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  1. The Crisis of Collegiality in Scientific Organization, and the Scientific Policy.Alexander Yu Antonovski - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):6-22.
    The article substantiates that science, thanks to the latest media in the dissemination of scientific communication, has gone beyond all institutional, organizational, regional, national and partly disciplinary borders. Science as a supranational communication system has reached a complexity that is incompatible with the standards for evaluating scientific work and scientific achievements, which are traditionally carried out in the form of scientific committees, individual examinations and other collegial forms of scientific communication. The collegiality of making the most important decisions regarding the (...)
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  2. “Logic of the Future” as C.S. Peirce Understood It.Angelina S. Bobrova - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):176-189.
    Finally, the first book started Peirceana. Peirceana is expected as a new series that provides access to both Peirce’s mostly unpublished late works and secondary papers, in which ideas of this American philosopher are developed. This edition is opened with three volumes on Peirce’s manuscripts on “Logic of the Future.” The thinker gave this definition to his theory of existential graphs, i.e., a diagrammatical logical project that includes three sections. The sections can roughly correspond to propositional logic, first-order logic and (...)
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  3. Petroleum Genesis as a Problem of Transdisciplinary Research.Irina A. Gerasimova - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):125-141.
    The problem of petroleum genesis is fundamental for natural science. Scientific discussion on the problem of petroleum genesis originated with the science of theModern time and continues to this day. Physicists, chemists, biologists, geologists, geophysicists and cosmologists take part in the discussion. The problem attracts the attention of philosophers on science in many aspects. The author believes that it is necessary to conduct research of a transdisciplinary type that combines natural science and philosophical knowledge. Transdisciplinary research allows conceptually combine different (...)
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  4.  2
    Science as a Vocation. Hermeneutics and Reflection.Alexey A. Golovin - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):190-200.
    In this article, the author tries to understand the significance of “Science as a Vocation” for Max Weber’s listeners: what goals and objectives did the speaker set, and what is the relevance of the lecture to understand science and scientists today? As a historical source, the autobiography of K. Levit is used, which recorded the listener’s personal experiences from the speech. Referring to Schleiermacher’s ideas, the author seeks to interpret Weber's speech as Lebenswerk. The author connects the ideas of the (...)
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  5.  1
    The Second Law of Thermodynamics in the Context of Contemporary Physical Research.Ivan A. Karpenko - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):142-159.
    The second law results in the growth of the entropy – in superficial interpretation this principle presumes that the sufficient energy inevitably turns into the substandard energy. Order turns into chaos over time; however, chaos also turns into order under certain circumstances. The first research objective is to establish the possible prescientific ideas about the phenomenon – some philosophical intuitions that have preceded the scientific discovery of the second law and have conformed to it in a certain sense. It is (...)
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  6. Searching for the Justification of Realism.Petr S. Kusliy - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):217-231.
    This critical analytical review examines the ways in which realism can be justified in epistemology and philosophy of science and which are presented in the collection of papers “Perspectives of Realism in Modern Philosophy”. The exposition of areas in which the authors of this book study the problems of realism, as well as those arguments in its defense that they offer, is given. A criticism of these arguments is presented, according to which all of them are not able to convince (...)
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  7.  1
    Sociology or Psychology?Andrei G. Kuznetsov - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):105-124.
    The article is an attempt at the reverse engineering of conceptual architecture and logic of David Bloor's Strong Programme in the sociology of scientific knowledge via explicating key resources and interpretative techniques for constructing it. To do this I show how problematic is a conventional interpretation of the SP as a radicalization of Kuhn's theory of science and as a sociologization of epistemology. This problematization allows me to put anew three questions concerning the SP. In what sense it is post-positivist? (...)
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  8. History of Science: Projects and Realities.Natalia I. Kuznetsova - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):87-104.
    The article analyzes the key methodological problems of the contemporary research in the field of the history of science. It is shown that in the 18th and 19th centuries works on the history of science demonstrated the difficult paths of scientists to the heights of scientific discoveries. The positivism of the 19th century has opened the field of the philosophy of science, emphasizing the crucial role of scientific knowledge for the development of civilization. The history of science is fundamental for (...)
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  9. The Modal Square of Opposition and the Mental Models Theory.Miguel Lopez-Astorga - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):75-86.
    The mental models theory is a current approach trying to account for human thought and hence communication by highlighting the action of semantics and ignoring, to a large extent, syntax. However, it has been argued that the theory actually contains an underlying syntax related to any kind of modal logic. This paper delves into this last idea and is intended to show that the concepts of possibility and necessity as understood in it fulfill the basic requirement that, according to Fitting (...)
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  10. Ludwig Wittgenstein and Performative Turn.Anna Yu Moiseeva & Alina S. Zaykova - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):44-49.
    This article is a response to the thesis of K.A. Rodin about the exclusively conceptual influence of Wittgenstein and the problem of following the rule on social research. The authors argue that along with the methodological line traced by K.A. Rodin, one should single out a purely scientific line of influence of Wittgenstein's ideas, the result of which was the so-called performative turn in social sciences.
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  11. Wittgenstein’s Problem of Rule-Following and Legal Philosophy Studies.Vitaly V. Ogleznev - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):34-39.
    The article presents an analysis of K.A. Rodin’s argument that after publishing of Peter Winch’s book “The Idea of Social Science” the discussions of rule-following problem concerning to social epistemology and the methodology of social studies have not had tangible results. It is shown by the example of modern legal studies that this conclusion is not valid. On the contrary, Wittgenstein’s problem of rule-following and the very idea of rule-shaped activity have proved to have a great importance for an analytical (...)
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  12. On the Specifics of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Influence on Social Sciences and the Humanities. Reply to Critics.Kirill A. Rodin - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):56-59.
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  13.  4
    The Rule-Following Problem and Wittgenstein’s Place in Sociology Studies.Kirill A. Rodin - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):23-33.
    The article presents an attempt to evaluate the influence of the late Wittgenstein philosophy on sociology and some empirical programs of sociological research. At first we give a brief overview of the rule-following problem and consider, on the one hand, a skeptical reading and a skeptical solution to the problem by S. Kripke and, on the other hand, criticism towards Kripke by some Wittgensteinians). Then we reveal the role of skeptic reading in the sociological works of D. Bloor and the (...)
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  14. Wittgenstein and Husserl as the Reformers of Social Science.Alexander A. Sanzhenakov - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):40-43.
    The article is devoted to the rule-following problem and its impact on the sociology of science as K.A. Rodin presents them in his article. It is known that L. Wittgenstein in “Philosophical Studies”, using the rule of arithmetic addition as an example, formulated the rule-following problem, which has acquired the ultimate form of skepticism thanks to S. Kripke. This problem was transferred to the sociology of science by D. Bloor, where it received the following sociological explanation: rule-amenably activity can be (...)
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  15. A Priori in the Philosophy of Science.Tatiana D. Sokolova - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):60-74.
    The article is devoted to the analysis of research approaches and attitudes to the study of the a priori in the philosophy of science. In the first part, I outline the basic premises of this study: scientific knowledge as the highest manifestation of rationality; the normative nature of scientific knowledge. In the second part, I turn to the difference in the subject of philosophical research on the history of science – the history of science as a “history of facts” vs (...)
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  16. Rule-Following and Social Theory.Valery A. Surovtsev - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):50-55.
    The article contains some considerations on influence of Wittgenstein’s Problem of Rule-Following to Social Theories, especially as it is analyzed in the text of K.A. Rodin. I consider “skeptical decision” of S. Kripke, and demonstrate that in some new situation’s theory of G. Baker and P. Hacker are preferable.
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  17. Socio-Cultural Aspects of the Standard Model in Elementary Particles Physics and the History of Its Creation.Vladimir P. Vizgin - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):160-175.
    The article соnsiders the socio-cultural aspects of the standard model in elementary particle physics and history of its creation. SM is a quantum field gauge theory of electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions, which is the basis of the modern theory of elementary particles. The process of its elaboration covers a twenty-year period: from 1954 to the early 1970s., when the construction of renormalized quantum chromodynamics and electroweak theory wеre completed. The socio-cultural aspects of SM are explored on the basis of (...)
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  18.  1
    Philosophy and Linguistics.Ekaterina V. Vostrikova - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (3):201-216.
    This paper is an overview of the contemporary discussions in interdisciplinary studies of meaning of natural language expressions. The paper discusses the latest work published in two interdisciplinary journals «Linguistics and Philosophy» and «Natural Language Semantics» most relevant for philosophy of language. The paper focuses on two general topics: the semantics of singular terms and the semantics of belief-reports. The paper discusses the recent proposal about the interpretation of pronouns by [Stojnic et al., 2019] according to which such interpretation is (...)
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  19.  1
    Naturalism and Kantianism.Valentin A. Bazhanov - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):114-123.
    An article by T. Rockmore, published in the journal “Epistemology and Philosophy of Science” in 2009, claim that naturalism is by its nature an example of anti-Kantianism, for it treats philosophy as a continuation science and recognizes science as a legitimate source of knowledge, does not allow a priori, relies on an a posteriori approach, empiricism in the pre-Kantian sense, and insists on the possibility of revising the knowledge acquired. This article has a goal to show that T. Rockmore point (...)
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  20.  3
    Expert and Layman.Elena V. Bryzgalina & Vladimir N. Kiselev - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):33-41.
    The article substantiates the possibility of interpreting expertise as a research communicative practice, in contrast to the expert “comparison with the sample”. Inside the so-called examinations, a counter-examination is institutionally integrated. The communication of expert and counter-expert position, which is a phenomenological personality choice, can take a form of personal institutionalized communication, and can be mediated by mediators and media texts. The results of examination and counter-interaction are determined by many factors, among which the coincidence of the images of the (...)
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  21.  2
    Knowledge and Luck.Alexey Z. Chernyak - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):61-78.
    There is a widely shared belief in contemporary epistemology that propositional knowledge is incompatible with certain kinds of luck, most of all with so called veritic luck. A subject is veritically lucky in his or her belief that p if this belief is true not due to its foundations but by mere accident. The acceptance of the thesis of incompatibility of knowledge with this kind of luck led to significant modifications of a popular modern epistemological tripartite analysis of propositional knowledge (...)
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  22.  2
    Obvious and Improbable in Kuhnian Normal Science.Alexander M. Dorozhkin & Anna V. Sakharova - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):142-161.
    The article is devoted to the analysis of some specific characteristics of the language of normal science described by Thomas Kuhn. We would like to draw attention to two problems associated with some features of the concept of paradigms. The first problem relates to the question, how scientists belonging to one paradigm record the position of a group of scientists adhering to another paradigm. Precisely, the article examines how the problem of “synchronous fragmentation of knowledge” is solved in the language (...)
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  23.  6
    Material Consequence and Formal Grounding.Elena G. Dragalina-Chernaya - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):79-95.
    According to Alfred Tarski’s classical definition, logical consequence is necessary and formal. This paper focuses on the question: In what sense is material consequence a logical relation? For Tarski, material consequence has no modal force. Treating all terms as logical, he reduces logical consequence to material consequence. Thus, Tarskian material consequence seems to be a logical oxymoron designed to emphasize the importance of the distinction between logical and extra-logical terms for the definition of logical consequence. Historically, however, there have been (...)
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  24.  19
    Life as Process.John Dupré - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):96-113.
    The thesis of this paper is that our understanding of life, as reflected in the biological and medical sciences but also in our everyday transactions, has been hampered by an inappropriate metaphysics. The metaphysics that has dominated Western philosophy, and that currently shapes most understanding of life and the life sciences, sees the world as composed of things and their properties. While these things appear to undergo all kinds of changes, it has often been supposed that this amounts to no (...)
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  25.  4
    Counter-Expertise.Asya A. Filatova - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):48-57.
    The term “counter-expertise” has recently become a part of the STS theoretical tools, although main topics covered by this term have been the STS subjects for several decades. These themes concern the norms and practices of laypeople participation in assessing the quality of their living conditions. This assessing often clashes with official expertise. First of all, the problem of counterexpertise is considered in the context of the democratization of science, a participatory turn and activism. In this article, using the vocabulary (...)
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  26.  6
    Is Wisdom an Epistemic Virtue?Kirill V. Karpov - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):226-230.
    The article discusses the problem of parallelism of epistemic and moral virtues. The author presents the problem along with other methodological obstacles in virtue epistemology. The importance of the problem of parallelism becomes evident when we turn to the criteria of intellectual evaluation and to the framework of possible intellectual ethos. This problem is discussed in the paper by the example of definitions of master virtue and wisdom proposed by A.R. Karimov.
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  27.  1
    Knowledge and Reality in the Historical Epistemology.Ilya T. Kasavin - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):6-19.
    The article gives a generalized view of the historical epistemology and highlights its main problems: the nature of historical reality, historical knowledge and historical agent. The historical epistemology represents a special philosophical discourse, the purpose of which is constructing historical knowledge for cultural assimilation of the new historical reality at the intersection of science and society. A distinction is proposed between the position of a historian of science and a historical epistemologist in terms of the essence of historical event and (...)
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  28.  2
    Conception and Philosophy of Science.Dmitry M. Koshlakov & Alexander I. Shvyrkov - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):124-141.
    The authors try to show that even Wittgensteinian definition of concept is not always sufficient to analyze what really happens in science. As a result, in addition to “concept” we propose “conception” as a new promising tool for philosophy of science. We provide a brief historical analysis of this term and reveal two main interpretations of “conception” in philosophy and scientific disciplines. In accordance with the first view, conception appears as either a “twin” of the concept, or a pair entity (...)
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  29.  2
    Epistemology of Belief.Alina O. Kostina - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):231-237.
    The following article discovers current trends of contemporary epistemology, related to epistemic agent and his/her activities. A number of issues raised here describe internal experience of the agent, such as voluntary nature of belief formation, trust in one’s faculties of perception, correspondence of formed beliefs to evidence, demarcation between purely epistemic and pragmatic rationality. Another part of the issues is related to external experiences of the agent. The most crucial among them are: blameworthiness of the agent’s belief system, limited intake (...)
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  30.  2
    Between Mutation and Glitch.Alina R. Latypova - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):162-178.
    The following paper considers the immanent principles of digital media evolution. The features of the evolutional route of digital objects are conditioned by glitches, errors and bugs, which appear in media functioning, what in its turn gives birth to the new forms, structures and configurations of digital reality. The glitches are considered not only as a kind of digital mutations, but also as a sign of activity of media. Decisions elaborated from the programs’ failures enlarge the resolution capacity of new (...)
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  31.  1
    Epistemological Analysis of the Concept of Time in Esai Krymetsy’s Scientific Heritage.Anait Meloian & Andrey V. Sharypin - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):208-225.
    Modern science leaves the specific nature of temporality unclear, despite the generally accepted notions of the unity and diversity of the forms of time. In contrast to the nature of space, the history of the development of views on the nature of time is neither evolutionary nor revolutionary. As a result, the focal point of the person biological and cognitive unity is regarded only as an auxiliary tool for constructing a computable world. Considering that the activity of consciousness was and (...)
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  32.  8
    Scientific Realism and Constructive Empiricism.Alexander A. Pechenkin - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):179-191.
    Two conceptions of the contemporary philosophy of science are taken under consideration: scientific realism and constructive empiricism. Scientific realism presupposes 1) the conception of truth as the correspondence of knowledge to reality, 2) the real existence of entities postulated by a theory. The constructive empiricism puts forward the idea of empirical adequacy: science aims to give us the theories which are empirically adequate and acceptance of the theory involves as belief only that it is empirically adequate. To compare methodological resources (...)
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  33.  3
    Epistemic Injustice Is Much Stronger.Sergei Yu Shevchenko - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):58-60.
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  34.  3
    Incline and Admonish.Sergei Yu Shevchenko - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):20-32.
    The article deals with the forms of epistemic injustice associated with the scentization of expertise, its locking in a separate scientific discipline. Counter-expertise is directed against deprivation of the right to speak out about one's own interests which is the most common form of epistemic injustice. But the most radical form is related to the comprehension of other’s phenomenal experience as a derivative of the parameters measured by expert. In this regard, the concept of embodiment can play a crucial role (...)
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  35.  1
    The Prospects of the Mankind in the Era of Technological Singularity.Vladimir S. Smolin - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):192-207.
    The book by Max Tegmark draws attention to the dangers and benefits that await humanity as a result of the Artificial Intelligence technologies development. Cosmologist and astrophysicist Tegmark, realizing the impossibility to predict the AI development, offers exciting scenarios of civilization development options for tens, thousands, millions and billions of years. The analysis of the opposite scenarios is aimed at the idea formation that the consequences of creating a general AI, superior to the human level, will be more significant than (...)
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  36.  2
    Epistemic Injustice as Systemic Communicative Dysfunction.Pavel D. Tishchenko - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):42-47.
    It is argued that epistemic injustice as a problem of expertise is related not only to its scientization, closure, and the inability of institutionalized experts to hear the voice of representatives of the marginal communities, as stated in the article by S.Y. Shevchenko, but also to systemic communicative dysfunction in the relations of scientists, experts, representatives of marginal communities and state authorities. It is supposed that dashing about of dysfunctionality of interactions is the mistrust of social actors to each other (...)
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  37.  48
    G.W. Leibniz: Sign and the Problem of Expression.Dimitri A. Bayuk & Olga B. Fedorova - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):146-165.
    The disciplinary differentiation of sciences attracted Leibniz’s attention for a long period of time. From nowadays prospects it looks very well grounded as soon as in Leibniz’s manuscripts a modern scholar finds clue ideas of any research field which would tempt him to consider Leibniz as one of the founders of this particular discipline. We argue that this is possible only in retrospection and would significantly distort the essence of Leibniz’s epistemology. Our approach implies, in contrary, the investigation of the (...)
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  38.  1
    Deciphering Hume.Evgeniy N. Blinov - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):202-215.
    The present article analyzes an ambitious attempt to revisit and reevaluate Hume’s metaphysical project in the early 21th century, proposed by Vadim Vasilyev. His claim is to demonstrate that the problems raised by the author of Treatise of Human Nature and Enquiry concerning Human Understanding are far from being completely resolved and could provide us some valuable hints into the problems of contemporary analytical metaphysics. Against a widespread consensus that the evolution in Hume’s had been insignificant, Vasilyev maintains that his (...)
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  39.  2
    Russian Engineering in the Context of Philosophical and Sociological Studies.Elena E. Chebotareva - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):131-145.
    This article explores the problems of Russian engineering in the context of the world studies in philosophy of engineering. Firstly, the author highlights the main questions and topics of the modern philosophy of engineering: what engineering is, the “magic” and “human-oriented” nature of technologies, and models of engineering ethics. Secondly, the article presents a specific mythological narrative of domestic engineers and shows the inclusion of this “theory” in alternate historical fiction. Thirdly, the article identifies the reasons for emergence of such (...)
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  40.  5
    The Gay Science of Francis Bacon.Igor S. Dmitriev - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):181-201.
    The article is the study of some aspects of the methodology of scientific knowledge that F. Bacon addressed in his treatise “New Organon” and in other works in one way or another related to his work on the project of the Instauratio Magna Scientiarum. The article focuses on the following three questions: Bacon’s attitude to Aristotle’s legacy, the context of Bacon’s doctrine of idols and the reasons for the English philosopher to choose a fragmented form of presentation of his ideas (...)
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  41.  1
    Technoscience, Biopolitics and Biobanking.Stanislav M. Gavrilenko - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):38-44.
    The author considers two additions to analysis of technoscience, suggested by Olga Koshovets and Igor Frolov. First, technoscience is not just regime of knowledge production, which brings into play enormous technological and organizational resources, but is a regime, regulated by mandatory requirement to produce knowledge, which should be transformed into endowed with market value goods and services. Second, technoscience is an ever-faster colonization of natural and social worlds by technoobjects. In the author's view, the main problem with technoscience is not (...)
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  42.  1
    Turning Back to Kuhn.Ilya T. Kasavin & Vladimir N. Porus - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):6-19.
    The article examines the problem of interpreting normal and revolutionary science in the concept of Thomas Kuhn. It is shown that the “normal science” is the central concept of the Kuhn’s history of science, designed in accordance with the normative definition of science adopted by him. Such a story serves an internal purpose – to justify the special epistemical status of expert knowledge. But there is also an external goal – to establish professional science as an institution with special epistemological (...)
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  43.  1
    Brave New World.Olga B. Koshovets & Igor E. Frolov - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):20-31.
    The article focuses on the crucial changes that science as an established social institution and an epistemological enterprise is undergoing, the key one is the loss of its monopoly on the production of socially useful knowledge and gradual transformation into something new, which, due to institutional and cultural reasons, we continue to call ‘science’. We suppose that the most appropriate conceptualization of the new phenomenon, which is replacing science as an institution, is “technoscience”, since the technical component in scientific practices (...)
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  44.  1
    Science in Danger, or Technoscience Becomes Dangerous?Olga B. Koshovets & Igor E. Frolov - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):51-58.
    This paper summarizes the discussion on technoscience and its key question whether the phenomenon indicated by this term means a radical transformation of science and its replacement with some new social objectification. Based on the remarks of the discussion participants, we raise questions on mathematical rationality contribution in technoscience development, technical domination on nature and man as the leitmotif of the New European culture and the connection of techno-science, financial capital and liberal capitalism.
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  45.  5
    Conceptual Schemes and Relativism.Lolita B. Makeeva & Mikhail A. Smirnov - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):59-78.
    The idea of conceptual schemes is one of the most influential and widely used notions in contemporary philosophy. Within the analytic tradition the idea occupies a fundamental position in positivist views as well as in replacing them post-positivist conceptions. Outside the analytic tradition a similar idea is of key importance in structuralist and post-structuralist theories. Despite the broad applicability of the notion of a conceptual scheme, its precise sense is far from being evident in the context of various philosophical trends. (...)
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  46.  1
    The Basic Ideas for Constructing Methodological Concept of Sociality.Vadim M. Rozin - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):96-109.
    The article discusses the crisis situation in sociology, and in connection with this, ideas are outlined aimed at constructing a methodological concept of sociality. It is noted that the crisis in sociology takes place due to the transition of sociologists to interdisciplinary research. It seems that such an interdisciplinary turn is unsafe for sociology as a scientific discipline, primarily in terms of understanding the subject and the integrity of the reality being studied. Analyzing the crisis in sociology, the author considers (...)
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  47.  3
    Causal Efficiency of Intentional Acts.Maria A. Sekatskaya - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):79-95.
  48.  1
    Technoscience: “Where the Danger Is, Grows the Saving Power Also”.Lada V. Shipovalova - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):45-50.
    The article is a response to the arguments by O.B. Koshovets and I.E. Frolov on the emergence of "technoscience”. Technoscience is opposed by the authors to the classical science characterized by the dominance of the technological component of research and capitalization of knowledge. The article focuses on two tasks. The first one supposes an appeal to the historical origins of technoscience and demonstrates significant relationship between technoscience and classical science. The second one involves the disclosure of contemporary negative trends of (...)
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  49.  1
    Technoscience – Science Without Scientists?Taras A. Varkhotov - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):32-37.
    The article outlines a look at technoscience or mode 2 as a results of the development of statistics as a mathematical method and an instrument of social management, as well as the deprofessionalization of science due to the overproduction of specialists and the introduction of design forms of work into the practice of the scientific community. A decrease of the scientists’ expert status is noted, and an assessment is given of the prospects for the complete degeneration of classical science into (...)
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  50.  2
    David Hume’s Epistemology and Its Contemporary Importance.Vadim V. Vasilyev - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):166-180.
    The paper is about some epistemological ideas of David Hume. At first, I give a review of his most influential epistemological conceptions: his exposition of the problem of induction in the context of his investigation of the nature of empirical reasonings, his analysis of epistemic status of the principle of causation, and his skeptical arguments concerning existence of external world and demonstrative knowledge. Then I discuss those Hume’s epistemological ideas which, as I believe, are usually not rightly understood in literature (...)
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  51.  3
    Language as a Dynamic System.Ekaterina V. Vostrikova & Petr S. Kusliy - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):110-130.
    In this article, we examine the key ideas of Wilhelm von Humboldt about language and their relevance to the contemporary research in the field of linguistics. In his works, N. Chomsky describes Humboldt as a key predecessor of the generative approach. The authors discuss the concrete aspects of Humboldt’s influence on generative linguistics drawing special attention to his notion of Form. The authors also observe that Humboldt’s works also contain statements about the deep differences that exist between different languages, as (...)
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