Lodz Papers in Pragmatics

ISSNs: 1895-6106, 1898-4436

21 found

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  1.  17
    Implicit offensiveness from linguistic and computational perspectives: A study of irony and sarcasm.Anna Bączkowska - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):353-383.
    The aim of this paper is to shed some light on the linguistic concept of implicit offensiveness. On the one hand, implicitness will be juxtaposed with indirectness as the two concepts are not conceived of here as synonymous. On the other hand, a typology of offensiveness (vs offensive language and vs offendedness) will be proposed, as well as the overarching term ‘covert meaning’ that will span figurative implicitness and non-figurative implicitness. The gradability of various forms of covert meaning and its (...)
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  2.  16
    Online gaming and language aggression in a Tunisian Arabic context.Khouloud Boukhris - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):255-278.
    This paper intends to examine the development of conflictual interactions, how they might be resolved, and the socio-cultural norms involved, by adopting an analytical framework in an online gaming context. The current paper was inspired by Kádár and Haugh’s framework as it enables me to investigate both the macro and micro aspects of (im)politeness. The study’s aim is to further examine how impoliteness, language aggression and conflict are realised in two online gaming platforms, namely Fortnite and PUBG Mobile. Thus, I (...)
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  3.  9
    Evaluations of appropriateness through impoliteness in political discourse reframed for entertainment purposes.Mariya Chankova - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):279-299.
    This contribution takes a look at video-sharing platforms to highlight a popular entertainment format which consists in re-framing political discourse for the purposes of entertaining the audience and, at the same time, providing an evaluation of that discourse. Evaluations of political discourse uncover the role and importance imputed to it by those who are outside of the political system, but who are directly impacted by it, that is, the people. A sample of French-language data, collected from YouTube, is examined for (...)
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  4.  15
    LLOD schema for Simplified Offensive Language Taxonomy in multilingual detection and applications.Dangis Gudelis, Andrius Utka, Linas Selmistraitis, Renata Povolná, Marcin Trojszczak, Slavko Žitnik, Giedrė Valūnaitė Oleškevičienė, Chaya Liebeskind, Olga Dontcheva-Navrátilová, Anna Bączkowska & Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):301-324.
    The goal of the paper is to present a Simplified Offensive Language (SOL) Taxonomy, its application and testing in the Second Annotation Campaign conducted between March-May 2023 on four languages: English, Czech, Lithuanian, and Polish to be verified and located in LLOD. Making reference to the previous Offensive Language taxonomic models proposed mostly by the same COST Action Nexus Linguarum WG 4.1.1 team, the number and variety of the categories underwent the definitional revision, and the present typology was tested in (...)
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  5.  12
    Offensive language in user-generated comments in Lithuanian.Dangis Gudelis, Andrius Utka, Linas Selmistraitis & Giedrė Valūnaitė-Oleškevičienė - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):239-254.
    The aim of the current research is to investigate the feasibility of identifying offensive language in Lithuanian by utilising the Simplified Offensive Language Taxonomy (SOLT). The key principle behind this taxonomy is its ability to complement existing offensive language ontologies and tagset systems, with the ultimate goal of integrating it into publicly accessible Linguistic Linked Open Data (LLOD) resources. The dataset used in the current study is a publicly available corpus of user-generated comments collected from a Lithuanian portal (Amilevičius et (...)
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  6.  14
    Clickbait detection in Hebrew.Chaya Liebeskind & Talya Natanya - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):427-446.
    The prevalence of sensationalized headlines and deceptive narratives in online content has prompted the need for effective clickbait detection methods. This study delves into the nuances of clickbait in Hebrew, scrutinizing diverse features such as linguistic and structural features, and exploring various types of clickbait in Hebrew, a language that has received relatively limited attention in this context. Utilizing a range of machine learning models, this research aims to identify linguistic features that are instrumental in accurately classifying Hebrew headlines as (...)
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  7.  11
    Hebrew offensive language taxonomy and dataset.Marina Litvak, Natalia Vanetik & Chaya Liebeskind - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):325-351.
    This paper introduces a streamlined taxonomy for categorizing offensive language in Hebrew, addressing a gap in the literature that has, until now, largely focused on Indo-European languages. Our taxonomy divides offensive language into seven levels (six explicit and one implicit level). We based our work on the simplified offensive language (SOL) taxonomy introduced in (Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk et al. 2021a) hoping that our adjustment of SOL to the Hebrew language will be capable of reflecting the unique linguistic and cultural nuances of Hebrew. (...)
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  8.  14
    Opinion Events: Types and opinion markers in English social media discourse.Erika Lombart, Ledia Kazazi, Ardita Dylgjeri, Jurate Ruzaite, Anna Bączkowska, Chaya Liebeskind & Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):447-481.
    The paper investigates various definitions of the concept of opinion as opposed to factual or evidence-based statements and proposes a taxonomy of opinions expressed in English as identified in selected social media. A discussion situates opinions in the realm of pragmatics and reaches to philosophy of language and cognitive science. The research methodology combines a thorough linguistic analysis of opinions, proposing their multifaceted taxonomy with the automatically generated lexical embeddings of positive and negative lexicon acquired from the analysed opinionated texts. (...)
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  9.  6
    Detection of extremist messages in web resources in the Kazakh language.Shynar Mussiraliyeva & Milana Bolatbek - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):415-425.
    Currently, the Internet information and communication network has become an integral part of human life. People use social networks such as Twitter, VKontakte, Facebook, etc., to establish global contacts, exchange opinions, gain knowledge, etc. The active participation of not only individual users, but also information organizations in the entire world space makes it necessary to develop measures that correspond to modern trends in the development of information and communication technologies to ensure national security, in particular, the organization of events related (...)
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  10.  12
    Offensive language in media discussion forums: A pragmatic analysis.Renata Povolná & Olga Dontcheva Navratilova - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):223-238.
    This study intends to contribute to the delimitation of selected offensive language categories based on an analysis of a corpus of contributions to discussion forums in Czech online national newspapers and news platforms called Czech Corpus of Offensive Language (CCOL). It endeavours to study three problematic areas (1) delimitation between the speech acts performed, (ii) lexical realisation of specific properties of the target and (iii) identification and categorisation of implicit offence (e.g. figurative semantic shifts) by exploring contextual cues for the (...)
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  11.  4
    Introduction to the Special Issue: Exploring offensive language in digital perspectives.Marcin Trojszczak & Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):219-222.
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  12.  18
    “Somewhere along your pedigree, a bitch got over the wall!” A proposal of implicitly offensive language typology.Tony Veale, Ana Ostroški Anić & Kristina Š Despot - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (2):385-414.
    The automatic detection of implicitly offensive language is a challenge for NLP, as such language is subtle, contextual, and plausibly deniable, but it is becoming increasingly important with the wider use of large language models to generate human-quality texts. This study argues that current difficulties in detecting implicit offence are exacerbated by multiple factors: (a) inadequate definitions of implicit and explicit offense; (b) an insufficient typology of implicit offence; and (c) a dearth of detailed analysis of implicitly offensive linguistic data. (...)
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  13.  13
    The emotional strain in community interpreting: Cognitive aspects of direct versus indirect address as observed by interpreters.Przemysław Boczarski - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (1):199-218.
    In Poland, as in most countries, interpreting (similarly to translation) is a free profession (apart from sworn translation and interpreting rendered by certified translators and interpreters) which does not adhere to any particular prescriptive code or officially accepted regulations. Efforts have been made both internationally and domestically to introduce a set of universal principles or a professional working framework on commercial and scholar grounds (various codes of conduct drafted by organisations worldwide) to standardise techniques and approaches to interpreting with the (...)
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  14.  12
    “Face” in retrospective: The use of “thanks” and “to thank” In Old Saxon and Old High German.Valentina Concu - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (1):175-198.
    Despite being often criticized, the notion of face has recently begun to be applied in diachronic pragmatic investigations on directives, requests, apologies, and terms of address. The present study also uses the notion of face to investigate the use of Dank ‘thanks’, Dankbarkeit ‘thankfulness’, and danken ‘to thank’ in expressions of gratitude in Old Saxon and Old High German, laying the foundations to a better understanding of the speech act of thanking in the history of German. The data suggest that, (...)
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  15.  16
    Fear is an illness of the brain. A cognitive account of a novel constructive scenario of fear.Anna Dąbrowska - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (1):71-85.
    Once we perceive a situation as a danger, threat, or shock, the information about a fearful stimulus is immediately sent to the amygdala, which, being a component of the limbic system, is responsible for fear and anxiety processing, and plays an important role in emotion and behaviour. As the research suggests, the message about a potentially frightening situation can reach the amygdala long before we are even consciously aware of it. Then, the amygdala is to trigger a fight-or-flight reaction, marked (...)
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  16.  7
    “Shut up! Don’t say that! You’ve got to say ḤASHĀKEM_!” The pragmatics of _Ḥashāk and its variants in colloquial Algerian Arabic.Boudjemaa Dendenne - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (1):145-174.
    In this paper, the pragmatic functions served by ḥāshāk and its variants in colloquial Algerian Arabic (CAA) are unravelled. Literally, ḥāshāk means “You’re exalted/exempt from X/I distance you from X,” where X is a bad thing or socially/religiously unacceptable act. Its variants include ḥāsha, ḥāshākem, ḥāshāh/ḥāshāha/ḥāshāhem, maḥashākesh, and the verb ḥāsha/ḥāshi. As far as the author is aware, this is the first study on the pragmatics of ḥāshāk and its variants in colloquial (Algerian) Arabic. Two complementary data sets were collected (...)
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  17.  10
    Blending parody: The case of My Corona.Galia Hirsch - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (1):87-103.
    This contribution is an attempt to integrate the notion of conceptual blending (Fauconnier and Turner 1998; Fauconnier and Turner 2002; and Fauconnier and Turner 2003) and Linda Hutcheon’s (1985) view of parody as a form of repetition maintaining a critical distance, through the analysis of a multimodal Internet meme. The case study chosen is a parodic music video of the Knack’s classic hit My Sharona, showing the absurdity in everyday life during the times of the Covid-19 pandemic. The study is (...)
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  18.  9
    On metonymy-based lexical innovations in Nigerian Pidgin English and Tok Pisin: A cognitive linguistic perspective.Krzysztof Kosecki - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (1):49-70.
    As contact languages, pidgins and creoles arise in mixed linguistic environments. Drawing much of their vocabularies from one, frequently European, language and – to a lesser extent – from a number of indigenous languages, they have lexicons that are reduced in comparison with those of their lexifiers. To compensate for the poor lexification, pidgin and creoles create novel polysemy-based extensions of lexical items or develop periphrastic constructions equivalent of the missing lexical roots. Assuming a cognitive linguistic perspective, which emphasizes the (...)
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  19.  15
    An integrated explicit and implicit offensive language taxonomy.Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, Anna Bączkowska, Chaya Liebeskind, Giedre Valunaite Oleskeviciene & Slavko Žitnik - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (1):7-48.
    The current study represents an integrated model of explicit and implicit offensive language taxonomy. First, it focuses on a definitional revision and enrichment of the explicit offensive language taxonomy by reviewing the collection of available corpora and comparing tagging schemas applied there. The study relies mainly on the categories originally proposed by Zampieri et al. (2019) in terms of offensive language categorization schemata. After the explanation of semantic differences between particular concepts used in the tagging systems and the analysis of (...)
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  20.  24
    Animals are the homeless: A portrayal of sea ice dependent animals losing their natural habitat. A cognitive linguistics-oriented analysis of chosen climate change awareness raising campaigns.Aleksandra Majdzińska-Koczorowicz - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (1):105-124.
    The text aims at discussing the verbo-visual means of expression employed in three climate change-related campaigns in the context of their effectiveness. The chosen climate change awareness raising campaigns by two non-governmental organisations, EcoEduca and World Wide Fund for Nature Inc. (WWF), deal with the results of Arctic permafrost thaw resulting in the loss of sea ice dependent animals’ habitat. A cognitive linguistics oriented analysis refers to the theory of metaphor (Lakoff and Johnson 1980, Forceville 1996, Kövecses 2002, 2014), conceptual (...)
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  21.  16
    Prototypes in emotion concepts.Paul Wilson & Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk - 2023 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 19 (1):125-143.
    Although we have gained great insight into the variety of cultural influences on emotion concept prototypes from a plethora of studies examining such cross-cultural effects, there has been relatively little academic focus on the nature of emotion concept prototypes within a cultural perspective. Our discussion of the nature of emotion concept prototypes centres on essentialist versus non-essentialist principles. We argue that at a general, decontextualised level, essentialist and non-essentialist principles predict similarity in the structure of emotion concept prototypes. We further (...)
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