24 found

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  1.  1
    Does the Future of Team-Research Lie in its Past?: Towards a Holistic-Dynamic Understanding of Teams.Michael W. Busch - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (3):301-321.
    The international research on teams, which is inspired by the input-process-output model, is mostly empirical. Researchers in this field look for causal explanations between independent and dependent variables. Recently, some critics have pointed to the deficits in this model. Especially, the temporal, contextual, and dynamic aspects of teams need to be investigated further. Emergent states, such as team cognitions, team emotions, and team hierarchies, comprise a promising field of study that leads to a more comprehensive and holistic understanding of teams. (...)
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  2. Liegt die Zukunft der Teamforschung in ihrer Vergangenheit? Auf dem Weg zu einem ganzheitlich-dynamischen Teamverständnis.Michael W. Busch - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (3):301-321.
    The international research on teams, which is inspired by the input-process-output model, is mostly empirical. Researchers in this field look for causal explanations between independent and dependent variables. Recently, some critics have pointed to the deficits in this model. Especially, the temporal, contextual, and dynamic aspects of teams need to be investigated further. Emergent states, such as team cognitions, team emotions, and team hierarchies, comprise a promising field of study that leads to a more comprehensive and holistic understanding of teams. (...)
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  3.  3
    Healing and Caring in Dolphin-Assisted Therapy: Criticisms of Effectiveness and Ethical Issues.Irene Candelieri - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (3):323-335.
    Since the 1970s, new therapeutic practices, involving the interaction between humans and dolphins - Tursiops truncatus in particular, have developed. Such practices are known as dolphin-assisted therapies, a specific case of a more heterogeneous set of experiences with dolphins called dolphin-assisted activities : these include programmes of dolphin watching and swimming in high seas, as well as shows in dolphinariums and marine parks. DAT has grown rapidly as a highly attractive form of therapy, due to the well-liked animals used in (...)
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  4. Individual, Group, and Society: Direct and Indirect Context Effects and Their Impact for the Theory of Social Policy.Gisela Kubon-Gilke - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (3):281-300.
    The current theory of social policy is characterized by considerable inconsistencies and analytical gaps. Disciplinary one-sidedness goes together with nontransparent and partially incompatible epistemological considerations. In this paper, it is shown that the Gestalt theory can be a sound starting point for the theory of social policy. Gestalt theory provides a groundwork for the selection of behavioral assumptions, the understanding of self-organization processes and the formulation of basic normative questions.
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  5. Individuum, Gruppe und Gesellschaft. Unmittelbare und mittelbare Kontexteffekte und deren Bedeutung für die Theorie der Sozialpolitik.Gisela Kubon-Gilke - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (3):281-300.
    The current theory of social policy is characterized by considerable inconsistencies and analytical gaps. Disciplinary one-sidedness goes together with nontransparent and partially incompatible epistemological considerations. In this paper, it is shown that the Gestalt theory can be a sound starting point for the theory of social policy. Gestalt theory provides a groundwork for the selection of behavioral assumptions, the understanding of self-organization processes and the formulation of basic normative questions.
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  6.  1
    Forty Years of the Society for Gestalt Theory: The Scientific Benefits.Hellmuth Metz-Göckel - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (3):257-280.
    The Society for Gestalt Theory and its Applications is celebrating its 40th anniversary this year. The task of this article was to give a selection of gestalt theoretical research, which was created within the framework of the GTA. After a brief introduction to the theory, recent developments that have emerged since the founding of the Society and have found expression in the journal Gestalt Theory, as well as in many other publications, have been discussed. A number of contributions to the (...)
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  7. Vierzig Jahre Gesellschaft für Gestalttheorie: Der wissenschaftliche Ertrag.Hellmuth Metz-Göckel - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (3):257-280.
    The Society for Gestalt Theory and its Applications is celebrating its 40th anniversary this year. The task of this article was to give a selection of gestalt theoretical research, which was created within the framework of the GTA. After a brief introduction to the theory, recent developments that have emerged since the founding of the Society and have found expression in the journal Gestalt Theory, as well as in many other publications, have been discussed. A number of contributions to the (...)
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  8.  1
    Nicolai Hartmann’s Critical Ontology and the Critical Realism of the Berlin School of Gestalt Psychology: A Fictional Dialogue About an Unwritten Dissertation.Hans-Jürgen P. Walter - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (3):337-364.
    The author exemplifies the congruency of essential foundations between the critical realism of the Berlin School of Gestalt Psychology and Nicolai Hartmann`s Critical Ontology. For instance, this congruency manifests in the importance given to critical-realistic epistemology - purified from idealistic prejudices, not least prejudices such as production-theoretical ones - connected with an unconditional phenomenology. Altogether, it results in a shared critical distance from scholars of Brentano, such as Husserl and Meinong, as well as from Neo-Kantianism.
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  9. Nicolai Hartmanns Kritische Ontologie und der Kritische Realismus der Gestaltpsychologie.Hans-Jürgen P. Walter - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (3):337-364.
    The author exemplifies the congruency of essential foundations between the critical realism of the Berlin School of Gestalt Psychology and Nicolai Hartmann`s Critical Ontology. For instance, this congruency manifests in the importance given to critical-realistic epistemology - purified from idealistic prejudices, not least prejudices such as production-theoretical ones - connected with an unconditional phenomenology. Altogether, it results in a shared critical distance from scholars of Brentano, such as Husserl and Meinong, as well as from Neo-Kantianism.
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  10.  3
    The Primary Intersubjectivity and the Gestalt Theory.Anna Arfelli-Galli - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (2):175-187.
    Summary For the study of the first year of life, Sander, Stern, and Gomez each chose the adult–infant relationship as the unit of analysis; they followed its development, respectively, in moments of meeting, in the proto-conversation and in the focus of attention. The authors explicitly refer to the Gestalt theory and support the need to interpret the behavior of the child as part of a wider context, as the experiences of a person in relation since birth.
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  11.  1
    Hier Bin Ich: Wo Bist Du? The Affiliative Imprinting Phenomenon in the Modern Study of Animal Cognition.Cinzia Chiandetti - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (2):189-205.
    Summary Since its first description, the imprinting phenomenon has been deeply investigated, and researchers can nowadays provide profound knowledge of its functioning. Here, I present how this peculiar form of early exposure learning can be used as a strategy to study animal cognition. Starting from imprinting as a social trigger for the domestic chick and combining it with the unique possibility of accurate control of sensory experiences in this animal model, I present evidence that in artificial environments, imprinting serves as (...)
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  12. Productive Thinking in Place of Problem-Solving? Suggestions for Associating Productive Thinking with Text Comprehension Fostering.Lucia Lumbelli - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (2):131-148.
    Summary Why and how is the Gestalt theorists’ concept of productive thinking particularly suitable for being applied to the educational question of how student motivation can be encouraged, thus providing an important condition for self-regulated, intrinsically motivated learning? An answer to this question has been sought using an approach to the fostering of text comprehension ability, based upon the features specific to productive thinking, originally identified by Wertheimer and Duncker. Firstly, these specific features are dealt with and their educational implications (...)
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  13.  2
    Demokratie als Gute Ordnung des Zusammenlebens Erziehung zu Toleranz und Mitverantwortung in Freiheit bei Kurt Lewin und Wolfgang.Marianne Soff - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (2):149-174.
    Summary In this article, classical writings of Kurt Lewin and Wolfgang Metzger concerning education for democracy and tolerance are presented. Starting with a definition of „group” and the discussion of the meaning of groups for the individual life, especially the experimental studies of Kurt Lewin, Ronald Lippitt and Raph K. White in 1937/38 on different group atmospheres under the influence of „democratic” vs. „autocratic” vs. „laissez faire” leading style are presented again, in order to give an example for the meaning (...)
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  14.  2
    Über die Fähigkeit, an zwei Orten gleichzeitig zu sein Ein Mehr-Felder-Ansatz zum Verständnis menschlichen Erlebens : Mit Diskussionsbeiträgen von Michael B. Buchholz, Jürgen Kriz, Rainer Kästl.Gerhard Stemberger - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (2):207-234.
    Summary In 1915 the Danish psychologist Edgar Rubin describes in his famous work on figure-ground perception, the phenomenon that when you look attentively at a picture, a second, virtual ego arises, breaking away from the viewer-ego to wander around in the picture along the contours of the depicted. In 1982, German Gestalt psychologist Edwin Rausch expanded this observation of the emergence of a second phenomenal ego to the conclusion that not only does a second phenomenal ego emerge, but with it (...)
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  15. Über die Fähigkeit, an zwei Orten gleichzeitig zu sein Ein Mehr-Felder-Ansatz zum Verständnis menschlichen Erlebens.Gerhard Stemberger - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (2):207-234.
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  16.  2
    From Cubes to Ribbons: Transformation of an Illusion.Dejan Todorović & Jocelyn Penny Small - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (2):119-130.
    Summary In Part 1 Small describes her discovery that an array of depicted cubes produces another and completely different illusion from that of a single cube. When a group of such cubes are viewed at an angle, they turn into rectangular boxes, and as the angle gets more severe, they become narrow ribbons. The illusion works only in one direction. In Part 2, Todorović manipulates the image to demonstrate various transformations and offers an explanation of how and why they work (...)
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  17.  4
    Giuseppe Galli : Der Mensch als Mit-Mensch. Aufsätze zur Gestalttheorie in Forschung, Anwendung und Dialog - herausgegeben und eingeleitet von Gerhard Stemberger. Wien: Verlag Wolfgang Krammer, 208 Seiten, € 25.00, ISBN13: 97-3-901811-75-3. [REVIEW]Herbert Fitzek - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (1):91-94.
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  18.  4
    Jürgen Kriz : Subjekt und Lebenswelt. Personzentrierte Systemtheorie für Psychotherapie, Beratung und Coaching. Verlag Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 300 Seiten, € 30, als E-Book € 23,99, ISBN 978-3-525-49163-8. [REVIEW]Thomas Fuchs - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (1):75-80.
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  19.  3
    Marianne Soff : Gestalttheorie für die Schule. Unterricht, Erziehung und Lehrergesundheit aus einer klassischen psychologischen Perspektive. Wolfgang Krammer Verlag, Wien, 225 Seiten, € 25, ISBN-13: 9783901811746. [REVIEW]Brigitte Lustig - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (1):81-89.
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  20.  4
    Measures of Prägnanz?Baingio Pinna, Andrea van Doorn & Jan Koenderink - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (1):7-28.
    Summary Prägnanz was suggested by Max Wertheimer in the 1920s as subsuming all “Laws of Gestalt” as they apply to visual awareness. Thus, it assumes a prominent position in any account of Gestalt phenomena. From a phenomenological perspective, some visual stimuli evidently “have more Prägnanz” than others, so Prägnanz seems to be an intensive quality. Here, we investigate the intricacies that need to be faced on the way to a definition of formal scales. Such measures naturally depend both upon the (...)
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  21.  3
    The ‘Good Form’ of Film: The Aesthetics of Continuity From Gestalt Psychology to Cognitive Film Theory.Maria Poulaki - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (1):29-43.
    Summary This article questions certain assumptions concerning film form made by the recent psychological film research and compares them to those of precursors of film psychology like Hugo Münsterberg and Rudolf Arnheim, as well as the principles of Gestalt psychology. It is argued that principles of Gestalt psychology such as those of ‘good form’ and good continuation are still underlying the psychological research of film, becoming particularly apparent in its approach to continuity editing. Following an alternative Gestalt genealogy that links (...)
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  22.  8
    Person–Environment Analysis: A Framework for Participatory Holistic Research.Gisela C. Schulze & Steffen Kaiser - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (1):59-74.
    Summary This article presents the person–environment analysis as a framework for participatory and holistic research. By using common methods of qualitative research and analysis, it is possible to capture the present situation of a person. The person–environment analysis is built on Kurt Lewin’s field theory and a further development of its system of visual representation of the life space. It is argued that the person–environment analysis offers a frame to represent the perceived subjective situation of a person, which can be (...)
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  23.  3
    Why Experimentum Crucis is Possible in Psychology of Perception.Michele Sinico - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (1):45-57.
    Summary This paper examines the experimentum crucis under the light of the Duhem’s holistic thesis. This methodological instrument is not usable in physics, because physical theories are always logically connected to many assumptions. On the contrary, it is usable in psychological research oriented to perceptual laws, when these laws are, without any hypothetical term, isolated systems. An application of experimentum crucis in Experimental Phenomenology of perception is presented. In conclusion, the role of perceptual knowledge as an essential assumption in other (...)
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  24.  1
    Arno Engelmann Ein Gestaltpsychologe in Brasilien.Gerhard Stemberger - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (1):95-99.
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