Year:

  1.  2
    Moral Dilemmas and Moral Injury.Jennifer Mei Sze Ang - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):189-205.
    Psychiatrists working with war veterans have, in recent years, constructed ‘moral injury’ as a separate manifestation of war trauma that is distinct from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. This paper argues that for moral degradation to occur, it necessarily involves one’s commissions or omissions that transgresses one’s personal morality, and hence, distinguishes sufferers of moral injury from PTSD sufferers who were witnesses to traumatic and morally abhorrent events. To this end, it clarifies how some of the situations surrounding moral injury are misunderstood, (...)
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  2.  2
    On Coercive Offers.Cansu Canca - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):149-162.
    A prominent argument against a market in kidneys is the Argument from Coercion. AfC claims that a market would violate the autonomy of typical suppliers by presenting them with coercive offers. Engaging with Cherry’s response to AfC, this paper argues that while a consistent AfC could be constructed, it would still fail to justify a prohibition of a market. AfC, as fully formulated, only holds if we assume that the state is obligated to provide for the basic needs of its (...)
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  3.  2
    Kidney for Sale by Owner.Mark J. Cherry - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):171-187.
    This paper defends an in principle understanding of the authority of persons over themselves and, in consequence, argues for significant limits on morally permissible state authority. It also defends an account of the limits of permissible state action that distinguishes between the ability of persons to convey authority to common projects and what may be judged virtuous, good, safe, or proper to do. In terms of organ transplantation policy, it concludes that it is morally acceptable, and should be legally permissible, (...)
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  4.  4
    Human Agency.Susan T. Gardner - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):207-216.
    Let us suppose that we accept that humans can be correctly characterized as agents. Let us further presume that this capacity contrasts with most non-human animals. Thus, since agency is what uniquely constitutes what it is to be human, it must be of supreme importance. If these claims have any merit, it would seem to follow that, if agency can be nurtured through education, then it is an overarching moral imperative that educational initiatives be undertaken to do that. In this (...)
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  5.  6
    How to Do Applied Ethics Right.Peter Jaworski - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):163-170.
    Mark Cherry’s Kidney for Sale by Owner is a book that illustrates how to do applied ethics right. Mark Cherry recognizes the important role of empirical facts in bridging a gap between our moral prescriptions, and our public policy or institutional prescriptions. In Kidney for Sale by Owner this method is on full display. While there is nothing the matter with Ideal Theory, we stand in need of what might be called bridge principles between the ideals of justice and some (...)
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  6.  2
    Consequences and Kidneys.Julian J. Koplin - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):137-148.
    Kidney for Sale by Owner discusses a range of different arguments that can be offered in defence of live donor kidney markets. Although Cherry’s case for establishing such markets does not rest on consequentialist considerations, Cherry nonetheless suggests that allowing the sale of organs would have net positive consequences. He argues that both renal failure patients and people living in poverty could benefit from participating in the market, and further claims that a legal trade in organs would not shape society (...)
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  7.  4
    Moral Development and Professional Integrity.Michael S. Pritchard & Elaine E. Englehardt - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):227-240.
    We rely on doctors, accountants, engineers, and other professionals to be committed to the basic values of their professions and to exercise their ex­pertise in competent, reliable ways, even when no one is watching them do their work. That is, we expect them to have professional integrity. Children obviously do not yet have professional integrity, even if someday they will become professionals. Nevertheless, the moral development of children who will become professionals plays an important role in the eventual emergence of (...)
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  8.  9
    Organ Markets and Disrespectful Demands.Simon Rippon - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):119-136.
    There is a libertarian argument for live donor organ markets, according to which live donor organ markets would be permitted if we simply refrained from imposing any substantive and controversial moral assumptions on people who reasonably disagree about morality and justice. I argue that, to the contrary, this endorsement of live donor organ markets depends upon the libertarians’ adoption of a substantive and deeply controversial conception of strong, extensive property rights. This is shown by the fact that these rights would (...)
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  9.  6
    The Idea of an Age of Majority.Rodney C. Roberts - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):217-225.
    This paper gives a brief history of the idea of an age of majority and argues that no age of majority should exceed the fighting age, i.e., the age at which a person becomes eligible to serve in a military unit. Several objections to the proposed constraint on ages of majority are raised and answered.
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  10.  1
    Introduction to Symposium: Kidney for Sale By Owner, Revisited.James Stacey Taylor - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):115-117.
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  11.  6
    Conflicts of Interest, Emoluments, and the Presidency.Fritz Allhoff & Jonathan Milgrim - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):45-67.
    The past presidential election reinvigorated interest in the applicability of conflict of interest legislation to the executive branch. In § 2, we survey various approaches to conflicts of interest, paying particular attention to 18 U.S.C. § 208. Under 18 U.S.C. § 202, this conflict of interest statute is straightforwardly inapplicable to the President. We then explore the normative foundations of such an exemption in § 3. While these sections are ultimately lenient, we go on to consider the Emoluments Clause of (...)
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  12.  4
    Trumping Conflicts of Interest.Michael Davis - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):9-20.
    As President, Donald Trumps faces two sorts of conflict of interest. The first are conflicts of interest other Presidents also faced, though Trump’s are “writ large.” These seem—as a practical matter—unavoidable now, hard to escape, not to be much changed by disclosure, and not even much subject to management. The other sort of conflict of interest seems to be without resolution even in principle while Trump remains both President and the person he is. These conflicts of interest are the product (...)
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  13.  1
    Does the Emolument Rule Exist for the President?Stephen Kershnar - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):31-43.
    In this article, I argue that with regard to the President, the Emoluments Clause is not law. I argue for this on the basis of two premises. First, if something is a law, then it has a legal remedy. Second, EC does not have a legal remedy. This premise rests on one or more of the following assumptions: EC does not apply to the President; if EC were to apply to the President, it does not provide a remedy; or, if (...)
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  14.  6
    Libertarianism and the Refugees Problem.Jan Narveson - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):79-87.
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  15.  2
    Confrontation and Its Discontents.Clifton Perry - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):93-103.
    The United States Supreme Court has held that the criminal’s constitutional right of confrontation is not abridged when the defendant is not afforded the opportunity to cross-examine each and every witness offering evidence for the government. This rather surprising contention is investigated through an analysis of the Court’s arguments in light of certain philosophical principles.
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  16.  41
    Fake News, False Beliefs, and the Need for Truth in Journalism.Aaron Quinn - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):21-29.
    Many of U.S. President Donald Trump’s business interests—and those of his family and close associates—either conflict or could conflict with his position as the country’s top elected official. Despite concerns about the vitality of the journalism industry, these actual or potential conflicts have been reported in great detail across a number of journalism platforms. More concerning, however, are the partisan news organizations on both the right and left that deliberately sow social discord by exciting deeply polarized political tensions among the (...)
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  17.  7
    Libertarianism and Refugees.James P. Sterba - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):69-77.
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  18.  3
    Response to Narveson on the Refugees Problem.James P. Sterba - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):89-92.
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  19.  26
    Relativism and Comparative Moral Judgments.Michael Wreen - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):105-111.
    On relativism, it has been argued, certain comparative moral judgments are impossible. Judgments which compare two moral codes, judgments which compare one’s own moral code with another, judgments which, on the basis of a comparison with one’s own code, condemn specific moral practices permitted or required by other codes, judgments which speak of moral progress or reform—all are nonsensical or impossible, the argument alleges. Although commonly conflated, arguments for these distinct but related theses are first distinguished, then exposed, and last (...)
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