Year:

  1.  6
    Diagnostics in Computational Organic Chemistry.Grant Fisher - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (3):241-262.
    Focusing on computational studies of pericyclic reactions from the late twentieth century into the twenty-first century, this paper argues that computational diagnostics is a key methodological development that characterize the management and coordination of plural approximation methods in computational organic chemistry. Predictive divergence between semi-empirical and ab initio approximation methods in the study of pericyclic reactions has issued in epistemic dissent. This has resulted in the use of diagnostics to unpack computational greyboxes in order to critically assess the effect of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  24
    Isomerism and Decoherence.Fortin Sebastian, Lombardi Olimpia & González Juan Camilo Martínez - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (3):225-240.
    In the present paper we address the problem of optical isomerism embodied in the socalled “Hund’s paradox”, which points to the difficulty to account for chirality by means of quantum mechanics. In particular, we explain the answer to the problem proposed by the theory of decoherence. The purpose of this article is to challenge this answer on the basis of a conceptual analysis of the phenomenon of decoherence, that reveals the limitations of the theory of decoherence to solve the difficulties (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  8
    Eka-Elements as Chemical Pure Possibilities.Amihud Gilead - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (3):183-194.
    From Mendeleev’s time on, the Periodic Table has been an attempt to exhaust all the chemical possibilities of the elements and their interactions, whether these elements are known as actual or are not known yet as such. These latter elements are called “eka-elements” and there are still some of them in the current state of the Table. There is no guarantee that they will be eventually discovered, synthesized, or isolated as actual. As long as the actual existence of eka-elements is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  2
    Chemistry as a Practical Science.Peeter Müürsepp - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (3):213-223.
    This is an attempt to take a look at chemistry from the point of view of practical realism. Besides its social–historical and normative aspects, the latter involves a direct reference to experimental research. According to Edward Caldin chemistry depends on our being able to isolate pure substances with reproducible properties. Thus, the very basis of chemistry is practical. Even the laws of chemistry are not stable but are subject to correction. At the same time, these statements do not necessarily make (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. In Memory of Professor Masanori Kaji.Yona Siderer - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (3):179-181.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  3
    The Periodic Table and the Model of Emerging Truth.Mark Weinstein - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (3):195-212.
    The periodic table may be seen as the most successful example of inquiry in the history of science, both in terms of practical application and theoretic understanding. As such, it serves as a model for truth as it emerges from inquiry. This paper offers a sketch of a central moment in the history of chemistry that illustrates an intuitive metamathematical construction, a model of emerging truth. The MET, reflecting the structure the surrounds the periodic table, attempts to capture the salient (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  6
    Van Helmont’s Hybrid Ontology and its Influence on the Chemical Interpretation of Spirit and Ferment.Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (2):103-112.
    This essay proposes to discuss the manner in which Jan Baptista van Helmont helped to transform the Neoplatonic notions of vital spirit and of ferment by giving these notions an unambiguously chemical interpretation, thereby influencing the eventual naturalization of these ideas in the work of late seventeenth century chymists. This chemical interpretation of vital spirit and ferment forms part of Helmont’s hybrid ontology, which fuses a corpuscular conception of minima naturalia with a non-corporeal conception of semina rerum. For Helmont, chemical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  8
    Realism and the Turn to Practice.Rom Harré - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (2):89-89.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  7
    Spiral as the Fundamental Graphic Representation of the Periodic Law. Blocks of Elements as the Autonomic Parts of the Periodic System.Naum S. Imyanitov - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (2):153-173.
    The spiral form of the Periodic Law is proposed as its fundamental graphic representation. This idea is based on the fact that the spiral is the most appropriate form in description transitions from simple to complicated. The spiral is easily obtained from the linear succession of the elements when they are ranged by growing nuclear charge. The spiral can be simply transformed into many other graphic representations, including tables. This paper suggests the conception of the autonomy of blocks. This autonomy (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  4
    Ahmed H. Zewail: 4D Visualization of Matter: Recent Collected Works.George B. Kauffman & Laurie M. Kauffman - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (2):175-176.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  6
    Connecting the Philosophy of Chemistry, Green Chemistry, and Moral Philosophy.Jean-Pierre Llored & Stéphane Sarrade - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (2):125-152.
    This paper aims to connect philosophy of chemistry, green chemistry, and moral philosophy. We first characterize chemistry by underlining how chemists: co-define chemical bodies, operations, and transformations; always refer to active and context-sensitive bodies to explain the reactions under study; and develop strategies that require and intertwine with a molecular whole, its parts, and the surroundings at the same time within an explanation. We will then point out how green chemists are transforming their current activities in order to act upon (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  7
    Chemistry as a Practical Science: Edward Caldin Revisited.Peeter Müürsepp - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (2):113-123.
    This is an attempt to take a look at chemistry from the point of view of practical realism. Besides its social–historical and normative aspects, the latter involves a direct reference to experimental research. According to Edward Caldin chemistry depends on our being able to isolate pure substances with reproducible properties. Thus, the very basis of chemistry is practical. Even the laws of chemistry are not stable but are subject to correction. At the same time, these statements do not necessarily make (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  9
    Chemistry and the Problem of Pluralism in Science: An Analysis Concerning Philosophical and Scientific Disagreements.Rein Vihalemm - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (2):91-102.
    Chemistry, especially its historical practice, has in the philosophy of science in recent decades attracted more and more attention, influencing the turn from the vision of science as a timeless logic-centred system of statements towards the history- and practice-centred approach. The problem of pluralism in science has become a popular topic in that context. Hasok Chang’s “active normative epistemic pluralism” manifested in his book Is water H2O? Evidence, realism and pluralism, pursuing an integrated study of history and philosophy of science, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  25
    Lavoisier’s “Reflections on Phlogiston” II: On the Nature of Heat.Nicholas W. Best - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (1):3-13.
    Having refuted the phlogiston theory, Lavoisier uses this second portion of his essay to expound his new theory of combustion, based on the oxygen principle. He gives a mechanistic account of thermodynamic phenomena in terms of a subtle fluid and its ability to penetrate porous bodies. He uses this hypothetical fluid to explain volume changes, heat capacity and latent heat. Beyond the three types of combustion that he distinguishes and defines, Lavoisier also explains other chemical sources of heat, such as (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  4
    Dialectics and Synergetics in Chemistry. Periodic Table and Oscillating Reactions.Naum S. Imyanitov - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (1):21-56.
    This work utilizes examples from chemical sciences to present fundamentals of dialectics and synergetics. The laws of dialectics remain appropriate at the level of atoms, at the level of molecules, at the level of the reactions, and at the level of ideas. The law of the unity and conflict of opposites is seen, for instance, in the relationships between the ionization energy and electron affinity of atoms, between the forward and back reactions, as well as in the differentiation and integration (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  12
    Kostas Gavroglu and Ana Simões: Neither Physics nor Chemistry. A History of Quantum Chemistry.Jean-Pierre Llored - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (1):81-84.
    In line with their previous studies dedicated to quantum chemistry (Gavroglu and Simões 1994, 2000; Simões and Gavroglu 1997, 2001), the last joint publication by Kostas Gavroglu and Ana Simões provides the readers not only with a fine-grained, rigorous, and highly valuable book on the history of science but also with stimulating epistemological insights about the way ‘in-between’ disciplines, to use the authors’ turn of phrase, emerge from the convergence of diverging ‘styles’ of research and heterogeneous practices. To make their (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  9
    Introducing the Theory of Relativity.Peter G. Nelson - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (1):15-19.
    A simple way of introducing the theory of relativity to chemistry students is presented. This is based on experimental observations of the variation in the mass of an electron with speed. Analysis of these generates the equations chemists use, and provides a basis for critical discussion of the theory.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  2
    Erratum To: A Modern Version of Lewis’s Theory of Valency.Peter G. Nelson - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (1):85-85.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  6
    The 4s and 3d Subshells: Which One Fills First in Progressing Through the Periodic Table and Which One Fills First in Any Particular Atom? [REVIEW]Sadegh Salehzadeh & Farahnaz Maleki - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (1):57-65.
    In this paper, first we discuss an old problem in teaching electron configuration of transition metals and the order in which the orbitals are filled. Then we propose two simple computational experiments, in order to show that in the case of first row transition metals and the main group elements after them, the electrons occupy the 3d subshell before the 4s. It is shown that if we begin with the bare nucleus of above elements in the vacuum and then continue (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  3
    Structure-Related Melting and Boiling Points of Inorganic Compounds.Jozef Šima - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (1):67-79.
    The paper is aimed at rationalizing relationships between the structure of inorganic compounds in condensed phases and their melting and boiling points. It is documented that the main factor governing both points is their molecular or polymeric nature. In case of polymeric ionic compounds, the higher actual charge bearing by the ions involved, the higher their melting/boiling points. In case of covalent polymers, the value of both points increases with polymer dimensionality and with the number and energy of the respective (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues