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  1. Bankers Communicating Wrongdoing and Failure: Apologies or Apologetics?Ruth Breeze - 2021 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 17 (1-2):43-63.
    This paper analyses letters to shareholders by bank presidents in the ten years after the financial crisis to establish whether apologies for corporate wrongdoing and mismanagement are present, and if not, how these negative aspects are communicated. Apologies and quasi apologies are shown to be part of a wider repertoire of strategies including alignment with those affected, disassociation from negative events, scapegoating of perpetrators, and promises of future good conduct. These findings are discussed in terms of the banks’ ongoing relationship (...)
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    The Ideological Effect of Pre COVID-19 Metaphors on Our Perceptions of Technology During the Pandemic.Rūta Burbaitė, Lina Marčiulionytė, Irena Snukiškienė, Adam Mastandrea & Liudmila Arcimavičienė - 2021 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 17 (1-2):87-110.
    This study aims to establish ideological effects of the pre-pandemic metaphor use in the mainstream media on users’ perceptions of their relationship with technologies during the COVID-19 pandemic. To achieve that, 120 media articles from global mainstream media sources during the pre-pandemic period were collected and analysed at three levels: metaphor identification; deconstruction of conceptual source domains; the coding of metaphorical expressions into psychological types of interpersonal relationships that are projected on technologies. The established metaphorical patterns were tested in an (...)
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    ZPD-Based Mediation of L2 Learners’ Comprehension of Implicatures: An Educational Praxis Framework.Zohreh Eslami, Aliakbar Jafarpour, Farshad Naseri & Azizullah Mirzaei - 2021 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 17 (1-2):127-152.
    Conversational implicatures are implied by the speaker in context rather than being linguistically encoded, and learners’ inability to infer the intended meaning, if not remedied through instruction, leads to communication breakdowns. Given this premise, the current study aimed to examine effects of classroom praxis-based instruction adjusted to EFL learners’ Zone of Proximal Development on their comprehension of CIMs. Participants were 36 Iranian high school students in 2 classrooms, assigned to experimental and comparison groups. A 20-item CIM test was administered at (...)
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    Conative Calls to Animals: From Arusa Maasai to a Cross-Linguistic Prototype.Michael Karani & Alexander Andrason - 2021 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 17 (1-2):3-41.
    Abstracct The present article expands our empirical and theoretical knowledge of conative animal calls in the languages of the world. By drawing on canonical typology and prototype theory – and by contrasting the original evidence related to the category of CACs in Arusa Maasai with the evidence concerning CACs in other languages that is currently available in scholarship – the authors design a cross-linguistic prototype of a CAC and enumerate its 18 prototypical non-formal and formal features.
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  5. Compliment Response (CR) Patterns Among English Vs. Persian Teachers: Cultural Transmission of CR Behavior?Zahra Jalilzadeh Mohammadi & Karim Sadeghi - 2021 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 17 (1-2):153-174.
    The purpose of the present study was to compare differential functioning of Iranian English versus Persian teachers in responding to compliments and to investigate the possibility of sociolinguistic transmission of speech act of responding to compliments from English culture to native Iranian Persian speakers. Following Chen and Yang, we hypothesized that exposure to English would affect the complimenting behavior of Persian speakers, leading to more acceptance of compliments compared to those with little or no exposure to English. Participants of the (...)
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  6. Madeiran Emigration to South Africa Since the 1960s: A Sociocultural and Linguistic Perspective.Naidea Nunes Nunes & Bruna Micaela Freitas Pereira - 2021 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 17 (1-2):175-196.
    This article focuses on a study of historical emigration from the 1960s onwards, showing the importance of intercultural interaction. Due to the poverty, hunger and precarious living conditions that existed in Madeira Island, many young people saw emigration to South Africa as a means of escaping a difficult life. Arduous jobs due to their limited qualifications, as well as legal constraints and an inability to understand the language, were just some of the barriers encountered by these emigrants. By interviewing 15 (...)
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  7. Metaphor in the Written Discourse of Arab Students at a College of Education in Israel.Nader Qasim & Aadel Shakkour - 2021 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 17 (1-2):111-126.
    This article shows how Arab students at an Arab college in Israel, majoring in teaching of mathematics, English, and science, rely on metaphor as an important rhetorical tool for the advancement of their ideological positions and for criticism of the policies of the Israeli government, which discriminates against and disenfranchises Arab Israelis. The underlying hypothesis of the article is that the way Arab students in Israel use metaphor in their writing has unique rhetorical aspects that help to sharpen their message (...)
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  8. Anti-Chinese Sentiment in the Czech Public Service Media During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Renáta Sedláková - 2021 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 17 (1-2):65-86.
    This paper focuses on Sinophobia which is usually not expressed openly in the public service media. The Sinophobia discourse intensified in 2020 in connection with the coverage of the pandemic. How are anti-Chinese attitudes expressed in the news discourse of the Czech Radio and Czech Television? Examples from a broader analysis of the representation of the SARS-COV-2 pandemic in news and journalism programmes are given. Inductive qualitative research methods were used to detect subtle nuances of meaning and reveal implicit presuppositions. (...)
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