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  1.  3
    Application of the APA Ethics Code for Psychologists Working in Integrated Care Settings: Potential Conflicts and Resolutions.Tiffany Chenneville & Kemesha Gabbidon - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (4):264-274.
    ABSTRACTIncreasingly, there is evidence of the potential benefits of an integrated care model. In fact, the American Psychological Association supports the role of psychologists in integrated healthcare given the positive outcomes for patients in primary care settings such as increased access to mental health services, reduced mental illness stigma, and improved health associated with recognizing the impact of psychosocial factors on physical wellbeing. Less attention has been paid, however, to ethical dilemmas that may arise for psychologists working in integrated healthcare. (...)
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  2.  1
    A Visionary and Transformational APA Ethics Code: Comment on O’Donohue.Lindsay Childress-Beatty & Jack P. Haynes - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (4):294-298.
    ABSTRACTWe contend that many of the criticisms of the American Psychological Association’s current Ethics Code are based on faulty assumptions and insufficient information. While the APA Ethics Committee values commentary on perceived shortcomings of the current Ethics Code as an important aspect of the current revision process, O’Donohue’s article contains inaccuracies that should be addressed. We clarify the functioning of the Ethics Code and the APA adjudication system, including explaining changes made to adjudication in light of the Commission on Ethics (...)
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  3. In Defense of the Ethics Code: A Comment on O’Donohue.Jennifer A. Erickson Cornish, Randyl D. Smith & Maria T. Riva - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (4):299-302.
    ABSTRACTThis article is a commentary on O’Donohue’s2019 37-point critique of the American Psychological Association Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. In this brief paper, we respond to the article by addressing our most important disagreements with O’Donohue’s arguments as well as areas of agreement. While we disagree with many of O’Donohue’s points, we also view his critique as being important and timely given that the 2018 APA Ethics Task Force is currently exploring potential revisions to the Code.
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  4. Discussing and Debating the American Psychological Association’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Contact.Thomas Hadjistavropoulos - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (4):247-248.
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  5.  1
    The Ethics Code Does Not Equal Ethics: A Response to O’Donohue.Samuel Knapp, Michael C. Gottlieb & Mitchell M. Handelsman - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (4):303-309.
    ABSTRACTO’Donohue has identified 37 criticisms of the American Psychological Association’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, although many of his criticisms go far beyond what is found written in the APA Ethics Code, to include the process of adjudicating ethics complaints by the American Psychological Association Ethics Committee, and the process by which the Ethics Code was developed. The authors claim that a major shortcoming of O’Donohue’s article is that he adopted an unrealistically expansive role for the Ethics (...)
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  6.  1
    Criticisms of the Ethical Principles for Psychologists and Code of Conduct.William O’Donohue - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (4):275-293.
    ABSTRACTBeginning in 1953 the American Psychological Association has advanced twelve iterations of a professional ethical code. In recent years the adequacy of the Ethics Code as well as APA’s ethics enforcement has come under increased scrutiny. In 2015 the APA empaneled an Ethics Commission which made a series of recommendations; however, the Commission itself as well as its recommendations are also controversial. This paper presents criticisms of the Ethics Code that have generally not been discussed in the previous literature.
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  7. Developing and Revising the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists: Key Differences From the American Psychological Association Code.Carole Sinclair - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (4):249-263.
    ABSTRACTThere are several key differences between the codes of ethics developed by the American Psychological Association and the Canadian Psychological Association. This paper tells the story behind the key differences between the U.S. and Canada codes. It starts with an introduction to the two countries and a brief history of what led up to the American Psychological Association’s decision to develop the world’s first ethics code for psychologists. This is followed by a description of the development process used by APA, (...)
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  8.  9
    “The Edge of Harm and Help”: Ethical Considerations in the Care of Transgender Youth with Complex Family Situations.Beth A. Clark, Alice Virani & Elizabeth M. Saewyc - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (3):161-180.
    Health-care providers frequently face clinical ethical dilemmas when working with transgender youth who require hormone therapy but lack parental support for this intervention. Through semi-structured interviews and grounded theory analysis, we explored ethical and clinical decision-making processes of health-care providers, as well as the health care experiences of trans youth with family discordance. We analyzed responses in relation to North American bioethics principles, best interests standard, and the harm principle, exploring issues of autonomy, evidence, and anti-trans bias. We propose an (...)
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  9.  11
    White Therapists Addressing Racism in Psychotherapy: An Ethical and Clinical Model for Practice.David Drustrup - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (3):181-196.
    Although racism has always been present in the therapy room, the recent political climate and flood of news stories highlighting racist narratives and behaviors have made race and racism more salient in our society. For white therapists who align with antiracism in their self-identity and practice, this may present a difficult ethical dilemma when race and racism enter the therapy office. Therapists have a duty to protect client autonomy and self-determination as much as possible. However, therapists also have a responsibility (...)
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  10.  9
    Unethical Peer Behavior and Employee Performance: A Moderated Mediation Model of Deontic Justice and Ethical Climate.Chenjing Gan, Linbo Yang, Weixiao Guo & Duanxu Wang - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (3):197-212.
    This study proposes a moderated mediation model based on deontic justice theory to investigate the impact of unethical peer behavior on employee performance. Data were collected in China through two survey studies, with two measurement points in each study. The data in study 1 were obtained from 271 employees of 17 firms, and the data in study 2 were collected from 225 employees of 9 firms. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to confirm the factorial validity of the measures employed in (...)
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  11.  9
    Structure, Choice, and Responsibility.Johann J. Go - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (3):230-246.
    In a well-known passage from 'The Red Lily', Anatole France retorts ironically: “The law, in its majestic equality, forbids rich and poor alike to sleep under bridges, to beg in the streets, and to steal loaves of bread”. The passage highlights the different burdens experienced by different people when deciding to act or not act in certain ways. This paper critically analyzes this problem; specifically, how we ought to allocate personal responsibility for actions performed by agents who each experience different (...)
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  12.  7
    Framing the Outcome of Moral Dilemmas: Effects of Emotional Information.Grazia Pia Palmiotti, Fiorella Del Popolo Cristaldi, Nicola Cellini, Lorella Lotto & Michela Sarlo - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (3):213-229.
    The present study was aimed at investigating whether and how the explicit representation of the decision outcome, framed in terms of lives saved or lost, could affect decision choices, emotional experience, and decision times in the course of a moral dilemma task. Decision outcomes were framed in a between-group design by means of smiling or injured faces depicting, respectively, the lives saved or lost with each choice. A control condition with no frame and no outcome was included. Results showed that (...)
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  13.  9
    When Clients Want to Pay More for Psychotherapy: Ethical Issues and Implications.Danielle Cummings - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (2):150-160.
    One ethical issue that commonly comes up in clinical practice is the negotiation of fees with clients. Although the APA Ethics Code provides standards regarding clients who are unable to or do not pay, little guidance is given pertaining to fee limits for clients who want to pay more. This issue is explored using a real case example, including the relevant ethical codes to be considered. The necessary “gray” areas of ethical decision-making are demonstrated through my own decision process. Implications (...)
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  14.  6
    Ethical Considerations in Providing Psychological Services to Unaccompanied Immigrant Children.Genevieve F. Dash - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (2):83-96.
    Over 50,000 youth, mostly between the ages of 13 and 17 years, migrated to the United States without familial accompaniment in the fiscal year 2018. The tripartite process of pre-flight, flight, and resettlement exposes these unaccompanied immigrant children to multiple, and often ongoing, traumatic events that can significantly and adversely impact their mental health into adulthood. However, the ethical considerations for psychologists working with this growing population, with limited exceptions, remain largely unaddressed. As more and more UIC flee their home (...)
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  15.  11
    Culture, Morality, and the Effect of Prosocial Behavior Motivation on Positive Affect.Claudia Gherghel, Dorin Nastas, Takeshi Hashimoto, Jiro Takai & Aaron Castelán Cargile - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (2):126-149.
    We investigated the effect of culture, moral discourse, and motivation to engage in prosocial behavior on benefactors’ positive affect. Participants from three cultures responded to scenarios in which they could perform small acts of kindness for different targets. A stronger relationship between agentic and obligated motivation to perform acts of kindness, as well as between obligated motivation and positive affect, was observed for participants from Japan, and for individuals with higher endorsement of the Community Ethic. Agentic motivation to engage in (...)
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  16.  6
    Prisoners on the Fireline: The Application of Ethical Principles and Guidelines to Prison Fire Camps.Joanna M. Weill - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (2):112-125.
    Our society gives certain rights and protections to those who are punished and incarcerated, deeming them a vulnerable group in need of additional protections because they are under state control. Despite these protections, prisoners are still susceptible to mistreatment and abuse. This paper delves into one area in which prisoners are particularly vulnerable—the use of prison labor to fight wildfires in the western United States. In this paper, I first broadly discuss prison labor, before going into the current ethical principles (...)
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  17.  7
    Belief in Altruistic Human Nature and Prosocial Behavior: A Serial Mediation Analysis.Zhuojun Yao & Robert Enright - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (2):97-111.
    According to the theory of internal working model, belief in altruistic human nature positively influences prosocial behavior. However, the precise influencing mechanism remains unclear. Based on the determinants of human behavior theory and self-efficacy theory, we hypothesized that belief in altruistic human nature indirectly influences prosocial behavior through causally linked multiple mediators of prosocial attitude and prosocial self-efficacy. The results of the current research supported our hypothesis and demonstrated that this serial mediation model could be generalized across individualistic and collectivistic (...)
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  18.  17
    Ethical Issues When Working with Terminally Ill People Who Desire to Hasten the Ends of Their Lives: A Western Perspective.Alfred Allan & Maria M. Allan - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (1):28-44.
    Terminally ill people might want to discuss the options they have of hastening their deaths with their psychologists who should therefore know the law that regulates euthanasia in the jurisdictions where they practice. The legal, and therefore ethical, situation that influences psychologists’ position and terminally ill people’s options, however, differs notably across jurisdictions. Our aim is to provide a brief moral-legal historical context that explains how the law reform processes in different jurisdictions created these different legal contexts and options that, (...)
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  19.  8
    Predictors of College Students’ Likelihood to Report Hypothetical Rape: Rape Myth Acceptance, Perceived Barriers to Reporting, and Self-Efficacy.Christine K. Hahn, Austin M. Hahn, Sam Gaster & Randy Quevillon - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (1):45-62.
    Rape myth acceptance, perceived barriers, and self-efficacy were examined as predictors of likelihood to report different types of rape to law enforcement among 409 undergraduates. Participants had lower likelihood to report incapacitated compared to physically forced rape. Men had lower reporting likelihood than women for rape perpetrated by the same and opposite sex and were more likely to perceive several barriers. RMA and perceived barriers predicted a lower likelihood to report several types of rape. Among men, higher self-efficacy predicted increased (...)
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  20.  15
    Ethical Leadership and Work Engagement: A Moderated Mediation Model.Rana Muhammad Naeem, Qingxiong Weng, Zahid Hameed & Muhammad Imran Rasheed - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (1):63-82.
    Drawing on social cognitive theory, this study extends our understanding of the relationship between ethical leadership and employee work engagement, by exploring self-efficacy as an important mediating variable. In addition, we propose that the quality of LMX moderates the relationships such that the direct and indirect relationships between ethical leadership, self-efficacy, and work engagement are stronger when the quality of LMX is high. Data collected in two-waves from 373 respondents working in different manufacturing organizations of Pakistan supported our hypothesized theoretical (...)
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  21.  29
    Ubuntu as a Framework for Ethical Decision Making in Africa: Responding to Epidemics.Evanson Z. Sambala, Sara Cooper & Lenore Manderson - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (1):1-13.
    Public health decisions made by the state involve considerable disagreements on the course of actions, uncertainties, and compromises that arise from moral tensions between the demands of civil liberties and the goals of public health. With such complex decisions, it can be extremely difficult to arrive at and justify the best option. In this article, we propose an ethical decision-making framework based on the philosophy of Ubuntu and argue that in sub-Saharan African settings, this approach provides attractive alternative conventions of (...)
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  22.  14
    Societal-Level Ethical Responsibilities Regarding Active Euthanasia: An Analysis Using the Universal Declaration of Ethical Principles for Psychologists.Carole Sinclair - 2020 - Ethics and Behavior 30 (1):14-27.
    Using the Universal Declaration of Ethical Principles for Psychologists as an ethical framework, some of the major successes, challenges and needs that psychology has regarding its responsibilities to society in the area of end-of-life decision making and active euthanasia are outlined in this paper. Four particular responsibilities are highlighted: increase professional and scientific knowledge; use psychological knowledge for beneficial purposes; adequately train its members: and encourage beneficial social structures and policies. For each responsibility, some of the major societal-level ethical issues (...)
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