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  1. Scientific Precariat: Individualism versus Collectivism.Nadezhda D. Astashova - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):30-37.
    The article is a reply to Ilya T. Kasavin’s “Creativity as a social phenomenon” and is devoted to the phenomenon of the scientific precariat. A systematic analysis of the relations between the scientific precariat and the academic community as a dialectical opposition of the individual and the collective is undertaken. The method of critical analysis is aimed at rethinking the stable ideas that have developed in science about the collectivity of scientific work. The concepts of labor and employment in science (...)
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  2. Intellectual Vices as Implicit Attitudes.Artem P. Besedin - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):116-133.
    The article analyzes an important concept of contemporary virtue epistemology – the concept of intellectual vice, that is a trait of intellectual character that hinders responsible research. The purpose of this article is to formulate a hypothesis that, today, in the modern culture, a significant part of epistemic vices are implicit attitudes. The first part of the article explores the concept of implicit attitude, examines examples of implicit attitudes that have become widespread in the research literature: implicit sexism and racism. (...)
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  3. A Perspective of the General Scientific Picture of the World: Collisions and Trends.Irina A. Gerasimova - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):6-18.
    The article discusses the problems of constructing a scientific picture of the world in a technogenic civilization at the stage of its globalization. The interdependence of science, technology and society generates a number of issues of a socio-humanitarian and, in particular, ideological nature. Interdisciplinary forms of organization of sciences contribute to the development of borderline methodologies. These methodologies integrate the achievements and problems of specific disciplines into a certain overall picture. The ambitions of this worldview include space, planetary nature with (...)
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  4. Towards a “New Epistemology”: Yuk Hui’s Recursivity and Contingency.Evgeniy N. Ivakhnenko - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):220-233.
    The article critically examines the project of the Hong Kong philosopher Yuk Hui to create organological and cosmotechnical epistemology. To open up the prospect of a “new epistemology” of this kind, Hui carries out a historical and rational reconstruction of the 250-year movement of European thought – from German idealism to second-order cybernetics. In all these theories and approaches, he reveals the key role of the recursive-contingent ligament. But what has happened in recent decades that prompted the author to reassemble (...)
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  5. Creativity in Science as a Social Phenomenon.Ilya T. Kasavin - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):19-29.
    The philosophical understanding of scientific creativity cannot be limited to the analysis of cognitive abilities or ways of solving problems. It is always anthropologically-laden, based on a historically specific image image of a human being that acquires knowledge. The problem of creativity also articulates a well-known paradox of novelty: the new does not arise from the old, since it is significantly different from it, but it cannot arise from nothing, because then it remains incomprehensible. Paul Feyerabend criticizes such a “mysterianic” (...)
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  6. Creativity and Digitalization.Evgeniy V. Maslanov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):38-45.
    This article is a part of the discussion of Ilya Kasavin’s article “Creativity as a social phenomenon” and is devoted to the analysis of creativity in the era of digitalization. The author discusses creativity in computer programs and the actions of assistant robots. They can be creative because they are able to find new solutions to various problems. The Go program used new strategies that human players had never played before; another program predicted the crystal structure of various substances that (...)
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  7. Epistemic Autonomy, Authority and Trust: In Defense of Zagzebski’s Theory.Denis K. Maslov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):134-148.
    Epistemic authority, according to L. Zagzebski’s theory, is essentially based on deliberative or first-personal reasons, which originate from epistemic admiration. In what follows, I shortly reconstruct her theory and try to defend it against two critical arguments. The first argument calls attention to circular relation of epistemic autonomy and authority. In order to determine the authoritative person for me, I always have to possess epistemic autonomy, which is understood as knowledge in the given domain. Thus I myself have to have (...)
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  8. Early Career Researcher: From Managerial Construct to Socio-Epistemic Reality.Sofia V. Pirozhkova - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):149-165.
    The article presents the results of the study of young scientists and their role in the functioning of research teams and the academic system. It shows why this topic has not only applied relevance connected with the theoretical justification of science policy but also concerns fundamental issues of philosophy of science. The nature of the structural organization of scientific teams and the scientific community as a whole is discussed. It is argued that science shares with other social institutions a socio-epistemic (...)
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  9. The Problem of Typology of Scientific Cognition in the Context of Cultural-Historical Epistemology.Boris I. Pruzhinin - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):81-97.
    The existing variants of the classification of sciences differentiate and correlate the types of cognitive practices on various grounds. At the same time, the attention of epistemologists is usually concentrated on the instrumental logical and methodological functions of the proposed classifications, which guide scientists in the holistic cognitive space of rational cognition. As for the sociocultural dimensions of scientific and cognitive activity, they mostly correlate with the typological features of research practices only slightly. Meanwhile, science as a whole is undergoing (...)
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  10. “The Right to Your City”: A Project of the Epistemological Urban Studies.Irina A. Savchenko & Yulia V. Kozlova - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):185-201.
    Within the framework of a new interdisciplinary scientific scientific field – epistemological urbanism – the authors develop the idea of the human right to their city and show the epistemological nature of this right, which is explained by the fact that it is conditioned by the processes of cognition and scientific communication. Three main provisions are substantiated. Firstly, the city is an intelligent system. “The right to your city” is a specific right to scientific and intellectual production and consumption. Such (...)
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  11. On the Perspectives of the Scientific Precariat.Svetlana V. Shibarshina - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):55-60.
    This paper is a part of the discussion about creativity and the scientific precariat, initiated by I.T. Kasavin’s article. Proceeding from his proposal to revise the ideology of creativity in science through the desire of certain precariat groups for independence and freedom, the author questions the nowadays perspectives for the scientific precariat. This paper discusses the varieties of the precariat, such as freelancing and digital nomadism. The author considers a number of advantages and disadvantages of precarization. The author questions whether (...)
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  12. How Is Post-Normal Science Possible?Lada V. Shipovalova - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):61-73.
    The author starts from the contemporary image of “post-normal science”, which implies the openness of science to policy. She considers the idea of post-normal science as a normative basis for the scientists’ demand for the politicization of science, as a conceptual condition for grasping crises and the role of scientific expertise in their resolution, and as a designation of a special phenomenon of contemporary science with the ambiguous status of a scientist-expert. Based on the analysis of the concept, the author (...)
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  13.  1
    Fundamental Perception in Leibniz’s Philosophy and Contemporary Panpsychism.Matvey S. Sysoev - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):202-219.
    This article examines the fundamental ontological significance that the category of perception has in philosophy of G.W. Leibniz, and establishes the connection between the category of perception and modern panpsychism. There is a problem of definition of protopsychic properties in modern panpsychism. The problem is expressed not only in the absence of such a definition, but also in the absence of a good strategy for finding possible candidates for the role of protopsychic property. To solve this problem, the author considers (...)
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  14. Structures, Objects, and Reality. Part 1.Vladislav E. Terekhovich - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):166-184.
    The focus of the paper is a discussion around one of the versions of scientific realism – ontic structural realism, which has gained popularity due to the development of quantum field theory. According to OSR, individual objects do not exist as ontological primitives. The ontology of objects and their properties is replaced by the ontology of structures and relations. The paper discusses the arguments of the proponents of OSR, describing it as the only way to preserve scientific realism in general (...)
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  15. Has Science Ever Been “Normal”? A Reply to “How is Post-Normal Science Possible?” by Lada Shipovalova.Taras A. Varkhotov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):74-80.
    The article questions the concept of post-normal science and emphasizes that despite the declarative detachment from social practice and freedom from politics, de facto science has always been social. On the one hand, the scientific community has always been aristocratic. The “classical ethos” of science presupposes openness and equality on conditions that require enormous efforts and self-sacrifice, this equality is beyond the norm, because a “normal” scientist is, as K. Popper noted, mediocrity. On the other hand, scientists at all times (...)
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  16. Towards Open Science: The Precariat as a Subject of Scientific Creativity.Natalia N. Voronina & Artem M. Feigelman - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):46-54.
    In this reply to the article by I.T. Kasavin “Creativity as a social phenomenon” the authors discuss the possibilities of the scientific precariat as a free creative class, which having entered the scientific community, will give it a new creative potential. The authors express some doubts that such a merger will preserve precariat's special creative spirit. The article draws attention to the diversity in understanding the nature, goals and values of creativity. The specificity of understanding creativity in the scientific community (...)
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  17. Main Models of the Temporal Structure of Consciousness.Alina S. Zaykova - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (3):98-115.
    The paper considers three main models of temporal consciousness proposed in grappling with the “paradox of temporal awareness”. They are based on the notion that there is a basic element of perception in the form of some “mental frame” or “apparent present” which, while effective for describing some perceptual features, does not fully reflect our phenomenal experience. It is argued that a two-level model based on the separation of the “specious present” and “current present” is best correlated with higher-order theories (...)
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  18. A Possible-Worlds Construal of Unreliability in Film.Dorit Abusch - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):38-42.
    This paper comments on Emar Maier’s “Unreliability and point of view in filmic narration”. It is suggested that, without having discourse representations that include embedding operators, films can be unreliable in the broad sense of having propositional contents that depart from inferable, realistic scenarios. Second, films and embedded shots in film can convey agent-centered information without being composed of point-of-view shots. The reason is that the discourse representation can include information about discourse referents that identifies a depicted individual as a (...)
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  19. Semantics of Judgments about Interoceptive Experience.Pavel N. Baryshnikov & Magomet N. Atakuev - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):218-233.
    The linguistic representation of interoceptive sensations is valuable not only for the study of cognitive processes, but also for conceptual analysis within the framework of the phenomenal approach in the philosophy of mind. This article focuses on the deep linguistic mechanisms of metaphorical conceptualization of corporeality and their relationship with various classes of judgments expressing awareness of internal bodily experience. Interoceptive sensations are associated with the representation of the image of the inner-body space and the processes occurring in it. The (...)
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  20. G.W. Leibniz: From the “Symbolic Revolution” in Mathematics to the Concept of Suppositive Cognition.Dimitry A. Bayuk & Olga B. Fedorova - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):201-217.
    The transition from the exclusive use of words to the predominant use of symbols in mathematics continued for centuries, but by the seventeenth century it turned out to be explosive. This phenomenon became known as the “symbolic revolution” in mathematics. One of its main outcomes was the discovery of mathematical analysis almost simultaneously and independently by Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. To both scientists their discovery served as the basis for far-reaching philosophical generalizations. For Leibniz, it led to the (...)
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  21.  4
    Knowing Opposites and Formalising Antonymy.Keith Begley - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):85–101.
    This paper discusses knowledge of opposites. In particular, attention is given to the linguistic notion of antonymy and how it represents oppositional relations that are commonly found in perception. The paper draws upon the long history of work on the formalisation of antonymy in linguistics and formal semantics, and also upon work on the perception of opposites in psychology, and an assessment is made of the main approaches. Treatments of these phenomena in linguistics and psychology posit that the principles of (...)
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  22. Why Philosophy of Language is Unreliable for Understanding Unreliable Filmic Narration.Marc Champagne - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):43-50.
    A typical device in film is to have a character narrating what is going on, but this narration is not always a reliable guide to the events. According to Maier, distortions may be caused by the narrator’s intent, naivety, use of drugs, and/or cognitive disorder/illness. What is common to these various causes, he argues, is the presence of a point of view, which appears in a movie as shots. While this perspective-based account of unreliability covers most cases, I unpack its (...)
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  23. On Semantic Reference and Speaker’s Reference.Alexey Z. Chernyak - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):120-135.
    Theory of reference is a mainstream theory of meanings of certain types of linguistic expressions in contemporary philosophy of language. It assigns corresponding expressions capability to refer to what people are talking or thinking about by using them. Meanwhile it is widely recognized that there are two kinds of reference. One is conceived as a relation between an agent and an entity which he or she applies the term to in particular communicative act ; this is roughly called “speaker’s reference”. (...)
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  24. The Unreliable Narrator’s “Paper Eyes” in Visual Storytelling.Elena G. Dragalina-Chernaya - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):51-55.
    Highlighting the, as called by Emar Maier, blended perspective shots in cinematic narrative with an unreliable narrator allows us to escape the dilemma of the omniscient cinema-eye and of the false narrator’s paper eyes. The following commentary on Maier’s paper detects the performative nature of the contradictions generated by using blended perspective in cinema narration with an unreliable storyteller. It also demonstrates the heuristicity of the concept of blended perspective to Cartesian philosophical narrative analysis.
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  25.  2
    Color Concepts as a Factor of Cognitive Penetration of Perception.Konstantin G. Frolov & Andrei I. Ponomarev - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):136-151.
    The aim of the paper is to analyse the influence of linguistic concepts of an agent on the qualitative aspects of her perception. We examine conceptualist and non-conceptualist approaches to the problem of what the content of perceptions is. The conceptualist approach asserts that the content of perception is similar to the content of beliefs: both types of content are assumed to be expressible in language. The non-conceptualist approach to the content of perception assumes that the content of perception cannot (...)
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  26. When That F is Not F. Interpretability, Deixis and Complex Demonstratives.Joan Gimeno-Simó - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):152-167.
    In this paper I defend two claims regarding complex demonstratives. On the one hand I argue that, when one of these expressions misdescribes the referred object, the right semantic analysis is to treat the expression as uninterpretable. On the other, I claim that the uninterpretability thesis finds itself in trouble when it comes to dealing with non-deictic uses of complex demonstratives, i.e., uses of “that F” in which the speaker has no acquaintance or direct perception of any object that could (...)
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  27.  1
    Perception, Knowledge, and Natural Language.Petr S. Kusliy & Ivan B. Mikirtumov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):6-22.
    In this paper, we would like to argue in support of the productiveness of epistemological investigations at the interface of the semantics and pragmatics of natural language and the analysis of perception. We begin with a short overview the history of convergence of these two areas of research. Leibniz is the center of this historical discussion. We identify the general problems that arise when language meets perception and discuss some recent research in the semantics of pictures. We arrive at the (...)
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  28. Perception and Observation in the Strong Program in the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.Andrei G. Kuznetsov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):183-200.
    The article analyzes a connection between empiricism and the Strong Program in the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge. I use Strong Program’s theories of perception and observation in science as cases to demonstrate this link. The main points of my argument are the following. First, characteristic problems of the empiricist tradition are at the focus of the Strong Program. Second, relations between the Strong Program and empiricist tradition are complex. While proponents of the Strong Program criticize classical empiricism of Bacon and (...)
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  29.  2
    The Filmic Representation of ‘Relived’ Experiences.Kristina Liefke - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):56-65.
    This comment discusses Emar Maier’s argument against the characterization of unreliable filmic narration as personal narration. My comment focuses on two assumptions of Maier’s argument, viz. that the narrating character’s mental states can be described independently of other mental states/experiences and that personal filmic narration can only proceed from a de se perspective. I contend that the majority of movies with unreliable narration represents an experientially parasitic mental state. Since these states are well-known to involve perspective-shifting and various kinds of (...)
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  30.  2
    Other Points of View: Replies to Comments.Emar Maier - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):81-84.
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  31. Unreliability and Point of View in Filmic Narration.Emar Maier - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):23-37.
    Novels like Fight Club or American Psycho are said to be instances of unreliable narration: the first person narrator presents an evidently distorted picture of the fictional world. The film adaptations of these novels are likewise said to involve unreliable narration. I resist this extension of the term ‘unreliable narration’ to film. My argument for this rests on the observation that unreliable narration requires a personal narrator while film typically involves an impersonal narrator. The kind of ambiguous story-telling that we (...)
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  32.  24
    Knowing Through Hearing, Towards an Epistemology of Auditory Perception.Jorge Luis Méndez-Martínez - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):168-182.
    This paper proposes some guidelines for the undeveloped discussion of auditory epistemology. Auditory epistemology is an approach concerned with the perceptual basis for knowledge and belief, specifically around audition. The article pursues two goals. Firstly, it claims that addressing auditory perception from the viewpoint of epistemology is more fruitful than the discussion on phenomenology which has thus far dominated the debates in the literature on sound. Secondly, it elaborates a concrete proposal pertaining to the cooperation of sense-modalities. In so doing, (...)
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  33. Cogito’s Hidden Premises Found through Two Aspects of a Sign.Oksana I. Nevdobenko - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):102-119.
    In the article we argue that Descartes while considering sign version of cogito does use some hidden premises in spite of well-known declaration there are none. They are:1) there’s such a length of time Δt over which I cannot be wrong on the matter of what happened over Δt ; 2) there’s such time extent Δt upon which I cannot be wrong. We investigate the advantages the evil demon can take from that. This is a sign manipulation we propose. Cogito (...)
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  34.  2
    Unreliable Narration and Dual Perspective.Julian J. Schloder - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):66-71.
    In Unreliability and Point of View in Filmic Narration, Emar Maier makes a distinction between reliable and unreliable narrators. The latter, Maier claims, must be a first-person narrator, as an impersonal, third-person narrator lacks an individual perspective that can be unreliable. He concludes that most film adaptations of unreliably narrated novels are not themselves unreliably narrated, for they feature third person perspectives. I take Maier’s major claims to be that there is a strict distinction between reliable and unreliable narration; and (...)
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  35.  1
    Convention, Coherence and Control.Daniel B. Tiskin - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):72-75.
    As Maier’s aim is to extend the notion of unreliable narration onto film, this reply focuses on the consequences of the difference between textual and filmic narration. Textual fiction imitates, or at least uses the resources typical of, a true textual description of events, which is itself highly conventional in that it uses arbitrary linguistic signs and chooses to describe those properties of objects and events that matter to the author, leaving the remainder unspecified. On the contrary, filmic narration imitates (...)
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  36. What Is Unreliable in Fiction and Where It Comes From.Suren Zolyan - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (2):76-80.
    Maier’s article recalls the idea of finding common ground between different points of view on the truth in fiction and the problem of reliability that it generates. However, the criteria by which it is possible to determine the characteristics of the reliability or unreliability in the artistic narrative are unclear. A naive-realistic approach leads to contradictions. We propose to proceed from the already established approaches to the problem of “truth in fiction”, and consider as determining for the modal pragmasemantics of (...)
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  37. Political Ideologies through the Lens of Modern Neuroscience.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):117-135.
    The article presents the standpoint that naturalistic tendencies in modern science, which are especially expressed in neuroscience, push up social knowledge toward the need to revise its attitudes and norms, which consist in consistent sociocentrism and biophobia, and, hence, a simplified understanding of the phenomenon of “genetic reductionism”. We show that the application of the methods of natural science to social disciplines often marked visible progress and even conceptual breakthroughs in their development. Achievements of modern neuroscience affect a traditional area (...)
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  38. Neuroethics: Discussions about the Subject.Elena V. Bryzgalina & Anastasiya N. Gumarova - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):136-153.
    The term “neuroethics” emerged in the 1970s denoting medical ethics in neuroscience. The development of neuro-turn in philosophical studies, beginning of wide empirical research in neurobiology and cognitive science and rise of public interest in brain studies in the first decade of the 21st century caused the emergence of neuroethics as an independent research field. The questions of definition the subject area, methodology, priority directions and conceptual foundations of neuroethics still remain as the subjects of discussions nowadays. The main modern (...)
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  39. Cosmos: A Big Challenge and a Global Project.Ilya T. Kasavin - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):6-16.
    Space is a cross-cutting philosophical theme: an unattainable dream coming from the depths of centuries, and at the same time a source of religious faith and high science. Therefore, space is not limited to specific space projects and the conquest of celestial space. In contrast to this, space is a starting point for a global problematization of politics, economics and culture. It demonstrates its archetypal significance for the history of all human culture. At the same time, space as a project (...)
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  40. Economic Knowledge and Power.Olga B. Koshovets - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):171-189.
    The main claim of the study is that technocratic public administration based on knowledge as a key element of power, significantly affects the idea of what is objective and what is objectivity. I explore how scientific objectivity as part of a scientific ethos has been evolving on the example of economic knowledge. A key institutional feature of economic knowledge is that it includes in fact two relatively autonomous epistemic cultures: academic one, connected to the production of knowledge in academia and (...)
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  41. Criticism of Cartesian Account of Self-Knowledge in English-speaking Analytic Philosophy.Olga A. Kozyreva - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):94-116.
    The article presents an overview of the main strategies of criticizing the Cartesian account of self-knowledge in English-speaking analytic philosophy. First, I distinguish four basic aspects of the Cartesian account of self-knowledge: metaphysical, methodological, semantic, and epistemic ones. The first aspect deals with the justification of distinctive features of self-knowledge; the second aspect concerns the way the agent gains self-knowledge; the third aspect is about the content of mental states, and the last one is about formal principles of self-knowledge. Second, (...)
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  42.  1
    The Notions of Will and Action.Denis K. Maslov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):51-57.
    In his response, D. Maslov presents a sketch of a comparative analysis of the notion of ‘will’ in Wittgenstein and Hegel as a response to the initial article by K. Rodin. Despite apparent differences, both philosophers show similar anti-metaphysical attitude in their respective analysis. Both regard will not as a metaphysical entity, but in its concrete expression in actions and intentions and conclude that acts of will and intentions can be understood by other people. On this ground and the argument (...)
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  43.  1
    Intention and Intentional Action in Philosophy of Law.Vitaly V. Ogleznev - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):38-44.
    The article examines K.A. Rodin’s thesis on the possibility of including Wittgenstein’s remarks on intention and action in the context of legal philosophy research. It is shown that although the concepts of intention and intentional action are relevant to the philosophy of law, Wittgenstein’s own ideas did not have a significant impact on their relevance. This influence is confined to the fact that, like Wittgenstein, many jurists and legal theorists, mainly those who were influenced by the ideas of H.L.A. Hart, (...)
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  44. Intimate Technology and Alien Science.Kirill A. Petrov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):154-170.
    The article presents the results of a study of the interaction between tDCS-users and scientists on reddit.com. The forum observation and interviewing of the most active members of the Internet community were conducted during 2020–2021 by the methods of digital ethnography. The obtained results are intended to deepen the understanding both the exchange processes between scientists and non-professional, and the space in which such coordination takes place. A suitable tool for such work is the “trading zone” concept, which is defined (...)
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  45. Wittgenstein on Intention and Action in the Perspective of Contemporary Approaches in Social Theory.Kirill A. Rodin - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):17-29.
    A sequential reconstruction of Wittgenstein’s notes on action and intention aims to stimulate a further discussion of the productivity of using Wittgenstein’s notes on action theory within social theory. It provides as an illustration of Wittgenstein’s consistent commitment to the principle of contextualism. In terms of the principle of contextualism, the article examines numerous attempts to incorporate the philosophy of the late Wittgenstein into social and related research.
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  46. Wittgenstein as a “Fellow Traveler” of Contextualist Sociology.Alexander A. Sanzhenakov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):45-50.
    The article attempts to criticize the concept of language games, as well as the hypothesis of K.A. Rodin on Wittgenstein’s influence on social science through the introduction of “contextualism”. Wittgenstein proposed to place language games in the first place in relation to the feelings and inner experience of individuals participating in common practices. The author of the article puts forward the following argument against it: indirect awareness of the rules and norms in which the individual does not participate or to (...)
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  47. A Priori in the Classical Model of Science.Tatiana D. Sokolova - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):81-93.
    The paper is devoted to the concept of a priori and a priori knowledge within the framework of the classical model of science proposed for conducting research on the history of concepts, and in particular, the concept of “science” by digital humanities [de Jong, Betti, 2010]. In the first part of the article, I refer to the concept of model and consider the classical model of science in terms of its heuristic potential for philosophical research, and define the main structural (...)
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  48. Intention, Subject of Will, and Social Theory.Valery A. Surovtsev - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):30-37.
    The article contains some considerations on K.A. Rodin’s reconstruction of the theory of action in works of later L. Wittgenstein. His apophatic approach to descriptions of will, volition, subject of will is analyzed. This approach is compared with approaches to Husserl’s definition of a transcendental subject. It is argued that the apophatic approach to the description of volition as a foundation of social theory is doubtful.
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  49. Brentano and Scholasticism.Galina V. Vdovina - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):190-210.
    The article deals with the problem of scholastic sources of Brentano’s concept of intentionality. The subject matter of the discussion is the so-called thesis on intentionality as formulated by Brentano in his 1874 book “Psychology from an Empirical Point of View”. The search for Brentano's specific scholastic sources has been going on for decades, but even today the problem is still relevant. The objectives of the article are, firstly, to identify the main positions on the issue and to reveal the (...)
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  50.  9
    Epistemic Relativism and the Gettier Problem.Louis Vervoort & Alexander A. Shevchenko - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):58-80.
    The aim of this article is to present a variant of epistemic relativism that is compatible with a language practice especially popular among scientists. We argue that in science, but also in philosophy, propositions are naturally ‘relativized’ to sets of hypotheses or theories, and that a similar language practice allows one to interpret canonical problems of epistemology. We apply the model to Gettier’s problem, and derive a condition under which counterexamples à la Gettier to Plato’s account of knowledge do not (...)
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  51. Technoscience, Humanity and Man.Yuri K. Volkov - 2022 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 59 (1):211-224.
    This article is a reflection on some conceptual ideas of the book “Humanity and Technos: the philosophy of coevolution” related to negative assessments of the socio-anthropological consequences of the development of technoscience. It is noted that the author’s criticism of novationist interpretations of scientific and technological progress is subordinated to the main idea of the book about the incompatibility of the principles of convergence and coevolution in the relationship between man and technology. It is shown that the book examines not (...)
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