8 found

Year:

  1.  1
    Reconstructing Chrysippus’ Cosmological Hypothesis. On Plut. Stoic. Rep. 1054c–D.Michele Alessandrelli - 2019 - Elenchos 40 (1):67-98.
    Two literal quotations from Chrysippus’ On Possibles, preserved in Plutarch’s On the Contradictions of the Stoics, seem to contradict the Stoic thesis of the isotropy of the void. According to this thesis the void is an infinite undifferentiated expanse whose center is marked by, and coincides with, the position of the world. Since there is nothing else outside the world, the cohesive force that pervades it is sufficient on its own to guarantee the quasi–indestructibility of the trans–cyclical διακόσμησις and the (...)
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  2.  4
    Un « Nouveau » Fragment du Περὶ Φιλοσοφίας : Le Papyrus D’Aï Khanoum.Thomas Auffret - 2019 - Elenchos 40 (1):25-66.
    This article is devoted to the philosophical fragment found in 1977 in the Bactrian city of Aï Khanum. Both its content and origin are still a matter of dispute among scholars. I provide first a new edition of the three remaining columns of the fragment, based on a new reading of its photographic reproductions. The second part of this paper deals with the difficult problem of its origin. I give new evidence in favour of the hypothesis according to which the (...)
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  3.  1
    Épictète Et la Doctrine des Indifférents Et du Telos D’Ariston À Panétius.Thomas Bénatouïl - 2019 - Elenchos 40 (1):99-121.
    While Epictetus’ Diatribai are not an ethical treatise, but aim chiefly at urging and training pupils to practice philosophy, they can also be used to reconstruct Epictetus’ positions about some of the questions raised within the Stoa after Zeno. This paper focuses on the problem of the contribution of indifferent things to happiness and of the relationship between virtue and these indifferents. Against scholars claiming that Epictetus shared Aristo of Chios’ heterodox indifferentism, it is shown that Epictetus upholds Chrysippus’ ethical (...)
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  4.  13
    Alessandro di Afrodisia E Proclo Sulla Dialettica.Davide Del Forno - 2019 - Elenchos 40 (1):165-197.
    In this paper I compare Alexander of Aphrodisias’ and Proclus’ conceptions of dialectic by discussing a passage from Alexander’s commentary on Aristotle’s Topics and texts from Proclus’ Platonic Theology and commentary on Plato’s Parmenides. I show how Alexander takes up Aristotle’s view of dialectic as an argumentative technique that has no specific object but can be put in the service of philosophy e. g. to establish first principles. In a key passage, Alexander quotes some lines from the Parmenides to emphasize (...)
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  5.  3
    Ancient Skepticism and Modern Fiction: Some Political Implications.John Christian Laursen - 2019 - Elenchos 40 (1):199-215.
    This article draws out the political implications of some of the avatars of ancient skepticism in modern fiction. It relies on Martha Nussbaum’s claim that fiction can provide some of the best lessons in moral philosophy to refute her claim that ancient skepticism was a bad influence on morals. It surveys references to skepticism from Shakespeare through such diverse writers as Isabel de Charrière, Herman Melville, Mark Twain, Anatole France, and Albert Camus down to recent writers such as Orhan Pamuk (...)
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  6.  6
    ‘Pythagoras’ and Ps.-Archytas On Principles.Jaap Mansfeld - 2019 - Elenchos 40 (1):123-135.
    Aëtius Placita 1.3.8, in the chapter On Principles, provides a systematic overview of Pythagorean thought, which can be instructively compared with ps.-Archytas On Principles, provided both fragments of the latter are kept together.
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  7.  5
    Rivalutare L’Etica Eudemia. A Proposito di A. Kenny, The Aristotelian Ethics, II Edizione.Carlo Natali - 2019 - Elenchos 40 (1):137-164.
    In the paper I discuss three theses defended by A. Kenny: in antiquity up to Aspasius or to Alexander of Aphrodisias the EE was considered the most important version of Aristotle’s ethical discourse; the idea that the common books belonged to the one or to the other treatise; the opposition between the theory of happiness of EN I and X and that of EE II and VIII.
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  8.  3
    Amour Et Santé Dans le Banquet de Platon : La Notion D’Harmonie.Lucia Saudelli - 2019 - Elenchos 40 (1):1-23.
    The structure as well as the themes of the Symposium suggest that Eryximachus’ speech plays a fundamental role in the dialogue. The problem is that what he says in praise of love is far from clear and continues to be a subject of debate. The aim of our article is to re-examine this speech to clarify its meaning and determine its contribution to Plato’s theory of love. First, we will analyse the text of the Symposium, then we will investigate its (...)
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