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  1. Georgia Zwischen Eigenstaatlichkeit Und Russische Okkupation: (Georgia Between Nationhood and Russian Occupation), by Philipp Ammon, Frankfurt Am Main, Vittorio Klostermann GmbH, 2020, 238 Pp., 29.80€, ISBN-10: 346504407X, ISBN-13: 978-3465044079. [REVIEW]Andrew Andersen - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):900-902.
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  2.  1
    Constructing ‘Englishness’ and Promoting ‘Politeness’ Through a ‘Francophobic’ Bestseller: Télémaque in England.Aris Della Fontana - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):766-792.
    ABSTRACT This article draws attention to the reception that François Fénelon's Télémaque received in England in the first half of the eighteenth century. It overturns the historiographical assumption that the Jacobites were the leading disseminators of this continental bestseller on the other side of the Channel. Even though in the English intellectual context Télémaque's framework was unorthodox, many staunch supporters of the Glorious Revolution were fascinated by the book's portrayal of a virtuous king who respects laws, rights and liberties, and (...)
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  3. Tracing Tradition. The Idea of Cancerous Contagiousness From Renaissance to Enlightenment.Daniel Droixhe - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):754-765.
    ABSTRACT This paper is concerned with landmarks in the history of the idea of cancerous contagiousness from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment. The origins of the idea of cancerous contagiousness is considered on the basis of Galen’s distinction between scabiesleprosy, cancer and elephantiasis. Paul of Aegina established the association between these latter diseases. In the fourteenth century, a ‘new line of inquiry’ developed concerning the transmission of diseases like plague, and G. Fracastoro applied this approach by stating that putrefaction and (...)
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  4.  2
    Trust and Happiness in the History of European Political Thought: Edited by László Kontler and Mark Somos, Leiden, Brill, 2018, Xv + 481 Pp., €159 (Hardback), ISBN: 978-90-04-35367-1. [REVIEW]Ioannis D. Evrigenis - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):896-897.
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  5.  1
    Morris, Mill, and Baudelaire: Sources of Wildean Socialism.Seamus Flaherty - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):827-843.
    ABSTRACT This article examines Oscar Wilde’s liberal socialist tract, ‘The Soul of Man Under Socialism’. It posits three discrete arguments. It argues, firstly, that in ‘The Soul of Man’ Wilde was deeply engaged with the socialist theory of William Morris. It claims that Wilde not only repudiated Morris’s aesthetic philosophy, rejecting Morris’s views about co-operation, usefulness, and tradition, and pouring scorn on the notion of dignity in manual labour, but that Wilde also echoed Morris’s utopian romance, News from Nowhere, in (...)
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  6. Culture and Political Commitment in the Non-Orthodox Marxist Left: The Case of Quaderni Piacentini in Pre-1968 Italy.Fabio Guidali - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):862-875.
    ABSTRACT Quaderni piacentini, set up in 1962 by Piergiorgio Bellocchio and Grazia Cherchi, was probably the most iconic leftist periodical in Italy before 1968. Its criticism against both the Italian Communist Party for its non-revolutionary policy and the reformist centre-left coalition, its uncompromising ethics, and its exploring into non-orthodox Marxist approaches made it representative of the intellectual New Left in Italy, against the background of advanced industrialization. This article explores the changing perception of the role of intellectuals in society from (...)
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  7.  1
    Representation and Scholastic Political Thought.Sean Messarra - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):737-753.
    ABSTRACT This article traces the considerable development of a language of representation derived from Cicero's De officiis from late antiquity into early modern scholastic political thought. Cicero turned to the term persona, which signified the mask worn by actors of ancient theatre, to describe the particular duty of a magistrate who was understood ‘to bear the person of the city [se gerere personam civitatis]’. Thomas Hobbes's reliance on this terminology for his theory of the state in Leviathan is well known, (...)
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  8.  1
    James Beattie, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Character of Common Sense Philosophy.R. J. W. Mills - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):793-810.
    ABSTRACT Professor of Moral Philosophy at Marischal College, Aberdeen, James Beattie was one of the most prominent literary figures of late eighteenth-century Britain. His major works, An Essay on the Nature and Immutability of Truth and the two-canto poem The Minstrel, were two of the best-sellers of the Scottish Enlightenment and were key to Beattie’s role in the emergence of both the ‘Scottish School’ of Common Sense Philosophy and British Romanticism. Intellectual history scholarship on the Scottish Enlightenment has tended to (...)
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  9. The Physiocrats and Empire: Economistes and the Reinvention of Empire: France in the Americas and Africa, C. 1750–1802, by Pernille Røge, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2019, 310 Pp., £75 (Hardback), ISBN: 9781108483131. [REVIEW]Gabriel Sabbagh & Richard Whatmore - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):898-900.
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  10.  1
    The ‘Rightful Place in Man's Enduring Chronicle’: Arendt's Benjaminian Historiography.Liesbeth Schoonheim - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):844-861.
    ABSTRACT The influence by Walter Benjamin on Arendt’s notion of narrativity has been firmly established, but little research has been done to contextualize his influence. This paper fill this lacunae by showing how, like Benjamin, Arendt was concerned to deploy a form of writing history that ensures the individuality of its agents, but that as she articulated her notion of the public space, the redemptive, messianic elements in his historiography were replaced with a secular and political mode of remembrance. The (...)
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  11.  1
    Determinism and Moral Freedom: Spiritualist Fault Lines in a Debate at the Société Française de Philosophie.Pietro Terzi - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):876-895.
    ABSTRACT Like other philosophical traditions, what we call French spiritualism is a complicated constellation of thinkers who developed partially divergent answers to shared themes or concerns. In order to avoid easy generalizations and artificial labels, this article aims to explore the many-voiced character of this tradition by focusing on a debate on the notion of ‘liberté morale’ that took place in 1903 at the Société française de philosophie. Given the number and the calibre of the participants, as well as the (...)
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  12.  1
    Establishing Expansion as a Legal Right: An Analysis of French Colonial Discourse Surrounding Protectorate Treaties.Jong-pil Yoon - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (6):811-826.
    ABSTRACT This essay analyses French literature on protectorates that was published in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Firstly, I examine French understanding of protectorates with a focus on contrasting views about whether or not a protectorate treaty warrants the intervention of the protector in the internal affairs of the protected. In doing so, I attempt to delineate specific ways legal scholarship engaged with the ideological construction of a supposedly uncivilized other. Then I move on to trace the development (...)
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  13.  1
    The British Commonwealth as Liberal International Avatar: With the Spines of Burke.Tomohito Baji - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):649-665.
    ABSTRACT This article examines early twentieth-century British Commonwealth ideologies as historical precursors of empire-related Euroscepticism, with a particular focus on the thought of Reginald Coupland and Alfred Zimmern. It shows that the liberal internationalists committed to advocating the Commonwealth, Coupland and Zimmern sought to promote an idealized view of the empire by portraying it as a harmonious and multiagency polity grounded in a supposed benign form of nationalism and internationalism. The essay also highlights a relatively disregarded ideological source of the (...)
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  14. Afterword.Eugenio Biagini - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):730-736.
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  15. The Paris Commune in the British Socialist Imagination, 1871–1914.Laura C. Forster - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):614-632.
    ABSTRACT This article is concerned with manifestations of the memory of the Paris Commune in Britain in the decades after 1871. It is about how the Commune was incorporated into the mythology, the canon, of British socialism, and how the memory of the Commune furnished British socialism with powerful and useful symbols. In highlighting the ways in which the events of 1871 captured the British socialist imagination, what follows shows how, despite its oft-emphasised insularity, British socialism was made through the (...)
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  16. Introduction: Britain, European Civilization and the Idea of Liberty.Georgios Giannakopoulos - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):539-544.
    ABSTRACT The complex web of intellectual exchanges between Britain and Europe remains a peripheral concern for historians interested in the circulation of ideas across national, international and imperial frameworks. This special issue attempts to fill the lacuna by presenting new research on the triangular relationship between Britain, Europe and the idea of liberty during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The articles featured in this issue revisit established narratives, discuss novel case-studies and address the question of Britain's special relationship with liberty (...)
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  17.  1
    Re-Staging the ‘Eastern Question’: Arthur J. Evans and the Search for the Origins of European Civilization in the Balkans.Georgios Giannakopoulos - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):601-613.
    ABSTRACT The article revisits the history of the ‘Eastern Question’ and its impact in late Victorian England through the lens of the British scholar Arthur J. Evans. Evans is best known for his archaeological discoveries in the island of Crete in the beginning of the twentieth century. His journalistic and archaeological ventures in the Balkans in the 1870s and 1880s have received scant attention. The article recovers Evans’ activities which straddled humanitarianism, political activism, archaeology, anthropology/ethnography and journalism. Although Evans was (...)
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  18.  1
    Russian Revolutionary Terrorism, British Liberals, and the Problem of Empire.Lara Green - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):633-648.
    ABSTRACT Britain in the fin de siècle was home to many significant communities of political émigrés. Among Russian revolutionaries who made London their home were Sergei Stepniak and Feliks Volkhovskii, forced to flee Russia as a result of their revolutionary activities in the 1870s. Britain became a symbol of liberty in their writings as a source of comparison with tsarist rule. These comparisons also supported their justifications of the use of terrorism by Russian revolutionaries when writing for audiences with concerns (...)
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  19.  1
    Gegen Deutsches K.Z. Paradies. Thinking About Englishness on the Isle of Man During the Second World War.Dina Gusejnova - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):697-714.
    ABSTRACT This paper focuses on the intellectual output of the internees held captive as ‘enemy aliens’ on the Isle of Man during the Second World War. Looking at their interactions with local and national knowledge communities, including some Methodist priests who were responsible for introducing the internees to British political culture, it analyses how the social environment of internment created common intellectual experiences, which in turn led members of this involuntary community of displaced German-speaking scholars to form particular conceptions of (...)
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  20.  1
    Establishing a Constitutional ‘Right of Asylum’ in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain.Thomas C. Jones - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):545-562.
    ABSTRACT For several generations before the First World War, the idea that the British constitution contained a ‘right of asylum' for foreign nationals was commonplace. Though this belief had profound consequences for Britain's treatment of political and religious exiles, its relations with foreign states, and the drafting of its extradition and immigration laws, there has been little enquiry into its origins. This article delineates the emergence of the idea of a constitutional ‘right of asylum', locating it in a series of (...)
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  21.  1
    Mid-Victorian Liberalism and the Austrian State, 1848–1867.Alex Middleton - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):582-600.
    ABSTRACT This article examines attitudes towards the Austrian state among British Liberals, in the years between the European revolutions of 1848 and the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867. Much commentary in this period treated Austria as an antagonistic, autocratic menace, as had become conventional since Waterloo. But the 1850s and 1860s also saw the growth of a more substantial interest in the architecture of the Habsburg monarchy. Its transition from despotism to constitutionalism was used to affirm some of the basic claims (...)
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  22. ‘Families of Mankind’: British Liberty, League Internationalism, and the Traffic in Women and Children.Jeanne Morefield - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):681-696.
    ABSTRACT The League of Nations’ long term interest in the traffic in women and children mirrored, in key ways, what I call the ‘familial internationalism’ of some of its most influential British founders. Grounded in their understanding of the British Empire as an institution uniquely able to reconcile ‘liberty and self-government’ with the denial of liberty and self-government to the colonies, this vision of internationalism recast nations as cultural ‘families of mankind’ rather than political units with a right to sovereignty. (...)
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  23.  1
    Numbers and Norms: Robert René Kuczynski and the Development of Demography in Interwar Britain.Anne Schult - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):715-729.
    ABSTRACT This article explores the effects of scientific governance on personal liberty in interwar Britain through the work and life of German-Jewish demographer Robert René Kuczynski. Kuczynski arrived in Britain as a refugee in 1933 and, within the span of a few years, moved from being a researcher and reader at the London School of Economics to becoming demographic adviser to the Colonial Office. In the service of the British government, Kuczynski realized the first complete demographic survey of the British (...)
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  24.  2
    This Famous Island is the Home of Freedom’: Winston Churchill and the Battle for ‘European Civilization.Richard Toye - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):666-680.
    ABSTRACT This article explores the relationship between Churchill’s view of Britain as the home of freedom and his broader conception of Western/european civilization. It considers: first, his attitude to Classical learning and culture; second, his experiences of European travel; and third, his attitude to the Bolsheviks as the barbaric antithesis of civilization. It is argued that his vision of the European future was linked both to his own experiences of free and civilized travel in the Nineteenth Century and a growing (...)
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  25.  2
    When Did Britain Join the Occident? On the Origins of the Idea of ‘the West’ in English.Georgios Varouxakis - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (5):563-581.
    ABSTRACT This article takes issue with the current orthodoxy that the idea of ‘the West' as a supranational self-description based on civilizational commonality first emerged in English in the 1890s and 1900s in the context of the needs of British high imperialism. It shows, first, that there were, already in the eighteenth century, incipient attempts towards a term denoting a distinctive West-European cultural unity. It argues, further, that such uses were rather casual and interchangeable with overwhelmingly more references to ‘Europe' (...)
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  26.  2
    From Realpolitik to Realism: The American Reception of a German Conception of Politics.Frederico Seixas Dias - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (4):405-419.
    ABSTRACTDialoguing with, but going beyond the current history of realist thought in International Relations, the article reflects on how German émigrés contributed to the reception of Realpolitik in the Anglophone political discourse in the form of political realism. It pursues the origins of the concept in mid-nineteenth-century Germany, its first reception in the US by American-born intellectuals, and by German émigrés one century later. Focusing on the work of Hans Morgenthau, it suggests that the theory of political realism stands as (...)
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  27.  3
    Notes on Hume’s History.Cailean Gallagher - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (4):458-537.
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  28.  4
    Lies, Liberty, and the Fall of the Stuarts: James Steuart's Commentary on Hume's History of England.Cailean Gallagher - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (4):438-457.
    ABSTRACTThis article presents a commentary by James Steuart on David Hume’s History of the Tudors, written in the early 1760s. In doing so, the article sketches new aspects of Steuart’s political and historical thought at a time when he was hopeful about returning to Scotland from his long continental exile, following his leading role in the 1745 Jacobite rising. After providing a short biographical context, it establishes that the text was written whilst Steuart was working on his Political Oeconomy, and (...)
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  29.  1
    Hermann Heller on Politics: Discipline, Sphere and Activity.Anthoula Malkopoulou - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (4):393-404.
    ABSTRACTMost students of politics are familiar with Carl Schmitt’s definition of politics as a friend–enemy distinction. Yet, only few know of alternative conceptions of politics in interwar Germany that emphasize cooperation and legality over confrontation and decisionism. To unlock such views, this article examines the work of Hermann Heller, a social-democratic constitutional theorist, and takes a close look at his conceptualization of politics as a sphere, activity and discipline. For Heller, ‘the political’ consists in turning human conflict into social cooperation. (...)
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  30.  2
    Political Science as a Topic in Post-War German Bundestag Debates.Kari Palonen - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (4):360-373.
    ABSTRACTThe conceptual history of politics in post-WWII Germany is connected to the history of academic political science. From the Bundestag plenary debates both the controversies on the political science itself and the contributors of both contemporary scholars and the ‘classics’ of the understanding of politics can be studied. The digitalisation of parliamentary debates opens up new chances for conceptual research in this regard. The article studies the conceptual commitments in the use of the discipline titles and actors, and looks at (...)
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  31.  2
    Peaceful Strife: Dolf Sternberger’s Concept of the Political Revisited.Timo Pankakoski - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (4):374-392.
    ABSTRACTThis article revisits Dolf Sternberger’s 1960 theory, which, in explicit opposition to Carl Schmitt’s friend/enemy thesis, found the essence of politics and the political in peace. The essay contextualizes Sternberger’s propositions by relating them to his immediate post-1945 considerations – such as normalizing domestic politics, jettisoning authoritarianism, and laying the conceptual foundations for the nascent political science – and thereby reconstructs the questions his theory of the political sought to answer. The analysis shows in detail how the key elements of (...)
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  32.  2
    Political Science in the Age of ‘Total Politics’: Concepts of Politics and Fundamental Disciplinary Ideas in Early West German Political Science.Veith Selk - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (4):420-437.
    ABSTRACTThe paper examines the political ideas of founding figures of West German political science by engaging with formative texts from the post-war period of neo-Aristotelian, Critical Theory, ordoliberal and catholic perspective. It is argued that these early German political scientists coincided in the diagnosis of living in a thoroughly politicized post-liberal age. They rejected the separation between empirical and normative political science and devised heterogeneous disciplinary approaches that can be classified as republican, power-realist, and expertocratic. Although democracy was an important (...)
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  33.  2
    Politics, the Political, and Political Science in the German Tradition.Veith Selk - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (4):357-359.
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  34.  1
    Schleiermacher and the State.Christopher Adair-Toteff - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (3):298-309.
    ABSTRACTSchleiermacher’s doctrine of the state has long been neglected yet he offers a novel theory of the state. It is intended to avoid the traditional theories which believe that the state is a function of religion and the modern theories which tend to view the state as based upon a contract. Instead, Schleiermacher conceives of the state as an organic community which is dedicated to reformations in the church, education, family, and defense. While this essay is historically oriented, like most (...)
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  35.  2
    Philosophers in Blue Shirts: Tovar’s Vida de Sócrates.José Luis Bellón Aguilera - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (3):310-324.
    ABSTRACTThis article focuses on the book Vida de Socrates by Antonio Tovar Llorente, a Naziphile during World War II, loyal to the ideals of the Falange for many years until he publicly shifted to more liberal positions during the 1960s. The essay examines why Socrates was chosen as the book’s subject, how he is linked to the author’s political ideology in the 1940s, and the author’s relationship to his book when it was reprinted in 1966 and 1984. The article explores (...)
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  36.  7
    Politics Without Romance? The Pursuit of Consent in Democracy.Arianna Bove - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (3):325-340.
    Democratic governance is under increasing scrutiny as a result of waning trust in political institutions, and a widening gap between public aspirations and government performance. The purpose of this paper is to address what is currently diagnosed as a democratic deficit by calling into question the notion of consent, procedures advocated in its pursuit, and its relationship with democracy. To this purpose, the paper reviews seminal works that have investigated the nexus of democracy and consent over time: The Calculus of (...)
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  37.  4
    Politics Without Romance? The Pursuit of Consent in Democracy.Arianna Bove - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (3):325-340.
    ABSTRACTDemocratic governance is under increasing scrutiny as a result of waning trust in political institutions, and a widening gap between public aspirations and government performance. The purpose of this paper is to address what is currently diagnosed as a democratic deficit by calling into question the notion of consent, procedures advocated in its pursuit, and its relationship with democracy. To this purpose, the paper reviews seminal works that have investigated the nexus of democracy and consent over time: The Calculus of (...)
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  38.  1
    From Soul to Mind in Hobbes’s The Elements of Law.Alexandra Chadwick - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (3):257-275.
    ABSTRACTThis paper examines the significance and originality of Hobbes’s use of ‘mind’, rather than ‘soul’, in his writings on human nature. To this end, his terminology in the discussion of the ‘faculties of the mind’ in The Elements of Law, Natural and Politic is considered in the context of English-language accounts of the ‘faculties of the soul’ in three widely-read works from the first half of the seventeenth century: Thomas Wright’s The Passions of the Minde in Generall, Robert Burton’s The (...)
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  39. The Lost History of Political Liberalism.Gregory Conti & William Selinger - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (3):341-354.
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  40.  1
    Naming Pain: Sense of Suffering and Sense of Self in Girolamo Cardano.Anna Corrias - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (3):227-241.
    ABSTRACTHardly a few people manage to escape big fears without dying [of them]; not so with pains. This statement captures Cardano's understanding of the difference between mental and physical pain. As a physician with a lifelong history of anxiety and alienation, Cardano inquired ceaselessly into the nature of the delicate interaction between the two kinds of pain. It was his belief that the subtle nature of mental suffering makes it difficult, if not impossible, to identify, name, and give a meaning (...)
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  41.  3
    Two Unpublished Letters of David Ricardo to Thomas Smith of Easton Grey.Christophe Depoortère - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (3):292-297.
    ABSTRACTThis paper introduces and transcripts two hitherto unpublished letters by the political economist David Ricardo to his neighbour and intimate friend Thomas Smith of Easton Grey. In these letters dated 11 December 1819 and 12 February 1821, Ricardo mentioned the third edition of his Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, as well as his notes on the first edition of Malthus’s Principles of Political Economy Considered with a View to their Applications. Ricardo referred also to several contemporary debates in the (...)
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  42.  2
    Regenerating Humanism.Emma Planinc - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (3):242-256.
    ABSTRACTPosthumanist and New Materialist thought attempts to undo the supremacy and distinction of the human being through accounting for the agential capacities of the animal and material world. New Materialism in particular constructs a vision of a vital natural world in order to turn us away from humanism and toward a more holistic understanding of nature, and political actants. In this article, I argue that there can be a humanist new materialist position that sees the vitalism of the natural world (...)
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  43. The Cambridge History of French Thought: Edited by Michael Moriarty and Jeremy Jennings, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2019, Xviii + 570 Pp., £125.00 (Hardback), ISBN 978-1-107-16367-6. [REVIEW]Michael Sonenscher - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (3):355-356.
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  44.  2
    Hugo Grotius on the Agglomerate Polity of Philip II.Jan Waszink - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (3):276-291.
    ABSTRACTThe aim of this article is to look at an early 17th-century analysis of a prince’s management of an ‘agglomerate polity’ in order to obtain a view of its chief focuses, concerns, and terms of analysis. Four main types of issues appear : 1. Acceptation and legitimacy of a prince who was perceived to ignore local customs, rights and interests of his various territories; 2. The king’s representatives and intermediaries, their management of their task, or the King’s management of them; (...)
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  45.  9
    Hegel’s Intervention in Württemberg’s Constitutional Conflict.Elias Buchetmann - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (2):157-174.
    ABSTRACTIn so far as Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s political thought is placed in historical context, Prussia usually takes pride of place even among those who reject the tenacious stereotype of ‘the Prussian state philosopher’. This article in contrast draws attention to Hegel’s often neglected intervention in Württemberg’s constitutional conflict in 1817/18. Drawing on contemporary pamphlets, lecture transcripts and correspondence, it provides an analysis of Hegel’s Assessment of the Proceedings of the Estates Assembly of the Kingdom of Württemberg in 1815 and (...)
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  46.  2
    Placeless People. Writing, Rights and Refugees: By Lyndsey Stonebridge, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2018, 244 Pp., £22.5 (Hardback), ISBN 9780198797005. [REVIEW]Andre Santos Campos - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (2):212-215.
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  47.  3
    Gramsci’s Critique of Croce on the Catholic Church.Takahiro Chino - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (2):175-189.
    ABSTRACTAntonio Gramsci rigorously analysed the modern transformation of the Catholic Church and its strategy to spread its worldview to the Italian masses through secular means. His critique of the Church largely drew on his examination of the grounds that ensured Croce’s critique was doomed to failure. Despite its harshness, Croce’s critique failed because he did not grasp that the main target of the Church’s strategy was the common sense of the masses, while Croce pursued his critique in a highly idealist (...)
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  48. Quesnay’s Thought and Influence Through Two Related Texts, Droit Naturel and Despotisme de la Chine, and Their Editions.Gabriel Sabbagh - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (2):131-156.
    ABSTRACTBetween 1765 and 1767 Quesnay published Droit naturel and Despotisme de la Chine. I show that these texts are strongly related. I study their various versions and editions, some of which were previously poorly known, and attempt to evaluate their readership. I uncover a lost manuscript and neglected sources of Despotisme de la Chine which help to clarify various points about the text. It is shown that it was finished most probably well before the end of 1766. Its economic contents (...)
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  49. The Politics of Commercial Treaties in the Eighteenth Century: Edited by Antonella Alimento and Koen Stapelbroek, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, XI, 472, £80 (Hardback), ISBN 978-3-319-53574-6. [REVIEW]James Stafford - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (2):215-217.
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  50.  2
    ‘The Fatherland Perished in the Frozen Wastes of Russia’: West-Germans in Search of the European Soldier, 1940–1967.Jan Tattenberg - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (2):190-208.
    ABSTRACTAlthough the European Union is today largely understood as the guarantor of peace and prosperity on the continent, a continued but neglected aspect of discourses of European integration has been military integration. The idea of a European army appealed in particular to West-German military elites. European military integration, they understood in part as a pragmatic response to technological and geopolitical developments. But they also sought to conceive of a way to safeguard both the West-German state and the Christian Occident from (...)
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  51.  4
    Ancients and Moderns in Sixteenth-Century Ethnography.Kathryn Taylor - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (2):113-130.
    ABSTRACTThe sixteenth-century reckoning with extra-European peoples and cultures occurred at precisely the same moment that humanists were increasingly preoccupied with the daily life, material culture, and lived religion of classical antiquity. Leading figures in sixteenth-century antiquarianism took an abiding interest in ethnographic accounts of contemporary peoples and even produced such accounts. This article examines how sixteenth-century readers and scholars placed bodies of literature on ancient and modern customs in dialogue with one another. While scholars have long appreciated that ethnographic and (...)
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  52.  2
    Michael Polanyi and Otto Neurath: An Unplanned Parallel in British Intellectual Life: Review of Gábor Bíró: The Economic Thought of Michael Polanyi, by Gábor Bíró Abingdon and New York, Routledge, 2020, Ix + 178 Pp., £115.00 (Hardcover), ISBN 978-0-367-24563-4. [REVIEW]Adam Tamas Tuboly - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (2):218-224.
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  53.  1
    Hugo Grotius, A Lifelong Struggle for Peace in Church and State, 1583–1645: By H. J. M. Nellen. Translated From the Dutch by J. C. Grayson, Leiden/Boston, Brill, 2015, 827 Pp., ISBN 978-90-04-27436-5 (Hardback) and 978-90-04-28179-0 (E-Book); Plus 130 Illustrations, Partly in Colour. [REVIEW]Jan Waszink - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (2):209-211.
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  54. Negotiating ‘Outer Europe’: The Trades Union Congress , Transnational Trade Unionism and European Integration in the 1950s.Matthew Broad - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (1):59-78.
    ABSTRACTThe 1950s were a frenetic moment in the European integration process during which the European Economic Community, the ultimately abortive Free Trade Area, and subsequently the European Free Trade Association were all negotiated. Trade unions showed keen interest in these schemes; moreover, their own highly institutionalised cooperation suggested they might come to play a key role in shaping them. And yet scholars have argued how divergent traditions and domestic pressures precluded the emergence of a coherent trade union platform on European (...)
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  55.  2
    Whoever Launches the Biggest Sputnik has Solved the Problems of Society? Technology and Futurism for Western European Social Democrats and Communists in the 1950s.Ettore Costa - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (1):95-112.
    ABSTRACTBy analysing the policies and ideas of German social democracy, the British Labour Party and the Italian Communist Party, this article explores their attitude towards science and their imagination of the future in the 1950s. Deeply different, social democrats and communists shared a positivist attitude in favour of scientific progress and high modernity. This painted their attitude towards the space race, peaceful nuclear power and automation. Science was conceived as a neutral power to be supported, but it required political guidance (...)
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  56.  1
    Introduction: Transnationalism in the 1950s Europe, Ideas, Debates and Politics.Ettore Costa & Mats Andrén - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (1):1-12.
    ABSTRACTThis special issue re-evaluates the 1950s as a period of transnationalism in ideas and political practices, offering innovative insights into political history and political ideas. Without setting the national and transnational spheres against each other, the issue argues that the dialectics between the two was a defining element of Europe in this period. The articles explore transnational cooperation and exchanges among intellectuals, politicians and trade unionists, showing how they were changing in their interaction. The editorial sets out from the research (...)
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  57.  1
    From Imperial Discussion to Transnational Debate. The Commonwealth Journal The Round Table and the Indo-Pakistani Partition, 1947–1957.Jens Norrby - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (1):25-40.
    ABSTRACTThe political shockwaves from the partition of India and Pakistan were felt far beyond the local tragedies that followed in its wake – not least in British imperial politics, where the two new Dominions and the subsequent reorganisation of the Commonwealth drastically altered the character of the imperial machinery. This article covers the first decade of Pakistan’s and India’s independence through the activity of the Commonwealth journal The Round Table. Through studying the interaction between the local correspondents and the English (...)
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  58.  2
    ‘No Automation Must Be Achieved Without Improving Living Standards’. The British Labour Party, the Italian Socialist Party and the German Social Democratic Party During the Postwar Technological Revolution.Jacopo Perazzoli - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (1):79-94.
    ABSTRACTThis article discusses the connection between Western socialist parties and technological development during the 1950s. The cases of the British Labour Party, the German Social Democracy, and the Italian Socialist Party let us to examine socialist perspectives in managing technological progress and in conceiving programmes and purposes on scientific research. This choice allows to understand two different aspects: on the one hand, the new pragmatism of socialist and social democratic parties, which was a typical trait of Postwar's socialist revisionism; on (...)
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  59.  1
    Nationalism, Transnationalism and European Socialism in the 1950s: A Comparison of the French and German Cases.Brian Shaev - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (1):41-58.
    ABSTRACTThis article explores national dimensions of transnational interaction between the French Socialist Party and the German Social Democratic Party in the 1940s–1950s within a comparative framework. Doing so allows us to uncover why the French and German parties retained intensive transnational contacts with one another despite their disappointments with postwar socialist internationalism. The SFIO and SPD were eager to put a socialist stamp on reconstruction, European integration, and French-German relations. The article shows why transnational engagement with their cross-Rhine colleagues appeared (...)
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