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  1.  2
    Innovations in Teaching Business Ethics and Business & Society.Anne Barraquier, Mark Bender, Bruce Klaw, Donald Mayer & John Holcomb - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:105-117.
    This symposium discusses the challenges of teaching in a global environment, to students of different languages and nationalities, using cases and materials that have an Anglo-Saxon bias, and to extremely large classes that require innovative techniques, including use of social media. The symposium also addresses the value of blending traditional teaching approaches with ways to stimulate student interaction, to address the most vital ethical issues in the context of the latest cases. It also addresses ways of integrating ethics and sustainability (...)
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  2.  4
    Go Big or Go Home.Joy E. Beatty, Jennifer S. A. Leigh & Jegoo Lee - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:1-5.
    Big data analysis is sweeping the natural sciences, industry, and the digital humanities, but what about business and society? The purpose of this session is to facilitate a conversation about the relationship of big data and data science analytics and their relevance to the business and society community in our roles as researchers, reviewers, editors, and scholars. We will discuss the benefits and challenges of big data analysis, and comparisons of big data methods with traditional quantitative and qualitative methods. We (...)
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  3.  1
    Environmental Managers and Organisational Ambidexterity.Frederik Dahlmann & Johanne Ward-Grosvold - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:6-14.
    This paper develops the outlines of a research proposal asking how do environmental managers engage in organisational ambidexterity in order to bridge the competing institutional logics defining and affecting their roles and practices? Drawing on a conceptual framework of organisational ambidexterity we seek to explore how environmental managers manage the competing institutional logics defining and affecting their roles and practices. Using qualitative inductive analysis on interviews with a multitude of UK firms undertaken at the height of the global financial crisis, (...)
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  4. Employee Rights in a 3-D CSR World.D. Kirk Davidson - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:15-26.
    This paper explores the dramatic changes in the employer-employee relationship over the past several decades and the implications for the concept of employee rights.
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  5.  13
    Intersectional Feminist Ethics in an Era of Gender Fluidity.Robbin Derry - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:27-35.
    The fields of applied and professional ethics have accepted the Ethics of Care as the definitive feminist ethics for nearly three decades. Feminism has moved on to embrace the intersectional study of gender, race, and class in identifying key issues and methods, but scholarship in business ethics has not yet adopted intersectional feminism. Further, our understanding of gender is rapidly shifting. Whereas second wave feminism was articulated on the basis of widely accepted norms of gender as a dichotomous variable, gender (...)
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  6. Are Hedge Funds The Big, Bad Wolf?Virginia W. Gerde, Jonathan Handy & D. J. Masson - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:36-48.
    In general, hedge fund activist investors primarily seek to increase their equity value; however, such actions can arise from other intentions and can result in unforeseen consequences. We examine how hedge fund activism during the 1994-2007 period has impacted US companies and their subsequent environmental, social, and governance performance. Specifically, we compare prior company ESG performance with that occurring after being targeted by a hedge fund activist investor. We use ESG ratings in a panel data analysis with stakeholder dimensions of (...)
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  7.  1
    Where Do We Go From Here.Virginia W. Gerde & J. Aaron Simmons - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:49-55.
    Two 2016 events highlighted the rise of nationalism: the election of Donald Trump in the 2016 presidential election, and Brexit, the UK vote to withdraw from the European Union. We as scholars and teachers and our students as global citizens entering the workforce were and are experiencing increased political and social tensions in both hemispheres and amplified uncertainty. In this presentation, we sought to open a dialogue on the language we use in business and society research and teaching as well (...)
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  8. Meta-Reviewing the Business and Society Field Through Sociological Paradigms.Jean-Pascal Gond, Sébastien Mena & Szilvia Mosonyi - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:56-67.
    Although the growth of the field of Corporate Social Responsibility calls for more diverse exercises of reviewing, most reviews of CSR research present the organising categories on which they build as taken-for-granted. In so doing, they reify a structural-functionalist orientation and a linear view of time while failing to represent accurately alternative post-structural and anti-structural CSR paradigms. Building on an analysis of 40 reviews of the CSR field and on insights from the social studies of science, this paper revisits the (...)
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  9. How Do Measures Become Academically Acceptable?Jean-Pascal Gond & Laurence Vigneau - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:68-81.
    Although measurement is central to knowledge production, little is known about the process by which a dataset becomes accepted by academics as an appropriate way of measuring a phenomenon. Relying on actor-network theory and prior studies of the construction of organizational knowledge, and using the Kinder Lydenberg and Domini database as a case, we analyze the activities that enabled the adoption of this dataset. Informed by a systematic content analysis of 573 articles referring to KLD and interviews with KLD experts, (...)
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  10. The Voice of History.Jason Good, Paloma Vargas, Blanca Lopez & Bryan W. Husted - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:82-94.
    This study explores the role of history in establishing the universality of business norms, which is largely missing from the Integrated Social Contracts Theory literature. We apply a grounded theory methodology to business-oriented parts of The Florentine Codex, which documents a 16th century study of Nahua society. In doing so we derive six business norms operating in 16th century Nahua society: ‘care for others,’ ‘exercise prudence,’ ‘tell the truth,’ ‘be respectful of others,’ ‘show reverence to the gods,’ and ‘be humble.’ (...)
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  11. Biodynamic Certification Processes Advancing the Sustainability Agenda in the Wine Industry.Sonja Grabner-Kräuter & Adele Santana - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:95-104.
    The present study explores the impact of the broader environment, the internal and business contexts, and organizational resources on wineries’ decision to become biodynamic certified. We look at, respectively, the respekt-BIODYN certification in Austria and the Demeter certification in Sonoma, CA. Through in-depth, semi-structured interviews with wine industry experts in both countries, we collected data on the reasons why wineries adopt biodynamic practices and become certified; how vintners balance the economic, ecological and social pillars of sustainability; the benefits and challenges (...)
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  12. Participant Value Perceptions of CR Index Measurement.Jacqueline L. Kirk - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:118-131.
    This paper explores perceptions of value in the evolution of a corporate responsibility index over a 15 year history. Based on documentary evidence and interview data, the paper proposes a ‘linear value journey’ model whereby the perceived value of the tool diminishes over time in line with the passage through internal to external value perceptions. The aim of this paper is to bring this lifecycle process together within the central streams of research in CR Index measurement to bridge the gap (...)
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  13. Called To Act.Denise Kleinrichert, Geoff Desa & Caterina Tantalo - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:132-141.
    This paper develops an analysis of the role of individual, meaningful calling to act as a social entrepreneur with a mission to affect positive social impacts in communities. We analyzed anonymous survey data from a mixed methods study of social entrepreneurs from across a variety of global social mission enterprises. Our survey provided specific responses to individual calling and purpose related to affective, cognitive and meaningful work.
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  14.  1
    Making Corporate Social Responsibility Mandatory in India: Are Firms Complying?Sushil Kumar - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:291-297.
    Drivers of Corporate Social Responsibility are generally weak in developing countries like India and the very action of making CSR spending mandatory in India highlights the nonchalance exhibited by firms when it comes to pursuing CSR voluntarily. This study reviews literature on CSR in India, brings into perspective the new legislation that makes it mandatory for firms of a particular size to spend on CSR activities and analyzes the financial spend figures on CSR by Top 100 companies in India during (...)
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  15.  1
    Research and Teaching of Benefit Corporations.Nancy B. Kurland, Norm Bishara, Philip L. Cochran, Barrie Litzky, Ian D. MacFarlane & Florencio Portocarrero - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:142-145.
    In this symposium, panelists presented research on benefit corporations and certified b corps. In the last decade, new incorporation laws have emerged in several states that explicitly allow firms to pursue both social purpose and profit. Panelists presented an overview of alternative incorporation statutes, evaluated the degree to which companies are externally accountable, and hold themselves internally accountable, to a broader social purpose. The panel also discussed strategies for teaching about certified b corps in the classroom. Finally, the plenary discussion (...)
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  16.  2
    What Does Corporate Responsibility Mean in a Trumpian World?Nancy B. Kurland, Sandra Waddock, Dawn Elm, Jamie Hendry, John Hulpke & Cubie Lau - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:146-151.
    In this symposium, presenters discussed the challenges Donald Trump’s presidency has wrought on democracy, the natural environment, justice, and everything else liberals hold dear. Presenters further observed that the corporations, local and state governments, non-governmental organizations, and others have begun to fill the gap to address issues of climate change and responsibility in general. Following the short presentations, we engaged in a lively plenary discussion. Themes raised centered on understanding why Trump happened and what change he represents; how corporations are (...)
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  17. Global Dispatches.Jennifer S. A. Leigh, Joy E. Beatty, Cedric Dawkins, Ranjini Swamy & Roz Sunley - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:152-160.
    This session used a news report framework to discuss emerging and perennial challenges and opportunities for business and society scholars in the classroom. For this innovative program session, we adopted a narrowcasting approach that transmitted information relevant to a small and focused audience of responsible management scholars who share an interest in best practices in our business and society classes across all disciplines. The metaphor of the newscast aimed to convey that responsible management education is a dynamic and newsworthy area. (...)
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  18.  8
    Global Reporting Initiative G4 Sustainability Reporting Guidelines.Patsy G. Lewellyn & Jeanne M. Logsdon - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:161-172.
    This study extends prior research on the impact of the 2013 G4 disclosure requirements, issued by the Global Reporting Initiative, in the mining and metals sector. Content analysis is used to longitudinally analyze the sustainability reports of mining companies in diverse geographical locations to determine the extent to which the content of reporting has changed over time, and we begin to analyze how each company is adhering to G4 Guidelines by its second reporting iteration. We also identify challenges for researchers (...)
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  19.  1
    Conference Chair Remarks.Karen Maas - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:342-342.
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  20. Getting Boards on Board.Daina Mazutis & Anna Eckardt - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:182-190.
    Strategic leadership and corporate governance scholars have long been interested in the relationship between a company’s board of directors and firm performance – primarily financial, and increasingly social and environmental performance as well. To date, research on the board-performance link, especially in the domain of ethics, responsibility or sustainability, has concentrated almost exclusively on board structural, demographic or ownership factors arguing from an agency theory perspective that increased board independence will result in more effective CEO and TMT monitoring as well (...)
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  21.  1
    The Role of Motive Attributions of Corporate Social Responsibility Activities in the Development of Stakeholder Trust.Nicola Misani - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:191-203.
    Stakeholders are often sceptical of a firm’s engagement in corporate social responsibility. They may doubt whether the firm reports its engagement honestly and, even when this engagement is seen as real, they can still doubt whether the firm is driven by genuine motives or self-interest. A firm’s motives are important for stakeholders, because genuine motives are stable and can be counted upon, while self-interest depends on circumstances that could change. This paper uses attribution theory to develop a two-stage model of (...)
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  22.  2
    The Effect of Moral Intensity on Work Engagement.Akwasi Opoku-Dakwa - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:204-212.
    In prior research, moral intensity has been proposed as a characteristic of situations that influences ethical decision-making. In this paper, I seek to apply the concept of moral intensity in the context of work engagement. I first propose moral intensity as a characteristic of work tasks. I then explain why moral intensity of a task should increase work engagement. I test this hypothesis in a pilot study using a sample of students. Results of the study support the hypothesis that moral (...)
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  23.  2
    CSR Research.Jean Pasquero - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:213-223.
    CSR scholarship does not enjoy the centrality it should have. One way to replace it at the center of the conversation on business and society, is to make it more attractive to neighboring disciplines by demonstrating its unique added value. An essential move would be to acknowledge the contribution of these disciplines and to extend CSR models and theories to include their own core concepts. This process of cross-fertilization, called hybridization, can start with Political Science and Organizational Theory. A number (...)
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  24.  1
    The Deployment of Corporate Social Responsibility in Multinational Corporations’ Subsidiaries: Evidence From Africa.Viviana Pilato, Jean-Pasca Gond & Matteo Pedrini - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:224-238.
    This study examines how multinational corporations’ subsidiaries manage institutional complexity when deploying their corporate social responsibility activities in Africa. Building on insights from international business studies of CSR and recent development in comparative institutionalism, we explore how distinct institutional forces combine to shape subsidiary’s CSR behaviour across five African countries. Relying on 33 interviews with managers at 26 subsidiaries operating in Angola, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya and South Africa, we identified patterns of variations in CSR deployment across these countries. Our findings (...)
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  25. Be More Like Business?Kimberly M. Reeve - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:239-251.
    This paper addresses the characteristics and skills that the leader of a financially viable nonprofit organization needs to have. The nonprofit sector continues to intersect with the business sector by providing services and programming that the government and private sectors are not willing to or cannot provide. However, the nonprofit sector now faces an environment that includes increased competition for funds as it attempts to meet demands for more specialized services. In this context, is there a specific type of leader (...)
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  26.  1
    CSI as a Societal Requirement.Bryan M. Robinson & Jacobus A. Jonker - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:252-266.
    The Chinese owned Jiuxing Mine withdrew from Madagascar due to community protests against its operations. This research considered the theoretical constructs of Carrol’s Pyramid of Social Responsibility and the Continuum of Community Engagement in three comparative mining case studies in South Africa, China, and Madagascar. The case studies identified possible reasons for Jiuxing Mine’s failure to engage the local population’s approval, and proposed a range of recommendations for mining companies to effectively engage with their local communities.The case studies confirmed that (...)
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  27.  1
    The Effects Of Culture And Country Risk On The Choice Of Corporate Sustainability Practices.Linda C. Rodriguez, Ivan Montiel & Michael L. Ekema-Agbaw - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:267-276.
    This in-process study asks how companies in different cultural regions with different macro-risk levels understand the Corporate Sustainability practices. For this developing qualitative study, we review the influence of two components of the National Business Systems, culture and country risk, for firm level Corporate Sustainability practices as expressed by East / West firms in the Global Reporting Initiative’s database – a global initiative that works toward the standardization of organizational sustainability reporting. This study is important because many concepts of CS (...)
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  28.  4
    What It Is and What It Isn’T: Assessing ‘Creating Shared Value’ Against the Value, Balance, and Accountability Model.Mark S. Schwartz - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:277-290.
    This paper evaluates Porter and Kramer’s ‘creating shared value’ approach against the value, balance, and accountability business and society model proposed by Schwartz and Carroll. The analysis finds that while CSV potentially meets the requirement of creating value, their approach fails to properly address the balance and accountability elements of the VBA model. As a result, the CSV approach cannot presently be considered as an underpinning or overarching construct for the business and society field.
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  29. From Niche Practices to Protoinstitutions.Sarah Lilian Stephen - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:298-310.
    Neoinstitutional theory relatively neglects the process of new practices evolving into "protoinstitutions". These being important in understanding institutional change, the paper adopts a historical perspective to generate propositions by examining the genesis of a practice, with incongruent logics, in an increasingly mature organisational field with dominant logics. Apart from identifying the inus conditions that determine the success or failure of new practices, it is illustrated that the process did not follow the existing generalisations on institutional change due to crucial factors, (...)
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  30.  1
    Separate but Not Equal.Kimberly Tribou - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:311-323.
    The “wage gap” statistically refers to the fact that the median wage of an American woman is 79% of the median wage of an American man. This paper examines the extent to which companies disclose equitable pay as recommended by GRI standards and in advance of a proposed Obama-era presidential mandate. Using the incidence of and content from disclosures contained in firm standalone sustainability reports, I find that firms did not significantly increase their disclosure of compensation and remuneration policies or (...)
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  31. Reflections on Business in Society.Sandra Waddock, Dawn R. Elm, Jerry M. Calton, Dima Jamali, Colin Higgins & David Wasieleski - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:324-335.
    This workshop asked: How does business in society move beyond the ambition to develop excellent scholarship that helps make the world a better place to impact? The narrowness of current assessment criteria for ‘impact’ is becoming increasingly evident and criticized. Simultaneously, social media, blog outlets, easy-to-make and post videos and audios, and other means of communicating beyond scholarly audiences have become more prominent. We raised some of the following questions: How can and should, if at all, we as a field (...)
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  32. Reaching Students in a “Post-Facts” World.Stephanie A. Welcomer, Linda Sama, Amy Wallis & Mark E. Haggerty - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:336-341.
    This workshop explores cultural trends and their effects on students’ learning and the classroom environment. We discuss these trends and their implications, and propose pedagogical approaches and exercises that underline the importance of single-tasking, discriminating between facts and opinion, interdisciplinary analysis, and critical thinking.
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