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  1. Knowledge Within Anxiety.Andrea Amato - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:10-17.
    Modern epistemology is in the peculiar position of retaining its trust in man’s ability to acquire knowledge without being capable of specifying the reasons for our gnosis success. Popper was the first to state that any conclusion concerning the possibility or impossibility of knowing is a transcendental statement and he states, also, that man reaches knowledge while trying to guess. In my opinion, we know things because we assume to have always been aware of them, in the sense that some (...)
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  2. “Farai Sicome Tòe Amaestrato” : Notes About Medieval Didactics of Algebra.Nadia Ambrosetti - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:18-33.
    The paper studies the medieval tradition of the 9th century al-Khwarizmi’s handbook on algebra compared with its Latin translation by Gerard of Cremona, later translated in Italian vernacular by an anonymous Florentine abacus master, during the 14th century. This long journey along five centuries and three countries deals accurately with the mathematical contents; by means of analysis of explicit and implied elements in the three works, we also focus on the different historical backgrounds, the social condition of the authors, the (...)
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  3. Pierre Duhem, a Hundred Years Later.Godofredo Iommi Amunátegui - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:204-206.
    Pierre Duhem, cent ans plus tard. Actes de la journée d’étude internationale tenue à Tunis le 10 mars 2016, suivis de l’édition française de l’Histoire de la physique. [Pierre Duhem, a hundred years later. Proceedings of the International Study Day held in Tunis on March 10, 2016, followed by the French edition of the History of Physics ]. Edited by Jean-François Stoffel, with the collaboration of Souad Ben Ali. Tunis: Université de Tunis, 2017. 412 p. ISBN: 978-9973-06-968-9.
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  4. The Concept of Function at the Beginning of the 20th Century: A Historiographical Approach.Loredana Biacino - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:171-192.
    The evolution of the concept of function at the beginning of the 20th century in France after the definitions by Dirichlet and Riemann and the introduction of several pathological functions is studied. Some young mathematicians of those years made several attempts to propose a large class of functions as “accessible” objects. Their discussions, their purposes and polemics are reported often by their own words supported by a large bibliography. The contribution of some Italian mathematicians, as Vitali, is also underlined. Some (...)
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  5. Representing in the Student Laboratory.Brandon Boesch - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:34-48.
    In this essay, I will expand the philosophical discussion about the representational practice in science to examine its role in science education through four case studies. The cases are of what I call ‘educational laboratory experiments’, performative models used representationally by students to come to a better understanding of theoretical knowledge of a scientific discipline. The studies help to demonstrate some idiosyncratic features of representational practices in science education, most importantly a lack of novelty and discovery built into the ELEs (...)
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  6. “Strange Trajectories”: Naive Physics, Epistemology and History of Science.Francesco Crapanzano - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:49-65.
    In the 1980s naive physics almost suddenly became a field of research for physicists interested in teaching and experimental psychologists. Such research, however, was limited to accurately recording the bizarre Aristotelian responses of “layman” struggling with simple physics issues. Another research on this topic is that one of phenomenological origin: starting from the studies of the psychologist of perception Paolo Bozzi naive physics had entered the laboratory, and he was the first to find that the physical knowledge of the adult (...)
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  7. Suggestion for Teaching Science as a Pluralist Enterprise.Antonino Drago - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:66-83.
    The change in the organization of science education over the past fifty years is quickly recalled. Being its cultural bound the lack of a conception of the foundation of science, the multiple innovations have resulted as temporary improvements without a clear direction, apart from the technocratic goal of an automation of learning processes. The discovery of two dichotomies as the foundations of science suggests a pluralist conception of science, and hence the need to entirely renew science education, in particular by (...)
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  8. Interview.Regina Horta Duarte, Natascha S. C. Ostos & Mauro L. Condé - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:193-203.
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  9. Newtonian Optics and the Historiography of Light in the 18th Century: A Critical Analysis of Joseph Priestley’s The History of Optics.Breno Moura - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:157-170.
    In 1772, Joseph Priestley published The History and Present State of Discoveries Relating to Vision, Light and Colours, also known as The History of Optics. The book intended to present all the achievements in the matter of light and colors, from the Ancient times to the 18thcentury. This paper presents a study of the content of The History of Optics, in order to analyze how it sold Newtonian optics in the historiography of light. It will comprise discussions on Priestley’s views (...)
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  10. Writing, Acting and Engaging in Socioscientific Controversies as a Way to Learn About the Nature of Sciences.Bernardo J. Oliveira, Marina A. Fonseca & Verona Campos Segantini - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:146-156.
    This article presents a methodology to teach about the nature of sciences and their histories through the construction of controversial dialogs in order to promote reflective and engaging practices among undergraduate and graduate students. This proposal seeks to establish the study’s guidelines and organize the distribution of tasks in groups to draft scripts of dialogs that bring relevant information and that produce antagonistic positions on controversial socioscientific issues. This information will later be recorded in short home videos of 5 to (...)
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  11. How to Teach History of Philosophy and Science: A Digital Based Case Study.Andrea Reichenberger - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:84-99.
    The following article describes a pilot study on the possible integration of digital historiography into teaching practice. It focuses on Émilie Du Châtelet’s considerations of space and time against the background of Leibniz’s program of analysis situs. Historians have characterized philosophical controversies on space and time as a dichotomy between the absolute and relational concepts of space and time. In response to this, the present case study pursues two aims: First, it shows that the common portrayal simplifies the complex pattern (...)
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  12. What Synergy Between Mathematics and Physics is Feasible or Imaginable at Different Level of Education?Michel Roland - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:100-132.
    For interdisciplinarity between physics and mathematics to take its proper place in secondary schools, its value must be demonstrated and used during the future teacher’s university education. We have observed from examples and surveys, however, that an ever-widening gulf is emerging between degree courses in mathematics and physics. This article therefore develops comparative approaches to some common concepts to demonstrate their complementarities from the angle of the relation between mechanics and analysis. The example of the differential, which is described as (...)
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  13. Meeting Galileo: Testing the Effectiveness of an Immersive Video Game to Teach History and Philosophy of Science to Undergraduates.Logan L. Watts & Peter Barker - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:133-145.
    Can video games teach students about the history and philosophy of science? This paper reports the results of a study investigating the effects of playing an educational video game on students’ knowledge of Galileo’s life and times, the nature of scientific evidence, and Aristotle’s and Galileo’s views of the cosmos. In the game, students were immersed in a computer simulation of 16th century Venice where they interacted with an avatar of Galileo and other characters. Over a period of two weeks, (...)
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  14.  1
    History of Science and Science Education: A Necessary Dialogue.Mauro L. Condé & Marlon Salomon - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:1.
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  15. Introduction.Raffaele Pisano & Philippe Vincent - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:3.
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  16. Obituary: Prof. Gérard Jorland.Marlon Salomon - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:207.
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  17.  3
    Introduction to Dossier Georges Canguilhem.Fábio Ferreira Almeida - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4.
    Introduction to Dossier Georges Canguilhem.
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  18.  3
    Looking Through the Corners: Althusserism and the Reception of Canguilhem in Brazil.Tiago Santos Almeida - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:140.
    This paper presents the role of Althusser and two of his students in the 1960s, Pierre Macherey and Dominique Lecourt, in the diffusion of the work of Georges Canguilhem in Brazil. We begin by a brief review of Macherey’s and Lecourt’s analysis on the work of Canguilhem taken from two texts that served as postface and preface to the Brazilian and the Argentine translations of Le normal et le pathologique. Next, we present the works of Brazilian authors Sérgio Arouca, Cecilia (...)
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  19.  3
    Science and its Historicity. [REVIEW]Eduardo Salles de O. Barra - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:190.
    Book Review: Condé, Mauro L. “Um Papel para a História”: O Problema da Historicidade da Ciência. [“A role for the History”: The Problem of the Historicity of Science].
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  20.  3
    The Historiography of Science as a Specific Field of Research.Mauro L. Condé & Marlon Salomon - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:1.
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  21.  3
    The Birth of the Clinic and the Sources of Archaeological History.François Delaporte - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:8.
    The year 2013 marked the 50th anniversary of the publication of a classic of the historiography of sciences, Michel Foucault’s The birth of the clinic: An archaeology of medical gaze. In different parts of the world, events were organized to reflect on this important work. The article argues that if one cannot draw a direct line linking the work of the leading historians-philosophers of the twentieth-century sciences in France to Michel Foucault’s archaeological study of the clinic, we must recognize that (...)
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  22.  4
    When Physics Meets Biology: A Less Known Feynman.Marco Di Mauro, Salvatore Esposito & Adele Naddeo - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:163.
    We discuss a less known aspect of Feynman’s multifaceted scientific work, centered about his interest in molecular biology, which came out around 1959 and lasted for several years. After a quick historical reconstruction about the birth of molecular biology, we focus on Feynman’s work on genetics with Robert S. Edgar in the laboratory of Max Delbruck, which was later quoted by Francis Crick and others in relevant papers, as well as in Feynman’s lectures given at the Hughes Aircraft Company on (...)
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  23.  3
    Charting Links Between Life, Science, and Technique: Georges Canguilhem and Lucien Febvre.Carlos Estellita-Lins & Flavio Coelho Edler - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:90.
    The article explores theoretical convergences between the work of Georges Canguilhem and Lucien Febvre on the theme of science and technique. In comparing the scholarship of both authors from the 1920s through 1940s, we endeavor to show that their critique of mechanistic determinism was rooted in the concept of the genres of life and its creative interaction with the environment.
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  24.  13
    Canguilhem and the Logic of Life.Arantza Etxeberria & Charles T. Wolfe - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:47.
    In this paper we examine aspects of Canguilhem’s philosophy of biology, concerning the knowledge of life and its consequences on science and vitalism. His concept of life stems from the idea of a living individual, endowed with creative subjectivity and norms, a Kantian view which “disconcerts logic”. In contrast, two different approaches ground naturalistic perspectives to explore the logic of life and the logic of the living individual in the 1970s. Although Canguilhem is closer to the second, there are divergences; (...)
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  25.  3
    Science and History of Science: Between Comte and Canguilhem.Márcia H. M. Ferraz, Ana M. Alfonso-Goldfarb & Silvia Waisse - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:108.
    In the present article, we discuss the specificity of the object of the history of science as an autonomous and interdisciplinary field of studies by nature and origin, placed at the interface of history, epistemology and science, and focus on some key historiographical views. Within this context, Georges Canguilhem stands out for contributions such as calling the attention to the relevance of epistemology in science history research and the discontinuity-continuity antithesis, among many others. An accurate understanding of Canguilhem’s ideas demands (...)
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  26.  3
    Canguilhem and the Machine Metaphor in Life Sciences: History of Science and Philosophy of Biology at the Service of Sciences.Océane Fiant - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:149.
    The metaphor is used in the construction process of scientific knowledge. There are, however, metaphors that do not suit the objects they should represent, which thus impacts the accuracy of the knowledge which derives from these objects. It is the case of the machine metaphor, when resorted to in the study of living organisms. Canguilhem has tackled problems it created in twentieth-century life sciences head on. In his criticism, he links the analysis of Descartes’ work to his own philosophical thesis (...)
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  27.  4
    Interview: Olival Freire Jr.Olival Freira Jr & Gustavo Rodrigues Rocha - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:174.
    Olival Freire Jr interviewed by Gustavo Rodrigues Rocha.
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  28.  4
    The Relationship Between History and Epistemology in Georges Canguilhem and Gaston Bachelard.Enrico Castelli Gattinara - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:14.
    The article shows the strategic analogies, but also the differences between Bachelard and Canguilhem on the use of the history of science for epistemology. It emphasizes the importance of the ideology for Canguilhem, and the conceptual essence he recognizes in the history of science, which is read in its internal specific differences and in its complex articulations with life and reality. No concept, in fact, comes from nothing. The link between history and epistemology is not however of subjection, but of (...)
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  29.  3
    Canguilhem’s Concepts.David Marcelo Peña-Guzmán - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:27.
    In the 1950s, George Canguilhem became known in France as a vocal exponent of the philosophy of the concept, an approach to epistemology that treated science as the highest expression of human rationality and scientific concepts as the necessary preconditions for the manifestation of scientific truth. Philosophers of the concept, Canguilhem included, viewed concepts as the key to the study of science; and science, in turn, as the key to a substantive theory of reason. This article explains what concepts are (...)
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  30.  7
    Is Fallibilism Mistaken? [REVIEW]Sheldon Richmond - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:182.
    Book review: Menachem Fisch, Creatively Undecided: Toward a History and Philosophy of Scientific Agency.
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  31.  3
    When the Content to Be Taught Is a Norm: Canguilhem-Inspired Contributions to Educational Practices.Xavier Roth - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:64-77.
    It has become customary since Foucault to present Canguilhem as a man whose work is voluntarily restricted to a particular domain of the history of science. Yet the current edition of his Complete Works reveals that Canguilhem has never considered himself a true historian of science. If he traced “the history of the formation, deformation and rectification of scientific concepts”, it is above all to nurture his profession of professor of philosophy with “unknown material”. On the assumption that Canguilhem subordinates (...)
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  32.  4
    “Genetic Load”: How the Architects of the Modern Synthesis Became Trapped in a Scientific Ideology.Alexandra Soulier - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:118.
    The term “genetic load” first emerged in a paper written in 1950 by the geneticist H. Muller. It is a mathematical model based on biological, social, political and ethical arguments describing the dramatic accumulation of disadvantageous mutations in human populations that will occur in modern societies if eugenic measures are not taken. The model describes how the combined actions of medical and social progress will supposedly impede natural selection and make genes of inferior quality likely to spread across populations – (...)
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  33.  3
    Canguilhem and His Workgroup.José Ternes - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:78.
    This paper develops a brief analysis of the book Du développement à l’évolution au XIXe siècle, by Georges Canguilhem and his research workgroup during the years 1958-1960. What is at stake is the history of two core concepts of biology in the 19th century whose unfolding continues to persist at the beginning of the 21st century. Concerning the positive history of modern science, influential works and authors in this history, particularly Spencer and Darwin, are addressed here, in addition to Auguste (...)
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  34.  3
    Introduction.Fábio Ferreira Almeida - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:3.
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