Journal of Critical Realism

ISSNs: 1476-7430, 1572-5138

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  1.  4
    Critical realism as an underpinning philosophy for the implementation of digital twins for urban management.Ramy Elsehrawy, Bimal Kumar & Richard Watson - 2024 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (2):187-223.
    This paper promotes critical realism as a suitable and fruitful philosophical foundation for the development and implementation of urban digital twins. The proliferation of a-theoretical digital twin research and practices, not declaring their philosophical positions, is threatening the scientific soundness of this new paradigm and offers little evidence for reflecting on the knowledge it produces. To address this issue, first, this paper uses focus group discussions to explore digital twin experts’ perceptions of digital twin best practices for urban management and (...)
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  2.  6
    The question of epistemic fallacy in practical research: the case of IR.Abbas Farasoo - 2024 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (2):121-143.
    In international politics, bridging the gap between the real and knowledge poses a persistent challenge as translating the real into concepts and narratives can nurture the epistemic fallacy. Critical realism addresses this by separating ontology from epistemology at the meta-theoretical level, yet in practical research, critical realism tends to impose assumptions about the ontological complexity of the real at the transcendental level. This paper examines the practical difficulty of overcoming the epistemic fallacy in International Relations inquiries, asserting that critical realism (...)
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  3.  1
    Call for papers: special issue on Morphogenetic Régulation.Karim Kniou - 2024 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (2):243-244.
    Volume 23, Issue 2, April 2024, Page 243-244.
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  4.  4
    The pandemic in Britain: COVID-19, British exceptionalism and neoliberalism. [REVIEW]Jamie Morgan - 2024 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (2):237-242.
    Volume 23, Issue 2, April 2024, Page 237-242.
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  5.  11
    Critique and its foundations: on critical realism and the Frankfurt School.Jaakko Nevasto - 2024 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (2):169-186.
    In this paper, I assess some recent critical realist constructive criticisms of Theodor Adorno, one of the leading thinkers of the Frankfurt School tradition of critical theory. I argue that while there are similarities between Adorno’s treatment of causality and the critical realist notion of powers, these connections should not be taken to imply that Adorno’s conception of critique requires a critical realist powers ontology. I show that Bhaskar’s transcendental realism is at odds with the basic commitments of Adorno’s historical (...)
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  6.  8
    The contribution of Angels Fear to metaReality: Gregory Bateson and Roy Bhaskar’s idiosyncratic approaches to the sacred.Rob Faure Walker - 2024 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (2):224-236.
    Gregory Bateson’s career from anthropologist, through his development of cybernetics and systems theory, to developing ideas around ‘the sacred’, has parallels with Roy Bhaskar’s intellectual journey. This paper proposes that as well as Bateson’s theory of cybernetics and systemic thought making a contribution to basic and dialectic critical realism, his final and posthumously published Angels Fear: Towards and Epistemology of the Sacred adds to our understanding of Bhaskar’s metaReality. Similarities between the development of Bateson’s work from 1936 to 1987 and (...)
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  7.  4
    Meaning of work as a personal emergent power[?]: developing theory based on a critical realist study of Sri Lankan workers.Lakshman Wimalasena & James Richards - 2024 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (2):144-168.
    Research on the `meaning of work', especially concerning the Global South, is scarce. This paper aims to reduce this scarcity by applying critical realist meta-theory to the work and life history interviews of workers in Sri Lanka. A key discovery is that finding meaning in life through work is a personal emergent power and that, as such, it explains the way that individuals consciously manoeuvre their life-journeys towards a desired end - a modus vivendi - in a dialectic which involves (...)
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  8.  2
    PISA and teachers’ reflexivities. A mixed methods case study.Terje André Bringeland & Tone Skinningsrud - 2024 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (1):53-80.
    Neoliberal educational reforms include extensive use of standardized tests. We examine the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) initiated and developed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Examining previous research on teachers’ reactions to neoliberal reforms altering their work context, we have identified three theoretical frameworks in use: labour process theory, derived from structural Marxism; post-structuralism, relying primarily on Foucault’s conceptualizations; and ‘new professionalism’, which has emerged from the theory of professions. A major weakness in these frameworks (...)
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