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  1.  1
    Normality in Medicine: A Critical Review.Marisa Catita, Artur Águas & Pedro Morgado - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-6.
    What is considered normal determines clinical practice in medicine and has implications at an individual level, doctor-patient relationship and health care policies. With the increase in medical information and technical abilities it is urgent to have a clear concept of normality in medicine so that crucial discussions can be held with unequivocal terms.The different meanings for normality were analyzed throughout the literature and grouped according to their relevance in the academic community in models, namely the Biostatistical Theory, Health, Ideal, Process (...)
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    Joining forces: the need to combine science and ethics to address problems of validity and translation in neuropsychiatry research using animal models.Franck L. B. Meijboom, Elzbieta Kostrzewa & Cathalijn H. C. Leenaars - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundCurrent policies regulating the use of animals for scientific purposes are based on balancing between potential gain of knowledge and suffering of animals used in experimentation. The balancing process is complicated, on the one hand by plurality of views on our duties towards animals, and on the other hand by more recent discussions on uncertainty in the probability of reaching the final aim of the research and problems of translational failure.MethodsThe study combines ethical analysis based on a literature review with (...)
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    Heart in Art: Cardiovascular Diseases in Novels, Films, and Paintings.Martin J. Schalij, Michael Murray, Alexander D. Hilt, Barend W. Florijn, Pim B. van der Meer & Ad A. Kaptein - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):2.
    BackgroundUnderstanding representations of disease in various art genres provides insights into how patients and health care providers view the diseases. It can also be used to enhance patient care and stimulate patient self-management.MethodsThis paper reviews how cardiovascular diseases are represented in novels, films, and paintings: myocardial infarction, aneurysm, hypertension, stroke, heart transplantation, Marfan’s disease, congestive heart failure. Various search systems and definitions were used to help identify sources of representations of different cardiovascular diseases. The representations of the different diseases were (...)
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