Year:

  1.  3
    Powerlessness and Personalization.Victoria I. Burke & Robin D. Burke - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):319-343.
    Is privacy the key ethical issue of the internet age? This coauthored essay argues that even if all of a user’s privacy concerns were met through secure communication and computation, there are still ethical problems with personalized information systems. Our objective is to show how computer-mediated life generates what Ernesto Laclou and Chantal Mouffe call an “atypical form of social struggle”. Laclau and Mouffe develop a politics of contingent identity and transient articulation (or social integration) by means of the notions (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  3
    The Non-Identity Objection to Intergenerational Harm.Fausto Corvino - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):165-185.
    In this article I analyse those that I consider the most powerful counterarguments that have been advanced against the non-identity objection to the idea of intergenerational harm, according to which an action cannot cause harm to a given agent if her biological identity does actually depend—in a partial but still determinant way—on the performance of this action. In doing this, I firstly go through the deontological criticisms to the person-affecting view of harm, before moving on to sufficientarian and communitarian accounts (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  1
    Ethics and Microcredit.Jane Duran - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):231-241.
    An analysis of the specific yogurt and phone microcredit schemes in Bangladesh is made along three lines of argument. It is important to note that these schemes are pulled together by NGO’s to assist women and children in developing areas to attain financial independence—the first line employs leftist criticism of the corporate constructs, and an additional line of inquiry compares some of the programs to those in other nations. A final line of argument analyzes the specific cultural views of Bengali (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  1
    Legal But Rare.Andrew Fiala - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):203-220.
    This paper argues that it is not incoherent to think that abortion should be “legal but rare.” The argument draws upon virtue ethics, feminism, critical theory, and the theory of biopolitics to argue that the idea that abortion should be legal but rare is best understood as aiming at the elimination of unwanted pregnancies. Some pro-choice defenders of abortion rights worry that the “legal but rare” idea stigmatizes women who choose abortion. But when this idea is unpacked using the tools (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Exploitation Without Exchange.Michael Hartsock & Eric Roark - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):221-230.
    Extant accounts of exploitation typically focus on either an exchange or interaction between persons, or on exploitative systems. We propose a new account of exploitation that focuses instead on the benefits an exploiter enjoys which are had at the expense of another, the exploited party. This account is developed by considering the benefits enjoyed by consumers and the manner in which those benefits are produced. On our account, an exploitative relationship need not involve any interaction or exchange between exploiter and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. The Motivation Problem, Future Generations, and the Idea of “Leaving the Earth No Worse”.Kazi A. S. M. Nurul Huda - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):187-202.
    The author examines the problem of motivation about future generations. He argues that though many philosophers think that direct motivations are problematic for future generations only, they are not unproblematic for the current generations too, and that the motivation problem can be solved if we consider the idea of “leaving the earth no worse.” He also shows why such an idea should be promoted and can motivate us to work in the best interests of current and future generations. The author (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  18
    The Motivation Problem, Future Generations, and the Idea of “Leaving the Earth No Worse”.Kazi A. S. M. Nurul Huda - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):187-202.
    The author examines the problem of motivation about future generations. He argues that though many philosophers think that direct motivations are problematic for future generations only, they are not unproblematic for the current generations too, and that the motivation problem can be solved if we consider the idea of “leaving the earth no worse.” He also shows why such an idea should be promoted and can motivate us to work in the best interests of current and future generations. The author (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Can We Learn About Real Social Worlds From Fictional Ones?Todd Jones - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):275-293.
    It is very common for social scientists to be asked whether their findings about human nature could also be learned from reading great works of literature. Literature teachers frequently assign readings partly to teach people important truths about the world. But it is unclear how looking at a work of fiction can tell us about the real world at all. In this paper I carefully examine questions about the conditions under which the fictional world can teach us about the real (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  8
    The Paradox of Consent.Stephen Kershnar - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):305-318.
    If consent is valid, then in every case it is either valid or invalid. This is because of the notion that consent eliminates a right and a person either has or lacks a right against another. A parallel problem to the paradox of symmetrical attackers applies to consent. That is, there is a case in which two people neither consent nor do not consent to one another. As a practical matter, attorneys, judges, legislators, physicians, and sex partners should not treat (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  1
    Sexism or Fair Play.Sandra McCalla - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):259-273.
    It is true that not all women are born equal, and likewise, not all men are born equal, so before the game even starts, there are some athletes with longer legs, bigger hands and unusually high testosterone levels. These are natural properties and structures that have the potential to cause an unfair advantage. It is argued that since athletes are not born equal, natural properties should not be controlled or suppressed but ought to be considered as fair play in sports. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  5
    Satz and Semiotics.James Stacey Taylor - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):243-257.
    Jason Brennan and Peter M. Jaworski have recently developed an argument against semiotic objections to markets. They argue that all such semiotic arguments are unsound because they fail to recognize that the meaning of market transactions is a contingent socially-constructed fact. They attribute this type of argument to Debra Satz. This paper argues both that Brennan and Jaworski are mistaken to attribute this particular semiotic objection to Satz and that they are mistaken to attribute to her a semiotic objection of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Food and the Association of Perceptions.S. K. Wertz - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):295-304.
    It has long been claimed and supposedly substantiated that there exists an association of ideas, but not of perceptions. Collingwood echoed this claim from Hume, but Hume later in the Treatise produced an association of impressions, so he came close to Hobbes’s position: human physiology has “trains of sense” and these are carried on in human thought—what we call “ideas”. A strong case can be made for this claim when we examine the phenomenon of food. Concerning food, I explore Chinese (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  9
    Raising Children.María del Mar Cabezas Hernández - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):43-56.
    This article aims to answer a core normative question concerning child poverty: What types of responsibilities should be assumed by the state and caregivers as the main agents of justice involved in the problem? By approaching this question, I aim to explore the complex triangulation between children, caregivers, and the state, as well as the paradox of the double role of caregivers as former victims and current agents of justice. In order to accomplish this, I will first present the internal (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  3
    Mythicist Foundations of State Terror.James R. Campbell - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):11-33.
    This essay examines the traumas inflicted by acts of false-flag state terrorism on 11 September 2001, and their concealment by exploitation of mythicist falsifications that are endemic to our culture—while also paying particular attention to parallels between the staging of explosive demolitions for the WTC Towers and gutting of the Reichstag by Nazi incendiaries in 1933. The study culminates in a depiction—based on heuristic distinctions between natural, gnomic, alethic, and personal wills—of how we become vulnerable to mythicist falsifications, and how (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  6
    Moral Character and Exemplification in Professional, Public, and Political Life.David Carr - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):57-70.
    While qualities of good character are of great significance and value in human social and professional affairs—and conduct which at least conforms to such qualities is invariably required for public service employment—they cannot be a requirement of the private lives of citizens in free societies. That said, there seems more of a case for the personal possession of such qualities in the case of those human professions and services for which moral exemplification to others may be considered an inherent part (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  8
    Growing Older and Getting Wiser.Nancy S. Jecker - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):35-41.
    Health care reform to provide long-term care supportive services for growing numbers of older Americans presents ethical, cultural, and political challenges. This paper draws lessons from Japan, the world’s oldest nation, to develop an ethical argument in support of enacting public long-term care in the U.S. Despite cultural and political challenges, the paper shows that the ethical case for reform is strong, with broad ethical support from a range of ethical perspectives.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  3
    The Ethics of Cloning Horses in Polo.Francisco Javier Lopez Frias & Cesar R. Torres - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):125-139.
    The ethics of using genetic engineering to enhance athletic performance has been a recurring topic in the sport philosophy and bioethics literature. In this article, we analyze the ethics of cloning horses for polo competition. In doing so, we critically examine the arguments most commonly advanced to justify this practice. In the process, we raise concerns about cloning horses for polo competition, centering on normative aspects pertaining to sport ethics usually neglected by defenders of cloning. In particular, we focus on (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  11
    A Stoic View of Stress and Coping Among College and University Students.Charlie Ohayon & Tara Flanagan - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):105-123.
    Changing the appraisal of stress to foster adaptive coping for students is explored by proposing an alternative lens theory of viewing the stress response from the perspective of Greek philosophy of Stoicism. The connection of Lazarus’s challenge appraisal to resilience and Stoicism is a novel perspective brought about by re-examining the foundations of current practices and has the potential to elicit new research, theories, and resources to help students learn to cope with stress differently. The concepts of stress, Stoicism, and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  13
    Art Horror, Reactive Attitudes, and Compassionate Slashers.Marius A. Pascale - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):141-159.
    In “The Immorality of Horror Films,” philosopher and film scholar Gianluca Di Muzio proposes an analytic argument that aims to prove horror narratives, particularly slashers, unethical. His Argument from Reactive Attitudes contests slashers encourage pleasurable responses towards depictions of torture and death, which is possible only by suspending compassionate reactions. Doing so degrades sympathy and empathy, causing desensitization. This article will argue Di Muzio’s ARA, while valuable to discussion of art horror and morbidity, fails to meet its intended aim. The (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  6
    The Ecology of Ahiṃsā.Kalpita Bhar Paul - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):71-87.
    In this age of environmental crisis, Jainism is regarded worldwide as one of the first religions to have developed an environmental ethic, based on its practice of ahiṃsā. This article attempts to critically engage with the concept of ahiṃsā in its recently evolving forms—from a religious concept to its current portrayal as an environmental ethic. By explaining how ahiṃsā becomes the central concept of Jainism, tying together its ethics, theology, and ecology, this article establishes that the current global portrayal of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  6
    Indicting a President.Clifton Perry - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):1-10.
    Although it is clear that the Chief Executive may be impeached while in office, it is generally thought that a sitting President cannot suffer criminal indictment while in office. There are two general arguments in support of this position. The first argument notes that criminal indictment of the President would so interfere with the duties of the office as to constitute a violation of the Constitution. The second argument simply refers to the express language of the Constitution providing that the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  9
    Fundamentalism and Skepticism.Mohammad M. Tajdini - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):89-103.
    Fundamentalism was and still is a major threat to global peace and security. The modern world has shown itself to be vulnerable to this persistent threat. The emergence and growth of many fundamentalist cults in the last century, from fascism and communism to various types of religious fundamentalism, is sufficient proof of this point. This paper presents a philosophical investigation of fundamentalism and its specific relation to skepticism, and highlights the ineffectiveness of skeptical philosophies to prevent fundamentalism in human society. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues