Ethics and Behavior

ISSN: 1050-8422

16 found

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  1.  14
    Depressive symptoms are associated with utilitarian responses in trolley dilemmas: a study amongst university students in the United Arab Emirates.Gabriel Andrade, Khadiga Yasser Abdelraouf Abdelmonem, Nour Alqaderi, Hajar Jamal Teir, Ahmed Banibella Abdelmagied Elamin & Dalia Bedewy - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (3):218-232.
    Trolley dilemmas have been used to justify the intuitive appeal of the doctrine of double effect. According to this doctrine, if a good action has a harmful side effect, it is morally acceptable to do it, provided the harmful effect is not intended. However, in some variants of the dilemma, most people are willing to forego this doctrine, thus making responses inconsistent. In this study, 404 university students from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) were presented with 4 versions of the (...)
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  2.  8
    Grey zones and good practice: A European survey of academic integrity among undergraduate students.Mads Paludan Goddiksen, Mikkel Willum Johansen, Anna Catharina Armond, Mateja Centa, Christine Clavien, Eugenijus Gefenas, Roman Globokar, Linda Hogan, Nóra Kovács, Marcus Tang Merit, I. Anna S. Olsson, Margarita Poškutė, Una Quinn, Júlio Borlido Santos, Rita Santos, Céline Schöpfer, Vojko Strahovnik, Orsolya Varga, P. J. Wall, Peter Sandøe & Thomas Bøker Lund - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (3):199-217.
    Good academic practice is more than the avoidance of clear-cut cheating. It also involves navigation of the gray zones between cheating and good practice. The existing literature has left students’ understanding of gray zone practices largely unexplored. To begin filling in this gap, we present results from a questionnaire study involving N = 1639 undergraduate students from seven European countries representing all major disciplines. We show that large numbers of these students are unable to identify gray area issues and lack (...)
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  3.  6
    Ethical dilemmas experienced by counseling psychologists in Taiwan.Su-Fen Tu, An-Hwa Yeh & Ming-Fen Chan - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (3):175-188.
    A two-part survey was conducted, where respondents reported ethically challenging incidents encountered in the previous two years and actions taken to address them. 132 certified counseling psychologists participated and reported 136 ethical dilemmas. The top categories of dilemmas pertained to breaking confidentiality between respondents and clients, including mandatory reporting, collaborating with education associates, and interjecting by the authority. 82% of the respondents took actions to address the dilemmas. These actions ranged from steering a middle course, upholding professional ethical standards, seeking (...)
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  4.  4
    Ethical considerations for requesting waivers of parental consent for research with minor adolescents who identify as LGBTQ+.Serena Wasilewski - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (3):163-174.
    Parental consent poses challenges to needed research with adolescents who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and/or questioning (LGBTQ+) and are at heightened risk for negative health outcomes. Obtaining parental consent in studies focused on LGBTQ+ issues can prove arduous if adolescents have not yet disclosed their identity or have unsupportive guardians. Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) may be hesitant to grant waivers of parental consent, yet research suggests that studies requiring parental consent deter the participation of adolescents who identify (...)
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  5.  20
    Teaching publication ethics to clinical psychology doctoral students: case-based learning and semi-structured interview strategies.Arthur L. Whaley & Jean Kesnold Mesidor - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (3):189-198.
    Doctoral students in clinical, counseling, and school psychology programs often collaborate with faculty on research projects in their training as scientist-practitioners. Yet, the determination of publications' credit and order of authorship on resulting manuscripts continues to be a major concern and challenging process for professional psychologists and student collaborators. This article describes the use of case-based learning and semi-structured interview approaches to instruct first-year clinical psychology doctoral students in publication ethics during a research seminar. The instructor models ethical decision-making with (...)
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  6.  6
    Knowledge about and attitudes toward medical informed consent: a Lebanese population survey.Mary Deeb, Dana Alameddine, Rasha Abi Radi Abou Jaoudeh, Widian Laoun, Julian Maamari, Rawan Honeini, Alain Khouri, Fadi Abou-Mrad, Nassib Elia & Aniella Abi-Gerges - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (2):89-103.
    As Medicine shifts from a paternalistic practice to a patient-centered approach, the concept of medical informed consent (IC) has evolved to safeguard patient autonomy. However, its current implementation still presents many challenges in clinical practice. We assessed the knowledge and attitudes of the general Lebanese population regarding the IC process as well as their sociodemographic and medical correlates. An anonymous online survey was distributed to the Lebanese population using social media channels. A sample of 500 adults with an average age (...)
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  7.  11
    Youth materialism and consumer ethics: do Gen Z adolescents’ self-concepts (power and self-esteem) vary across cultures (China vs. France)?Elodie Gentina & Thomas Li-Ping Tang - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (2):120-150.
    Youth materialism excites adolescents’ unethical consumer beliefs (UCB-dishonesty). We develop a second-stage moderated mediation model, investigate the relationships between materialism and Generation Z teenagers’ consumer ethics (UCB-dishonesty), and treat two self-concept mechanisms (power and self-esteem) as dual mediators and culture as a moderator (China vs. France). We theorize that materialism enhances power (public self) and reduces self-esteem (private self). French adolescents’ sense of power increases UCB more than their Chinese counterparts. Chinese teenagers’ self-esteem reduces UCB more than their French counterparts. (...)
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  8.  7
    Does childhood maltreatment make us more morally disengaged? The indirect effect of expressive suppression.Alexandra Maftei & Ștefania Nițu - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (2):104-119.
    The present cross-sectional study explored whether childhood maltreatment might lead to moral disengagement through emotion regulation strategies, i.e. expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal. We examined these links in a convenience sample of 178 adults aged 18 to 56 (M = 22.50, SD = 4.89) who completed an online survey. Results suggested that expressive suppression was positively linked to emotioal and sexual abuse and moral disengagement. At the same time, cognitive reappraisal was negatively correlated with emotional abuse. Also, moral disengagement was (...)
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  9.  4
    Implementation of a risk reduction protocol in youth violence research.Kimberly J. Mitchell, Michele L. Ybarra, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Lauren A. Jackson & Christina E. Patts - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (2):77-88.
    This article presents data from the Growing up with Media study related to the implementation of a risk reduction protocol that resulted in three groups of youth: low-risk youth (no flags), youth flagged because of violence involvement and not clinically referred; and flagged youth who were referred to a team clinician due to additional risk considerations. Data are from 3,979 US youth 14–15 years of age recruited through social media between October 2018-August 2019. Four in ten youth were flagged for (...)
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  10.  8
    Ethical leadership influences proactive and unethical behavior: the perspective of person-environment fit.Hung-Yu Tsai - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (2):151-162.
    An increasing number of studies explore the relationship between ethical leadership and subordinates’ work behavior. However, it remains unclear whether ethical leadership affects subordinates’ perceptions of the person-job fit and perceived person-organization fit. We examine the effects of ethical leadership on subordinates’ sense of person-environment fit in terms of its effect on displays of positive and negative behaviors. We collected data from 414 employees from various industries over three time periods. Hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling (SEM). The SEM (...)
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  11. Exploring the relationship between purpose and moral psychological indicators.Hyemin Han - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (1):28-39.
    ABSTRACT In the present study, I explore the relationship between purpose, which was measured by the Claremont Purpose Scale, and moral psychological indicators, moral reasoning, moral identity, and empathy. Purpose was quantified in terms of three subcomponents: meaning, goal, and beyond-the-self motivation. Moral reasoning was assessed in terms of utilization of postconventional moral reasoning. Moral identity was examined with two subscales: moral internalization, and symbolization. Among diverse subscales of empathy, I focused on empathic concern and perspective taking, which have been (...)
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  12.  4
    Exploring the relationship between purpose and moral psychological indicators.Hymen Han - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (1):28-39.
    In the present study, I explore the relationship between purpose, which was measured by the Claremont Purpose Scale, and moral psychological indicators, moral reasoning, moral identity, and empathy. Purpose was quantified in terms of three subcomponents: meaning, goal, and beyond-the-self motivation. Moral reasoning was assessed in terms of utilization of postconventional moral reasoning. Moral identity was examined with two subscales: moral internalization, and symbolization. Among diverse subscales of empathy, I focused on empathic concern and perspective taking, which have been reported (...)
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  13.  21
    Listen, explain, involve, and evaluate: why respecting autonomy benefits suicidal patients.Samuel J. Knapp - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (1):18-27.
    Out of a concern for keeping suicidal patients alive, some psychotherapists may use hard persuasion or coercion to keep them in treatment. However, more recent evidence-supported interventions have made respect for patient autonomy a cornerstone, showing that the effective interventions that promote the wellbeing of suicidal patients also prioritize respect for patient autonomy. This article details how psychotherapists can incorporate respect for patient autonomy in the effective treatment of suicidal patients by listening to them, explaining treatments to them, involving them (...)
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  14.  7
    Graduate student perceptions of preparedness for responsible conduct of research: a mixed methods study.Yasar Kondakci, Merve Zayim Kurtay, Sevgi Kaya Kasikci & Özgür Önen - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (1):58-75.
    This study aims to explore the factors contributing to the perceived preparedness of graduate students for responsible conduct of research (RCR). A convergent mixed design was used, and both interview and quantitative data were collected, analyzed, and integrated to understand the role of individual and institutional factors in the perceived RCR preparedness of graduate students. Both interview and quantitative data converge on the role of mentor instruction and institutional policies in developing RCR preparedness. The findings also suggested that greater exposure (...)
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  15.  7
    Moral thinking and communication competencies of college students and graduates in Taiwan, the UK, and the US: a mixed-methods study.Angela Chi-Ming Lee, David I. Walker, Yen-Hsin Chen & Stephen J. Thoma - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (1):1-17.
    Moral thinking and communication are critical competencies for confronting social dilemmas in a challenging world. We examined these moral competencies in 70 college students and graduates from Taiwan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Participants were assessed through semi-structured written interviews, Facebook group discussions, and a questionnaire. In this paper, we describe the similarities and differences across cultural groupings in (1) the social issues of greatest importance to the participants; (2) the factors influencing their approaches to thinking about social (...)
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  16.  8
    From plagiarism to scientific paper mills: a profile of retracted articles within the SciELO Brazil collection.Karen Santos-D’Amorim, Ting Wang, Brady Lund & Raimundo Nonato Macedo Dos Santos - 2024 - Ethics and Behavior 34 (1):40-57.
    This paper investigates retracted articles indexed in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) Brazil, using bibliometric techniques to identify the characteristics of these retractions and relevant citation trends. All records of retracted articles from the first record in October 2004 to April 2022 were included. Sixty-seven retractions and 870 citations pre- and post-retraction were analyzed. Results indicate a change of scenario that began in 2015, with recurrences of retracted articles allegedly produced by paper mills. The prevalence of retractions derived from (...)
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