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  1.  9
    Are Low Testosterone and Sex Differences in Immune Responses Causing Mass Hysteria During the Coronavirus Pandemic?Roy Barzilai - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):145-149.
    By integrating the entire body of research in human sexual dynamics, immune responses, and sociocultural behavior, we can conclude that the mass hysteria our society is currently experiencing originates in our evolved psychological adaptations to pandemic conditions [i]. A lack of hormonal balance [ii], due to a collapse in testosterone levels, may cause a disproportionate immune response that leads to the destruction of our cherished sociopolitical institutions—the very institutions that are design to protect human liberty and prosperity. What is playing (...)
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  2.  3
    Agent-Based Modelling in Environmental Policy Analysis.Francesca Cubeddu - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):47-70.
    This paper is a summary of the research developed in the author’s Ph.D. programme. The case study deals with the implementation of Energy Efficiency policies in the Building sector of the Lazio Region and carries out an ABM analysis of the impacts of training on the social actors involved. Its purpose is to reproduce the social mechanisms through the study of the actors’ actions with ABM in order to evaluate socio-economic impacts by interconnecting the social and economic variables by means (...)
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  3.  2
    A Logical Framework for Democratic Decision-Making: Epistemic Logic and Liquid Democracy.Simone Cuconato - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):181-192.
    Since Hintikka’s epistemic logic, the logic of knowledge, has been a subject of research in philosophy, computer science, artificial intelligence and game theory. This paper presents a framework of dynamic epistemic logic capable of investigating interactive voting decisions in liquid democracy.
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  4.  2
    Trust and Ethics: Ambivalent Foundations of Relationship and Sui Generis Forms of Gift.Simone D'Alessandro - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):105-143.
    Is there a circular relationship between trust and ethics? Is it possible to alter their relationship, changing the perception that social actors have of them? How has trust changed in the transition from modernity to post-modernity and how does it change in times of crisis? Starting from the epistemological assumption that progress in the social sciences is determined by the change in the theoretical horizon produced by “a reformulation of metaphysical assumptions” [1] and combining this path with the relational perspective, (...)
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  5.  15
    Insights in How Computer Science Can Be a Science.Robert W. P. Luk - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):17-46.
    Recently, information retrieval is shown to be a science by mapping information retrieval scientific study to scientific study abstracted from physics. The exercise was rather tedious and lengthy. Instead of dealing with the nitty gritty, this paper looks at the insights into how computer science can be made into a science by using that methodology. That is by mapping computer science scientific study to the scientific study abstracted from physics. To show the mapping between computer science and physics, we need (...)
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  6.  3
    A Mathematical Assessment on the Ontology of Time.Jorge Julian Sanchez Martinez - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):91-104.
    In this work, we develop and propose an ontological formal definition of time, based on a topological analysis of the formal mathematical description of time, coming from approaches to both quantum theories and Relativity; thus, being compatible with all physical epistemological theories. We find out a mathematical topological invariability, thus establishing a rigorous definition of time, as fundamental generic magnitude. Very preliminary analysis of physical epistemology is provided; likely highlighting a path towards a final common vision between Quantum and Cosmology (...)
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  7.  2
    The Logical Perception of the Pure Consciousness.Yosef Joseph Segman - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):71-89.
    Does pure consciousness exist without being hooked to a physical mechanism? Can such claim be proven logically? The magnitude of asking this sort of question is similar to asking: Is it logical that matter exists out of the total void? The answer to both questions is yes. The aim of this paper is to show that, the existence of pure consciousness is a logical state, it is not energy, and it exists timelessly and can be experienced beyond the physical body. (...)
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  8.  1
    Data of Covid-19 Infection in Italy and Mathematical Models.Luigi Togliani - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):165-180.
    In this paper I consider some data of Covid-19 infection in Italy from the 20th of February to the 29th of June 2020. Data are analyzed using some fits based on mathematical models. This analysis may be proposed to students of the last class of the Liceo Scientifico in order to debate a real problem with mathematical tools.
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  9.  15
    The Covid-19 and the Defeat of Conspiracy Theories: The Renewal of Public Faith in Scientific Research.Roberto Veraldi - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):151-155.
    Conspiracy theories integrate, connect and catalogue together what are clearly independent and unrelated events in order to demonstrate correlation and construct impossible, fabricated tales of causation. In a narrative sense, these extremely sophisticated stories are often very intriguing, and their diffusion comes about due to a legitimate desire to enrich the non-scientific literature available. In other cases, despite the cultural maturity of the Western world, conspiracy theories are promoted as real news, able to upset public opinion and to involve a (...)
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  10.  1
    Helix Hyperoperation in Teaching Research.Souzana Vougioukli - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):157-163.
    Interaction between sciences has always been an optimum. Within this frame of interdisciplinary approach, an attempt is made to apply a method, a mathematical model, used in the Hyperstructure Theory, in teaching and research procedure. More specifically, when dealing with a great amount of data arranged in a ‘linear’ disposal, it is quite difficult to teach. This is the case when the Helix Model is suggested to be used. With the Helix Model, every single piece of data is present and (...)
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  11.  6
    Idealization, Scientific Realism, and the Improvement Model of Confirmation.Billy Wheeler - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):7-15.
    That many of our most successful scientific theories involve one or more idealizations poses a challenge to traditional models of theory confirmation. One popular response amongst scientific realists is the “improvement model of confirmation”: if tightening up one or more of the idealizations leads to greater predictive accuracy, then this supports the belief that the theory’s inaccuracy is a result of its idealizations and not because it is wrong. In this article I argue that the improvement model is deeply flawed (...)
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  12.  24
    Linking Ontology, Epistemology And Research Methodology.Mukhles M. Al-Ababneh - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (1):75-91.
    The purpose of this paper is to offer insights that can help researchers to link ontology, epistemology and research methodology. This paper outlines the links among ontology, epistemology and research methodology by exploring ontological, epistemological and methodological perspectives in the research. It discusses how ontological and epistemological issues influence research methodology by providing a clear understanding for different research methodologies based on ontology and epistemology. Furthermore, attention is given to research aspects such as the elements of research process, research philosophy, (...)
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  13.  12
    Low Solar Activity, Winter Flu Conditions, Pandemics and Sex Wars: A Holistic View of Human Evolution.Roy Barzilai - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (1):105-118.
    The current spread of coronavirus has caught our modern world by surprise, which leads to widespread panic, fear and confusion. However, if we view the unfolding of these events from a scientific historical perspective of past human evolution, we may discover the reoccurring patterns of the environmental conditions that give rise to such epidemics. Hence, we can figure out better methods to prepare and react to the infectious agents that spread diseases that have shaped the course of human history before. (...)
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  14.  11
    The History and the Meaning of Einstein’s Principle of Equivalence.Antonio Feoli - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (1):21-30.
    We review from a historical and a didactic point of view the Equivalence Principle, which was considered by Einstein as the corner stone of his new theory of Gravitation: the General Relativity. Before and after the enormous success of his theory, this principle was the subject of studies and discussions. Still today, after more than one century, the debate about its interpretation, application and generalization is very fertile. Einstein soon understood the revolutionary significance of his idea and defined it as (...)
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  15.  6
    Some Critical Remarks on the Epistemology of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.Alexandre Métraux & Stefan Frisch - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (1):63-74.
    The article examines epistemological and ontological underpinnings of reasearch performed by means of magnetic resonance imaging and functional magnetic resonance imaging. It takes as its guiding line the important distinction between instruments and apparatuses drawn by Rom Harré. According to Harré, instruments such as barometers or thermometers do not cause the states they measure into existence. Apparatuses, in contradistinction, cause material states into existence to begin with, whereby theses states are subsequently processed according to suitable methods. Thus, when the objects (...)
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  16.  13
    Origin of Matter and the Outside of the Universe.Yosef Joseph Segman - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (1):31-62.
    This short paper is to provide answer to the question what is there outside the Universe? If the Universe is expending, what does it expend into? An answer was provided, the universe is expanding into its complementary universe. If that is so, then what the complementary universe is? A new perception is provided that matter exist as a logical state. What is the logical state creating matter? This question is being answered by the relationship between the universe and its complementary (...)
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  17.  8
    Mathematics and the Liberal Arts.Tony Shannon - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (1):93-103.
    The Liberal Arts deal with the human being as a whole and hence with what lies at the essence of being human. As a result, the Liberal Arts have a far greater capacity to do good than other fields of study, for their foundation in philosophy enables them to bring students into contact with the ultimate questions which they are free to accept. Even if these questions have little or no ‘market value’, it should be obvious that the way they (...)
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  18.  8
    1918-2018: Cantor and infinity in today’s high school.Carlo Toffalori - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (1):119-129.
    In the first centenary of Cantor's death, we discuss how to introduce his life, his works and his theories about mathematical infinity to today's students. Keywords: proper and improper infinite, cardinal number, countable set, continuum, continuum hypothesis. Sunto Nel primo centenario della scomparsa di Cantor, si discute come presentare la sua vita, le sue opere e le sue teorie sull’infinito agli studenti di oggi. Parole chiave: infinito proprio e improprio, numero cardinale, numerabile, continuo, ipotesi del continuo.
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  19.  5
    Updating Statistical Measures of Causal Strength.Hrishikesh Vinod - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (1):3-20.
    We address Northcott’s criticism of Pearson’s correlation coefficient ‘r’ in measuring causal strength by replacing Pearson’s linear regressions by nonparametric nonlinear kernel regressions. Although new proof shows that Suppes’ intuitive causality condition is neither necessary nor sufficient, we resurrect Suppes’ probabilistic causality theory by using nonlinear tools. We use asymmetric generalized partial correlation coefficients from Vinod [2014] as our third criterion in addition to two more criteria. We aggregate the three criteria into one unanimity index, UI in [-100; 100], quantifying (...)
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