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  1.  2
    A Critical Study of Karl Barth’s Opposition to Natural Theology.Michel Aghamalian, Amir Abbas Alizamani & Abbas Yazdani - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (4):5-27.
    Critical analysis of Karl Barth’s opposition to natural theology shows that it is demonstrably based on a narrow understanding of natural theology and is mostly shaped through his reaction to the misuse of theological concepts during the heydays of Hitler’s rule over Germany. In his increasing opposition to natural theology in its various implications and forms, Barth seems to have been basing his arguments on ontological, epistemological, biblical and practical grounds as he leaned heavily on revelation as the sole basis (...)
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  2.  1
    Form of Life: A Foundational Concept for Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy.Aaskar Dirbaz & Mojtaba Tasdighi Shahrezaie - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (4):55-80.
    “Form of life” is considered one of the most significant concepts in Wittgenstein's later philosophy. This term is one of his most ambiguous philosophical concepts. This paper tries to explain the specific and fundamental role of “form of life” as a cornerstone for the whole of Wittgenstein's later philosophy; a role that has not attracted much attention in Wittgenstein scholarship. From the author's perspective, describing the form of life as a condition for the possibility of language can put an end (...)
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  3. Late Islamic Philosophy and Knowledge by Presence.Taheri Khorramabadi & ُSeyed Ali - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (4):120-140.
    Some of the contemporary advocates of Islamic Philosophy believe that the view of the modern Islamic philosophers regarding knowledge by presence can solve some of the issues present in the theory of knowledge. The origins of this belief are probably two popular theories: Allama Tabatabai’s view that acquired knowledge comes back to knowledge by presence and Ayatollah Misbah Yazdi’s view regarding the reference of basic axioms to knowledge by presence. According to the first view, all acquired knowledge is rooted in (...)
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  4.  2
    Nihilism and Information Technology.Alireza Mansouri & Ali Paya - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (4):29-54.
    Søren Kierkegaard, in his essay "The Present Age," takes a hostile stance towards the press. This is because he maintains that the press prepares the ground for the emergence of nihilism. Hubert Dreyfus extends this idea to other information technologies, especially the Internet. Since Kierkegaard-Dreyfus’ attitude towards various forms of information technology originates from philosophical anthropology and a particular conception of the meaning of life, assessing the viability of the attitude they hold requires further critical scrutiny. This paper aims to (...)
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  5. Dependency of the Mean Upon the Right Rule; A Critique of the Aristotelian Mean’s Interpretation as an Autonomous Ethical Action’s Criterion.Seyed Jamaleddin Mirsharafoddin - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (4):153-176.
    The mean has mostly been considered in the history of Aristotelian Ethics’ commentaries as the main idea of his ethical thought so that it transformed from an ethical concept to his ethical theory. Thus, the validity of the Aristotelian ethical attitude is evaluated by the mean as the central thesis. However, it becomes apparent by pursuing the procedure of the Aristotelian investigation in the text of the Nicomachean Ethics that the mean is first presented as a possibility for the necessity (...)
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  6. A Critical Study of Four Definitions of Privacy From The Viewpoint of Western Ethics.Hamid Shahriari - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (4):103-128.
    This article addresses four definitions of privacy. Initially, the literal meaning of privacy is mentioned; It then discusses the meaning of the term “privacy” in Ethics. The first meaning is the right to be alone and free. The second meaning of privacy is informational and is divided into two types: one is the definition based on expectation and another is a definition based on the state of awareness. The third type is the definition that defines privacy based on control. In (...)
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  7.  2
    A Study and Explanation of the Teleological Theory of Mental Content with Emphasis on the Views of Dretske and Millikan.Mahdi Zakeri & Hossein Esfandiar - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (4):81-102.
    One of the issues of Philosophy of Mind is the intentionality of the mind. The topic of this article is the study of the two related aspects of this issue, i.e. the possibility of intentionality and how mind content is determined in the Teleological Theory of Mental Content. According to this theory, the natural evolution of a living organism and the teleological functions based on this determines mental content and one can present a natural and physical explanation of intentionality and (...)
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