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  1.  3
    Socrates, Thrasymachus, and Competition Among the Unjust: Republic 1.349b–350c.Nicholas R. Baima - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy Today 2 (1):1-23.
    In Republic 1, Thrasymachus makes the radical claim that being just is ‘high-minded simplicity’ and being unjust is ‘good judgment’. Because injustice involves benefiting oneself, while justice involves benefiting others, the unjust are wise and good and the just are foolish and bad. The “greedy craftsperson” argument attempts to show that the unjust person's desire to outdo or have more than everyone is a symptom of her ignorance. Many commentaries have found the argument problematic and unclear. However, this paper argues (...)
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  2.  3
    Nicholas D. Smith, Summoning Knowledge in Plato's Republic.Lorenzo Giovannetti - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy Today 2 (1):70-75.
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  3.  4
    Diana Quarantotto (Ed.), Aristotle's Physics Book I: A Systematic Exploration.Chiara Martini - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy Today 2 (1):75-82.
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  4.  3
    Aristotelian Explanation and Homology in Biology.Anne Siebels Peterson - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy Today 2 (1):45-69.
    In his account of epistēmē, the highest level of understanding attainable in philosophical inquiry, Aristotle articulates standards for the ideal explanations that confer this level of understanding. I argue that Aristotle's key standard for epistēmē is of central importance for the biological homology concept. The explanatory shortcoming that results from violating this standard has been vaguely articulated in recent literature on homology; Aristotle's account offers a more neutral and precise formulation of the shortcoming and its antidote. Further, the risk for (...)
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  5.  3
    Laura M. Castelli, Aristotle. Metaphysics. Book Iota.Alessio Santoro - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy Today 2 (1):82-87.
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  6.  5
    Plato's Phaedo on Disagreement and Its Role in Epistemic Improvement.Tonguc Seferoglu - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy Today 2 (1):24-44.
    Recent studies suggest that the form and style of Plato's dialogues have significant associations with their philosophical contents. Few scholars, however, have focused on the role of disagreements in epistemic improvement within the context of Plato's Phaedo. This paper seeks to unearth a ‘theory of disagreement’ underpinning the Phaedo by examining the conversation between Socrates and his interlocutors. In doing so, I will highlight the epistemic importance of recognizing disagreements. It is shown that there is a positive relationship between the (...)
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