Year:

  1.  3
    Spirituality without spirit.Michał Borek - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:237-245.
    Wesley Wildman's and Kate Stockly's book Spirit Tech - The Brave New World of Consciousness Hacking and Enlightenment Engineering is an interesting compilation and analysis of current research on technologies of spiritual experience. The book offers the latest in neuroscience, very bold predictions about the development of spirituality technology, and very far-reaching conclusions about the development of religion. The authors take an interdisciplinary approach to their work, touching on neuroscience, medical engineering, psychology, religion, and ethics. They do not shy away (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  4
    Non-human emotions.Milena Bogumiła Cygan - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:225-236.
    This article is a review of Frans de Waal's book Mama's Lust Hugs. Animal Emotions and what They Tell Us about Ourselves, which was released in Polnad in 2019. The book deals with the problem of animal emotionality. One of the conclusions reached by the author and which was emphasized in the review is the thesis that there is no such thing as unique human emotions that animals would not have. Emotions are universal; they are shared both by humans and (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  8
    Can We Remain Rational in the Large World? On Some Unexpected Consequences of Ecological Rationality.Marcin Gorazda - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:75-105.
    The paper outlines various concepts of rationality, their characteristics and consequences. In the first, most general part, the metaphysical, instrumental and discursive rationality is distinguished. The following part focuses on instrumental rationality and the rational choice theory and ordinal and cardinal utility, expected utility and game theory, respectively. All those concepts are summarised as being the most mathematically elegant and mostly decidable and helpful in the decision-making process. Giving primacy to individual preferences and withholding the judgment on their “objective” value, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Putting Analysis and Construction of Concepts Into its Righteous Position.Ewelina Grądzka - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:155-173.
    Analytic description, according to members of the Lvov-Warsaw School like Czeżowski, Ajdukiewicz, Ossowska, Tarski is a powerful and an indispensable tool, not only in philosophy but also in any natural science – in psychology especially. It should be equally respected together with empirical analysis and even it is recommended that it should precede any further research. Therefore the book Analiza i konstrukcja: o metodach badania pojęć w Szkole Lwowsko-Warszawskiej [Analysis and construction: on the methods of researching concepts in the Lvov-Warsaw (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Report From the Philosophical Workshop Organized by The Lvov–Warsaw School Research Center and Kazimierz Twardowski Philosophical Society of Lviv.Ewelina Grądzka - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:131-152.
    Between 11–14 February 2021 the first international Philosophical Workshop organized by The Lvov–Warsaw School Research Center and Kazimierz Twardowski Philosophical Society of Lviv took place in the on–line version due to the ongoing COVID–19 pandemic. The working languages of the event were Polish, Ukrainian and English. The coordinators’ goal was to refer to the tradition of seminar of Kazimierz Twardowski, who was not only a distinguished philosopher but also a great educator, to stimulate interest and support for the young generation (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  3
    Novacene: The Coming Age of Hyperintelligence—James Lovelock’s Vision of Posthumanism.Roman Krzanowski - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:191-201.
    James Lovelock, who is famous for the Gaia hypothesis, has written a new book called Novacene: The Coming Age of Hyperintelligence. It is an extended argument about an impending new epoch on Earth called Novacene in which biological life as we know it will evolve into lifeforms based on cyber technology built from non-biological materials. Novacene may be seen as a development of the ideas presented in Lovelock’s earlier book A Rough Guide to The Future. In Novacene, the Earth will (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  1
    Imagination, Geniuses and Thought Collectives.Łukasz Mścisławski - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:175-190.
    In his book Wojciech Sady attempts to reconstruct the structure of the fundamental transformations that can be described as the relativistic and quantum revolution. Referring to rich historical material and Ludwik Fleck’s reflections on the development of scientific knowledge, the author tries to explain how it is possible that “scientists began to think differently than they had been taught.” Sady’s work, although not devoid of somewhat weaker points, is a brave and thought-provoking attempt to propose his own explanation of the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  2
    Homo (not really) sapiens.Robert Piechowicz - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:217-223.
    For millennia, philosophers have pondered the question, “Who are we?” It becomes a burning question at an age of scientific and technological civilization and a world full of conveniences, mainly because human life is still not comfortable. Adam Hart takes up the challenge of confronting the evolutionary achievements of the Homo species and the environment it has produced, showing that our life—for fundamental reasons—cannot be the realization of idyllic visions.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  5
    Why is Popper's critical method fascinating?Paweł Jan Polak - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:211-216.
    This review article presents an important, newly published study of Popper's critical method by Zbigniew Liana. The review emphasizes the very high level of the study, points to its originality, and explains why the book is recommended mainly to specialists of Popper's thought. It is also explained how the book manages to contain so many original and valuable analyses in a small volume.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  10
    Mathematics and Metaphysics: The History of the Polish Philosophy of Mathematics From the Romantic Era.Paweł Jan Polak - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:45-74.
    The Polish philosophy of mathematics in the 19th century is not a well-researched topic. For this period, only five philosophers are usually mentioned, namely Jan Śniadecki, Józef Maria Hoene-Wroński, Henryk Struve, Samuel Dickstein, and Edward Stamm. This limited and incomplete perspective does not allow us to develop a well-balanced picture of the Polish philosophy of mathematics and gauge its influence on 19th- and 20th-century Polish philosophy in general. To somewhat complete our picture of the history of the Polish philosophy of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  2
    The little book about the large universe.Sebastian Jan Szybka - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:203-209.
    We live in extraordinary times for cosmologists. A vast amount of new astronomical data is pushing our model of the universe to its limits. An interest in cosmology is growing. The Little Book of Cosmology by Lyman Page is a concise up-to-date approachable introduction to the topic.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  5
    The Problem of Indifference and Homogeneity in Austrian Economics: Nozick’s Challenge Revisited.Igor Wysocki - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:9-44.
    The pivotal point in the Austrian literature on homogeneity, choice and indifference was constituted by Nozick’s On Austrian Methodology. Nozick provoked a long debate on the above notions within Austrianism. The aim of this paper is to elaborate such an account of homogeneity that would take the sting out of Nozick’s challenge and allow for non-trivial formulation of the law of diminishing marginal utility. Hence, we shall first take a closer look at the debate on indifference within the Austrian camp, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  3
    Conceptions of Paternity and Evolutionary Psychology.Wojciech Załuski - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 71:107-127.
    Evolutionary psychology offers a fairly ‘patriarchal’ picture of sex differences, according to which men are, ‘by nature’, much more polygamously disposed, much more desirous of power over the opposite sex, and much more aggressive than women. However, the picture – at least in its components and – becomes problematic if one looks at the history of conceptions of paternity accepted by our ancestors. It is argued in the paper that the very fact that our ancestors accepted various and essentially different (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  2
    Pułapka na ludzi myślących.Michał Borek - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:243-249.
    Andrzej Dragan’s book Quantechism or a cage for people is a great popular science book to start a fascinating adventure with the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. It is written in an easy language, does not require from the reader a deep knowledge of contemporary physical issues, while describing, illustrating and explaining them very well. Instead, it requires broader historical knowledge and at least basic philosophical knowledge for verification, helping to bring out what is most valuable in the book. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  2
    Galileo’s Paradox and Numerosities.Piotr Błaszczyk - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:73-107.
    Galileo's paradox of infinity involves comparing the set of natural numbers, N, and the set of squares, {n2 : n ∈ N}. Galileo sets up a one-to-one correspondence between these sets; on this basis, the number of the elements of N is considered to be equal to the number of the elements of {n2 : n ∈ N}. It also characterizes the set of squares as smaller than the set of natural numbers, since ``there are many more numbers than squares". (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Pomiędzy tradycją a współczesnością.Milena Cygan - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:213-226.
    he article is a review of Kamil Trombik’s book, in which he presents particular concepts of the philosophy of nature at the Pontifical Academy of Theology in Kraków in the years 1978 to 1993. It was the first and decisive period in the formation of the Faculty of Philosophy at the Academy. The goal of the monograph was to demonstrate the factors that contributed to philosophy of nature becoming one of the most prominent and representative trends in this academic center, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  3
    Cognitive Aspects of the Philosophical and Theological Coherence of the Concept of a Miracle Within the Contemporary Scientific World View.Wojciech Grygiel - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:111-138.
    The purpose of the article is to investigate the philosophical and theological validity and coherence of the classical concept of a miracle within the contemporary scientific world view. The main tool in this process will be the cognitive standard model of the formation of religious beliefs operative in the cognitive science of religion. The application of this model shows why an intentional agent is assigned as responsible for the occurrence of events with no visible cause such as a miracle: miracles (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  2
    Ważny krok ku zrozumieniu tożsamości filozofii Ośrodka Badań Interdyscyplinarnych.Robert Janusz - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:227-234.
    The Center of Interdisciplinary Studies in Cracow has a very rich tradition that has been studied by many and recently by Kamil Trombik. The very difficult period for the Church and for philosophy during the materialistic Marxist ideology was an opportunity for card. K. Wojtyła to outline a new mode of dialog between science and religion. The future Center, organized by Michał Heller and Józef Życiński not only captured this idea but transformed it into an academic institution centered on the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. An important step towards an understanding of the type of the philosophy at the Center of Interdisciplinary Studies.Robert Janusz - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:227-234.
    The Center of Interdisciplinary Studies in Cracow has a very rich tradition that has been studied by many and recently by Kamil Trombik. The very difficult period for the Church and for philosophy during the materialistic Marxist ideology was an opportunity for card. K. Wojtyła to outline a new mode of dialog between science and religion. The future Center, organized by Michał Heller and Józef Życiński not only captured this idea but transformed it into an academic institution centered on the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  7
    The Road to Conscious Machines: AI Through Failed Ideas.Roman Krzanowski - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:171-181.
    Presented here is a review of the book by Michael Wooldridge The Road to Conscious Machines: The Story of AI. The book was published in 2021 by Pelican Publishing Company. The book presents a philosophical exploration of the AI-related quest to understand the essence of our minds, ethics, and consciousness. Nonetheless, the book is unconventional as it focuses on failures of past AI programs rather than on AI success stories. The author also indicates the possible pathways to develop new, more (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  2
    Information and Brain.Radosław Kycia - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:45-72.
    We present the consequences of the assumption of the classical and quantum nature of information storing and processing in the brain. These assumptions result in different behaviours of consciousness under a hypothetical brain copy experiment. The subject is important in the context of ‘mind uploading’ considerations.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  3
    Nowe światy literackie: literaturoznawstwo współczesne a nauki ścisłe.Dominika Oramus - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:139-168.
    Since 1959, when C.P. Snow delivered his seminal lecture The Two Cultures on the lack of understanding between scholars working in the humanities and their colleagues from science departments, the gap between the two groups has been one of the most notorious clichés of contemporary Western culture. The aim of this article is to show that this seemingly insurmountable abyss between sciences and the humanities that was brought to the forefront during the mid-20th century is slowly receding into history. Literature (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  4
    Geometric cognition from a cognitive point of view.Jerzy Pogonowski - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:183-211.
    This review discusses the content of Mateusz Hohol’s new book Foundations of Geometric Cognition. Mathematical cognition has until now focused mainly on human numerical abilities. Hohol’s work tackles geometric cognition, an issue that has not been described in previous investigations into mathematical cognition. The main strength of the book lies in its critical analysis of a huge amount of results from empirical experiments. The author formulates his theoretical proposals very carefully, avoiding radical and one-sided solutions. He claims that human geometric (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  1
    Poznanie geometryczne z kognitywnego punktu widzenia.Jerzy Pogonowski - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:183-211.
    This review discusses the content of Mateusz Hohol’s new book Foundations of Geometric Cognition. Mathematical cognition has until now focused mainly on human numerical abilities. Hohol’s work tackles geometric cognition, an issue that has not been described in previous investigations into mathematical cognition. The main strength of the book lies in its critical analysis of a huge amount of results from empirical experiments. The author formulates his theoretical proposals very carefully, avoiding radical and one-sided solutions. He claims that human geometric (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  1
    Internetowe szaty filozofii epoki informatycznej.Paweł Jan Polak, Kamil Piotr Trombik & Roman Krzanowski - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:251-259.
    In this review, we present the philosophical blog “Cafe Aleph”, which was founded by Witold Marciszewski in collaboration with Paweł Stacewicz. The blog contains numerous expert entries on issues from the border of philosophy, science and technology. “Cafe Aleph” is an area for developing, popularizing and discussing the idea of philosophy of computing.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  2
    Teologia nauki – skazana na sukces?Jacek Rodzeń - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:235-242.
    The paper briefly presents a genesis of the research project called the theology of science initiated by Michał Heller in early 1980s, but also enriched by the remarks of Józef Życiński. Then the main features of the new Heller’s book Science and theology – not necessarily exclusively on one planet are discussed. The book develops and strengthens the early ideas of theology of science. The paper draws also attention to another author—C.B. Kaiser who—since a dozen years—has been developing a similar (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  2
    The Role of Biosemiosis and Semiotic Scaffolding in the Processes of Developing Intelligent Behaviour.Anna Sarosiek - 2021 - Philosophical Problems in Science 70:9-44.
    Biosemiotics deals with the processes of signs in all dimensions of nature. Semiosis is the primary form of intelligence. Intelligent behaviour becomes immediately understandable in this approach because semiosis combines causality with the triadic structure of the semiotic sign. Intelligence is a process created in a given context. In the course of evolution organisms have learned to create increasingly sophisticated internal representations of external state. Semiosis is the precursor of the emergence of a feature we consider intelligence. Biosemiotics also draws (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues