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  1. Guest Editorial.Marina P. Banchetti-Robino - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (3):183-184.
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  2.  3
    The Development of Problems Within the Phlogiston Theories, 1766–1791.Geoffrey Blumenthal & James Ladyman - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (3):241-280.
    This is the first of a pair of papers. It focuses on the development of the most notable phlogistic theories during the period 1766–1791, including the main experiments that their proponents proposed them to interpret. There was a rapid proliferation of late phlogistic theories, particularly from 1784, and the accounts of composition and important implications of the main theories are set out and their issues analysed. Each of them either reached impasses due to internal problems, or included features that made (...)
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  3.  3
    How to Handle Nanomaterials? The Re-Entry of Individuals Into the Philosophy of Chemistry.Mariana Córdoba & Alfio Zambon - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (3):185-196.
    In this paper we will argue that the categories of physical individuals and chemical stuff are not sufficient to face the chemical ontology if nanomaterials are taken into account. From a perspective that considers ontological questions and wonders which the items involved in science are, we will argue that the domain of nanoscience must be considered as populated by entities that are neither individuals, as those of physics, nor stuff, as those items of macro-chemistry. This discussion, in virtue of the (...)
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  4.  5
    Does a Molecule Have Structure?Ochiai Hirofumi - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (3):197-207.
    The classical model of the molecule assumes that it has a definite shape and structure like a mechanical object in the world of possible experience. This study deals with this assumption so as to shed some light on the foundations of the model. Arguments based on Kant’s theory of transcendental idealism suggest that neither shape nor structure are attributes of the molecule, but are rather contributions of the subject. This claim has great relevance to the questions of whether or not (...)
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  5.  2
    An Alternative Approach to Unifying Chemistry with Quantum Mechanics.Vanessa A. Seifert - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (3):209-222.
    Harold Kincaid in Individualism and the Unity of Science postulates a model of unity-without-reduction in order to accurately describe the relation between individualism and macroeconomics. I present this model and apply it to the description of the relation between chemistry and quantum mechanics. I argue that, when it comes to the description of molecular structure, chemistry and quantum mechanics are unified in Kincaid’s sense. Specifically, the two disciplines contribute to the formation of a unified body of knowledge with respect to (...)
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  6. Udagawa Youan’s Translation of Light and Heat Reactions in His Book Kouso Seimika.Yona Siderer - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (3):223-240.
    Japanese scholars in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries concentrated their efforts translating Western scientific books. Due to fact that only Dutch merchants were permitted to trade with Japan, mainly books in Dutch were introduced into Japan. Thus Dutch translations of books from England, Germany, France, Sweden and Italy were imported. Udagawa Youan was a member of a Japanese family of Chinese medicine doctors and Dutch translators. In the following chapters I outline his life, his vast scope of translations, and present (...)
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  7.  8
    A New Philosophy of Science From the History of Arcane Natural Science. [REVIEW]K. Brad Wray - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (3):281-285.
  8.  4
    The Fifth Chemical Revolution: 1973–1999.José A. Chamizo - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (2):157-179.
    A new chronology is introduced to address the history of chemistry, with educational purposes, particularly for the end of the twentieth century and here identified as the fifth chemical revolution. Each revolution are considered in terms of the Kuhnian notion of ‘exemplar,’ rather than ‘paradigm.’ This approach enables the incorporation of instruments, as well as concepts and the rise of new subdisciplines into the revolutionary process and provides a more adequate representation of such periods of development and consolidation. The fifth (...)
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  9.  7
    A Colourful Bond Between Art and Chemistry.Nuno Francisco, Carla Morais, João C. Paiva & Paula Gameiro - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (2):125-138.
    How can a work of art give us clues about scientific aspects? How can chemistry help a painter enhance his creativity and, above all, preserve the original characteristics of his work? Does an artist require scientific knowledge to innovate or, at least, not to be faked? Other symbiotic fields between art and science are: tattoos, as body art with physical and chemical consequences; pigments, as basic materials with interesting historiographical preparations; spectroscopy diagnosis, as very broad and thorough method of analysis (...)
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  10.  2
    Chemical Substance, Material, Product, Goods, Waste: A Changing Ontology.Ghibaudi Elena & Cerruti Luigi - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (2):97-123.
    A chemical substance is instantiated in the material world by a number of quantities of such substance, placed in different locations. A change of location implies a change in the net of relationships entertained by the QCS with the region wherein it is found. This fact entails changes of the ontological status of the CS, as this is not fully determined by the inherent features of the CS and includes a relevant relational contribution. In order to demonstrate this thesis, we (...)
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  11.  4
    On a Quest of Reverse Translation.Marko Vitas & Andrej Dobovišek - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (2):139-155.
    Explaining the emergence of life is perhaps central and the most challenging question in modern science. Within this area of research, the emergence and evolution of the genetic code is supposed to be a critical transition in the evolution of modern organisms. The canonical genetic code is one of the most dominant aspects of life on this planet, and thus studying its origin is critical to understanding the evolution of life, including life’s emergence. In this sense it is possible to (...)
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  12.  1
    Guest Editorial.Marina P. Banchetti-Robino - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (1):3-4.
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  13.  8
    Peter J. T. Morris: The Matter Factory: A History of the Chemistry Laboratory.Roderick S. Black - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (1):93-94.
  14.  5
    Realism and the History of Chemistry.Manuel DeLanda - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (1):5-15.
    This essay presents a model of a scientific field, as constituted by a domain of objective phenomena and a community of practitioners, interfaced by laboratory instrumentation and machinery. The relations between items in the domain, as well as those between the cognitive tools that shape the practices of the community are postulated to be relations of exteriority, that is, relations that do not determine the identity of what they relate. This move allows the model to avoid holism. The essay then (...)
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  15.  9
    Content, Design, and Representation in Chemistry.Grant Fisher - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (1):17-28.
    The aim of this paper is to engage with the interplay between representational content and design in chemistry and to explore some of its epistemological consequences. Constraints on representational content arising from the aspectual structure of representation can be manipulated by design. Designs are epistemologically important because representational content, hence our knowledge of target systems in chemistry, can change with design. The significance of this claim is that while it has been recognised that the way one conveys information makes a (...)
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  16.  7
    The Relationship Between Chemistry and Physics From the Perspective of Bohmian Mechanics.Fortin Sebastian, Lombardi Olimpia & González Juan Camilo Martínez - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (1):43-59.
    Although during the last decades the philosophy of chemistry has greatly extended its thematic scope, the main difficulties appear in the attempt to link the chemical description of atoms and molecules and the description supplied by quantum mechanics. The aim of this paper is to analyze how the difficulties that threaten the continuous conceptual link between molecular chemistry and quantum mechanics can be overcome or, at least, moderated from the perspective of BM. With this purpose, in “The quantum-mechanical challenges” section (...)
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  17.  6
    Chemistry, Context and the Objects of Thought.Prentner Robert - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (1):29-41.
    In this paper we wish to raise the following question: which conceptual obstacles need to be overcome to arrive at a scientific and theoretical understanding of the mind? In the course of this examination, we shall encounter methodological and explanatory challenges and discuss them from the point of view of the philosophy of chemistry and quantum mechanics. This will eventually lead us to a discussion of emergence and metaphysics, thereby focusing on the status of objects. The question remains whether this (...)
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  18.  4
    Electronegativity and its Multiple Faces: Persistence and Measurement.Klaus Ruthenberg & Juan Camilo Martínez González - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (1):61-75.
    Electronegativity is a quantified, typical chemical concept, which correlates the ability of chemical species to attract electrons during their contact with other species with measurable quantities such as dissociation energies, dipole moments, ionic radii, ionization potentials, electron affinities and spectroscopic data. It is applied to the description and explanation of chemical polarity, reaction mechanisms, other concepts such as acidity and oxidation, the estimation of types of chemical compounds and periodicity. Although this concept is very successful and widely used, and in (...)
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  19.  3
    Chemical Perspective in the Study of Living Beings: A Systemic Complexity Approach.Giovanni Villani - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (1):77-91.
    The concept of living has changed in time along the history of biology and its specificity has been associated or to a particular matter, active such as the chemical one, or was considered as a product of the spatial organization of a passive matter. Today, these two paths can be merged in the chemical perspective that takes account of the general reflections on the complexity and on the systemic, in the “systemic complexity” approach.
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