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  1.  51
    To Mask or Not to Mask.Hsiang-Yun Chen, Li-an Yu & Linus Ta-Lun Huang - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):503-512.
    Reluctance to adopt mask-wearing as a preventive measure is widely observed in many Western societies since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemics. This reluctance toward mask adoption, like any other complex social phenomena, will have multiple causes. Plausible explanations have been identified, including political polarization, skepticism about media reports and the authority of public health agencies, and concerns over liberty, amongst others. In this paper, we propose potential explanations hitherto unnoticed, based on the framework of epistemic injustice. We show how (...)
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  2. Re-Framing AI.Filippo Fabrocini & Kostas Terzidis - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):407-433.
    AI is “essentially detached” from the world. The intrinsic nature of this technology precludes a proper space of negotiation between the different human and non-human actors involved and leads to an ideology of control. The challenge of the designer consists in looking across the black box, as opposed to looking inside, in order to visualise, sense, and experience why AI is leading us, and where, and how. These questions are as important as the algorithmic questions. The missing integration between human (...)
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  3. Twenty Stages Toward a Philosophy of Engineering. [REVIEW]Austin Keith - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):513-522.
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  4. In Search of Friction.Esther Keymolen - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):354-378.
    Considering the key mediating role that smartphones play in everyday life, a postphenomenological analysis to better understand how we have power over these devices, how these artifacts empower and simultaneously can overpower us, seems highly relevant. This article will show that in order to engage in such a much-needed postphenomenological analysis, we will first have to address three fundamental, methodological challenges. The first challenge is brought forth by the personalized interface of smartphones, hindering postphenomenologists to unravel the so-called multistability of (...)
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  5. Race.Cora Olson & Claire Simpson - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):493-502.
    We argue that dominant white cultural views and public health co-produce race as a technology that charts the path of viral transmission away from the white bodies to form a trajectory for an otherwise aimless disease. This epistemological project is one enmeshed in popular culture, medical practice, and biopolitics. COVID-19 and the related Black Lives Matter movement work together to make visible the narrative technologies. This project contributes to understanding race and public health as co-constituted in ways that shape imaginative (...)
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  6. Causal Cognition and Skillful Tool Use.Dairon Alfonso Rodríguez Ramírez & Jorge Francisco Maldonado Serrano - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):479-492.
    An epistemological account of tool use is fundamental for a better comprehension of technical objects within the philosophy of technology. In this paper, we put forward an answer to the question “What is the role of causal cognition in skillful tool use?” We argue that an interventionist account of causal representation enables us to see how cases of skillful tool use presuppose the acquisition of representations of the causal relationships between direct interventions on a tool and the desired effects. This (...)
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  7.  1
    The Potency of Open Objects.Johannes F. M. Schick - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):379-406.
    This essay researches the relation of the human being to technology in the Digital Age, employing the philosophies of Henri Bergson, Franco “Bifo” Berardi, and Gilbert Simondon. These conceptions allow for a critique of the quasi-religious belief in Singularity in the transhuman discourse of Artificial Intelligence and its underlying ontology. This ontology is based upon the belief that the world is predictable and computable. To develop a symmetrical relationship with technology in the digital age, I will argue for an ontological (...)
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  8. Biomimicry and Nature as Sympoiesis.Laetitia Van den Bergen & Robin Van den Akker - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):434-450.
    Formulating how biomimicry relates to nature has been crucial to ‘deepening’ its theory. Currently, an autopoietic model of nature dominates the literature. However, advances in the natural and human sciences have demonstrated that autopoiesis does not adequately explain complex, dynamic, responsive, and situated systems. This article draws on Beth Dempster’s characterisation of ecosystems as sympoietic, that is as homeorhetic, evolutionary, distributively controlled, unpredictable, and adaptive, and on Donna Jeanne Haraway’s critique that entities do not pre-exist their relationships. We argue that (...)
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  9.  1
    Where Is the Learning in Machine Learning? [REVIEW]Galit Wellner - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):523-540.
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  10. I, Misfit.Rua M. Williams - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):451-478.
    I draw upon Critical Disability Studies and Race Critical Code Studies to apply an oppositional reading of applied robotics in autism intervention. Roboticists identify care work as a prime legitimizing application for their creations. Popular imagination of robotics in therapeutic or rehabilitative contexts figures the robot as nurse or orderly. Likewise, the dominant narrative tropes of autism are robotic—misfit androids, denizens of the uncanny valley. Diagnostic measures reinforce tropes of autistic uncanniness: monotonous speech, jerky movements, and systematic, over-logical minds. Today, (...)
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  11.  53
    Being-with Smartphones.Tiger Roholt - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (2):284-307.
    In a social situation, why is it sometimes off-putting when a person reaches for his smartphone? In small-group contexts such as a college seminar, a business meeting, a family meal, or a small musical performance, when a person begins texting or interacting with social media on a smartphone he may disengage from the group. When we do find this off-putting, we typically consider it to be just impolite or inappropriate. In this essay, I argue that something more profound is at (...)
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  12.  12
    A Competent Guide to The Ethics of Humans and Robots. [REVIEW]Simon N. Balle - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):184-190.
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  13.  25
    What Is Innovation?Vincent Blok - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):72-96.
    In this article, I reflect on the nature of innovation to lay the groundwork for a philosophy of innovation. First, I contrast the contemporary techno-economic paradigm of innovation with the work of Joseph Schumpeter. It becomes clear that Schumpeter’s work provides good reasons to question the techno-economic paradigm of innovation. Second, I contrast ‘innovation’ with ‘technology’ and identify five differences between the two concepts. Third, I reflect on the process-outcome dimension and the ontic-ontological dimension of innovation to develop four characteristics (...)
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  14.  8
    The Sacrality of Things.Levi Checketts - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):130-152.
    : Mitcham, Borgmann, and others argue the character of technology is at odds with the character of Christian life. This paper challenges that claim in two moves. First, I examine ways Christian theology has been formed by Roman crucifixion, the printing press, and transoceanic navigation; Christology, biblical studies, and missiology are critically dependent upon technologies that facilitated the death of Jesus, the spread of Protestant literature, and the migration of missionaries. Second, I contend that these technologies shed light on a (...)
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  15.  10
    Urban Infrastructure and the Problem of Moral Praise.Shane Epting - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):112-129.
    Most components of urban infrastructure remain hidden. Due to this condition, we do not think about them in a way that pays attention to the full scope of moral possibilities. For instance, when such topics are forced from the periphery of our thinking to the forefront of our minds, it is usually in terms of figuring out who to blame when they fail to function properly. In turn, one could argue that we only care to talk about an action’s moral (...)
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  16.  11
    The Darwin Is in the Details.Michael Gurvitch - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):26-71.
    Electronics can be defined as electromagnetic technology dealing with information, and meta-electronics as a field encompassing all the synergistic technologies in which electronics plays a dominant role. Examining the broad field corresponding to this definition we realize that its history starts some seventy years earlier than the customarily accepted birth of electronics, and, what is more significant, that electronics undergoes a true evolution. This new evolution creates rich, diverse structures similar to those created by the biological evolution. Like biology, electronics (...)
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  17.  16
    Big Brother Goes to School.Ryan Jenkins, Zachary I. Rentz & Keith Abney - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):162-183.
    Few sectors are more affected by COVID-19 than higher education. There is growing recognition that reopening the densely populated communities of higher education will require surveillance technologies, but many of these technologies pose threats to the privacy of the very students, faculty, and staff they are meant to protect. The authors have a history of working with our institution’s governing bodies to provide ethical guidance on the use of technologies, especially including those with significant implications for privacy. Here, we draw (...)
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  18.  5
    Cultures of Number.Thomas Lee - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):97-111.
    This article argues humanities scholarship is often dismissive of the quantitative, and that there is scope for worthwhile interdisciplinary research into the way everyday life is given tone and texture by experiences and cultures of number. Following the work of Mary Poovey and Steven Connor, it challenges the view, particularly influential in the humanities, that number and associated ideas to do with data, objectivity, mathematics, and the rational, are parasitic upon life. In contrast to this view, this article suggests that (...)
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  19.  9
    Representation’s Essence. [REVIEW]Sasha Niehorster-Cook - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):191-194.
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  20.  10
    Is There a Digital World?Luca M. Possati - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):1-25.
    This article discusses the relation between software and human experience. I argue that software-based experiences are based on a radical discrepancy between the code and “lived experience.” This break is different than the so-called “opacity” of technology. I start analyzing a case study: the video game Assassin’s Creed Odyssey. Video games are one of the most profound digital experiences humans can have. When I play a video game I do not see the code. However, the code is the source of (...)
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  21.  12
    The Zoom-Bie Student and the Lecturer.Galit Wellner - 2021 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):153-161.
    As part of the Special Section: Technology & Pandemic, this article exam­ines the experience of teaching and learning via Zoom. I examine how technologies mediate the learning process with the postphenomenological notions of embodiment and hermeneutic relations. This section serves as a basis for understanding the trans­formation of that process into online learning. The next section is named “the Zoom-bie”—a combination of the words Zoom and zombie. The figure of the Zoom-bie provides me a way to critically review the new (...)
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