Leibniz has written concerning aesthetic issues is scattered all through his works, and were we to understand his aesthetic ideas we must bring these dispersed parts together for explanation and interpretation. In the present paper, I attempted to extract Leibniz ideas pertaining to aesthetics, and to introduce, on their basis, a unified aesthetic theory of his, and demonstrate the importance of this theory (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  1
    Phenomenology of the Aesthetic Experience of Place: Case Study Naqsh-E-Jahan Square.Monireh Panjtani, Yazdan Mansourian & Mahtab Mobini - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):23-60.
    The present study attempts to investigate this concept through a phenomenological study of the lived experience of the visitors of Naghsh-e-Jahan monuments at summer time of 1393. Apart from a comprehensive review of literature on qualitative research methodology, and the architecture of the period, the theoretical foundations of phenomenology and its application in architecture were thoroughly reviewed. Using the phenomenological observation method of Max-Vanen & a semi-structured interview plan, 58 visitors of the historical monuments of Naghsh-e-Jahan were chosen as participants (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  6
    The Role of Phenomenology of Merleau- Ponty in Medicine.Somayeh Rafighi & Mohammad Asghari - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):117-140.
    Today, phenomenology, with an emphasis on direct explanations with regard to the lived experience of people is interest of different areas. With emphasis on body, Merleau- Ponty's phenomenology is considered in medical science. In his phenomenology, Merleau- Ponty gives new definition of body and names it lived body. Lived body is against of mechanical body and is the central of subjectivity and being- in- the – world and included all of existential aspects of man. Such definition enable doctors to consider (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  3
    Phusis and Nomos in Plato.Sanghdehi Zahra Nouri - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):283-311.
    One of the greatest problems in Plato that appears in different forms in his works is the relation of nomos and phusis. This thesis has been in fifth century B.C as the contradiction of phusis and nomos among big thinkers. In this essay, we tried to investigate the relation of phusis and nomos in Plato’s thoughts according to current theories of the contradiction of these in dialogues Gorgias, Republic and Protagoras. Plato tries to minimize consequences of belief to contradiction of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  1
    New Version of Man, God, and World in Descartes’ System of Thought.Shahraeini Seyed Mostafa - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):141-156.
    Descartes is truly named as the father of modern philosophy, but why his philosophy is accompanied with the qualification of “new? The innovation on Cartesian system follows from the fact that he tries to present a innovative picture of Man, God, and World basically different from those found in traditional philosophy. The Cartesian Man differs from the Aristotelian one in that the latter is a rational animal while the former is of two separate, incompatible parts: res cogitans and res extensa. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  1
    Aristotle and the Theory of Decision.Leila Shirkhan & Mjid Mollayousefi - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):249-264.
    The term of prohairesis was systematically entered in philosophical debates by Aristotle. This concept is generally translated as intention, will, purpose, choice, purposive choice, rational choice, and deliberative choice that the later seems to be Aristotle’s definition of prohairesis. To understand the internal structure of prohairesiss, we have to understand the conceptions of action, intention, belief, whish, will, and virtues. For Aristotle if an action will be done through a decision, this action is voluntary, but its contrary is not credible. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues