Year:

  1.  1
    Individuality and Aggregativity.Stéphane Chauvier - 2017 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 9.
    When metaphysical problems are found to be intractable it is wise to adopt a critical attitude towards them. One should assess whether the difficulties encountered stem from the problems themselves, rather than a biased way of addressing them, from the presence of some unnoticed prejudice that hinders the formulation of a simple solution.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Stem Cell Lineages: Between Cell and Organism.Melinda Bonnie Fagan - 2017 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 9.
    Editorial introduction: In this contribution, Melinda Fagan asks what stem cells are, what they tell us about the idea of biological development, and how they influence our concepts organism and biological individual. ‘Stem cells’ are cells that can self-renew and differentiate into more specialized cells. In the last fifteen years or so, they have been at centre of research into regenerative medicine.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  3
    Ontologies of Living Beings: Introduction.A. M. Ferner - 2017 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 9.
    Though the history of the interactions between ‘biology’ and metaphysics is almost as old as Western philosophy itself, it seems fair to say that there has been a resurgence of interest in this connection in the last couple of decades. Rediscovering this connection brings both opportunities and challenges.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  3
    Two Dogmas of Biology.Fleming Leonore - 2017 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 9.
    Echoing W. V. O. Quine, modern biology has been conditioned in large part by two dogmas: One is reductionism—broadly understood as a belief that biological entities and processes correspond to some simpler, lower level—where “the reductive method par excellence is the ‘dissection of biological systems into their constituent parts’ ” ; The other is determinism—broadly understood as the necessity of fixed future states—where causal determinism is the idea that “given a specified way things are at a time t, the way (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  1
    The Sum of the Parts: Large-Scale Modeling in Systems Biology.Gross Fridolin - 2017 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 9.
    Over the second half of the last century, molecular biologists have developed ingenious strategies to unravel the mechanisms underlying cellular and organismal behavior by intervening on individual types of molecules or by modifying the structure of DNA in a cell. The approach of molecular biology has often been called “reductionistic” because it attempts to understand phenomena in terms of entities and processes at a lower level, or as subsystems in isolation from the system as a whole. For some people the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Evolution of Individuality: A Case Study in the Volvocine Green Algae.Erik R. Hanschen - 2017 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 9.
    All disciplines must define their basic units and core processes. In evolutionary biology, the core process is natural selection and the basic unit of selection and adaptation is the individual. To operationalize the theory of natural selection we must count individuals, as they are the bearers of fitness. While canonical individuals have often been taken to be multicellular organisms, the hierarchy of life shows that new kinds of individuals have evolved. A variety of criteria have been used to define biological (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  1
    Reengineering Metaphysics: Modularity, Parthood, and Evolvability in Metabolic Engineering.Catherine Kendig - 2017 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 9.
    Synthetic biology research is based on an underlying ontological premise that living organisms have an organization that is modular and that the variation that natural selection acts upon can result from the recombining of modules. The premise of biological modularity is an ontological claim that appears to come out of a practice. We understand that the biological world is modular because we can manipulate different parts of organisms in ways that would only work if there were discrete parts that were (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  1
    Animal Self-Awareness.Rory Madden - 2017 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 9.
    Part of the philosophical interest of the topic of biological individuals is that it promises to shed light on a basic and perennial question of philosophical self-understanding, the question what am I? The class of biological individuals seems a promising place to look for candidates for the things that we are.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  3
    Identity and Self-Knowledge.John Perry - 2017 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 9.
    Editorial introduction: John Perry works primarily in logic, metaphysics and the philosophy of mind—and this essay is a contribution to a sub-field in the latter: self-knowledge. How do we have, and how do we understand, knowledge of ourselves and of our own mental states? While initially this might seem quite far removed from the focus of this special issue, there are two important reasons for including his piece here.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  4
    What Organisms Once Were and Might Yet Be.Christopher Shields - 2017 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 9.
    Editorial introduction: Christopher Shields works at the intersection of ancient philosophy and metaphysics. In this paper, he moves between both fields in examining the concept of the ‘organism.’ He treads territory similar to John Perry’s, insofar as his aim is to render more precise a philosophical-cum-biological concept such that it might be more subtly applied in the philosophy of biology.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  2
    Four Pillars of Statisticalism.Denis M. Walsh - 2017 - Philosophy and Theory in Biology 9.
    Models of evolutionary population dynamics represent changes in the structure of evolving populations in terms of selection, drift, and fitness. There is a range of such models, from the Wright-Fisher equations of population genetics, to those of quantitative genetics, to the Price and breeders’ equations. They vary in their structure and the concepts they deploy, but the common denominator is that in all of them fitness explains and predicts change in population structure. A population that varies in fitness is said (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues