Year:

  1.  11
    Self-Determination, Democracy, Human Rights, and Migrants’ Rights.Gillian Brock - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):295-309.
    What weight should we place on self-determination, democracy, human rights and equality in an account of migration justice? Anna Stilz and Andrea Sangiovanni offer insightful comments that prompt us to consider such questions. In addressing their welcome critiques I aim to show how my account can help reduce migration injustice in our contemporary world. As I argue, there is no right to free movement across state borders. However, migrants do have rights to a fair process for determining their rights. Democratic (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  4
    Anonymity and Asynchronicity as Key Design Dimensions for the Reciprocity of Online Democratic Deliberation.Leandro De Brasi & Claudio Gutierrez - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):183-200.
    The aim of this paper is to identify, given certain democratic normative standards regarding deliberation, some pros as well as cons of possible online deliberation designs due to variations in two key design dimensions: namely, asynchronicity and anonymity. In particular, we consider one crucial aspect of deliberative argumentation: namely, its reciprocity, which puts interaction centre stage to capture the back-and-forth of reasons. More precisely, we focus on two essential features of the deliberative interaction: namely, its listening widely and listening carefully. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  3
    Sati and the Hindu Woman.Jane Duran - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):235-241.
    Sati as a trope for the general status of women within certain portions of the Hindu cultures of India is examined, with a view toward clarification of its history and current context. The work of Sangari and Vaid, Banerjee and Mala Sen is cited, and the notion that sati is a misappropriated concept is analyzed.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  6
    Should Humanitarians Be Heroes?Jonathan Edwards - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):255-270.
    Humanitarian aid workers typically reject the accolade of hero as both untrue and undesirable. Untrue when they claim not to be acting beyond the call of duty, and undesirable so far as celebrating heroism risks elevating “heroic” choices over safer, and perhaps wiser ones. However, this leaves unresolved a tension between the denial of heroism and a sense in which certain humanitarian acts really appear heroic. And, the concern that in rejecting the aspiration to heroism an opportunity is lost to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  4
    Employing Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems.Matti Häyry - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):173-181.
    The ethics of warfare and military leadership must pay attention to the rapidly increasing use of artificial intelligence and machines. Who is responsible for the decisions made by a machine? Do machines make decisions? May they make them? These issues are of particular interest in the context of Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems. Are they autonomous or just automated? Do they violate the international humanitarian law which requires that humans must always be responsible for the use of lethal force and for (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  22
    The Right-Based Criticism of the Doctrine of Double Effect.Stephen Kershnar & Robert Kelly - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):215-233.
    If people have stringent moral rights, then the doctrine of double effect is false or unimportant, at least when it comes to making acts permissible or wrong. There are strong and weak versions of the doctrine of double effect. The strong version asserts that an act is morally right if and only if the agent does not intentionally infringe a moral norm and the act brings about a desirable result (perhaps the best state of affairs available to the agent or (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  5
    Forgiving and Forbearing Punishment.Patrick Lenta - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):201-214.
    Most philosophers who have expressed a view about whether forgiveness is compatible with forgivers’ continuing to punish, or support the punishment of, people who have wronged them hold that forgiveness is compatible with punishing or favouring punishment of wrongdoers. I argue that whether forgiveness entails forbearing punishment depends on which of two senses of forgiveness is operative. On the first, sentiment-based sense of forgiveness as consisting essentially in a change of heart on the part of a victim, a victim can, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  8
    Whataboutery.Eoin O’Connell - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):243-254.
    A person points to a situation, A, and says that A is morally repugnant; A ought to be condemned; we should do something about A. In response, another person says, “Well, what about B? B is analogous to A in that it is equally morally repugnant. If we ought to condemn and do something about A then we should also condemn and do something about B.” This “what about” response is an argumentative strategy, sometimes called “whataboutery” or “whataboutism.” In popular (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  11
    Self-Determination, Human Rights, and Migration.Andrea Sangiovanni - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):287-294.
    Gillian Brock’s compelling and richly textured new book aims to set out a human-rights-based framework for thinking about justice in migration. There is much to celebrate in these chapters, not least Brock’s masterful effort at weaving together her basic justificatory framework with real-world political concerns. In this article, I query the focus she places on self-determination in setting out the basic normative argument elaborated in Chapters 2, 3, and 9. In particular, I will wonder whether she gives the collective self-determination (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  2
    Justice in Migration: Are Human Rights Enough?Anna Stilz - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):271-285.
    Gillian Brock’s Justice for People on the Move is an important contribution to the migration literature. While I agree with many of Brock’s arguments, I focus here on a few key points of difference between us. I press three interrelated concerns about Brock’s view: first, the practical implications of her assessment of the state-system’s current illegitimacy remain too unclear. Second, Brock’s human rights-based theory neglects the importance of citizens’ democratic agency, in a way that may have paternalistic implications. Third, Brock’s (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  6
    Is Non-Suicidal Self-Harm in Youth a Mental Disorder?Snita Ahir-Knight - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):57-71.
    Non-suicidal self-harm is common in youth. The behavior may have negative and sometimes dangerous consequences, such as feelings of guilt, scars, nerve damage and accidental death. Is this behavior a mental disorder? This question is attracting serious consideration. I want to say that non-suicidal self-harm in youth is never a mental disorder in its own right. Yet, I do not want to commit to saying what is a mental disorder. So I identify the characteristic features and functions of non-suicidal self-harm (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  2
    Virtues for the Vocation of Politics.Hilliard Aronovitch - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):73-88.
    This article aims to rebut the claim about Dirty Hands in politics and reorient the issue. Allegedly, decent politicians must sometimes do what is right by means that are deeply wrong and they are morally tainted as a result. DH is here rejected as contradictory since there can be no dirtying or guilt given the presumption of ultimate rightness, and politics is demeaned by supposing otherwise. DH is not entailed by moral complexity or conflicting duties or circumstantial regret, and does (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  3
    Global Justice and Stakeholding.Thom Brooks - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):105-122.
    The orthodox position in global justice is to consider questions about international distributive justice from a perspective of what duties, if any, affluent states have towards people in severe poverty. The debate has focused on whether positive or negative duties are most relevant and how they should be applied. This article challenges this orthodoxy by defending stakeholder theory as a promising new approach overcoming limitations in current debates through promotion of the virtue of stakeholders having a say where they have (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  3
    Can Humans Find Security in Augmented and Virtual Realities?Elliot D. Cohen - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):31-41.
    Logic-Based Therapy, a mode of philosophical counseling I invented beginning in the mid 1980s, under the auspices of Cognitive Behavior Therapy founder Albert Ellis, takes metaphysical security as a sin qua non for human happiness. The goal of LBT is to help people overcome irrational thinking that leads to metaphysical insecurity and to help build constructive, philosophical thinking that promotes metaphysical security. However, the advent of augmented and digital reality are beginning to present new challenges to obtaining metaphysical security. Applying (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  5
    The Duties of Immigrants and the Controversy Over Face Veils.Gianluca Di Muzio - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):1-17.
    The passing of the French law that prohibits face coverings, such as the Islamic burqa, in public places ignited a complex philosophical and legal debate. Participants in the debate have typically focused on the boundaries between individual and religious liberties, on the one hand, and state-imposed limitations on public behaviors, on the other. The author of this paper wishes to introduce a change in perspective by concentrating instead on the duties immigrants have to the citizens of the countries that host (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  13
    Love is Independent of Moral Responsibility.Stephen Kershnar - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):137-155.
    A concern that accompanies the recognition that people are not morally responsible is how this affects our relationships. In particular, there is concern as to whether the absence of these things eliminates or lessens love. Love is relevant on some of the most plausible theories of well-being. In particular, it might be thought to cause pleasure and fulfill desires and thus bring about well-being on hedonist and desire-fulfillment theories of well-being. It might also be included on the objective list of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  10
    Will Autonomous Vehicles Eliminate a Right to Drive?Joseph Kranak - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):43-55.
    In the future, autonomous vehicles are predicted to be much safer than current vehicles and affordable enough for all vehicle owners. At such a point, should we still allow people to manually drive non-autonomous vehicles? Can we say people who want to drive have a right to drive? In this paper, we first attempt a deontological justification of a right to drive, by trying to derive the right from more uncontroversial rights, like the right to freedom of movement, but fail. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  2
    Undocumented Immigrants, Healthcare, and the Language of Desert.Bertha Alvarez Manninen - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):19-30.
    Arguments both in favor and against including undocumented immigrants in healthcare reform abound. However, many of these arguments, including ones that are favorable towards immigrants, are ethically problematic, and for the same reason; namely, that they either support or deny the inclusion of undocumented immigrants in healthcare reform based on their perceived level of desert, due to their alleged contribution to our social utility, or lack thereof. This encourages gauging the lives and worth of undocumented immigrants in terms of their (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  11
    Blaming Dirty Looks.Andrei Ionuţ Mărăşoiu - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):123-136.
    Casting dirty looks is morally wrong when it encourages gender stereotypes and objectifies the woman looked at. Oglers are to blame for the harm done. And, if an ogler were to merely imagine what he perceives, we would blame him less than for his stare. So, in many such cases, we must be at least partly be blaming the ogler for being in the very perceptual state he is then in—for his male gaze. This line of reasoning goes against ethical (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  9
    Doing Wrong to ‘Lulu’ and ‘Nana’? Applying Parfit to the He Jiankui Experiment.Norman K. Swazo - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):157-170.
    In November 2018, Dr. He Jiankui announced the birth of two baby girls born through the use of in vitro fertilization technology and the use of the gene-editing tool CRISPR-Cas9. There has been nigh uniform international condemnation of the clinical trial for violating international norms governing genomic research, especially research in human embryos that has implications for the germline. At issue also is the question whether the parents and the clinical research team harmed, and therefore wronged, the two girls. Here (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  4
    The Ethics and Politics of Blood Plasma Donation.James Stacey Taylor - 2020 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):89-103.
    Legal prohibitions on the financial compensation of donors are frequently justified by appealing either to concerns about patient safety or to concerns about the putatively unethical nature of such compensation. But jurisdictions that legally prohibit the financial compensation of donors routinely import plasma that has been collected from financially compensated donors—and they do so knowing its origins. I outline some possible ways in which this puzzle could be resolved and find them all wanting. Focusing on Canada I draw upon public (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues