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  1.  4
    Active Vs Intuitive Sensemaking: Examination Through the Lens of Generation, Evaluation, and Revision in Ethical Decision-Making.Yash Gujar, Cory Higgs, Chanda Sanders, Mark Fichtel, Tristan McIntosh, Megan R. Turner, Shane Connelly & Michael D. Mumford - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (4):215-244.
    ABSTRACT Research examining ethical decision-making has focused on how people engage in EDM, leading many researchers to focus on sensemaking models of EDM. Although the merits of a sensemaking approach with respect to EDM are evident in the literature, less is known about the specific cognitive processes by which sensemaking impacts EDM. This study examines the impact of three late-cycle cognitive processes – idea generation, evaluation, and revision – as well as the timing of these processes on EDM. Results indicate (...)
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  2. Understanding Confidentiality Breach in Adolescent Mental Health Sessions: An Integrated Model of Culture and Parenting.Jianwen Hui, Chunhui Wang, Yuhua Li & Elvin Yao - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (4):245-256.
    ABSTRACT Adolescent mental health has become a growing concern. One unique challenge to adolescents’ willingness to seek professional mental health support is the concern of confidentiality breach by their parents. This concern may carry more weight in collectivistic cultures, such as China. The current study utilized a large parent sample recruited from six high schools and attempted to integrate cultural self-construal and parenting styles in the context of parental attitudes toward mental health professionals and desires to breach confidentiality. Parental independent (...)
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  3.  2
    Understanding Unethical Behaviors at the University Level: A Multiple Regression Analysis.Martín Julián & Tomas Bonavia - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (4):257-269.
    ABSTRACT Unethical behaviors such as corruption pose an important challenge for students, professors, and other university members. We aimed to clarify students’ willingness to engage in corruption in a Spanish public university. In all, 3,475 undergraduate, postgraduate, and PhD students completed an online questionnaire assessing four corruption scenarios: favoritism, bribery, fraud, and embezzlement. Multiple regression analysis suggested that justifiability, risk perception, and perceived corruption played a key role in explaining corrupt intention. Behavioral intention to engage in corruption is a complex (...)
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  4.  3
    The Impact of Happy and Sad Affective States on Biases in Ethical Decision Making.Nicolette A. Rainone, Logan L. Watts, Tyler J. Mulhearn, Tristan J. McIntosh & Kelsey E. Medeiros - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (4):284-300.
    ABSTRACT Researchers have increasingly acknowledged that affect plays a role in ethical decision making. However, the impact that specific affective states may have on the expression of decision biases in the context of ethical dilemmas has received limited empirical attention. To address this, the present effort examined the impact of happy and sad affective states on biases in ethical decision making. In an online experiment, undergraduate students read short stories that either induced happy, sad, or relaxed affective states, followed by (...)
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  5.  7
    Does This Apply Here?: Ethical Considerations in Transnational Supervision Settings.Tammy Schultz, Hana Yoo, Mandy Kellums Baraka & Terri Watson - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (4):270-283.
    ABSTRACT Most of the ethical decision making literature that guides mental health practice comes from the Western hemisphere. The well-meaning application of Western values in supervision can result in the intrusion of ethical standards that may not match the context and lacks sensitivity. In this qualitative study, researchers explored the supervisory experiences of 25 mental health professionals of 14 different nationalities, navigating complex ethical challenges in supervision practice in 17 countries. Using thematic analysis, several well-supported themes emerged. Recommendations for practice (...)
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  6.  7
    Considerations for the Ethical Implementation of Psychological Assessment Through Social Media Via Machine Learning.Megan N. Fleming - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (3):181-192.
    ABSTRACT The ubiquity of social media usage has led to exciting new technologies such as machine learning. Machine learning is poised to change many fields of health, including psychology. The wealth of information provided by each social media user in combination with machine-learning technologies may pave the way for automated psychological assessment and diagnosis. Assessment of individuals’ social media profiles using machine-learning technologies for diagnosis and screening confers many benefits ; however, the implementation of these technologies will pose unique challenges (...)
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  7.  4
    Disclosure of Suicidal Thoughts During an E-Mental Health Intervention: Relational Ethics Meets Actor-Network Theory.Milena Heinsch, Jenny Geddes, Dara Sampson, Caragh Brosnan, Sally Hunt, Hannah Wells & Frances Kay-Lambkin - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (3):151-170.
    ABSTRACT The technological revolution has created enormous opportunities for the provision of affordable, accessible, and flexible mental healthcare. Yet it also creates complexities and ethical challenges. While some of these challenges may be similar to face-to-face care, their nuance in the online milieu is different, as relationships, identities and boundaries in this setting are fluid, and there is an absence of physical presence. In this paper we consider the specific ethical complexities involved in the provision of a social networking intervention (...)
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  8.  1
    Ethical Considerations for Telepsychotherapy and the Management of High-Risk Patients During Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19): Challenges and Practice Considerations. [REVIEW]Candice C. Johnson & Mirela A. Aldea - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (3):193-204.
    ABSTRACT The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a widespread cultural change to the provision of psychotherapy with patients rapidly converted to a virtual format. During this unprecedented time, therapists can benefit from reviewing and implementing best practice guidelines outlined by various professional organizations across the globe. Clinicians should utilize the resources put forth by international professional organizations to ethically adapt these recommendations to their clinical practice. Therapists must develop safety protocols to ethically deliver services to high-risk patients and also recognize the (...)
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  9.  3
    Reconsidering the Ethics of Exclusion Criteria in Research on Digital Mental Health Interventions.Hugh C. McCall, Heather D. Hadjistavropoulos & Lynn Loutzenhiser - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (3):171-180.
    ABSTRACT Digital mental health interventions have emerged as a promising means of expanding access to mental healthcare. Prospective participants reporting severe symptoms or suicidal ideation are often excluded from DMHI trials and may struggle to access alternative treatments. However, evidence suggests that DMHIs are efficacious for people reporting these characteristics. We suggest that there are risks to both including and excluding people from DMHI trials, and we urge researchers to ensure that their eligibility criteria are designed in an evidence-based and (...)
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  10.  3
    Sexting and Mandatory Reporting: Ethical Issues in Youth Psychotherapy.Danielle Nelson, Tilman Schulte, Wendy Packman & E. L. Bunge - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (3):205-214.
    ABSTRACT Engaging in sexting, such as sending or receiving of sexual words, pictures, or videos via technology, is a common behavior in minors and a rising trend. This study aimed to understand the ethical dilemmas that clinicians face when working with minors that engage in sexting under current mandated reporting standards. For this study, 178 graduate students and licensed clinicians who work with minors in the state of California completed an online survey involving vignettes concerning issues of sexting behaviors in (...)
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  11.  11
    Ethically Uncharted Territory: Providing Psychological Services to Parents in Pediatric Settings.Jack H. Andrews - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (2):77-90.
    ABSTRACT Pediatric psychologists have much to contribute to growing efforts to mitigate the impact of parent mental and behavioral health problems on children’s health and development. However, providing parent-focused psychological services within the pediatric setting brings many new ethical considerations and challenges. Guided by the American Psychological Association’s Ethics Code, this paper presents an ethical case for providing these types of services, followed by a comprehensive analysis of the unique ethical challenges likely to be encountered when doing so. Recommendations are (...)
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  12.  2
    Does Use of a Decision-Making Model Improve the Quality of School Psychologists’ Ethical Decisions?Dana E. Boccio - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (2):119-135.
    ABSTRACT School psychologists are frequently confronted with ethically challenging situations arising from the need to balance multiple parties’ competing interests and the challenge of serving as both student advocate and school employee. Use of a systematic decision-making model has been recommended as a way of improving the quality of school psychologists’ ethical decisions. In the present study, school psychology practitioners were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: a Critical Evaluative condition, requiring the use of a problem-solving approach to resolve (...)
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  13.  2
    Soccer Spectators’ Moral Functioning and Aggressive Tendencies in Life and When Watching Soccer Matches.Alejandro Carriedo, José A. Cecchini & Carmen González - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (2):136-150.
    ABSTRACT We examined the relationship among watching soccer matches, moral functioning and aggression levels in 332 college students. Hypothesis-driven regression analyses revealed that the frequency of watching soccer matches was positively associated with low levels of moral behavior and high aggression levels. A mediation analysis also showed that moral behavior mediated the relationship between the frequency of watching soccer matches and aggression levels. Males manifested lower levels of moral functioning and higher hostility, physical and verbal aggression than females when watching (...)
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  14.  7
    Ethical Issues Related to the Undergraduate-Graduate-Faculty Mentoring Triad in Psychology.Samantha M. Margherio - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (2):102-118.
    ABSTRACT A triad approach to mentoring, involving an undergraduate student a graduate student and a faculty member, offers unique benefits to all involved. However, complexities and tensions within the triad also contribute to ethical dilemmas unique to this mentoring approach. The aims of this article are to review ethical dilemmas that members of the undergraduate-graduate-faculty triad may face when forming and navigating the triad, including a discussion of cultural considerations, and offer recommendations based on ethical guidelines in psychology Ethical Principles (...)
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  15.  5
    Empathy as a Predictor of Prosocial Behavior and the Perceived Seriousness of Delinquent Acts: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Argentina and Spain.Lucas Marcelo Rodriguez, Manuel Martí-Vilar, Javier Esparza Reig & Belén Mesurado - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (2):91-101.
    ABSTRACT Empathy is relevant to sociomoral development, especially in relation to prosociality and the penalization of acts as faults and crimes. The objective of this research was to test whether empathy is a predictor of prosociality and of perceptions of seriousness of delinquent acts among research participants in Argentina and Spain. The Argentinian sample comprised 215 high school and university students. The Spanish sample comprised 199 university students. The proposed theoretical model showed good fit in both countries. Although empathy was (...)
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  16.  6
    Ethical Challenges in the COVID-19 Research Context: A Toolkit for Supporting Analysis and Resolution.Clara Calia, Corinne Reid, Cristóbal Guerra, Abdul-Gafar Oshodi, Charles Marley, Action Amos, Paulina Barrera & Liz Grant - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (1):60-75.
    ABSTRACTCOVID-19 is compromising all aspects of society, with devastating impacts on health, political, social, economic and educational spheres. A premium is being placed on scientific research as the source of possible solutions, with a situational imperative to carry out investigations at an accelerated rate. There is a major challenge not to neglect ethical standards, in a context where doing so may mean the difference between life and death. In this paper we offer a rubric for considering the ethical challenges in (...)
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  17.  1
    Ethical Leadership, Person-Organizational Fit, and Productive Energy: A South African Sectoral Comparative Study.Sonja Grobler & Anton Grobler - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (1):21-37.
    ABSTRACT Research suggests that ethical leadership affects employee behavior and organizational functioning. This study aimed to determine the relationship between EL and productive energy, as mediated by person-organizational fit. The study used assumptions of the social learning and social exchange theories that posit that leadership has a direct impact on employee behavior, mainly through role modeling and the reciprocal nature thereof. An empirical paradigm using a cross sectional quantitative design was used. The PE instrument was assessed for construct validity within (...)
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  18.  2
    Shedding Light on the Relationships Between Machiavellianism, Career Ambition, and Unethical Behavior Intention.Mert Gürlek - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (1):38-59.
    ABSTRACT This research aims at revealing how Machiavellianism correlates with the propensity to engage in unethical behavior. The mediating role of career ambition was thus investigated for this purpose. This research posits that career ambition partially mediates the relationship between Machiavellianism and unethical behavior intention. The research model was tested via Structural Equation Modeling. Research data were collected from full-time hotel employees and managers in Antalya, Turkey. The findings revealed that Machiavellianism positively correlated with career ambition and unethical behavior intention. (...)
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  19.  6
    Moral Judgments and Ethical Constructs in Clinical Psychology Doctoral Students.Angie C. Jenkin, Helen Ellis-Caird & David A. Winter - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (1):1-12.
    ABSTRACT This cross-sectional study compared the moral reasoning of first-year and third-year doctoral students in clinical psychology. Nineteen first-year and 20 third-year students were recruited from 17 doctoral training programs in the UK. Most adopted a sophisticated approach to moral judgments, as assessed by the Defining Issues Test, although, surprisingly, more experienced students had significantly less sophisticated schemata. In their moral judgments, less experienced students relied more heavily on their personal, and more experienced students on their professional, constructs, as assessed (...)
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  20.  5
    Relationship Between Religious Commitment and Academic Dishonesty: Is Self-Efficacy a Factor?Desmond U. Onu, Maria Chidi C. Onyedibe, Lawrence E. Ugwu & George C. Nche - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (1):13-20.
    ABSTRACT Academic dishonesty has been found to be on the increase globally, affecting the quality of education, ethics of professional practices and career outcome. Substantial literature exists on the role of religious commitment in reducing academic dishonesty, but few or no studies have examined the pathways explaining this link. The present study examined whether self-efficacy mediates the relationship between RC and AD. Undergraduates of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka completed the Academic Dishonesty Scale, Religious Commitment Inventory and New General Self-Efficacy (...)
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