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  1.  25
    The Argument From Variation Against Using One’s Own Intuitions As Evidence.Esther Goh - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (2):95-110.
    In philosophical methodology, intuitions are used as evidence to support philosophical theories. In this paper, I evaluate the skeptical argument that variation in intuitions is good evidence that our intuitions are unreliable, and so we should be skeptical about our theories. I argue that the skeptical argument is false. First, variation only shows that at least one disputant is wrong in the dispute, but each disputant lacks reason to determine who is wrong. Second, even though variation in intuitions shows that (...)
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  2.  38
    Epistemic Progress Despite Systematic Disagreement.Dustin Olson - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (2):77 - 94.
    A number of philosophers argue that because of its history of systematic disagreement, philosophy has made little to no epistemic progress – especially in comparison to the hard sciences. One argument for this conclusion contends that the best explanation for systematic disagreement in philosophy is that at least some, potentially all, philosophers are unreliable. Since we do not know who is reliable, we have reason to conclude that we ourselves are probably unreliable. Evidence of one’s potential unreliability in a domain (...)
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  3.  90
    Armchair Philosophy.Timothy Williamson - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (2):19 - 25.
    The article presents an anti-exceptionalist view of philosophical methodology, on which it is much closer to the methodology of other disciplines than many philosophers like to think. Like mathematics, it is a science, but not a natural science. Its methods are not primarily experimental, though it can draw on the results of natural science. Like foundational mathematics, its methods are abductive as well as deductive. As in the natural sciences, much progress in philosophy consists in the construction of better models (...)
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  4.  9
    All the Worst is From the Victorian Spirit, All the Best is From the Zeitgeist.Alexander Yu Antonovski - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):39-46.
    In his work, the author critically interprets the idea of the connection of the achievements of William Whewell in the field of the philosophy of science with the prevailing sentiments and social-cultural attitudes in the so-called Victorian era. The author believes that, on the contrary, all of Whewell’s positive achievements should be associated with the development of world science, with the spirit of the times, and above all, with its neo-Kantian background, whereas his mistakes and delusions really resulted from specifically (...)
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  5.  5
    Knowledge, Memory, and the Boundaries of Subject.Alexey Z. Chernyak - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):101-115.
    This article is dedicated to the question: may the subject who uses an artificial device for storing information and consulting it literally know the information contained in this device and got by the subject by way of consulting it? Some philosophers claim the thesis of extended mid, i.e. they consider human mind as a system some parts of which may be external to human body. From this point of view the subject may know the information which is stored not in (...)
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  6.  6
    Transformations in Epistemology: Problems and Prospects. [REVIEW]Alexander M. Dorozhkin & Svetlana V. Shibarshina - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):233-239.
    This paper is a reflection on number of statements and ideas presented in the monograph by Academician Vladislav A. Lektorsky “Humanity and Culture. Selected Papers”. The authors suggest their interpretations on his ideas regarding the characteristics of classical and non-classical epistemology, as well as the further development of epistemology in the light of its enrichment with the humanitarian and “citizen” component.
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  7.  12
    Materialistic Dialectics and Modern Physics.Boris M. Hessen - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):209-215.
    The report of B. M. Hessen at the I All-Union Congress of physicists. The Congress was held in Odessa from 19 to 24 August 1930. At the plenary meeting B. M. Hessen, made a report on methodological issues of quantum physics, the relationship of physics and philosophy. Mechanistic materialism in his time came to replace the scholastic physics. But he could not solve the problems of development and specificity of forms of movement. B. M. Hessen believed that the development of (...)
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  8.  7
    Speech at the Scientific Session of the Institute of Philosophy, Dedicated to the 25th Anniversary of Lenin's Birth “Materialism and Empiriocriticism” June 22, 1934. [REVIEW]Boris M. Hessen - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):216-224.
    The report of B. M. Hessen at the at the scientific session at the Institute of philosophy in 1934, dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the publication of Lenin’s «Materialism and empiriocriticism». He said that statistical regularity appears already in classical physics, when it comes to kinetic theory, thermodynamics. But traditionally thinking physicists did not consider the statistical method full, believed, that statistical a near certainty can be to withdraw from dynamic. In quantum theory, it turned out that the dynamic (...)
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  9.  2
    Vices and Virtues of Externalism.Ilya T. Kasavin - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):60-64.
    The article is a reply to the critical considerations of my colleagues about my article “The birth of the philosophy of science from the spirit of the Victorian era” in the same issue of the journal. The main criticism is that my externalist explanation doesn’t work, since the Victorian era is not so favorable in general and, in particular, in relation to science and philosophy of science. In addition, I have been criticized for the allegedly improper exaggeration of Whewell’s philosophical (...)
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  10.  8
    The Birth of Philosophy of Science from the Spirit of Victorian Era.Ilya T. Kasavin - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):23-33.
    The Victorian era is a unique historical period of turbulent political, economic and social changes. These changes also touched upon science: the emergence of new theories and experimental data, new discoveries and inventions, the growth of the number of scientific societies, the debate about teaching methods in universities and the significance of science and scientists for the state laid the foundations for the institutional structure of the modern sciences. In addition, it is the Victorian era when a fundamentally new theoretical (...)
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  11.  8
    B.M. Hessen: The Materialist Dialectic in the Struggle with the Ideological Rite.Sergey N. Korsakov - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):202-208.
    Archival publication of a number of previously unknown texts of the outstanding Soviet philosopher and historian of science, corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences Boris Mikhailovich Hessen follows this introduction. B. M. Hessen belonged to the philosophical school of academician A. M. Deborin. Deborin school actively developed philosophical and methodological problems of advanced areas of natural science: quantum mechanics, the theory of relativity and genetics. The Deborin school provided ideological protection of these Sciences in the conditions of Stalinism. (...)
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  12.  6
    Leibniz and Bourdieu.Anton K. Kulikov - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):133-149.
    P. Bourdieu borrows a number of ideas and conceptions of G. V. Leibniz and uses them in his theory of the social space in systematic fashion. The Leibnizean theories of the relation physical space, of the real definition, of the pre-established harmony become the interrelated reflective means of empirical sociology. This article attempts to interpret epistemic significance of the fact that the conceptions of Leibniz have appeared to be fruitful in sociology of Bourdieu. Sociological real definition defines a social fact (...)
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  13.  5
    Is Science Epistemically Autonomous?Petr S. Kusliy - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):116-132.
    In this overview of recent works in philosophy of science, the discussions of the nature of scientific rationalism and epistemic normativity of science are presented as taking place between the two extremes: the radical anarchism of social constructivism that claims that science has no epistemic normativity of its own and complete isolationism, according to which the rationalist norms of science are totally immune to any influence of non-scientific context. The author explores the arguments of the conception of social empiricism, according (...)
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  14.  6
    Argumentation, Peer Disagreement and the Truth Birth in Dispute.Elena N. Lisanyuk & Maria R. Mazurova - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):81-100.
    We suggest a solution to the problem of peer disagreement based on the concept of divergence in opinions, imported from the theory of argumentation. We treat the problem of peer disagreement as a mental experiment, a duel between different concepts of truth, and show that there is no winner in it, whenever there is a deep disagreement between epistemic peers. Our approach amounts to two proposals, one formulates how to handle the truth and the other takes care of creating an (...)
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  15.  27
    Climate Change Attribution.Elisabeth A. Lloyd & Naomi Oreskes - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):185-201.
    A specific form of research question, for instance, “What is the probability of a certain class of weather events, given global climate change, relative to a world without?” could be answered with the use of FAR or RR as the most common approaches to discover and ascribe extreme weather events. Kevin Trenberth et al. and Theodore Shepherd have expressed doubts in their latest works whether it is the most appropriate explanatory tool or the way of public outreach concerning climate events (...)
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  16.  8
    Epistemology in Russia.Lyudmila A. Mikeshina - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):8-22.
    The paper offers an interpretation of the way epistemology was formed at the end of the nineteenth century and at the beginning of the twentieth century as a new approach to understanding of the nature of humanitarian and social knowledge. The role of ideas of such Neo-Kantians as H. Cohen, H. Rickert and E. Cassirer in the formation of Russian epistemology is underlined. These ideas were critically reassessed in works of historian D. Petrushevskiy and sociologist N. Kareev. Special attention is (...)
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  17.  13
    Phenomenologization or Naturalization?Maxim D. Miroshnichenko - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):65-80.
    The article considers the major approaches towards the integration of philosophical and scientific perspectives on the nature and functioning of subjective consciousness. The project of naturalization of phenomenology is considered as an account of methodological unification of cognitive science and philosophy based on first-person perspective. This alliance is generally thought as an attempt to incorporate the explanatory models of phenomenology into the natural scientific worldview. The proponents of this approach, such as F. Varela, confirm that it can overcome the explanatory (...)
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  18.  6
    Science and the Zeitgeist.Alexander L. Nikiforov - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):34-38.
    The article considers the question of how the spiritual atmosphere prevailing in society stimulates or hinders the development of scientific research. It is shown that during the period of the Copernican Revolution the broad strata of European society – sailors, merchants, artisans, the ruling elites were embraced by the spirit of discovery and exploration of the globe. This served as the ground on which the science of New Age arises. In the middle of the 19th centure in England, a new (...)
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  19.  4
    N. Luhmann’s Theory of Systems in the Application to the Analysis of Scientific Communication. [REVIEW]Natalya N. Pogozhina - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):225-232.
    This article represents the review of the Russian translation of N. Lumann’s work which was published under the title «Truth, knowledge, science as a system». In article N. Lumann’s approach to consideration of science as one of the communicative systems of society performing function on development of knowledge is reconstructed. Within this approach we consider in a separate way the the truthconditional perspective which is expressed by means of terms of language of the theory symbolically the generalized of media of (...)
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  20.  6
    Historical Epistemology in France.Tatiana D. Sokolova - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):150-168.
    As an independent philosophical discipline, historical epistemology had been forming in the French Academy from the early 20 century and to its middle developed to the point where it left behind other types of epistemologies, which succeeded to take revenge only in the late 1980s. However, historians and sociologists often consider French historical epistemology as a “marginal” discipline, compared to other areas of philosophical research. The focus of the study is the formation of the French version of historical epistemology as (...)
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  21.  5
    Philosophy of Science.Tatiana D. Sokolova - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):47-53.
    The article is a response to the arguments by I.T. Kasavin on the emergence of the philosophy of science as an independent philosophical discipline from the phenomenon of rapid scientific development in Victorian England. The article consists of three parts. The first one supports the thesis on the formation of the philosophy of science as a separate philosophical discipline in the first half of the XIX century. The second part criticizes the primacy of William Whewell in the formulation of the (...)
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  22.  4
    Three Approaches to the Issue of Quantum Reality and the Second Quantum Revolution.Vladislav E. Terekhovich - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):169-184.
    The framework of a simple opposition realism – anti-realism is not enough to analyze the views on the reality of unobservable objects of quantum theory. First, it is necessary to distinguish between realism in relation to the theory and realism in relation to the theory’s objects. Secondly, realism in relation to classical objects can be combined, both with realism and with anti-realism in relation to quantum objects. Third, the concept of “existence” and “to exist objectively” can have different meanings. To (...)
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  23.  8
    The Birth of Public Sphere from the Spirit of Intellectual Debates.Liana A. Tukhvatulina - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):54-59.
    The author advocates the idea about the connection between the spirit of early Victorian England and the birth of philosophy of science. She pays special attention to the arguments provided by W. Whewell in support of “the scientific turn” of English university education. The author argues that the public intellectual discussions organized by the leading English daily magazines played their role the formation of the public sphere in this period. These discussions contributed to the search for a normative consensus between (...)
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  24.  68
    Philosophical Intuitions Are Surprisingly Robust Across Demographic Differences.Joshua Knobe - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56:29-36.
    Within the existing metaphilosophical literature on experimental philosophy, a great deal of attention has been devoted to the claim that there are large differences in philosophical intuitions between people of different demographic groups. Some philosophers argue that this claim has important metaphilosophical implications; others argue that it does not. However, the actual empirical work within experimental philosophy seems to point to a very different sort of metaphilosophical question. Specifically, what the actual empirical work suggests is that intuitions are surprisingly robust (...)
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