Quaestio

ISSN: 1379-2547

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  1.  9
    Natural Philosophy and Theology. Sleep, Dreams and Divination in Albert the Great’s Super Matthaeum.Alessandra Beccarisi - 2023 - Quaestio 23:15-33.
    According to modern categorizations, the commentaries on the Holy Scriptures by Albert the Great are not philosophical works and therefore they have received minimal attention in the field of Albertine studies. Super Matthaeum, for example, is one of the least studied in existing research. As a result, the complexity of the relationships between biblical interpretation and the philosophical and theological disciplines are surprising to the researcher used to seeing in Albert a kind of two-headed Janus – either the natural philosopher (...)
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  2.  8
    Albert the Great on the Materiality of Dreams in De homine.Andrei Bereschi & Vlad Ile - 2023 - Quaestio 23:137-161.
    Late ancient and early medieval narratives often depict dreaming as a vertical and hierarchical process of influence that has its starting point in a higher entity and ends with the human being. This model of explanation seems to take a more horizontal approach with the advent of a new natural philosophy and medical works from Arabic milieu that put the psychosomatic processes of the human being into perspective. The general purpose of this paper is to assess to which extent Albert (...)
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  3.  5
    Dalla materia all’intelletto: l’anima e la sostanza dell’uomo nell’opera di al-Fārābī.Fabio Bulgarini - 2023 - Quaestio 23:460-464.
    J. Jabbour, De la matière à l’intellect. L’ame et la substance de l’homme dans l’oeuvre d’al-Faˉ raˉ bıˉ, Vrin, Paris 2021 (Etudes musulmanes, 53).
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  4.  10
    Trinitarian Ontology of and Early Jesuit Metaphysics: the Case of Francisco Suárez between Principles and Causes.Giancarlo Colacicco - 2023 - Quaestio 23:383-404.
    During the second half of the 16th century, some members of the Society of Jesus began to develop different interpretations around the doctrine of causality within the history of Aristotelian commentaries. Since Aristotle had not proposed an unambiguous definition of cause, the debate grew between the interpreters of his Physics and Metaphysics. Therefore, before Suarez systematized the theories in his Metaphysical Disputations, the professors of the Colleges of Arts and Jesuit Universities discussed the definition of cause (ratio formalis causae). In (...)
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  5.  6
    Nourishing Body and Soul. Albert the Great on Aristotle’s Politics (Books VII-VIII).Andrea Colli - 2023 - Quaestio 23:193-207.
    Albert the Great’s commentary on the Politics is an interesting case study for exploring the assimilation and reworking of the many practical suggestions and teachings contained in this Aristotelian text. The present study therefore intends to focus on Albert’s analysis of the accurate description of children’s education provided by Aristotle in the 7th and 8th books of his Politics. Two central aspects of the Aristotelian pedagogy (child nourishment and musical education) give the opportunity to make some general points about Albert’s (...)
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  6.  16
    El cuidado del alma en Jan Patocˇka y la reverente lectura de Jacques Derrida.Josep Maria Esquirol - 2023 - Quaestio 23:435-450.
    First, this article summarizes the way Jan Patocˇka thinks and updates the classic theme of philosophy as care for the soul. Then goes on to show Jacques Derrida’s significant and unexpected interest in the Czech thinker, and the manner as sharp and respectful as he reads it. Derrida argues that the core of Patocˇka’s approach, under the term “responsibility”, coincides in some sense with that of Emmanuel Levinas; nucleus that has to do, in both authors, with the essence of “religion”.
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  7.  7
    Uno scotismo pugliese? Sulle tracce del pensiero di Giovanni Duns Scoto in terra di Puglia nei secoli XV-XVIII.Marialucrezia Leone - 2023 - Quaestio 23:353-382.
    The aim of this article is to look at the historiographical phenomenon of Scotism in the light of its diffusion in Puglia region from the period following the death of John Duns Scotus (1308) to th...
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  8.  3
    Il libro VI della Catena aurea entium _ di Enrico di Herford: un adattamento trecentesco del _De mineralibus di Alberto Magno.Mario Loconsole - 2023 - Quaestio 23:315-332.
    In the mid-14th century, Henry of Herford wrote the Catena aurea entium, a work of remarkable length and composed of ten books – in turn divided into ansae extending over some 5000 questions. The present study aims to analyse some aspects that the recent critical edition of Book VI of the Catena has brought to light: firstly, the dependence on Albert the Great’s De mineralibus and the compilative method used by Henry in the reworking of his sources; secondly, the main (...)
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  9.  6
    What Is It Like to Die for a Stone? Albert the Great and the Biologisation of Inorganic Nature.Mario Loconsole - 2023 - Quaestio 23:209-233.
    In the De mineralibus, Albert the Great clearly states that minerals do not possess life, since – following the Aristotelian path – life is always connected with the operations of the soul. Nevertheless, dealing with the virtues of stones, Albert speaks about a curious difference between “living” and “dead” stones: living stones are substances that possess virtues caused by their forms, while non-living stones are called stones only equivocally because their virtues have expired. Moreover, throughout his work, Albert often seeks (...)
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  10.  9
    Introduction. New Perspectives on Albert the Great’s Natural Philosophy.Mario Loconsole, Evelina Miteva & Marilena Panarelli - 2023 - Quaestio 23:3-14.
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  11.  4
    La quaestio De cognitione Dei e il rapporto tra metafisica e teologia nella tradizione scotista.Maria Evelina Malgieri - 2023 - Quaestio 23:468-472.
    W. Goris, Scientia propter quid nobis. The Epistemic Independence of Metaphysics and Theology in the Quaestio de cognitione Dei attributed to Duns Scotus, Aschendorff, Munster 2022 (Archa Verbi. Su...
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  12.  8
    Motion and Flow in Albert the Great. A Tentative Reassessment.Maria Evelina Malgieri - 2023 - Quaestio 23:285-313.
    The doctrine of motion elaborated by Albert the Great has often been interpreted in the light of the debate, which developed in the 14th century, on the alternative between motion as a forma fluens, according to the Avicennian approach, or as a fluxus formae, more in line with Averroes’ position. Projecting this alternative onto Albert retrospectively, however, does not seem to be very productive for at least two reasons: (i) there is not a sufficient textual basis to affirm that he (...)
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  13.  6
    Tolomeo ‘lo straniero’ o Tolomeo ‘l’adultero’? L’edizione dell’ Epistola a Gallo _ e la costituzione del _corpus aristotelico.Maria Evelina Malgieri - 2023 - Quaestio 23:453-459.
    Ptolémée «al-Ghari-b», ép.tre à Gallus sur la vie, le testament et les écrits d’Aristote. Texte etabli et traduit par M. Rashed, Les Belles Lettres, Paris 2021.
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  14.  8
    Le scienze nella cultura e nella società medievali.Chiara Marcon - 2023 - Quaestio 23:465-468.
    D. Jacquart / A. Paravicini Bagliani (textes reunis par), Le Moyen.ge et les sciences, SISMEL-Edizioni del Galluzzo, Firenze 2021 (Micrologus Library, 100).
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  15.  6
    Natura confortata per medicinam operatur per se. The Role of Medicine in Albert the Great’s Early Theology and Aristotelian Paraphrases.Michele Meroni - 2023 - Quaestio 23:109-136.
    Albert the Great’s Aristotelian paraphrases (De animalibus, Parva Naturalia) are famous for their extensive use of medical doctrines. Their use is not unprecedented in other Albertinian works, though. This article tries to show how Albert’s early theological works (De homine, Commentarium super libros Sententiarum) provide crucial evidence to understand the rationale behind Albert’s integration of medico-philosophical doctrines into his mature works of natural philosophy. In the first place, the early works assert that medicine – at least, its theoretical part – (...)
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  16.  6
    Natural Philosophy between Medicine and Metaphysics: Albert the Great’s System of Sciences and the Case of Melancholy.Evelina Miteva - 2023 - Quaestio 23:86-108.
    The article traces the peculiar position that natural philosophy takes within Albert the Great’s system of sciences. Natural philosophy studies a wide range of topics, both the particular phenomena as well as their causes. Thus natural philosophy occupies a space between medicine on its ‘lower’ end, and metaphysics on its ‘higher’ end. In the first part of the article I study the complex relation between natural philosophy and medicine. In the second part I determine Albert’s position on the respective tasks (...)
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  17.  19
    Contingency: a Path between Avicenna’s al-Ilā-hī-yyā-t_ and Duns Scotus’s _Quaestiones Super Libros Metaphysicorum.Giulio Navarra - 2023 - Quaestio 23:335-352.
    This paper aims to contribute to the history of the concept of contingency as it has been developed by John Duns Scotus in his Quaestiones Super Libros Metaphysicorum in light of his reception of Avicenna’s metaphysics (al-Ila-hı-yya-t) from the Kita-b al-Šifa-’. As is known, an intermediary role was played by Henry of Ghent’s ontology. The focus is here the peculiarity of Scotus’s new way of thinking about the modalities of being in relation to metaphysics, in light of the speculations of (...)
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  18.  8
    Forms and Models of Contagion according to Albert the Great. Pestilence, Leprosy, the Basilisk, the Menstruating Woman, and Fascination.Alessandro Palazzo - 2023 - Quaestio 23:235-265.
    It has been argued that the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries were a crucial period in the medieval development of the idea of contagion. Theologians and physicians cooperated in devising a conceptual model based on medical literature (Hippocratico-Galenic and Avicennian) and formulated primarily to explain the origin, transmission, and development of contagious diseases, but that was flexible enough to be applied to a number of other different phenomena (the communication of sin and vices, love sickness, fascination, etc.). This article explores the (...)
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  19.  5
    On the Trail of the scientia plantarum_: an Analysis of the Sources of Albert the Great’s _De vegetabilibus.Marilena Panarelli - 2023 - Quaestio 23:163-192.
    This article proposes an analysis of the sources used in Albert the Great’s De vegetabilibus to explain the compilative strategy with which the Dominican master tries to reconstruct the botanical science. Following a classification of the genres, the main encyclopaedic, lexicographical, medical and pharmacological sources that influenced the work of the doctor universalis are listed. It is also aimed at analysing the interest that motivates Albert’s content choices. In this way, the work is put in relation to the main texts (...)
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  20.  8
    I Commenti di Gilberto di Poitiers al De Trinitate _ e al _De praedicatione trium personarum _ di Boezio e il trattato porretano _Invisibilia Dei.Matteo Parente - 2023 - Quaestio 23:459-460.
    Luisa Valente, Concreti e dividui. Il lessico filosofico di Gilberto di Poitiers. Con una traduzione in italiano e il testo latino dei commenti di Gilberto agli opuscoli di Boezio dedicati alla trinita e dell’anonimo Invisibilia Dei, ILIESI-CNR, Roma 2022 (ILIESI Digitale. Testi e tradizioni, 3).
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  21.  4
    Towards a Philosophy of Archaeology.Roberto Ragno - 2023 - Quaestio 23:472-474.
    Giorgio Buccellati, A Critique of Archaeological Reason: Structural, Digital and Philosophical Aspects of the Excavated Record, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2017.
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  22.  3
    Humoral Theory and its Theological Nexus for Albert the Great and his Circle.Irven M. Resnick - 2023 - Quaestio 23:35-54.
    This paper examines Albert the Great’s conception of the body’s humoral complexion to consider not only the manner in which it presents in individuals, but also the manner in which it defines entire peoples or communities to produce a rudimentary ethnoanthropology in support of theological goals. In particular, I shall examine efforts to identify a sanguineous human complexion as best, leading to a logical inference that both Jesus and the Virgin Mary possessed this complexion. Then, I shall explore efforts to (...)
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  23.  4
    Futuri contingenti e molinismo analitico. La scienza media nel dibattito contemporaneo.Roberto Rizzi - 2023 - Quaestio 23:405-434.
    Over the past four decades, the question of the relationship between divine omniscience and human freedom has led analytic philosophy of religion to analyze medieval thought on foreknowledge. To avoid fatalism, many of them have been inspired by Luis de Molina’s doctrine of middle knowledge. Created to provide a libertarian account of how God knows future contingents, the Molinist solution has divided contemporary interpreters into two camps: those who argue that Molinism implies determinism and those who have developed new analytical (...)
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  24.  10
    The Inchoatio formarum sensibilium _ in Albert the Great’s Commentary on Aristotle’s _De sensu et sensato.Roberto Zambiasi - 2023 - Quaestio 23:267-284.
    The doctrine of the inchoatio formae is an important feature of Albert the Great’s metaphysics and natural philosophy, as modern scholars, starting at least with Bruno Nardi’s pioneering study, have recognised. Nevertheless, the notion of the inchoatio formae as employed by Albert is usually understood to refer exclusively to the relationship between matter and substantial forms. On the contrary, in his commentary on Aristotle’s De sensu et sensato, and specifically in the context of a discussion of the so-called issue of (...)
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  25.  6
    Seed Matters: Albert the Great on Human Generation as a Disciplinary Conflict.Gabriella Zuccolin - 2023 - Quaestio 23:55-83.
    This article explores Albert the Great’s conclusions over the embryological ‘controversy’ among physicians and philosophers, particularly with regard to the existence of a “female sperm”. First, Albert’s approach to the relationship between philosophy and medicine is confronted to that of Thomas Aquinas. Then, the hybrid nature of Albert’s embryology, which can be placed precisely halfway between natural philosophy and medicine, is investigated. By closely following Avicenna’s De animalibus, one of Albert’s main sources, the following part of the article sets out (...)
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  26.  28
    Sense, Intellect, and Certainty: Another Look at Henry of Ghent and John Duns Scotus on Divine Illumination.Giorgio Pini - 2023 - Quaestio 22:433-450.
    The disagreement between Henry of Ghent and John Duns Scotus on divine illumination is usually recognized as a high point in the history of medieval epistemology. Still, there is much obscurity surrounding that debate, including the specific nature of the disagreement between those two thinkers. In this paper, I argue that the point at issue is the relationship between sense and intellect. Henry of Ghent, who posits a close tie between sense and intellect, holds that the senses are the only (...)
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  27.  9
    Angeli mali. Ostinazione al male e liberta del bene secondo Duns Scoto.Guido Alliney - 2023 - Quaestio 22:383-406.
    This paper aims at exploring Duns Scotus’ view on the limits of freedom in creatures by focusing on the issue of demons’ obstinacy, which plays an important role in Scotus’ thought: in fact, the finitude of creatures’ freedom must imply contingency, even when it comes to beatitude, which must be made permanent through God’s causation. Why, then, should the will of fallen angels lose its capability to direct itself towards what it prefers and thus be able of good actions? Scotus’s (...)
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  28.  9
    Essere e senso. La critica di Heidegger all’ontologia.Stefano Bancalari - 2023 - Quaestio 22:303-320.
    The paper aims to argue that, despite his imposing elaboration of the question of Being, Heidegger’s major contribution to ontology is a critical one. The restatement of the Seinsfrage rests on presuppositions that are radically non-ontological i.e. phenomenological. Notwithstanding his suspicion of transcendental reduction, Heidegger subscribes to the Husserlian idea of a priority of the sense over the being. This thesis is supported by both the evolution of Heidegger comprehension of ontology and by the pivotal role of the Dasein in (...)
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  29.  13
    On the Arabic Titles of Aristotle’s Metaphysics. The Case of “Book of Letters”.Amos Bertolacci - 2023 - Quaestio 22:107-146.
    The article has three interrelated aims. First, to document that the title “Book of Letters”, despite its fame, was far from being ‘traditional’ in Arabic philosophy, as it is often presented, but...
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  30.  9
    La volonté selon Duns Scot. Indétermination, illimitation et infinité.Olivier Boulnois - 2023 - Quaestio 22:451-471.
    Medieval philosophers admit a physical indeterminacy of natural powers, because they can be determined by something else. However, rational powers have a metaphysical form of indeterminacy, which allows the will to be determined by reason (Thomas Aquinas), or to determine itself (Duns Scotus). Yet, what distinguishes the two main forms of self-determination in Duns Scotus - the unlimited will and the infinite God? In finite beings, the will is unlimited because it always depends on something else, on an object that (...)
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  31.  7
    La sinderesi tra Medioevo e prima età moderna.Nadia Bray - 2023 - Quaestio 22:621-625.
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  32.  6
    Dall’ὀντολογία all’ontologia: un’introduzione.Vincent Carraud - 2023 - Quaestio 22:207-218.
    This article briefly presents and contextualises the essays on the history of ontology in the Early-Modern age contained in this dossier. First of all, the different periods in the history of ontology in the Early-Modern age are examined, with their different characteristics and problems. Finally, an attempt is made to focus on the specific meaning of the term ontology, which was coined in 1606, and the scope of the discipline it designates, in order to establish the limits and boundaries of (...)
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  33.  20
    Predicazione e ontologia nel primo Neoplatonismo (Porfirio e Giamblico).Riccardo Chiaradonna - 2023 - Quaestio 22:89-106.
    The article focuses on debates concerning ontology and predication in early Neoplatonism (Porphyry and Iamblichus). Evidence coming from Simplicius’ Commentary on the Categories and from the Categories Commentary in the Archimedes Palimpsest suggests that Porphyry and Iamblichus interpreted Aristotle’s theory of synonymous predication (dici de subiecto) and specific differentia within the framework of their ontology (doctrine of the hierarchy of being). While Porphyry possibly suggested that a slightly emended version of Aristotle’s predication could express the relation between ante rem and (...)
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  34.  7
    Alle origini della riflessione medievale sul tempo. Il caso delle Explanationes in Ciceronis Rhetoricam di Mario Vittorino.Andrea Colli - 2023 - Quaestio 22:475-492.
    Thirteenth-century debates on time are frequently reduced to the opposition between an Ancient tradition, embodied by Augustine, and the Aristotelian philosophy as “physicalist” reading of the problem. However, before the diffusion of the Latin translation of Aristotle’s Physics, notions such as ‘time’, ‘eternity’, ‘aevum’, and ‘present’ have a rich range of meanings and nuances which cannot be considered a mere repetition of an ‘Augustinian model’. A systematic analysis of selected passages of Marius Victorinus’ Explanationes in Ciceronis Rhetoricam provides a representative (...)
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  35.  7
    Essere, gerarchia e causalità nell’ontologia di Platone. Un’introduzione.Franco Ferrari - 2023 - Quaestio 22:21-38.
    Although the term ontology is absent from Plato’s works, his thinking undoubtedly belongs to the prehistory of this discipline. In his dialogues, one finds many observations concerning what exists and how it exists. Plato’s metaphysics is based on the fundamental distinction between two kinds of entities, namely intelligible forms and sensible particulars. This diairesis is presented in different but all compatible ways. The ontological difference between forms and sensible objects implies a causal priority: according to Plato, this priority corresponds to (...)
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  36.  11
    Cercare l’oro nel fango. Leibniz e la storia della filosofia.Niccolò Fioravanti - 2023 - Quaestio 22:629-636.
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  37.  5
    L’ontologia prima dell’ontologia: il caso di Parmenide.Francesco Fronterotta - 2023 - Quaestio 22:3-19.
    In this article I examine the possibility of identifying an ‘ontology’ within the context of Ancient Greek thought. Usually considered as a discipline introduced only in the Early-Modern philosophy, I seek here to demonstrate that the reflection on being conducted by Parmenides is already based on some of the theoretical assumptions characteristic of the ontology of the moderns, namely first and foremost the thesis of the univocity of being and the universality of the science concerning it, to which is added (...)
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  38.  27
    Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, and Duns Scotus on the First Cause of Moral Evil.Tobias Hoffmann - 2023 - Quaestio 22:407-431.
    While it is unproblematic that someone evil causes further evil, it is difficult to explain how a good person can cause his or her first evil act. Augustine, denying that something good can be the cause of evil, concludes that the first moral evil has only a ‘deficient cause’, not an efficient cause, which is to say that it has no explanation. By contrast, Aquinas and Scotus hold that the first moral evil has a cause, that the cause is something (...)
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  39.  5
    From Avant-Garde to Rear-Guard. Debates on the Concept ‘Thing’ (res) in Protestant Reformed Scholasticism.Marco Lamanna - 2023 - Quaestio 22:563-582.
    The article provides a survey of texts on the debates concerning the concept of ‘thing/res’ in German and Swiss scholastic metaphysics during the early modern age. Even in the vernacular of today, ‘thing’ is a key concept for thinking about reality. In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, ‘thing’ was the most extensive concept within ontology: everything is a ‘thing’. Protestant Reformed universities inherited the debates of the medieval schools, and brought a similar status quaestionis to Kant, who defines God (...)
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  40.  14
    ‘Essere’ in regime di teologia. Per una breve introduzione all’ontologia medievale.Massimiliano Lenzi - 2023 - Quaestio 22:147-158.
    This paper is the brief introduction with which I chaired the medieval session of the Conference on the history of ontology. It proposes some simple and general considerations, which aim to provide an absolutely essential historical-conceptual outline of medieval metaphysical thought, and to express a way of envisaging its unity. My thesis is that medieval ontology is indifferently theological (theocentric) in character, and that one of the tasks of the historian is to understand how an “Aristotelian” metaphysics could have been (...)
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  41.  8
    Accidia e malinconia. Le radici mediche nella descrizione degli accidiosi nel canto VII dell’Inferno dantesco.Mario Loconsole - 2023 - Quaestio 22:509-532.
    The relation between the moral account of the capital vices and the philosophical analysis of the passions of the human soul undergoes an important turning point from the 11th century onwards during the recovery of medical knowledge in the medieval West. In this wave of fervour towards a physiological approach in the investigation of the nature of man, the vice of acedia - as described by the Christian moral tradition - and the melancholic temperament - the result of a millenary (...)
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  42.  6
    Migrazione, riflessione, corpora. Il futuro della storia della filosofia nel terzo millennio.Antonio Lombardi - 2023 - Quaestio 22:636-643.
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  43.  11
    Ontology, Pragmatism, and the Quest for Metaphysical Depth.Tito Magri - 2023 - Quaestio 22:359-380.
    Analytic metaphysics displays a meta-metaphysical pattern: A shift toward a foundational conception of the aims and methods of metaphysical enquiry and away from a pragmatic understanding of foundational questions of metaphysics. Pragmatism looms large in Carnap’s and Quine’s metaphysics, across the differences between ontological pluralism and antirealism and extensionalist ontological realism. The two philosophers share the pairing of a deflationary take on ontology and a pragmatist rendering of foundational issues. In particular, Quine complements his quantification-based ontology, which denies ontological pluralism, (...)
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  44.  15
    Λόγος καταστηματικός. Sui molteplici sensi di ‘ontologia’ in Husserl e sul perché alla fine non bastano.Claudio Majolino - 2023 - Quaestio 22:321-358.
    In a manuscript published as an appendix to Ideen III, Husserl distinguishes and articulates the concepts of “phenomenology” and “ontology” by stating, quite surprisingly, that one is “kinetic” while the other is “katastematic”. By tracing the multiple senses in which Husserl understands and subdivides ontology, this paper aims at grasping the exact meaning and function of such distinction within Husserl overall philosophical project. Additionally, having identified its Epicurean origin, it also seeks to show the general strategy by means of which (...)
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  45.  13
    Dalle Tabulae ai Summistae. Sul ruolo delle concordantiae e dei commenti alla Summa theologiae nella configurazione della tradizione tomista.Maria Evelina Malgieri - 2023 - Quaestio 22:533-561.
    This article draws on the perspectives opened up by two recent collective volumes, one dedicated to the Tabula Aurea and the Concordantiae textuum discordantium [...] Thomae Aquinatis produced in the 15th century by Peter of Bergamo, and completed by his confrere Ambrose ‘de Alemania’ (Mario Meliado / Silvia Negri [Hrsg.], Widerspruche und Konkordanz. Peter von Bergamo und der Thomismus im Spatmittelalter), and the other focusing the tradition of the Summistae, i.e. the Renaissance and modern commentators on the Summa theologiae of (...)
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  46.  8
    Kilvington e la possibilità di essere simultaneamente a Roma e a Parigi.Maria Evelina Malgieri - 2023 - Quaestio 22:625-629.
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  47.  11
    L’edizione della Geomantia di Guglielmo di Moerbeke.Maria Evelina Malgieri - 2023 - Quaestio 22:605-614.
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  48.  4
    Sullo statuto del concetto di ente nelle Questiones super xii libros Metaphisice di Antonio Andreae.Francesco Marrone - 2023 - Quaestio 22:159-188.
    Due to its innovative content, Duns Scotus’ thought spread rapidly, thanks above all to the contribution of his pupils and disciples, who immediately undertook to edit his writings and to rework and disseminate his thought. In this process of dissemination of Scotism, a very important role was played by Antonius Andreae, a Spanish Franciscan and a Scotist. His importance is mainly historical. The widespread diffusion of Scotus’ metaphysical thought - at least in a first phase - is essentially linked to (...)
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  49.  14
    Converting Death into Life: Spontaneous Generation from Aristotle’s Biology to Albert the Great’s Analysis of Plants.Marilena Panarelli - 2023 - Quaestio 22:493-508.
    The theory of spontaneous generation was developed by Aristotle, mainly in his biological works. In Aristotle, this issue was linked with some significant doctrines, such as that of pneuma. In medieval thought, the theory was known as generatio ex putrefactione. Albert the Great addresses it not only to explain the generation of certain animals, such as insects, but also to elucidate the generation of certain plants. Moreover, in Albert the Great’s De vegetabilibus, putrefaction is conceived as a process that simply (...)
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  50.  7
    Sur l’ontologie rayée de Leibniz.Arnaud Pelletier - 2023 - Quaestio 22:240-259.
    The term ‘ontology’ appears only twice in Leibniz’s immense corpus. The most significant occurrence of ‘ontology’, as well as one crossed-out occurrence of ‘ontosophy’, follow the mention of a ‘general science’ (written either with small or with capital initials). Leibniz’s conception of a General Science makes clear why ontology lacks generality and is thus to be rejected. First, as a division of what is thinkable, or “small general science”, ontology cannot fulfill the program of a real metaphysics that goes back (...)
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  51.  9
    L’astrazione per indifferenza e l’ontologia moderna. Dalla scolastica cattolica alla Schulmetaphysik.Alice Ragni - 2023 - Quaestio 22:219-237.
    A recent study by P.R. Blum suggests the hypothesis of an ideal line from Scotus to Mastri, passing through Perera, which would tend towards a new concept of metaphysics attainable through the use of abstraction by indifference. This essay intends to test this hypothesis starting from the way in which Perera questions the unity of metaphysical abstraction through a series of innovative interpretations that are widely received in both Catholic and Reformed and Protestant domains. A first interpretation, less radical, advances (...)
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  52.  24
    Two Levels of Aristotle’s Ontology.Christof Rapp - 2023 - Quaestio 22:39-69.
    This paper suggests that within Aristotle’s well-known contribution to the history of ontology two different levels should be kept apart, an analytic-critical and a constructive level. On the first level Aristotle mainly provides analytic-critical tools for overcoming the main problems of all dealings with the notions of being and to be, while the second level consists in Aristotle’s ambitious project of conducting first philosophy (i.e. the specific part of his philosophy that is meant to continue the old and time-honoured project (...)
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  53.  10
    Philosophies universelles et philosophies premières selon Alexandre d’Aphrodise.Marwan Rashed - 2023 - Quaestio 22:71-87.
    This article is devoted to the interpretation of the object of metaphysics and theoretical sciences proposed by Alexander of Aphrodisias (fl. 200 AD). I shall propose two conjectures on crucial passages from his commentary on the Metaphysics (In Metaph. 245.37-246.6 et 246.6-13) and, on this new textual basis, defend the thesis according to which Alexander articulated a primary fundamental philosophy, devoted to immobile substances and treated by Aristotle in Metaphysics Λ, and a philosophy, if one can say so, more primary (...)
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  54.  8
    La libertà: una questione da risolvere. [REVIEW]Emanuele Sorichetti - 2023 - Quaestio 22:614-621.
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  55.  3
    Storia e riproduzione della vita. Patočka tra Arendt e Heidegger.Roberto Terzi - 2023 - Quaestio 22:583-601.
    In this article, I seek to account for the importance of a principle which governs a significant part of Patocˇka’s philosophy of history. For Patocˇka, history is characterised by an alternation of rises and falls; this is determined, on the one hand, by the attempt of the existence to rise above the simple imperatives of biological life; and, on the other, by the ever-present risk of falling back into what Patocˇka calls the project of “bare life,” bound to itself. I (...)
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  56.  11
    L’incondizionato contaminato. Kant e la metafisica senza ontologia.Francesco Valerio Tommasi - 2023 - Quaestio 22:281-302.
    The thesis of a “metaphysical” Kant has been repeatedly affirmed by historiographic research and is now a given. Contrary to what is often assumed, however, Kant’s relationship to metaphysics should be interpreted as the search for an unconditioned outside ontology. Kant realises the inevitable correlation between foundation and limit. “Absolute position”, “a priori synthesis”, “fact of reason” and “highest good in the world” are four expressions that highlight the repetition of this correlation and the impossibility of placing an unconditioned in (...)
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  57.  12
    La riabilitazione metafisica dell’essere come vero: Tommaso dopo Frege.Giovanni Ventimiglia - 2023 - Quaestio 22:189-206.
    Unlike being as act of being, being as true does not seem to belong to the object of metaphysics but only to that of logic. However, according to Aquinas it has a greater extension and universality than the act of being (and it is well konwn that universality is a characteristic of the object of metaphysics). For whereas being as act of being is a passio entis, namely a property of things, being as true is, according to Aquinas (and Frege), (...)
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