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  1.  1
    A Research on Kirghiz Students’ Before and After Their Internship Period About Perceptions of Turkey.Yusuf Avcı, Gamze Çelik & Ayşe Dağ Pestil - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (2):125-140.
    Among Turkic speaking countries there is solidarity in economic, political and military fields. Moreover, they carry out common studies within the universities of these countries. As a result, the relationship among the communities is getting stronger via these studies. This research serves as an example of this development. The problem sentence of the research; “Do students’ perceptions change about Turkey after they’ve completed an internship period in Turkey?”. In this research, it was studied to determine Kyrgyz students’ impression about our (...)
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  2.  5
    Solar Cycles, Light, Sex Hormones and the Life Cycles of Civilization: Toward Integrated Chronobiology.Roy Barzilai - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (2):15-26.
    The emerging discipline of complexity science, applied to the social sciences, seeks to study the rise of human civilization as a part of a natural, evolving biological system that exploits energy resources to fuel its growth into a complex social system. In order to understand the whole system, the reductionist approach, typical to Western science, must be supplanted. The atomistic study of various scientific fields as separate mechanical parts of the system must be broadened, creating a more holistic view of (...)
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  3.  3
    Esoteric Philosophy: Leo Strauss and Sociolinguistics.Aron B. Bekesi - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (2):27-48.
    Leo Strauss’ controversial theory of esoteric philosophy, as presented in Persecution and the Art of Writing, sparked a fierce debate. Opponents and proponents of the theory utilised a wide range of perspectives to support their arguments. By investigating esoteric philosophy from a sociolinguistic perspective, this paper introduces a novel perspective to the Strauss dispute. In PAW Strauss is mistaken regarding esotericism and its role in philosophy. On one hand it is reasonable to endorse Strauss’ persuasive account on the origins of (...)
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  4.  8
    A Model for the Solution of the Quantum Measurement Problem.Biswaranjan Dikshit - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (2):59-70.
    The basic idea of quantum mechanics is that the property of any system can be in a state of superposition of various possibilities. This state of superposition is also known as wave function and it evolves linearly with time in a deterministic way in accordance with the Schrodinger equation. However, when a measurement is carried out on the system to determine the value of that property, the system instantaneously transforms to one of the eigen states and thus we get only (...)
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  5.  1
    Cognition and Reality.Aaron Fu - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (2):49-58.
    My study rebuilds the basic cognitive principle to approach the true form of motion reality. Scientific study and development has always been led by facts but has never been able to reach the basic truth. This is related to our basic sensory and cognitive modes. Our cognition and practices have been developed based on functionally created facts which are at odds with the motion directed natural principle formed in reality. Our basic sensory form is integrated by interactive features formed based (...)
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  6.  6
    Mathematics is a Science!Luca Granieri - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (2):113-124.
    Mathematics plays a central role in modern science. However, it is very common an instrumental and utilitarian view of math leading to the underestimation of its scientific nature. We propose some consideration to emphasize a different idea on the fundamental role of math in modern science.
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  7.  4
    How to Handle Risky Experiments Producing Uncertain Phenomenon Like Cold Fusion?Robert W. P. Luk - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (2):3-14.
    Some experiments are risky in that they cannot repeatedly produce certain phenomenon at will for study because the scientific knowledge of the process generating the uncertain phenomenon is poorly understood or may directly contradict with existing scientific knowledge. These experiments may have great impact not just to the scientific community but to mankind in general. Banning them from study may incur societies a great opportunity cost but accepting them runs the risk that scientists are doing junk science. How to make (...)
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  8.  2
    Is the Golden Section a Key for Understanding Beauty? Part III.Luca Nicotra & Franco Eugeni - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (2):83-112.
    Our goal is to prove that the golden section, however important, is not the only key to understand a mathematical-formalizing approach to the idea of beauty. Having developed, from this point of view, reading keys linked to the post-modern, it is necessary to link together the multiple rivulets of knowledge that gather in this direction. Moreover the canons of the approaches presented up to now are very indicative for the understanding of many aspects of beauty, which however depends on the (...)
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  9.  2
    Forms of Crossed and Simple Polygons.Luigi Togliani - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (2):71-82.
    In this paper the author presents a new form of hexagon and the solution of the open problem of classifying plane hexagons. In particular are illustrated the forms of crossed and simple n -gons for n = 3, 4, 5, 6 and also the forms of simple ones for n = 7, 8, 9. A graphic way to construct new forms of polygons is illustrated.
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  10.  6
    The Testosterone Paradox: How Sex Hormones Shape the Academic Mind.Roy Barzilai - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (1):59-70.
    In my work I argue that sexual differences in the brain seem to shape the ideological gulf between the respective social groups each side represents. And most significantly, it is the male sex hormone testosterone that is the primary hormone affecting our sexual evolution. Not only does testosterone fuel the passion for reproduction and play a critical role in the length of human lives, it is an integral component to the mechanism of human civilization—its triumphs and its tragedies. In order (...)
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  11.  3
    Statistics for a football coach.Ferdinando Casolaro & Mario Cristiani - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (1):109-120.
    This work presents a Decision Making Model riferring to the forecasts about Football World Cup in Brazil. The aim of this work is to demonstrate how it is possible to approach young students to the study of Mathematics through evoking themes that are congenial to them and able to arouse their interest.
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  12.  5
    The Measurement Problem in Quantum Mechanics.Alessio Giuseppe Ferraioli & Canio Noce - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (1):41-58.
    In this paper, we discuss the importance of measurement in quantum mechanics and the so-called measurement problem. Any quantum system can be described as a linear combination of eigenstates of an operator representing a physical quantity; this means that the system can be in a superposition of states that corresponds to different eigenvalues, i.e., different physical outcomes, each one incompatible with the others. The measurement process converts a state of superposition in a well-defined state. We show that, if we describe (...)
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  13.  15
    Astroparticle Physics, a Constructive Empiricist Account.Alessio Gava - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (1):21-40.
    Astroparticle physics is an interdisciplinary field embracing astronomy, astrophysics and particle physics. In a recent paper on this topic, Brigitte Falkenburg defended that only scientific realism can make sense of it and that realist beliefs constitute an indispensable methodological principle of research in this discipline. The aim of this work is to show that there exists an anti-realist alternative to this account, along the lines of what Bas van Fraassen showed in his famous book The Scientific Image. Problems and results (...)
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  14.  37
    Why is Bayesian Confirmation Theory Rarely Practiced?Robert W. P. Luk - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (1):3-20.
    Bayesian confirmation theory is a leading theory to decide the confirmation/refutation of a hypothesis based on probability calculus. While it may be much discussed in philosophy of science, is it actually practiced in terms of hypothesis testing by scientists? Since the assignment of some of the probabilities in the theory is open to debate and the risk of making the wrong decision is unknown, many scientists do not use the theory in hypothesis testing. Instead, they use alternative statistical tests that (...)
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  15.  2
    Towards a contact pedagogy: community theatre experience in a municipality of earthquake zone.Fiorella Paone - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (1):94-108.
    The work aims to comprehend, share and “build memory” around an educational practice experienced in a municipality of the earthquake zone of Abruzzo, therefore, in a context of social crisis by means the storytelling of a social and community theatre experience. The focus is more specifically on the nexus between the artistic and pedagogical work and the potentialities of a functional development of the community which spreads out, in a perspective of applicativity. The educationalist, as educational process and relationship professional, (...)
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  16.  14
    Milestones in the Journey of Phenomenology: From Socrates to Kant.Tansif ur Rehman, Sadia Rehman & Huzaifa Sarfraz - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (1):71-80.
    Phenomenology is linked to ancient philosophers as its roots can be traced from the Socratic era. Various other philosophers have also contributed to develop this field. As Socrates’ ‘skepticism’, Plato’s ‘idealism’, Aristotle’s ‘realism’, Locke’s ‘epistemology’, Hume’s ‘positivism’, and Kant’s ‘existentialism’ are all of the respective concepts which provided the very fundamentals of phenomenology. After these great philosophers, others have also played their significant role as milestones in this journey. In this work, researchers have reviewed the contributions of prominent phenomenologists in (...)
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  17.  1
    The Feminine Question as Social Inequality: A Historical Overview.Roberto Veraldi - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (1):81-94.
    In this work, I have used many sources because this theme is very complex and it is very useful to follow tracks already well used by other authors who have ventured with these themes. The Gender report is a report on equality. No company will ever be expected to be right if it does not foresee includesive actions rather than excludents. The social constructions of the same company will have to contend with a reality of reference that embraces all the (...)
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