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  1.  8
    Internet Memes as Internet Signs.Cannizzaro Sara - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (4):562-586.
    This article argues for a clearer framework of internet-based “memes”. The science of memes, dubbed ‘memetics’, presumes that memes remain “copying units” following the popularisation of the concept in Richard Dawkins’ celebrated work, The Selfish Gene. Yet Peircean semiotics and biosemiotics can challenge this doctrine of information transmission. While supporting a precise and discursive framework for internet memes, semiotic readings reconfigure contemporary formulations to the – now-established – conception of memes. Internet memes can and should be conceived, then, as habit-inducing (...)
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  2.  6
    Intersemioticity and Intertextuality.Dinda L. Gorlée - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (4):587-622.
    Jakobson introduced the concept of intersemioticity as transmutation of verbal signs by nonverbal sign systems. Intersemioticity generates the linguistic-and-cultural elements of intersemiosis, crystallizing mythology and archetypal symbolism, and intertextuality, analyzing the human emotions in the cultural situation of language-and-music aspects. The operatic example of Ibsen’s Peer Gynt intertextualized the cultural trends of Scandinavia. This literary script was set to music by Grieg to make an operatic expression. After the “picaresque” adventures, Peer Gynt ends in a “romantic” revelation. Grieg’s music reworded (...)
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  3.  4
    Notes on Narrative, Cognition, and Cultural Evolution.Marina Grishakova & Siim Sorokin - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (4):542-561.
    Drawing on non-Darwinian cultural-evolutionary approaches, the paper develops a broad, non-representational perspective on narrative, necessary to account for the narrative “ubiquity” hypothesis. It considers narrativity as a feature of intelligent behaviour and as a formative principle of symbolic representation. The narrative representation retains a relationship with the “primary” pre-symbolic narrativity of the basic orientational-interpretive behaviour affected by perceptually salient objects and “fits” in natural environments. The paper distinguishes between implicit narrativity of intelligent behaviour or non-narrative media, and the “narrative” as (...)
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  4.  4
    Habits – Semioses – Habits. [REVIEW]Kalevi Kull - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (4):623-629.
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  5.  3
    What Kind of Evolutionary Biology Suits Cultural Research?Kalevi Kull - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (4):634-647.
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  6.  3
    Dialogue in Peirce, Lotman, and Bakhtin.Oliver Laas - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (4):469-493.
    The notion of dialogue is foundational for both Juri Lotman and Mikhail Bakhtin. It is also central in Charles S. Peirce’s semeiotics and logic. While there are several scholarly comparisons of Bakhtin’s and Lotman’s dialogisms, these have yet to be compared with Peirce’s semeiotic dialogues. This article takes tentative steps toward a comparative study of dialogue in Peirce, Lotman, and Bakhtin. Peirce’s understanding of dialogue is explicated, and compared with both Lotman’s as well as Bakhtin’s conceptions. Lotman saw dialogue as (...)
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  7.  2
    Two Versions of Ecosophy.Levesque Simon - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (4):511-541.
    This paper adopts a comparative approach in order to appreciate the distinct contributions of Arne Nass and Felix Guattari to ecosophy and their respective connections to semiotics. The foundational holistic worldview and dynamics ecosophy propounds show numerous connections with semiotics. The primary objective of this paper is to question the nature and value of these connections. Historically, the development of ecosophy was always faced with modelling and communication issues, which constitute an obvious common ground shared with semiotics. As a means (...)
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  8.  4
    Homo Polyglottus.Aleksei Semenenko - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (4):494-510.
    The semiosphere is arguably the most influential concept developed by Juri Lotman, which has been reinterpreted in a variety of ways. This paper returns to Lotman’s original “anthropocentric” understanding of semiosphere as a collective intellect/consciousness and revisits the main arguments of Lotman’s discussion of human vs. nonhuman semiosis in order to position it in the modern context of cognitive semiotics and the question of human uniqueness in particular. In contrast to the majority of works that focus on symbolic consciousness and (...)
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  9.  3
    “Czech Theory”, Czech Semiotics. [REVIEW]Ekaterina Velmezova - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (4):630-633.
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  10.  4
    Juri Lotman in Arabic.Hassib Elkouch - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (3):452-455.
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  11.  4
    From Paradigm to Environment.Pierluigi Basso Fossali - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (3):415-431.
    Lotman and Barthes created two different critically oriented semiotic traditions. Both of them wen t through an evolution in their thought, moving from systematic organization to living transformations in cultural systems. This allowed them to carry out a bilateral critique of codes and identities in favour of either anonymous hybridity or neutrality, where heterogeneity becomes a principle of creative “disorder”. Though quite different as regards their theoretical production, both scholars meet in their refusal to turn descriptive practices into a model (...)
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  12.  3
    Discourse Genres as Determiners of Discursive Regularities.Gaspard Jeoffrey - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (3):355-367.
    This article focuses on discursive regularities that can generally be observed in text corpora produced in similar communication situations. One type of such regularities is related to the so-called ‘discourse genres’, considered as a set of tacit instructions broadly constraining the forms of utterances in a given discursive practice. Those regularities highlight the relatively regulated, non-random nature of most of our discursive practices and epitomize the necessary constrained creativity of meaning making in discourse. In this perspective, we suggest that the (...)
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  13.  2
    Need for Impressions.Kalevi Kull - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (3):456-462.
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  14.  3
    Autocommunicative Meaning-Making in Online Communication of the Estonian Extreme Right.Mari-Liis Madisson & Andreas Ventsel - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (3):326-354.
    This article analyses the online communication of the Estonian extreme right that appears to be characterized by an echo-chamber effect as well as enclosed and hermetic meaning-making. The discussion mainly relies on the theoretical frameworks offered by semiotics of culture.One of the aims of the article is to widen the scope of understanding of autocommunicative processes that are usually related to learning, insight and innovation. The article shows the conditions in which autocommunicative processes result in closed interactions, based on reproducing (...)
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  15.  4
    Critique of Ideology or/and Analysis of Culture?Daniele Monticelli - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (3):432-451.
    The article compares Roland Barthes’s and Juri Lotman’s notions of ‘second-order semiological systems’ [systemes semiologique seconds] and ‘secondary modelling systems’ [вторичные моделирующие системы]. It investigates the shared presuppositions of the two theories and their important divergences from each other, explaining them in terms of the opposite strategic roles that the notions of ‘ideology’ and ‘culture’ play in the work of Barthes and Lotman, respectively. The immersion of secondary modelling systems in culture as a “system of systems” characterized by internal heterogeneity, (...)
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  16.  5
    The Tartu-Moscow School of Semiotics.Igor Pilshchikov & Mikhail Trunin - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (3):368-401.
    This paper seeks to situate the Tartu-Moscow School of Semiotics of the 1960–1980s within the larger European intellectual-historical context from which it sprang, and in which it played a vital role. Analysing the school members’ engagement with their peers throughout Europe, we outline an “entangled history” of multi-directional scientific and philosophical influence. In this perspective, we discuss the most productive concepts and methods of Tartu-Moscow semiotics in the fields of general verse theory, intertextual theory and cultural theory.
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  17.  3
    Barthes and Lotman.Patrick Sériot - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (3):402-414.
    Despite both being great names in semiotics, Roland Barthes and Juri Lotman have more differences than they share similarities – not only because of their different political and historico-cultural environments, but also because they do not have the same object of study: it is ‘ideology’ for Barthes, and ‘culture’ for Lotman. Thus, there is no intellectual common ground between them, yet comparing them can lead us to a more important question: what is semiotics, and what has structuralism to do with (...)
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  18.  5
    Lotman and Play.Mattia Thibault - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (3):295-325.
    The aim of the article is to introduce an approach to play based on semiotics of culture and, in particular, grounded in the works and ideas of Juri Lotman. On the one hand, it provides an overview of Lotman’s works dedicated to play and games, starting from his article on art among other modelling systems, in which the phenomenon of play is treated deeply, and mentioning Lotman’s articles dedicated to various forms of play forms, such as involving dolls and playing (...)
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  19.  3
    My Half-Century Saturated in Semiotics.Myrdene Anderson - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):267-288.
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  20.  3
    The Circle and the Maze.Matthew Clements - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):69-93.
    This article compares the work of Jakob von Uexkull and Charles S. Peirce to elucidate two contrasting yet connected images of ecosemiotics. The intent is not simply to oppose their work, but to explore a tension which has implications for the ethical dimension of this emerging discipline. Uexkull’s functional cycle is associated with the image of a circle, which, while emphasizing the integration of organism and environment, is shown to invoke solipsism, and an overly deterministic depiction of ecological relations. Peirce’s (...)
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  21.  3
    Rethinking Theoretical Schools and Circles in the 20th-Century Humanities. [REVIEW]Remo Gramigna - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):251-254.
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  22.  4
    Agrarian Rituals Giving Way to Romantic Motifs.Heinapuu Ott - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):164-185.
    Semiotic mechanisms involving sacred natural sites – or areas of land or water with special spiritual significance – that have been focal points in agrarian vernacular religion have been transformed in modern Estonian culture. Some sites have accrued new significance as national monuments or tourist attractions and the dominant way of conceptualizing these sites has changed.Sacred natural sites should not be presumed to represent pristine nature. Rather, they are products of complex culture-nature interactions as they have been formed in the (...)
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  23.  2
    Multiplicity and Welt.Hendlin Yogi Hale - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):94-110.
    This article interprets Jakob von Uexkull’s understanding of different beings’ Innenwelt, Gegenwelt, and umwelt through Deleuzian insights of multiplicity, context, and particularity. This Deleuzian interpolation into Uexkull’s insights acknowledges the absence of a unitary ‘human’ view of nature, recognizing instead that plural viewpoints of cultures, subgroups and individuals understand and interpret natural signs variously not just because of ideology but because of physiology and contrastive fundamental ways of accessing the world. Recent formative research in comparative neurobiology suggests that universal anthropological (...)
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  24.  3
    Urban Discourse – City Space, City Language, City Planning.W. B. Hess-Luttich Ernest - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):12-33.
    Sustainable Urban Planning has to be understood as a communicative process connecting city architecture, technology, city district management and social infrastructure of neighbourhoods. The focus on sustainability raises the question of the necessary discourse conditions that allow architects and city planners enter into a dialogue with other urban stakeholders, citizens, local administrators and politicians, and discuss which cultural heritage should be preserved and where sustainability takes precedence. Looking at the style of discourse in urban communication brings also its socio-cultural modalities (...)
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  25.  4
    Hedge Mazes and Landscape Gardens as Cultural Boundary Objects.Kaczmarczyk Katarzyna & Salvoni Montana - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):53-68.
    Despite their obvious functional and stylistic differences, hedge mazes and English landscape gardens have salient symbolic and structural similarities which make them fruitful objects of comparative analysis. Both invert the norms expected of interior and exterior spaces, of human cultivation and “wilderness”, creating landscapes of semiotic uncertainty. Being at once natural and cultural, both types of space present a “problem to be solved” either by reaching a centre or understanding a layout. Both “play” with the notion of boundary by constructing (...)
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  26.  3
    Against the Frame.Wojciech Kalaga - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):128-147.
    The paper explores theoretical foundations of the frame from two semiotic perspectives: that of the Saussurean dyadic sign dominant in the European tradition and that of the triadic sign of the Peircean/American descent. If – within the post-Saussurean agenda – meaning can be fairly easily “framed” and closed in the field of the signified, Peirce’s concepts of interpretant and infinite semiosis implement a mechanism which inherently obliterates the frame. Given this duality of approaches, the contention “No meaning without a frame” (...)
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  27.  3
    Alexandr Levich and the Tartu–Moscow Biosemiotic Nexus.Kalevi Kull - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):255-266.
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  28.  2
    Introduction.Lauri Linask & Riin Magnus - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):8-11.
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  29.  2
    Semiotic Dimensions of Human Attitudes Towards Other Animals.Nelly Maekivi & Timo Maran - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):209-230.
    This paper analyses the cultural and biosemiotic bases of human attitudes towards other species. A critical stance is taken towards species neutrality and it is shown that human attitudes towards different animal species differ depending on the psychological dispositions of the people, biosemiotic conditions, cultural connotations and symbolic meanings. In real-life environments, such as zoological gardens, both biosemiotic and cultural aspects influence which animals are chosen for display, as well as the various ways in which they are displayed and interpreted. (...)
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  30.  1
    Literature as a Defining Trait of the Human Umwelt.Patoine Pierre-Louis & Hope Jonathan - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):148-163.
    Writers and readers of literature are, among other things, biological entities that evolve under particular political conditions. A comparative study of certain texts by Martin Heidegger can help us establish a fruitful interpretation of this threefold link between literary art, biology and politics. However, careful analysis reveals that Heidegger remains too rooted in an old-world, nationalistic and anthropocentric paradigm. We will attempt to rethink Heidegger’s assumptions on the grounds that literature, a cultural practice, enables us to delineate our natural environment. (...)
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  31.  2
    Ecosemiotic Aspects of Zoomorphic Metaphors.Ponce Ariel Gomez - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):231-247.
    Through history, predatory features are used to constructs when constructing textual representations on the human/animal frontier. The predatory act has remained a recurring motif that emerges from a metaphoric system in cultural imagination. An ecosemiotic approach to this topic allows us to understand how specific predatory behaviours constitute a source of meaning: in other words, how an alleged “animal tendency” is appropriated into various cultural texts through metaphors, creating a rhetorical order. To illustrate this, some features of metaphors of predatoriness (...)
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  32.  5
    The Biosemiotics of Aldo Leopold.Rebecca C. Potter - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):111-127.
    Responding to Jean-Claude Gens’ article, “Uexkull’s Kompositionslehre and Leopold’s ‘land ethic’ in dialogue”, which appeared in Sign Systems Studies in 2013, the article further develops a direct connection between Aldo Leopold’s approach to ecology and Jakob von Uexkull’s umwelt theory. The connection between Uexkull and Leopold is especially evident in Leopold’s descriptions of animal behaviour that he presents in the first part of his seminal work, A Sand County Almanac. In this work specifically, Leopold illustrates the biosemiotic processes described by (...)
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  33.  4
    Textualities of the City – From the Legibility of Urban Space Towards Social and Natural Others in Planning.Remm Tiit - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):34-52.
    ‘Text’ has been a frequent notion in analytical conceptualizations of landscape and the city. It is mostly found in analyses of textual representations or suggestions concerning a metaphor of “reading” an landscape. In the Tartu-Moscow School of Semiotics the idea of the text of St. Petersburg has also been applied in analysing particular cities as organizing topics in literature and in culture more widely, but it has not happened to an equal degree in studies of actual urban spaces. The understanding (...)
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  34.  4
    Documentary and Ecosemiotics.Hing Tsang - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):186-208.
    This article argues that the work of the late Johan van der Keuken offers a contribution to ecological semiotics, and that it also defines the relationship between the semiotic animal and nature in ways that avoid glottocentricism. Taking from the recent work of Kalevi Kull, Jesper Hoffmeyer, and John Deely amongst others, I will argue that van der Keuken’s documentaries offer a view of ecology that is broader than a study of bio-physical processes that might reduce ecology to a narrow (...)
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  35.  2
    On Semiotic Predictability.Ekaterina Velmezova - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (1-2):248-250.
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