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  1.  1
    Learning and Knowing as Semiosis.Cary Campbell, Alin Olteanu & Kalevi Kull - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):352-381.
    If all knowing comes from semiosis, more concepts should be added to the semiotic toolbox. However, semiotic concepts must be defined via other semiotic concepts. We observe an opportunity to advance the state-of-the-art in semiotics by defining concepts of cognitive processes and phenomena via semiotic terms. In particular, we focus on concepts of relevance for theory of knowledge, such as learning, knowing, affordance, scaffolding, resources, competence, memory, and a few others. For these, we provide preliminary definitions from a semiotic perspective, (...)
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  2. Keepers as Social Companions.Mirko Cerrone - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):453-479.
    The article addresses the topic of great ape–keeper tactile communication. The aim of this paper is to understand whether direct physical contact can be considered a source of enrichment for captive apes and whether it could be used to enhance animal welfare in zoos. We make use of a multispecies perspective provided by umwelt theory in an attempt to determine the role of touch in zoological gardens. By referring to Konrad Lorenz, we describe keeper–animal relationships as a special case of (...)
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  3. Multiculturalism, Biosemiotics, and Cross-Cultural Friendship. [REVIEW]Claus Emmeche - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):590-608.
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  4. Report on the 19th Annual Gathering in Biosemiotics in Moscow.Arran Gare - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):627-640.
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  5. Translating From Monosemiotic to Polysemiotic Narratives.Karoliina Louhema, Jordan Zlatev, Maria Graziano & Joost van de Weijer - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):480-525.
    Human communication can be either monosemiotic or polysemiotic, depending on whether it combines ensembles of representations from one or more semiotic systems such as language, gesture and depiction. Each semiotic system has its unique storytelling potentials, which makes intersemiotic translation from one system to another challenging. We investigated the influence of the source semiotic system, realised in speech and a sequence of pictures, respectively, on the way the same story was retold using speech and co-speech gestures. The story was the (...)
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  6. A Strawberry, an Animal Cry and a Human Subject.Katarzyna Machtyl - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):436-452.
    The article discus ses some semiotic approaches to the relation between nature and culture. Starting with outlining the structuralistic approach to this issue, especially the ideas of Juri Lotman and Algirdas Julien Greimas, the author finds parallels between different views on the relation between the natural world and human beings. First, the juxtaposition of Eero Tarasti’s existential semiotics with selected concepts of biosemiotics is discussed. The following part of the paper is dedicated to Bruno Latour’s ideas on nature–culture relation, hybrids (...)
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  7. Fairy Tales Between Transformation and Repetition.Tatjana Menise - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):526-551.
    One of the ways in which culture becomes enriched is through reconsideration and reinterpretation of well-known stories, and classic fairy tales provide promising material for investigation of the nature of this complex process. The Walt Disney Company is among the most powerful tellers of classic tales, its line of princess animations being an example of simultaneous development and preservation of the fairy-tale phenomenon in a changing cultural context.We analyse the dialogue among classic and modern princess stories and the discussions that (...)
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  8. The Case for a Semiotic Method in Earth System Science.Alin Olteanu, Florian Rabitz, Jurgita Jurkevičienė & Agnė Budžytė - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):552-589.
    This paper sets a framework for using semiotics as an analytical method for Earth system science. It illustrates the use of such a method by analysing a dataset consisting of 32,383 abstracts of research articles pertaining to Earth system science, modelled as semantic networks. The analysis allows us to explain the epistemological advantages of this method as originating in the systems thinking common in both Earth system science and semiotics. The purpose of this methodological proposal is that of bringing the (...)
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  9. Möbius Semioticity.Douglas Robinson - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):609-626.
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  10. Cartographies of the Mind.Sergio Rodríguez Gómez - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):382-399.
    The problem of relevance, at individual agent scale – or how we decide what is adequate for our interpretation of the signs we encounter in the world – is a question that keeps reappearing in semiotics and other disciplines concerned with meaning. In this article I propose an approximation on relevance that conceives meaning as a trajectory across a cognitive landscape. Unlike conventional accounts on relevance, which presuppose mental processes built on feature-based representations, my proposal suggests conceiving cognition as a (...)
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  11. Everything Seems so Settled Here.Claudio J. Rodriguez Higuera - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):420-435.
    Theory change is a slow, tortuous process. Problems associated with how we communicate ideas and how these ideas are received by our peers become catalysts for change in how we ourselves perceive and sanction what the discipline is capable of doing. Some parts of semiotics, and particularly biosemiotics, have come under critical scrutiny because of their heavy commitment to Peircean philosophy, but at the same time, the contributions of Peircean philosophy are almost impossible to discount. The ripples of this situation (...)
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  12. General Sociolinguistics, Social Semiotics and Semiotics of Culture – Ex Pluribus Unum?Suren Zolyan - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (3-4):400-419.
    The birth of social semiotics is usually associated with the publication of Michael Halliday’s book Language as Social Semiotic. We try to draw attention to possible new developments in social semiotics, which still remain a potential transdisciplinary project for social sciences. In order to do this, we address the interrelation between sociolinguistics, social semiotics and the semiotics of culture. All of these describe mechanisms of meaning production and translation beyond linguistic structures. The differentiation between these workings is based on a (...)
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  13.  2
    Funktionskreis and the Stratifi Cational Model of Semiotic Structures.E. Israel Chavez Barreto - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):69-87.
    The main aim of this article is to show how a possible theoretical articulation between Uexküll’s notion of Funktionskreis and the stratificational model of semiotic structures proposed by Louis Hjelmslev can be made. In order to bridge the gap between these two models, Luis Prieto’s model of cognition will be used. The advantage of Prieto’s model is that it retains the Hjelmslevian stratificational ideas, while it also pays attention to agency and practice. To put it briefly, according to Prieto the (...)
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  14.  4
    Darwin’s Antithesis Revisited – a Zoosemiotic Perspective on Expressing Emotions in Animals and Animal Cartoon Characters.Jason Mario Dydynski & Nelly Maekivi - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):205-233.
    In the animation and design of cartoon characters, animators have often turned to the study of biological theories and observation of human actors and animals to capture lifelike movements and emotions more successfully. Charles Darwin’s principle of antithesis, as one of the principles he considered to be responsible for the expression of emotions in animals, would seem to be of distinctive importance in the development of animation. By revisiting Darwin’s original idea in the context of the principles of animation formulated (...)
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  15.  4
    Steps Towards the Natural Meronomy and Taxonomy of Semiosis: Emotin Between Index and Symbol?Kalevi Kull - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):88-104.
    The main aim of this brief and purposely radical essay is to investigate further possibilities for empirical research in natural classification of semiosis. Before introducing emon – a missing term in the taxonomy of signs – we make a distinction between the natural and artificial, and between the taxonomic and meronomic classifications of signs. Natural classifications or typologies are empirically based, while artificial classifications do not require empirical test. Meronomy describes the relational or functional structure of the whole, while taxonomy (...)
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  16.  6
    On the Semiotic Aspects of Visual Arts.Yurij Lekomtsev - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):335-343.
    Publication of a translation of an article by Yurij Lekomtsev, member of the Tartu–Moscow School with the author’s comments and a short bionote.
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  17.  5
    Vygotsky’s Natural History of Signs.Lauri Linask - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):257-304.
    The paper organizes the topic of signs in Lev Vygotsky’s various writings into a coherent whole in order to study signs’ role in child development. Vygotsky related conventional signs that have their origin in interpersonal communication, and are subject to cultural history taking place over generations during historical time, to psychological functioning of individual human beings. Vygotsky’s “natural history of signs” is the study of how symbolic activity appears and develops. The paper outlines the process of inclusion of symbols within (...)
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  18.  2
    Urban Trees as Social Triggers: The Case of the Ginkgo Biloba Specimen in Tallinn, Estonia.Riin Magnus & Heldur Sander - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):234-256.
    Urban trees are considered to be essential and integral to urban environments, to contribute to the biodiversity of cities as well as to the well-being of their inhabitants. In addition, urban trees may also serve as living memorials, helping to remember major social eruptions and to cement continuity with the past, but also as social disruptors that can induce clashes between different ideals of culture. In this paper, we focus on a specific case, a Ginkgo biloba specimen growing at Süda (...)
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  19.  3
    Jakob Linzbach on His Life and Work.Sébastien Moret - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):305-334.
    The Estonian scholar Jakob Linzbach is primarily known for having published, in 1916, a Russian-language book with the title The Principles of Philosophical Language: An Attempt at Exact Linguistics. In this book, and in his other published and unpublished works, he aimed at creating a universal written language in which mathematics and images would mix. Linzbach’s ideas have raised awareness among people from different fields – semiotics, interlinguistics, philosophy, cinema theory, informatics, etc. However, not much has been published about Linzbach’s (...)
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  20.  1
    On the Concept of the Deceptive Trailer: Trailer as Paratext and Multimodal Model of Film.Martin Oja - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):177-204.
    The goal of the article is to contribute to the basic framework of the semiotic study of film trailers, approaching the trailer as a model of film. Discussing the signifying relations between the trailer and the film, I clarify mechanisms through which meta- or paratexts model their source texts and shape their reception. As examples, two cases in which trailers appear to be deceptive about the film’s genre are closely looked upon as the multimodal construction of the trailers of Alejandro (...)
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  21.  5
    Culture as Education: From Transmediality to Transdisciplinary Pedagogy.Maarja Ojamaa, Peeter Torop, Alexandr Fadeev, Alexandra Milyakina, Tatjana Pilipovec & Merit Rickberg - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):152-176.
    For the past three years, the Transmedia Research Group at the Department of Semiotics, University of Tartu, has been developing open access online materials for supporting the teaching of humanities-related subjects in Estonian- and Russianlanguage secondary schools. This paper maps the theoretical and conceptual starting points of these materials. The overarching goal of the educational platforms is to support cultural coherence and autocommunication by cultivating literacies necessary for holding meaningful dialogues with cultural heritage. To achieve the goal, the authors have (...)
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  22.  1
    Biopolitical Subjectification.Ott Puumeister - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):105-125.
    The article proposes a semiotic interpretation of the concept of biopolitics. Instead of a politics that takes “life itself ” as its object and, as a result, separates life as an object from subjects, biopolitics is read as subjectification – a governmental rationality that constructs social ways of being and forms of life, that is, social subjectivities. The article articulates this position on the basis of two concepts: Jakob von Uexküll’s umwelt and Michel Foucault’s dispositive. While the former makes it (...)
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  23.  1
    From Systematic Semiotic Modelling to Pseudointentional Reference.Anti Randviir - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):8-68.
    Societies as open social systems work through semiotic modelling systems. We view their relevance for shaping primary and secondary needs, as well as metaneeds that are conditioned in social systems. Through conditioning in socialization, semiotic reality can be naturalized up to a level where we can start speaking about not only unconscious, but also unintentional semiosic activity. By that, the very realm of indexicality will be questioned. If indexicality is conjoined with unintended referentiality, then unintentional semiosis means the blurring and (...)
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  24. Semiotics of Threats: Discourse on the Vulnerability of the Estonian Identity Card.Andreas Ventsel & Mari-Liis Madisson - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):126-151.
    This article analyses various e-threats that were expressed in media texts that focused on e-threat discourses concerning the Estonian identity card’s security risk in 2017. The discourse of cyberthreats contains strong and controversial meanings because the peculiarities of cyberspace remain intangible for average readers who do not possess expert knowledge regarding ICT. The wider aim of the paper is to suggest how the topic of e-threats could be given public coverage without fuelling irrational anxiety and unwarranted threat scenarios. Our theoretical (...)
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