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  1.  7
    Moral Injury, Jus Ad Bellum, and Conscientious Refusal.Fiala Andrew - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
    Although jus in bello violations create transgressive acts that cause moral injury, the primary consideration in thinking about moral injury should be jus ad bellum. If one is fighting in an ad bellum just war, then transgressive acts can be rationalized in a way that allows for consolation. But for morally sensitive combatants engaged in an ad bellum unjust war, consolation is more difficult since there is no way to justify or rationalize morally problematic deeds committed in defense of an (...)
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  2.  1
    Review of "Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are?". [REVIEW]N. Caton Jacob - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
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  3.  1
    Review of "Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are?". [REVIEW]N. Caton Jacob - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
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  4.  2
    Review of "Public Reason Confucianism: Democratic Perfectionism and Constitutionalism in East Asia". [REVIEW]Yi Deng - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
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  5. Despairing About War: The Democratic Limits of Pessimism.Suzanne Dovi - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
    The realities of modern war provide lots of reasons for pessimism and despair. In this article, I identify ways pessimism cannot only undercut the types of political action needed to end war but also conflict with central democratic norms, e.g. equality and political autonomy. Contrary to the growing literature on pessimism, which stresses its resources for negotiating the moral chaos and disenchantment of modernity, I highlight the democratic costs of relying on pessimism to stop war. To do this, I clarify (...)
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  6.  4
    Moral Injury and Jus Ad Bellum.Andrew Fiala - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
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  7.  2
    Objective and Subjective Blame After War.Shannon Fyfe & Amy McKiernan - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
    When soldiers come home from war, some experience lingering emotional effects from the choices they were forced to make, and the outcomes of these choices. In this article, we consider the gap between objective assessments of blame and subjective assessments of self-blame, guilt, and shame after war, and we suggest a way of understanding how soldiers can understand their moral responsibility from both of these vantage points. We examine arguments from just war theory regarding the objective moral responsibility of combatants (...)
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  8. Military Professionalism and PTSD: On the Need for “Soldier-Artists”.Nolen Gertz - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
    In part one of this paper I discuss how issues of combatant misconduct and illegality have led military academies to become more focused on professionalism rather than on the tensions between military ethics and military training. In order to interrogate the relationships between training and ethics, between becoming a military professional and being a military professional, between military professionals and society, I turn to the work of Martin Cook, Anthony Hartle, and J. Glenn Gray. In part two I focus on (...)
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  9.  3
    Review of "Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are?". [REVIEW]Caton Jacob - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
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  10. Review of "El Miedo En la Ciudad de Rio de Janeiro: Dos Tiempos de Una Historia. ". [REVIEW]Maximiliano Korstanje - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
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  11.  1
    Review of "Kafka and Wittgenstein". [REVIEW]Kortbein Joshua - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
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  12.  1
    Haunted by a Different Ghost: Re-Thinking Moral Injury.MaryCatherine Mcdonald - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
    Coined by Jonathan Shay, a clinician who works with combat veterans, the term ‘moral injury’ refers to an injury that occurs when one’s moral beliefs are betrayed. Shay developed the term to capture the shame and guilt of veterans he saw in his clinical practice. Since then, debates about moral injury have centered around the ‘what’ and the ‘who’ of moral injury. Clinicians universally acknowledge the challenge of treating moral injuries. I will argue that this is in part because there (...)
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  13. Review of "Intuition Pumps and Other Tools for Thinking". [REVIEW]Ian O’Loughlin - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
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  14. Oppositional Courage: The Martial Courage of Refusing to Fight.James Rocha - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
    In a nearly paradoxical manner, the virtue of martial courage is best understood through violent acts that are typically vicious, such as killing, maiming, and bombing. To ameliorate this worry, I make a new distinction that is dependent on whether the agent acts in accord with social norms or against them. We usually understand martial courage through social courage, where soldiers are courageous through performing violent acts that society determines are necessary. While this understanding is accurate for a just war, (...)
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  15. Review of "Philosophy Bites Again". [REVIEW]Steven Ross - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
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  16.  3
    Moral Psychology and War: Introduction.Krista K. Thomason - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (2).
  17.  21
    Focus on Fish: A Call to Effective Altruists.Max Elder & Bob Fischer - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
    Effective altruists call us to apply evidence-based reasoning to maximize the effectiveness of charitable giving. In particular, effective altruists assess causes in terms of their scope, neglectedness, and tractability, and then recommend devoting resources to the cause that scores best on these criteria. So far, effective altruists concerned with animal suffering have seen these criteria as supporting interventions that improve the lives of layer hens, and they now seem to think that these criteria support directing efforts toward broilers. In this (...)
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  18.  10
    Theory-Neutral Arguments for “Effective Animal Advocacy”.Andrew Fisher - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
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  19.  21
    Effective Altruism and the Altruistic Repugnant Conclusion.Pellegrino Gianfranco - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
    Effective altruism is committed to Altruistic Maximization – the claim that any impact of giving to charities ought to be maximized at the margins and counterfactually. This may lead to counterintuitive or contradictory conclusions in certain cases. For instance, when we can bring about a substantial benefit to few or a tiny benefit to a larger number at the same cost, spreading of benefits across a great number of recipients can compensate substantial loss for fewer people. However, sometimes the perspective (...)
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  20.  5
    Review of "Entangled Empathy: An Alternative Ethic For Our Relationships with Animals". [REVIEW]Jenni Kathie - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
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  21.  26
    Effective Altruism and Anti-Capitalism: An Attempt at Reconciliation.Joshua Kissel - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
    Leftwing critiques of philanthropy are not new and so it is unsurprising that the Effective Altruism movement, which regards philanthropy as one of its tools, has been a target in recent years. Similarly, some Effective Altruists have regarded anti-capitalist strategy with suspicion. This essay is an attempt at harmonizing Effective Altruism and the anti-capitalism. My attraction to Effective Altruism and anti-capitalism are motivated by the same desire for a better world and so personal consistency demands reconciliation. More importantly however, I (...)
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  22.  4
    Review of "Judgement and Agency". [REVIEW]Maximiliano Korstanje - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
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  23.  11
    Effective Altruism and Christianity: Possibilities for Productive Collaboration.Alida Liberman - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
    While many Christians accept the claim that giving to support the poor and needy is a core moral and religious obligation, most Christian giving is usually not very efficient in EA terms. In this paper, I explore possibilities for productive collaboration between effective altruists and Christian givers. I argue that Christians are obligated from their own perspective to give radically in terms of quantity and scope to alleviate the suffering of the poor and needy. I raise two important potential stumbling (...)
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  24.  26
    Effective Altruism: Introduction.William MacAskill - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
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  25.  10
    But Does It Hurt?Peter Murphy - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
    As effective altruists often point out affluent people can do great good for others without having to make significant self-sacrifices. What is the correct moral assessment of patterns of giving that bring about great good and yet carry little in the way of self-sacrifice? Here I will clarify this question, state why it is important, and argue for an answer to it. After sketching the intuitive category of the morally best acts, I argue that self-sacrifice is not a condition that (...)
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  26.  18
    The Other Half of Effective Altruism: Selective Asceticism.Kathryn Muyskens - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
    What I seek to do in this paper is to reemphasize what I see as the forgotten or neglected other half of the effective altruist equation. Effective altruists need to take seriously the ways in which their actions contribute to systemic inequality and structural violence. Charitable donation is not enough to create a paradigm shift or stop systemic injustice. In tackling systemic injustice, the ascetic response may allow effective altruists to attack the roots of the problem more directly. Further, the (...)
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  27.  14
    Peter Singer, R.M. Hare, and the Trouble With Logical Consistency.Southan Rhys - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
    According to the metaethics of R. M. Hare, we determine morality objectively by making a moral judgment, committing to the moral principle underlying that judgment, and then logically extending that moral principle to all relevantly similar cases. This metaethical system called universal prescriptivism had a major impact on Peter Singer, whose arguments for radically improving animal welfare and alleviating global suffering frequently rely on Hare-ian appeals to logical consistency. Hare’s work in metaethics is largely rejected now, but Singer’s popularity has (...)
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  28.  6
    Review of "One Child: Do We Have a Right to More?". [REVIEW]Jeff Sebo - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
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  29.  10
    Review of "Anger and Forgiveness: Resentment, Generosity, Justice". [REVIEW]Krista K. Thomason - 2017 - Essays in Philosophy 18 (1).
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