24 found

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  1.  15
    Facticity and Genesis: Tracking Fichte’s Method in the Berlin Wissenschaftslehre.G. Anthony Bruno - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:177-97.
    The concept of facticity denotes conditions of experience whose necessity is not logical yet whose contingency is not empirical. Although often associated with Heidegger, Fichte coins ‘facticity’ in his Berlin period to refer to the conclusion of Kant’s metaphysical deduction of the categories, which he argues leaves it a contingent matter that we have the conditions of experience that we do. Such rhapsodic or factical conditions, he argues, must follow necessarily, independent of empirical givenness, from the I through a process (...)
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  2.  2
    Fichte’s First Principles and the Total System of the Wissenschaftslehre.David W. Wood - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:9-19.
    Editor's Preface to Fichte-Studien 49 (2021), "The Enigma of Fichte’s First Principles", (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2021): : IX-XIX. Also available on open-access. See the publisher's website.
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  3.  8
    Fichte’s First First Principles, in the Aphorisms on Religion and Deism (1790) and Prior.Jason M. Yonover - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:3-31.
    The idea of a “first principle” looms large in Fichte’s thought, and its first real appearance is in his “Aphorisms on Religion and Deism”, which has received little attention. I begin this paper by providing some context on that piece, and then developing a reconstruction of the position presented within it. Next, I establish that Fichte’s views at the time of writing, and for some years prior, are those of the “deist,” and clarify why he sensed he had to leave (...)
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  4. Fichtes Kolleg "Moral für Gelehrte" – Jena 1794–1795: Zur Geschichte von "Über Geist und Buchstaben".Ricardo Barbosa - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:353-376.
    The following article is a contribution to the history of Fichte’s Publicum „Moral für Gelehrte“. Its purpose is to elucidate some misunderstandings about the chronology, the thematic articulation, and even the letter and spirit of these wellknown lectures.
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  5. The Monogram of the "Sweet Songstress of the Night": The Hovering of the Imagination as the First Principle of Fichte’s Aesthetics.Laure Cahen-Maurel - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:219-247.
    This article presents a new reading of Fichte’s aesthetics that differs from a primarily functionalist interpretation of the imagination and art. It demonstrates that the “hovering” of the creative imagination should be viewed as the first principle of Fichte’s aesthetics, in which the latter consists of a triad of the pleasant, the beautiful and the sublime. Moreover, it argues that in the text Ueber Geist und Buchstab in der Philosophie Fichte created a real and original monogram of the hovering creative (...)
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  6. Luis Fellipe Garcia, La Philosophie Comme Wissenschaftslehre. Le Projet Fichtéen D’Une Nouvelle Pratique du Savoir. [REVIEW]Antonella Carbone - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:441-444.
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  7.  4
    'Transcendental' in Kant and Fichte.Elena Ficara - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:333-352.
    The article is about the meaning of the word ‘transcendental’ in Kant and Fichte. Its aim is not merely exegetical. It is a common hermeneutical insight that analysing the use and definitions of concepts in history, and their shifts in the development of the history of philosophy, is a crucial tool we have to understand those concepts and to assess their viability for philosophy today. In this paper, I focus on Kant’s use and definitions of the word ‘transcendental’ and suggest (...)
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  8.  1
    The First Principle of Philosophy in Fichte’s 1794 Aenesidemus Review.Elise Frketich - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:59-76.
    In Aenesidemus, G.E. Schulze adopts the skeptical voice of Aenesidemus and engages in critical dialogue with Hermias, a Kantian, in the hopes of laying bare what he views as the fundamental issues of K.L. Reinhold’s version of critical philosophy. While some attacks reveal a deep misunderstanding of Reinhold’s Elementarphilosophie on Schulze’s part, others hit their mark. In the Aenesidemus Review, J.G. Fichte at times agrees with criticisms raised by Aenesidemus and at times defends Reinhold against them. On Fichte’s view, Schulze (...)
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  9.  1
    I-Hood as the Speculative Ground of Fichte’s Real Ethics.Kienhow Goh - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:267-287.
    This article considers how the I furnishes a ground for the reality or applicability of the moral principle, or the synthetic unification of the higher and the lower powers of desire, through its originally determined nature. It argues that the nature of I-hood as an immediate unity of seeing and being, an absolute identity of the subjective and objective, is key to establishing the moral principle’s applicability. On its basis, Fichte envisages an originally determined system of drives and feelings on (...)
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  10. The First Principle of the Wissenschaftslehre and the Logical Principle of Identity.Esma Kayar - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:161-176.
    The first principle of Fichte’s philosophy, the Wissenschaftslehre, is “I am,” whereas the logical principle of identity is “A is A.” The relationship of Fichte’s philosophy to logic helps us understand the relation between the principles of these two disciplines. The first principle of the Wissenschaftslehre as an Act is the ground of consciousness and therefore renders logic possible as a science. Even though logic is grounded on the Wissenschaftslehre, the form of logic is used by the latter to comprehend (...)
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  11. Die gelehrte Bildung nach der göttlichen Idee in Über das Wesen des Gelehrten.Quentin Landenne - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:377-393.
    The present paper delivers a reconstruction of the speculative foundation, the polemical implications and the rhetorical effects of the passage from the moral point of view to the religious point of view in the lessons Über das Wesen des Gelehrten. First, it shows how the essence of the scholar and the program of an education of scholars are deduced from the original difference between being and existence, between God and his self-exposition in the world. Next, we establish that the controversy (...)
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  12. Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Die späten wissenschaftlichen Vorlesungen iv, 1: Transzendentale Logik 1 (1812). Neu herausgegeben von Hans Georg von Manz und Ives Radrizzani. Unter Mitarbeit von Erich Fuchs. [REVIEW]Zhu Lei - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:445-458.
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  13. Thomas Sören Hoffmann (Hrsg.), Fichtes Geschlossener Handelsstaat. Beiträge zur Erschließung eines Anti-Klassikers. [REVIEW]Konstantinos Masmanidis - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:459-467.
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  14.  2
    Fichte’s First Principle of Right.Michael Nance - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:248-266.
    This paper addresses the following questions: what is Fichte’s first principle of right, how does he argue for it, and how does it function as the first principle of his substantive political theory? To answer these questions, the paper offers an overview of the main steps of Fichte’s derivation of the principle of right, explains its relationship to Fichte’s account of individual personhood, and then specifies some of the senses in which the resulting principle serves as the foundation of the (...)
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  15. The Role of First Principles in Fichte’s Philosophy of History.Pavel Reichl - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:288-308.
    In this article, I explore the role of the first principle in Fichte’s philosophy of history and assess the extent to which its introduction is able to resolve problems in the philosophies of history of his predecessors. Particularly, I focus on Fichte’s response to the question of how history can be grasped in a systematic manner for the purposes of theoretical cognition. I argue that while Fichte is able to resolve the tension between Herder’s pluralism and Kant’s chiliasm in an (...)
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  16.  2
    Fichte’s Original Insight Reviewed.Roberto Horácio Sá Pereira - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:394-415.
    This paper addresses Fichte’s puzzle of self-consciousness. I propose a new reading of “Fichte’s original insight”, inspired by Pareyson’s general reading, which I call here the “Fichtean metaphysical turn in transcendental philosophy”. Against the mainstream view in Fichte’s scholarship, I argue that Fichte’s and Kant’s views do not concur regarding the primary reference of the “I”, namely spontaneous agency in thinking, which Fichte calls “Tathandlung”. Yet, their views do in fact concur when Fichte claims that this spontaneous agency in thinking (...)
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  17. From Being Reflexive to Absolute Reflection – Fichte’s Original Insight Reconsidered.Stefan Schick - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:139-160.
    This paper defends Fichte’s conception of the absolute I by interpreting it as a modification of the reflection theory. It firstly provides a short outline of Dieter Henrich’s idea of Fichte’s “original insight,” before delineating the problems of Fichte’s “original insight” as they are presented by Henrich. It then analyzes Fichte’s concept of the absolute I by reconstructing its deduction in the Foundations of the Science of Knowledge. With the concept of the absolute I delineated in this manner, it then (...)
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  18.  3
    Why Is the First Principle of the Grundlage der Gesamten Wissenschaftslehre Foundational for Fichte’s Entire Wissenschaftslehre?Alexander Schnell - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:79-93.
    This article aims at a new interpretation of paragraph §1 of Fichte’s main work of 1794/95, the Grundlage der gesammten Wissenschaftslehre. This well-known text of the early Jena period explicitly introduces a number of thought motifs that will prove to be valuable for the later versions of the Wissenschaftslehre – including the second version of 1804 – and these motifs will furthermore illuminate the significance of the first principle for Fichte’s entire Wissenschaftslehre.
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  19. Difference Within Identity? Fichte’s Reevaluation of the First Principle of Philosophy in §5 of the Foundation of the Entire Wissenschaftslehre.Philipp Schwab - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:94-118.
    The aim of the article is to discuss a reevaluation of the first principle in §5 of Fichte’s Foundation of the Entire Wissenschaftslehre. The article makes the case that this reevaluation takes place in an attempt to resolve the key systematic issue of a transition from identity to difference, which can be traced back to the very first draft of Fichte’s system in the Own Meditations on Elementary Philosophy. Especially as Fichte, in §1 of the Foundation, conceptualizes the principle of (...)
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  20.  1
    Images de l’absolu.Frédéric Seyler - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:416-437.
    Although the meaning of «phenomenology» significantly differs from Fichte to Henry, it is nonetheless a similar problem that both thinkers encounter since they both can be read as conceiving of the absolute as life, i.e. as that which essentially and necessarily escapes the power of the concept as well as that of sight. If life is according to its very essence invisible, then it must remain outside the realms of intuition and discourse. On the other hand, life is precisely what (...)
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  21.  1
    "Knowledge Is Existence" – Ascent to the First Principle in Fichte’s 1805 Erlangen Wissenschaftslehre.Robert G. Seymour - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:198-216.
    Whereas in the Wl1794 the transition from the facts of empirical consciousness to the absolutely unconditioned and self-evident Grundsatz is undertaken briskly, Fichte begins the wl1805 by stating the Grundsatz with the proviso that it cannot immediately be recognised as such. Instead of proceeding from a self-evident starting point to derive the specific a priori determinations of knowledge, there follows a long process of “ascent” to clarify the Grundsatz, in what Fichte calls the Existenzlehre. This “ascent” does not correlate to (...)
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  22.  1
    General Logic and the Foundational Demonstration of the First Principle in Fichte’s Eigene Meditationen and Early Wissenschaftslehre.David Sommer - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:32-58.
    In this paper I inquire into the role of general logic in Fichte’s early formulations of his first principle. This inquiry contains three main parts. First, I summarize the role of general logic in Kant’s theoretical philosophy, as well as Gottlob Schulze’s critical claims regarding their relation in Reinhold’s Elementarphilosophie. Second, I examine the first three sections of Fichte’s private notes on the Elementarphilosophie, called the Eigene Meditationen, and closely follow his early attempts to provide a basic principle that is (...)
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  23.  2
    "The Subsequent Delivery of the Deduction" – Fichte’s Transformation of Kant’s Deduction of the Categories.Gesa Wellmann - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:119-138.
    In the wake of the massive criticism of Kant’s deduction of the categories in the first Critique, Fichte starts providing what he takes an improved version of such a deduction to be. This article aims at investigating the transformation he thereby introduces into the Kantian thought. I will do so mainly with respect to the deduction’s architectonical dimension, i.e. by investigating the role of the deduction for the Wissenschaftslehre as a whole. Concretely, I will defend the following theses: By identifying (...)
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  24. Circumvolutions of the Mind.Carlos Zorrilla Piña - 2021 - Fichte-Studien 49:309-330.
    Fichte once described the first principle of his philosophical system as a globe or attractor point which rests on nothing else but its own power, and which – as by the inception of a gravitational field – thereby simultaneously sets the conditions for the groundedness of all the components of the edifice of knowledge which follow. This description suggests his philosophical enterprise is articulated in accordance to the linear structure of foundationalism. At the same time, however, Fichte’s enterprise is unequivocally (...)
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