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  1.  2
    Holographic Universe: Implications for Cancer, Parkinson’s, ALS, Autism, ME/CFS.Alethea Black - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):27-46.
    The holographic principle was proposed by Nobel laureate Gerard ‘t Hooft in the 1990s and it has also been modeled by Leonard Susskind and Stephen Hawking. We’ve heard light mentioned with regard to the fundamental nature of reality for a long time; God said Let there be light, we are the light of the world, etc. But we haven’t investigated a possible role for the speed of light in our illnesses. This paper will do just that. The central premise is (...)
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  2.  4
    Epistemic Logic for Metadata Modelling From Scientific Papers on Covid-19.Simone Cuconato - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):83-96.
    The field of epistemic logic developed into an interdisciplinary area focused on explicating epistemic issues in, for example, artificial intelligence, computer security, game theory, economics, multiagent systems and the social sciences. Inspired, in part, by issues in these different ‘application’ areas, in this paper I propose an epistemic logic T for metadata extracted from scientific papers on COVID-19. More in details, I introduce a structure S to syntactically and semantically modelling metadata extracted with systems for extracting structured metadata from scientific (...)
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  3.  2
    Is a Theory of Everything Possible? Critical Reflections and Variations on the Theme.Davide Fiscaletti - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):137-160.
    The evolution of the history of physics shows how natural phenomena can be grouped into discrete regimes, between which there are precise relationships and specific connecting elements but which, with an excellent approximation, can be considered independent of each other. Here it is clarified, in the light of developments in contemporary physics, in what sense theory of everything means "theory that aims to explain a specific and limited level of energy", highlighting the link between the world we experience daily and (...)
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  4.  2
    Network effect and economic development: for a theory of bond value.Luigi Gentili - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):161-175.
    The article presents sociological considerations in regards to the advent of globalism. With the implosion of capitalism and the acceleration of globalization, the concept of globalism is in need of new interpretations. Some sociologists indeed would see it solely as the ideology of globalization. In the article, globalism is regarded as a social system not only with ideological characteristics but also economic ones. This radically changes the very logic of capitalism, which is focused on linear and monocentric production. Through the (...)
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  5. Network effect and economic development: Towards a link-value theory.Luigi Gentili - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):161-175.
    The article presents sociological considerations in regards to the advent of globalism. With the implosion of capitalism and the acceleration of globalization, the concept of globalism is in need of new interpretations. Some sociologists indeed would see it solely as the ideology of globalization. In the article, globalism is regarded as a social system not only with ideological characteristics but also economic ones. This radically changes the very logic of capitalism, which is focused on linear and monocentric production. Through the (...)
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  6.  35
    Christianity & Science in Harmony?Robert W. P. Luk - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):61-82.
    A worldview that does not involve religion or science seems to be incomplete. However, a worldview that includes both religion and science may arouse concern of incompatibility. This paper looks at the particular religion, Christianity, and proceeds to develop a worldview in which Christianity and Science are compatible with each other. The worldview may make use of some ideas of Christianity and may involve some author’s own ideas on Christianity. It is thought that Christianity and Science are in harmony in (...)
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  7.  4
    Consciousness, Time and Science Epistemology: An Existentialist Approach.Jorge Julian Sanchez Martinez - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):47-60.
    In this work, the author presents an updated state-of-the-art study about the fundamental concept of time, integrating approaches coming from all branches of human cognitive disciplines. The author points out that there is a rational relation for the nature of time coming from human disciplines and scientific ones, thus proposing an overall vision of it for the first time. Implications of this proposal are shown providing an existentialist approach to the meaning of “time” concept.
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  8.  1
    On the Relation of Free Bodies, Inertial Sets and Arbitrariness.Mario Alberto Natiello & Hernán Gustavo Solari - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):7-26.
    We present a fully relational definition of inertial systems based in the No Arbitrariness Principle, that eliminates the need for absolute inertial frames of reference or distinguished reference systems as the ``fixed stars'' in order to formulate Newtonian mechanics. The historical roots of this approach to mechanics are discussed as well. The work is based in part in the constructivist perspective of space advanced by Piaget. We argue that inertial systems admit approximations and that what is of practical use are (...)
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  9.  1
    Ecological Transition and New Dwelling Paradigms.Umberto Pagano - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):97-114.
    We are living a historical phase in which phenomena of enormous significance intersect: the digital turn, the “ecological transition”, the pandemic contingency, against the backdrop of a unique event in the history of human civilization and of Earth itself: for the first time behaviours and choices of a living species are among the main causes of a biotic transition.The way of thinking, planning, building cities and houses faces with new scenarios. Human and social sciences are called to a deep and (...)
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  10.  2
    An Epistemological and Bio-Physical Point of View on Complex Systems.Stefano Polizzi - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):115-127.
    In this article, after a historical introduction, we give an epistemological point of view of the physics of complex systems. Complex systems are epistemologically interesting because of the fundamental interaction experiment/observer and physicists in their everyday life can experience the paradoxes given by this interaction. Here we describe some of these paradoxes, we make a parallel with quantum mechanics and give a possible philosophical solution, based on notorious physicists/philosopher from the past, transposing and reinterpreting their ideas to modern times. In (...)
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  11.  4
    The banality of evil. A review in the light of the affective turn in the social sciences.Daniele Ungaro - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):176-190.
    The well-known metaphor on the banality of evil, used by Arendt on the trial of the Nazi hierarch Eichmann in Jerusalem, can also be reviewed in the light of the so-called "affective turn" in the social sciences. Eichmann's tragic obedience to the creators of the Holocaust does not only derive from the renunciation to implement an autonomous thought, in the context of the Nazi system, but also from a deep inability to feel emotions and to develop empathic relationships. This allows (...)
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  12. Labour, Pandemic Crisis, and PNRR: Preliminary Issues.Roberto Veraldi - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):128-136.
    The intent of this work is bring to attention, as useful elements for a debate, the possibility of reasoning on the implementations that will come to the country-system from the resources of the PNRR. From a historical, albeit brief, and legislative analysis of active labor policies in Italy, one can try to understand how to stimulate Italian economic growth. To do this, one must examine the structural elements that contribute to making our country fragile in comparison with other European countries, (...)
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  13. Projection of Socio-Economic Changes Following the COVID-19 Pandemic.Roberto Veraldi - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):191-212.
    Albeit in the immediacy of the event and although aware that it is a first interpretative proposal, this article analyses possible future scenarios concerning socio-economic consequences in Italy after the spread of the Covid-19 virus. The social processes related to the pandemic will be examined, from the media information diffusion to the socio-economic consequences of the phenomenon. Among the main effects, included in the projections, the authors find considerable impacts in the tourism and restaurant sectors. The former, if not supported (...)
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  14.  1
    Transculturality. When Anthropology Meets Psychology.Dino Burtini - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):113-131.
    Transculturality. When Anthropology meets Psychology.
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  15.  3
    Ellipses and Ovals: Two Curves so Close and so Far.Giuseppe Conti, Raffaella Paoletti & Alberto Trotta - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):133-159.
    In this work we will deal with ellipses and ovals, comparing them both from the geometric point of view and from the one of applications. There is a notable similarity between these curves so often it’s not possible to recognize which of the two figures is, unless we consider other elements to distinguish them. We will show the presence of both curves in architectural works and in treatises, motivating their use, when it’s possible, with geometric and technological considerations.
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  16.  5
    Epistemic Logic and CERMINE: A Logical Model for Automatic Extraction of Structured Metadata.Simone Cuconato - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):161-172.
    In this article we develop a logical model for automatic extraction of structured metadata. We introduce a new predicate???? – reads ‘extract’ – and a structure???? to syntactically and semantically define metadata extracted with any automatic metadata extraction system. These systems will be considered, in the logical model created, as knowledge extraction agents. In this case KEA taken into consideration is CERMINE, a comprehensive open-source system for extracting structured metadata from scientific articles in a born-digital form.
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  17. Derivation of Gravitational Time Dilation From Principle of Equivalence and Special Relativity.Biswaranjan Dikshit - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):55-60.
    General relativity is the exact theory of gravity which has been experimentally found to be correct with extremely high accuracy. One of the most surprising predictions of the general theory is that time runs slow in a gravitational field. Its proof formally comes from Schwarzschild metric which is a solution of Einstein field equation for a spherically symmetric mass. However, as Einstein field equation is too complex, attempts have been made earlier to derive gravitational time dilation by direct use of (...)
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  18.  1
    Traditions, a Means of Safeguarding Authentic Spiritual Values.Theodora Flaut - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):61-71.
    Preserving traditions, particularly in rural areas, can be regarded as a safety mechanism for those who can trace their roots to the respective regions. This entails the certainty of belonging to a specific social group. Therefore, in order to remain unchanged, customs and traditions need to be cultivated in the hearts of the younger generations as true spiritual values.
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  19.  7
    Dad Jokes, D.A.D. Jokes, and the GHoST Test for Artificial Consciousness.Steven Gimbel, Clifton Presser & Paul Mogianesi - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):73-89.
    The ability of a computer to have a sense of humor, that is, to generate authentically funny jokes, has been taken by some theorists to be a sufficient condition for artificial consciousness. Creativity, the argument goes, is indicative of consciousness and the ability to be funny indicates creativity. While this line fails to offer a legitimate test for artificial consciousness, it does point in a possibly correct direction. There is a relation between consciousness and humor, but it relies on a (...)
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  20.  6
    The Maths of Cause-Effect Relationship.Luca Granieri - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):91-103.
    Modern science was historically built by avoiding a direct treatment of cause-effect relationship questions. Recent developments in mathematical, probabilistic and statistical sciences make possible to pursue a more direct approach in cause-effect relationships leading to effective and systematic investigations in a wide range of scientific research fields.
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  21.  3
    Healthcare and Cultural Life Access for Persons with Disabilities During the Pandemic: Reflections of a Researcher.Dario Imperatore - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):105-111.
    The Covid-19 pandemic has put a strain on the health system, as well as the social, economic, and cultural ones at the Global level. After the pandemic, the risk is that the process of inclusion of persons with disabilities is grinding to a halt. But the chance is to find new ideas. This paper will define a brief but significant framework of principles that should be taken into consideration in order to support strategies of inclusion of people with disabilities in (...)
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  22.  1
    Il ruolo delle variabili culturali nel processo di modernizzazione del Giappone.Simonetta Secondini - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):179-190.
    The present work aims to underline the role played by cultural variables on the development of social processes, both at micro and macro-social level. Specifically, I want to focus on the role played by the philosophical current of Confucianism in the process of medernization of Japan, which shows how the cultural aspects, both in terms of intenalized values, both in the form of cultural norms and models approved by the group have influence on the development of social processes. Japanese society (...)
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  23.  6
    Mind Matters in Mathematics and Music.Anthony Greville Shannon - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):31-43.
    Mathematics and music in practice and performance, and in learning and teaching, share many characteristics, such as beauty and harmony, memory and intuition and mind or intellect. These raise the principles of processing information in mathematics and music and, by implication, the role of an acquaintance with the essentials of perception, abstraction and affective connaturality in teacher education. This paper compares mathematics and music and considers the acquisition of knowledge and skills through the external and internal senses and emotions, utilizing (...)
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  24.  10
    The Bible and Science: The Relationship Between Science and the Christian Religion.Sangwa Sixbert & Placide Mutabazi - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):7-29.
    The relationship between the Bible and science has been debated for decades. While science has emerged as a multifaceted discipline focused on the natural world, it has been viewed as a growing body of facts or knowledge ; and a path to understanding. As scientists test ideas, emerging disciplines such as palaeoanthropology, geology, archaeology, and evolutionary biology have attempted to prove Christian beliefs based on the Biblical account. Although the Bible was considered authoritative, the knowledge generated by science has been (...)
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  25.  3
    Society and Territory: Prevention and Social Planning.Roberto Veraldi - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):173-177.
    Prevention and social planning are two terms that bind to the sense of community and identity of a territory, at a time of socio-economic regeneration of the territory itself and resilience to the crises imposed by globalization. The local community is at the center of the processes of renaissance, or at least this is what all decision-makers declare in their planning. In reality, programming needs to confront the demands, values, resources and power of change that belong to the local community, (...)
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  26.  4
    Philosophical Suggestions by the Single Elements.Thomas Nikolaos Vougiouklis - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (1):45-53.
    The largest class of hyperstructures is the one which satisfy the weak properties. These are called H v -structures introduced in 1990 and they proved to have a lot of applications on several applied sciences. Special classes of elements appeared to have new interesting properties applicable in other sciences. We present some results on hyperstructures containing ‘ single’ elements, and some new constructions. Keywords: hyperstructures; H v -structures; single elements.
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