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  1.  2
    Droga ekonomii wolnej od wartościowania do epistemologicznej pychy. Użycie i nadużycie matematyki przez ekonomistów.Aleksander Ostapiuk - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 67:153-202.
    The goal of the article is to substantiate that despite the criticism the paradigm in economics will not change because of the axiomatic assumptions of value-free economics. How these assumptions work is demonstrated on the example of Gary Becker’s economic approach which is analyzed from the perspective of scientific research programme. The author indicates hard core of economic approach and the protective belt which makes hard core immune from any criticism. This immunity leads economists to believe that they are objective (...)
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  2.  1
    Empatia w służbie ludzkości.Milena Bogumiła Cygan - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 67:269-281.
    Book review: Frans de Waal, _Wiek empatii. Jak natura uczy nas życzliwości_, tłum. Ł. Lamża, Copernicus Center Press, Kraków 2019, ss. 380.
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  3. Metarefleksje o makroekonomii i polityce makroekonomicznej.Joanna Dzionek-Kozłowska - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 67:262-268.
    Book review: Tomasz Kwarciński, Agnieszka Wincewicz-Price, Metaekonomia II. Zagadnienia z filozofii makroekonomii, Kraków, Copernicus Center Press 2019.
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  4.  1
    Believable World of Economic Models.Marcin Gorazda - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 67:251-261.
    Book review: Łukasz Hardt, Economics Without Laws. Towards a New Philosophy of Economics, Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, 2017, pp. 220.
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  5.  1
    Czy konstruktywiści społeczni mówią nam o czymś realnym w ekonomii?Bartosz Paweł Kurkowski - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 67:61-95.
    Social constructivists use to say that economists cannot study objective reality, absolute truth does not exist, and economic knowledge is being constructed, not discovered and it depends on temporary culture. Realists notice and admit social conditions which may affect economic theories and unrealistic assumptions of models, but they claim that these models describe the real world, at least to some extent. The notions of truth and reality are crucial in both of these concepts. In this papar they are analysed based (...)
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  6. Filozofia ekonomii – szkoła pluralizmu i pokory.Tomasz Kwarciński - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 67:7-12.
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  7.  2
    Rola państwa i prawa w systemie Adama Smitha.Filip Lubiński - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 67:125-152.
    The dominant contemporary interpretation of Adam Smith’s thought endeavors to show his anti-state attitude. According to this interpretation, Smith, as the father of economics would also be an opponent of state interference in the activity of private entities. The purpose of this work is a comprehensive presentation of the social system described by a Scottish philosopher. This task is accomplished by drawing attention to Smith’s views on the state and the law, as well as on his participation in the creation (...)
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  8.  3
    Problem istoty i pomiaru dobrobytu.Wojciech Rybka - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 67:203-248.
    Well-being is becoming an increasingly popular issue in economics. The aim of the article is to present the concept of well-being and the methods of its measurement and to examine the statistical significance between the results obtained by specific indicators. The article was written based on the meta-analysis of the books and scientific papers on the subject, as well as well-being and welfare measurement reports. The study shows that there is a very wide range of theories and concepts related to (...)
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  9. W poszukiwaniu racjonalności ekonomicznej w dziełach Adama Smitha.Krzysztof M. Turek - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 67:97-124.
    In Adam Smith’s Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations the term ‘rational’ occurs only twice. Neither of these uses assigns the property of rationality either to human beings or to economic agents. Despite that, Smith is widely recognised as the founder of modern mainstream economics, a science which is defined by the assumption of the rationality of an economic agent. This paper aims to locate and discuss the notion of rationality which is implied by Smith’s (...)
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  10. Mikropodstawy prawdziwe i fałszywe.Krzysztof Turowski - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 67:15-59.
    This article presents an overview and critique of the two leading macroeconomic approaches from the last 70 years: reasoning using high-level aggregates detached from individuals and their choices, and modeling using so-called microfoundations. We judge the validity of both methods, showing their inherent limits and deficiencies as explanatory and predictive tools of economics. We also underline several vital improvements, which are required if the models are supposed to guide policy decisions – even if this means a more modest and less (...)
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  11.  3
    Ehrenfest’s Theorem Revisited.Henryk Stanisław Arodź - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:73-94.
    Historically, Ehrenfest’s theorem is the first one which shows that classical physics can emerge from quantum physics as a kind of approximation. We recall the theorem in its original form, and we highlight its generalizations to the relativistic Dirac particle and to a particle with spin and izospin. We argue that apparent classicality of the macroscopic world can probably be explained within the framework of standard quantum mechanics.
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  12.  2
    The Theory of Ideas and Plato’s Philosophy of Mathematics.Bogdan Dembiński - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:95-108.
    In this article I analyze the issue of many levels of reality that are studied by natural sciences. Particularly interesting is the level of mathematics and the question of the relationship between mathematics and the structure of the real world. The mathematical nature of the world has been considered since ancient times and is the subject of ongoing research for philosophers of science to this day. One of the viewpoints in this field is mathematical Platonism. In contemporary philosophy it is (...)
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  13.  6
    Independent Quantum Systems and the Associativity of the Product of Quantum Observables.Klaus Fredenhagen - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:61-72.
    We start from the assumption that the real valued observables of a quantum system form a Jordan algebra which is equipped with a compatible Lie product characterizing infinitesimal symmetries, and ask whether two such systems can be considered as independent subsystems of a larger system. We show that this is possible if and only if the associator of the Jordan product is a fixed multiple of the associator of the Lie product. In this case it is known that the two (...)
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  14. 40 lat ZFN – sprężystość młodości i doświadczenie wieku.Michał Heller - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:9-11.
    Various anniversaries encourage historical reflection. Although 40th anniversary is not a common reason for excessive celebration, in the case of a scientific journal, however, it is already long enough that it deserves a brief moment of thought.
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  15.  9
    How is Philosophy in Science Possible?Michał Heller - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:231-249.
    The Michael Heller’s article entitled “How is philosophy in science possible?” was originally published in Polish in 1986 and then translated into English by Bartosz Brożek and Aeddan Shaw and published in 2011 in the collection of essays entitled Philosophy in Science. Methods and Applications. This seminal paper has founded further growth of the ‘philosophy in science’ and become the reference point in the methodological discussions, especially in Poland. On the 40th anniversary of Philosophical Problems in Science we wanted to (...)
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  16.  17
    Does the Quantum Mechanical Wave Function Exist?Claus Kiefer - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:111-128.
    I address the question whether the wave function in quantum theory exists as a real quantity or not. For this purpose, I discuss the essentials of the quantum formalism and emphasize the central role of the superposition principle. I then explain the measurement problem and discuss the process of decoherence. Finally, I address the special features that the quantization of gravity brings into the game. From all of this I conclude that the wave function really exists, that is, it is (...)
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  17.  3
    Topology and Models of ZFC at Early Universe.Jerzy Król & Torsten Asselmeyer-Maluga - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:15-33.
    Recently the cosmological evolution of the universe has been considered where 3-dimensional spatial topology undergone drastic changes. The process can explain, among others, the observed smallness of the neutrino masses and the speed of inflation. However, the entire evolution is perfectly smooth from 4-dimensional point of view. Thus the raison d’être for such topology changes is the existence of certain non-standard 4-smoothness on R4 already at very early stages of the universe. We show that the existence of such smoothness can (...)
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  18.  1
    How Many Kingdoms of Life? Eukaryotic Phylogeny and Philosophy of Systematics.Lukasz Lamza - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:203-227.
    According to contemporary understanding of the universal tree of life, the traditionally recognized kingdoms of eukaryotic organisms—Protista, Fungi, Animalia and Plantae—are irregularly interspersed in a vast phylogenetic tree. There are numerous groups that in any Linnaean classification advised by phylogenetic relationships would form sister groups to those kingdoms, therefore requiring us to admit them the same rank. In practice, this would lead to the creation of ca. 25-30 new kingdoms that would now be listed among animals and plants as “major (...)
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  19.  3
    Nauka jako racjonalna doxa. Józefa Życińskiego koncepcja nauki i filozofii nauki – poza internalizmem i eksternalizmem.Zbigniew Liana - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:147-199.
    Philosophical interests of Joseph Życiński in the domain of the philosophy of science were focused on the debate concerning the nature of science and philosophy of science that followed the Einstein-Planck revolution in science. The unexpected discovery of the philosophical, extra-scientific presuppositions in science, as well as of the extra-rational factors determining the way these presuppositions are accepted in science were to be explained within the meta-scientific framework. It is the aim of this paper to present ˙ Życiński’s diagnosis of (...)
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  20.  1
    Points. Lack Thereof.Fedele Lizzi - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:35-60.
    I will discuss some aspects of the concept of “point” in quantum gravity, using mainly the tool of noncommutative geometry. I will argue that at Planck’s distances the very concept of point may lose its meaning. I will then show how, using the spectral action and a high momenta expansion, the connections between points, as probed by boson propagators, vanish. This discussion follows closely.
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  21.  1
    Parallel Worlds of Faith and Science in the Russian Intellectual Milieu.Nataliya Petreshak - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:323-325.
    Book review: Teresa Obolevitch, Faith and Science in Russian Religious Thought, Oxford University Press, Oxford-New York 2019, pp.240.
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  22.  1
    Nauka w oczach erudytów.Paweł Jan Polak - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:305-309.
    Book review: Adam Adamandy Kochański, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Korespondencja Adama Adamandego Kochańskiego i Gottfrieda Wilhelma Leibniza z lat 1670-1698, D. Sieńko, wyd. Muzeum Pałacu Króla Jana III w Wilanowie, Warszawa 2019, ss. 256.
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  23.  1
    Wychodzenie z sarmackiej kopalni, czyli teologia nauki w działaniu.Paweł Jan Polak - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:299-304.
    Recenzja książki: Michał Heller, _Ważniejsze niż Wszechświat_, Copernicus Center Press, Kraków 2018, ss. 128.
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  24.  5
    Philosophy in Science: A Name with a Long Intellectual Tradition.Paweł Jan Polak - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:251-270.
    This paper presents Michael Heller’s notion of “philosophy in science” and re-introduces Michael Heller’s classical text that first presented this concept of philosophy entitled How is “philosophy in science” possible?. The paper discusses the historical context of Heller’s idea as it emerged from the discussions and works of the Krakow philosophical scene and discusses the basic tenants of this philosophy, its analytic character, the role of intellectual tradition in the development of this philosophy, and the critical role played by an (...)
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  25.  2
    W stronę odnowionego wizerunku Newtona.Jacek Rodzeń - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:310-316.
    Book review: Niccolò Guicciardini, Isaac Newton and Natural Philosophy, Reaktion Books, London 2018, ss. 268.
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  26.  1
    Where Are Sunspots? The Practical Method of Galileo as an Example of Mental Model.Tadeusz Sierotowicz - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:129-141.
    After the publication of Sidereus Nuncius, in the controversy with Ch. Scheiner, Galileo developed several arguments on behalf of the hypothesis that sunspots are contiguous to the surface of the Sun, and presented them in his Istoria e dimostrazioni intorno alle macchie solari e loro accidenti. One of them, named by Galileo a Practical Method, advocates very clearly the correctness of the hypothesis. In the paper the method in question is briefly described. It is argued that the Practical Method is (...)
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  27.  3
    W trosce o kulturę logiczną w badaniach filozoficznych i teologicznych.Krzysztof Śleziński - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:326-330.
    Book review: Polska filozofia chrześcijańska XX wieku. Stanisław Kamiński, Kazimierz Marek Wolsza [Polish Christian Philosophy: Stanisław Kamiński and Kazimierz Marek Wolsza]. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akademii Ignatianum w Krakowie, 2019, ss. 232.
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  28.  1
    Czy można dwóm panom służyć?Kamil Piotr Trombik - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:317-322.
    Book review: Dominique Lambert, Ryzykowne spotkanie teologii z nauką, przeł. P. Korycińska, Copernicus Center Press, Kraków 2018, ss. 268.
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  29.  2
    The Origin and Development of the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies. A Historical Outline by 1993.Kamil Piotr Trombik - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:271-295.
    The paper concerns the origin and early stage of development of the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies at the Pontifical Academy of Theology in Kraków. Center for Interdisciplinary Studies was founded by Michał Heller and Józef Życiński in the late 1970s. It was an informal institution which focused on conducting scientific activity in the area of philosophy of nature, relationship between mathematical & natural sciences and philosophy, history of science, as well as relationships between science and religion. In this paper I (...)
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